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Westlake Legal Group > Chris Ciaccia

Super Bowl LIV: 15 bizarre prop bets for the big game

Westlake Legal Group sports-betting Super Bowl LIV: 15 bizarre prop bets for the big game fox-news/sports/nfl/san-francisco-49ers fox-news/sports/nfl/kansas-city-chiefs fox-news/news-events/super-bowl fox news fnc/sports fnc Chris Ciaccia article 15eec8fd-67fe-55ac-85eb-14f9be080d2f

A record 26 million Americans are expected to bet $6.8 billion on Super Bowl LIV, as more states legalize online gambling and the public becomes comfortable with it, according to newly released data from the American Gaming Association. Much of that will be spent on prop bets, which have become increasingly bizarre in recent years.

Officially known as a “proposition bet” or a side bet, prop bets are placed either before or during a game and usually are not correlated to the outcome of the game. Think of it as a way to make a little extra money and hedge around the main bet.

Prop bets have increased in popularity over the years, with an increasing number of gamblers looking at placing a wager on outcomes such as the total number of points scored (over/under), the length of the national anthem or who scores the first touchdown.

CLICK HERE FOR FULL SUPER BOWL LIV COVERAGE

With the matchup between the Kansas City Chiefs and San Francisco 49ers expected to be a tight one (most oddsmakers are favoring Kansas City by just 1.5 points), offshore bookmaker BookMaker.eu has compiled a list of some of the most intriguing — and offbeat — prop bets for the big game.

(Editor’s note: Odds as of Jan. 23)

Will any player be arrested in Miami after the game?

Yes 7/1

No 1/14

Will Floyd Mayweather wager over/under $1 Million on the game?

Over 2/1

Under 1/3

What color will Demi Lovato’s microphone be?

Black 5/2

Silver/grey 2/5

Any Other Color 3/1

Who will they mention first on the TV broadcast?

Joe Montana 2/1

Jerry Rice 3/2

Steve Young 4/1

Who will the MVP mention first after getting the award?

Teammates 1/1

God/Religion 5/2

Coach or Coaches 5/1

Winning City 5/1

Family 7/1

Other 20/1

SUPER BOWL LIV: 5 X-FACTORS ON THE SAN FRANCISCO 49ERS

Will Pitbull appear on stage?

Yes 2/3

No 1/1

Will Shakira and J-Lo both sing in Spanish?

Yes 1/4

No 3/1

Will Ricky Martin make an appearance on stage?

Yes 3/2

No 1/2

Will Drake be shown during the broadcast?

Yes 4/1

No 1/6

Will Drake pick or promote a team on Instagram (Drake Curse)?

Yes 10/13

No 1/1

Will Jay-Z be shown during the Broadcast?

Yes 3/1

No 1/5

Will Roger Goodell be shown during the broadcast?

Yes 1/5

No 4/1

SUPER BOWL LIV: 5 X-FACTORS ON THE KANSAS CITY CHIEFS

Will Colin Kaepernick be mentioned?

Yes 3/1

No 1/4

Will any player other than the QB take a direct snap?

Yes 1/2

No 2/1

Will they show a clip of the Chiefs in Super Bowl IV?

Yes 1/3

No 5/2

CLICK HERE FOR MORE SPORTS COVERAGE ON FOXNEWS.COM

Westlake Legal Group sports-betting Super Bowl LIV: 15 bizarre prop bets for the big game fox-news/sports/nfl/san-francisco-49ers fox-news/sports/nfl/kansas-city-chiefs fox-news/news-events/super-bowl fox news fnc/sports fnc Chris Ciaccia article 15eec8fd-67fe-55ac-85eb-14f9be080d2f   Westlake Legal Group sports-betting Super Bowl LIV: 15 bizarre prop bets for the big game fox-news/sports/nfl/san-francisco-49ers fox-news/sports/nfl/kansas-city-chiefs fox-news/news-events/super-bowl fox news fnc/sports fnc Chris Ciaccia article 15eec8fd-67fe-55ac-85eb-14f9be080d2f

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Saturn’s mysterious moon could support alien life thanks to this new discovery

Saturn’s moon Enceladus has an even better chance of supporting extraterrestrial life than previously thought: researchers have discovered its oceans are more complex than first believed.

The moon’s oceans shoot plumes of carbon dioxide into space, researchers have found, using data from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft. The findings, published in Geophysical Research Letters, point to reactions between the water and the core of the celestial satellite as the source of the complexity, discovered thanks to a new technique the researchers used.

“By understanding the composition of the plume, we can learn about what the ocean is like, how it got to be this way and whether it provides environments where life as we know it could survive,” said Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) researcher Christopher Glein in a statement. “We came up with a new technique for analyzing the plume composition to estimate the concentration of dissolved CO2 in the ocean. This enabled modeling to probe deeper interior processes.”

Westlake Legal Group saturn-photos-enceladus-mosaic-1 Saturn's mysterious moon could support alien life thanks to this new discovery fox-news/science/saturn fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia b088b7c9-9fa7-55a6-a11c-c59017f48402 article

This image of the geyser-spewing Saturn moon Enceladus was taken on Oct. 5, 2008 by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft. (NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute)

MYSTERIOUS SATURN MOON COULD BE BEST PLACE TO LOOK FOR EXTRATERRESTRIAL LIFE, TOP PHYSICIST SAYS

The Cassini spacecraft intentionally plunged itself into Saturn’s atmosphere in September 2017 after it was launched in 1997 at a total cost of $3.9 billion ($2.5 billion in pre-launch costs and $1.4 billion in post-launch). It spent 13 years circling, studying and taking data of Saturn and its moons.

Combined with previous discoveries of molecular hydrogen and silica, the “abundance” of carbon dioxide reacting with the core of the moon and the water in the moon’s subsurface oceans add credence to the idea there are energy sources on Enceladus that could support life.

“The dynamic interface of a complex core and seawater could potentially create energy sources that might support life,” said SwRI’s Hunter Waite in the statement. “While we have not found evidence of the presence of microbial life in the ocean of Enceladus, the growing evidence for chemical disequilibrium offers a tantalizing hint that habitable conditions could exist beneath the moon’s icy crust.”

“The implications for possible life enabled by a heterogeneous core structure are intriguing,” Glein added. “This model could explain how planetary differentiation and alteration processes create chemical (energy) gradients needed by subsurface life.”

Prior to the flybys by Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 in the early 1980s, not much was known about the “ocean-world” moon, despite it being discovered in 1789.

Westlake Legal Group saturn-moon-enceladus-nasa Saturn's mysterious moon could support alien life thanks to this new discovery fox-news/science/saturn fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia b088b7c9-9fa7-55a6-a11c-c59017f48402 article

Plumes on Enceladus (NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute) (NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute)

NASA: SATURN’S MOON, ENCELADUS, COULD SUPPORT LIFE

In 2017, NASA found the presence of hydrogen in its atmosphere, something Linda Spilker, Cassini project scientist at NASA’s JPL, said at the time could be meaningful as a “potential source for energy from any microbes.”

One year later, scientists made a startling announcement when they said they had found complex organic molecules, the “building blocks” for life, on the moon. Separately that year, researchers determined Enceladus’s ocean is likely 1 billion years old, placing it in the sweet spot for supporting life.

Earlier this year, researchers determined its ocean is likely 1 billion years old, placing it in the sweet spot for supporting life. Last year, researchers acknowledged that they had found the “building blocks” for life on Enceladus, having discovered complex organic molecules.

Enceladus is not the only celestial satellite of Saturn to intrigue scientists. In June, NASA announced the latest mission in its New Frontiers program. Known as Dragonfly, the mission will explore Saturn’s largest moon, Titan, which could potentially host extraterrestrial life.

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Westlake Legal Group saturn-photos-enceladus-mosaic-1 Saturn's mysterious moon could support alien life thanks to this new discovery fox-news/science/saturn fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia b088b7c9-9fa7-55a6-a11c-c59017f48402 article   Westlake Legal Group saturn-photos-enceladus-mosaic-1 Saturn's mysterious moon could support alien life thanks to this new discovery fox-news/science/saturn fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia b088b7c9-9fa7-55a6-a11c-c59017f48402 article

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Pompeii shocker: Vitrified brains from volcano victim discovered

Archaeologists in the ancient city of Pompeii have discovered ancient brain matter that was turned into glass as a result of the volcanic eruption that devastated the city in 79 A.D.

The research, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, notes that a victim from the Vesuvius explosion was discovered in the 1960s at the Collegium Augustalium in Herculaneum. The body was found “lying on a wooden bed, buried by volcanic ash.” It wasn’t until years later, when the victim’s skull was examined, that researchers discovered the brain remains were vitrified, rather than saponified.

“The preservation of ancient brain remains is an extremely rare find, but this is the first-ever discovery of ancient human brain remains, vitrified by heat at about [950 degrees Fahrenheit] produced by a volcanic eruption,” the study’s lead author, Pier Paolo Petrone, said in an email to Fox News.

Westlake Legal Group pier-paolo-image-1 Pompeii shocker: Vitrified brains from volcano victim discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article a899d475-b493-5a2e-9efb-f9421916c9ba

The temperature at the Collegium may have reached a maximum of 968 degrees Fahrenheit (520 degrees Celsius), based on charred wood that was found at the site. (Pier Paolo Petrone)

MOUNT VESUVIUS CAUSED VICTIMS’ HEADS TO EXPLODE, BLOOD TO BOIL: STUDY

Vitrification is the process by which “tissue … has been burned at high heat and turned into glass or a glaze,” according to the New England Journal of Medicine article. Although rare to find, cerebral tissues found in archaeological discoveries have saponified, the process by which triglycerides turn into glycerol and fatty acid salts, or soap.

The temperature at the Collegium may have reached a maximum of 968 degrees Fahrenheit (520 degrees Celsius), based on charred wood that was found at the site.

In addition to the vitrified brain, a solidified spongy mass that entrapped the chest bones of the victim was discovered. Petrone said this meant that the volcanic clouds from Vesuvius were hot enough to “to burn body fat and vaporize soft tissues.”

Westlake Legal Group pier-paolo-image-2 Pompeii shocker: Vitrified brains from volcano victim discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article a899d475-b493-5a2e-9efb-f9421916c9ba

No other victims who died at the site were found to have vitrified brains or a spongy mass entrapping their chest. (Pier Paolo Petrone)

No other victims who died at the site were found to have vitrified brains or a spongy mass entrapping their chest, suggesting the victim was “unique” to the disaster, the article noted.

Petrone, who has worked on the Herculaneum site since the mid-1990s when he excavated 80 victims, told Fox News he first spotted the vitrified brain “many years later.”

Westlake Legal Group HerculaneumHouseGetty2019 Pompeii shocker: Vitrified brains from volcano victim discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article a899d475-b493-5a2e-9efb-f9421916c9ba

The archaeological site of Herculaneum in Ercolano, near Naples, with the Mount Vesuvius volcano in the background, on Oct. 23, 2019. (Photo by ANDREAS SOLARO/AFP via Getty Images)

TRAGIC REMAINS OF POMPEII CHILD WHO TRIED TO SHELTER FROM VOLCANO FOUND AT ‘GRAND BATHS’

“Looking carefully at the remains of this victim, the last one still remaining on the site, I noticed that something dark was shining inside the head,” Petrone, 59, explained, adding that the inner part of the skull was exposed because of the explosion.

“So I realized that these were small black fragments with a glassy appearance, something like obsidian in appearance, but definitely more fragile,” Petrone continued. “This material was preserved exclusively in the victim’s skull. Then, it had to be the remains of the brain, somehow vitrified. But it had to be proved beyond a reasonable doubt.”

Since their discovery in the 16th century, the Pompeii ruins have given researchers great insight into what life was like before Mount Vesuvius erupted and wiped out the entire city in 79 A.D. Recently, there has been some dispute about whether the volcano erupted in August or October of that year.

Westlake Legal Group pier-paolo-image-4 Pompeii shocker: Vitrified brains from volcano victim discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article a899d475-b493-5a2e-9efb-f9421916c9ba

(Credit: Pier Paolo Petrone)

In April 2019, an ancient eatery known as a thermopolium (akin to a modern-day snack bar), where patrons could get drinks and hot food, was discovered among the city’s ruins. Researchers have also found a fresco depicting a sensual scene involving the Roman god Jupiter and Leda and the remains of a petrified horse recently.

Westlake Legal Group Pompeii-shutterstock Pompeii shocker: Vitrified brains from volcano victim discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article a899d475-b493-5a2e-9efb-f9421916c9ba

A victim who perished in Pompeii after Mount Vesuvius erupted in A.D. 79. (Shutterstock)

A “sorcerer’s treasure trove” of items, including bones, skull charms and gems used for rituals was also recently discovered.

DRAMATIC VOLCANO DEATH: HUGE FLYING STONE CRUSHED MAN IN POMPEII, ARCHAEOLOGISTS DISCOVER

When Mount Vesuvius erupted, the explosion caused such extreme heat that victims’ skulls exploded, their blood boiled and their muscles, flesh and brains were replaced with ash, according to a study published in 2018.

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Westlake Legal Group HerculaneumHouseGetty2019 Pompeii shocker: Vitrified brains from volcano victim discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article a899d475-b493-5a2e-9efb-f9421916c9ba   Westlake Legal Group HerculaneumHouseGetty2019 Pompeii shocker: Vitrified brains from volcano victim discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article a899d475-b493-5a2e-9efb-f9421916c9ba

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Scientists unlock secrets about mysterious giant squid

Not much is known about the mysterious giant squid, a creature that was first captured on film in 2005. Now, researchers have decoded the giant cephalopod’s genome, hoping to unlock more secrets about the legendary squid.

The research, published in Giga Science, notes the giant squid has an enormous genome, with an estimated 2.7 billion DNA base pairs. By comparison, humans have 3 billion DNA base pairs. Caroline Albertin, one of the study’s co-authors, found that the Hox and Wnt developmental genes seen in almost all animals are also present in the giant squid genome, meaning its massive size was not caused by whole-genome duplication.

“In terms of their genes, we found the giant squid looks a lot like other animals,” Albertin said in a statement. “This means we can study these truly bizarre animals to learn more about ourselves.”

Westlake Legal Group giant-squid-1 Scientists unlock secrets about mysterious giant squid fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science/natural-science/genetics fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc fd6c1457-c439-52c1-a1fc-bd8da6bb2214 Chris Ciaccia article

In a rare event, a live giant squid (Architeuthis dux) is hauled to the surface on a baited hook in Japan. The giant squid can be 40 feet long tip-to-tail and weigh nearly a ton. (Credit: Tsunemi Kubodera)

CREEPY PHOTOS SHOWS GIANT SQUID ‘WATCHING’ DEEP SEA MISSION

The researcher also discovered more than 100 genes in the protocadherin family “typically not found in abundance in invertebrates” that were seen in the giant squid genome.

“Protocadherins are thought to be important in wiring up a complicated brain correctly,” she added. “They were thought to be a vertebrate innovation, so we were really surprised when we found more than 100 of them in the octopus genome (in 2015). That seemed like a smoking gun to how you make a complicated brain. And we have found a similar expansion of protocadherins in the giant squid, as well.”

In 2015, Albertin led a team that sequenced the first genome of a cephalopod.

As such, there’s still more work to be done to understand just how the giant squid became so massive, Albertin added.

“A genome is a first step for answering a lot of questions about the biology of these very weird animals,” Albertin pointed out, including features such as the largest brain among the invertebrates, their behaviors and the ability to instantly camouflage themselves.

Westlake Legal Group giant-squid-2 Scientists unlock secrets about mysterious giant squid fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science/natural-science/genetics fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc fd6c1457-c439-52c1-a1fc-bd8da6bb2214 Chris Ciaccia article

The giant squid has long been a subject of horror lore. In this original illustration from Jules Verne’s “20,000 Leagues Under the Sea,” a giant squid grasps a helpless sailor. (Credit: Alphonse de Neuville)

Albertin also said that cephalopods are believed to have evolved independently of vertebrates, despite having a lot of complex and elaborate features. “By comparing their genomes we can ask, ‘Are cephalopods and vertebrates built the same way or are they built differently?'”

“Having this giant squid genome is an important node in helping us understand what makes a cephalopod a cephalopod,” she concluded. “And it also can help us understand how new and novel genes arise in evolution and development.”

The largest giant squid ever recorded was nearly 43 feet long and likely weighed almost 2,000 pounds, according to the Smithsonian.

In June 2019, NOAA spotted a giant squid in U.S. waters for the first time as part of rare footage that biologists have described as “the most amazing video you’ve ever seen.” The giant cephalopod was spotted around 100 miles southeast of New OrleansLa.

HUMAN-SIZE BLOB DRIFTS BY DIVERS. AND IT’S PACKED WITH HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF BABY SQUID.

Fairly elusive, the giant squid has been linked to myth since ancient times. The Charlotte Observer, citing data from The National Museum of Natural History, noted ancient sailors mistakenly believed giant squids were mermaids and other mythical creatures.

“For a long time, people saw mysterious movements in the water or found dead giant squid and didn’t know what they were — and even confused a giant squid carcass with a merman or mermaid,” the museum wrote on its website.

In August 2018, a 14-foot squid washed up on the shores of Wellington, New Zealand, prompting images of the colossal cephalopod to go viral.

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Westlake Legal Group giant-squid-1 Scientists unlock secrets about mysterious giant squid fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science/natural-science/genetics fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc fd6c1457-c439-52c1-a1fc-bd8da6bb2214 Chris Ciaccia article   Westlake Legal Group giant-squid-1 Scientists unlock secrets about mysterious giant squid fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science/natural-science/genetics fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc fd6c1457-c439-52c1-a1fc-bd8da6bb2214 Chris Ciaccia article

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Queen Victoria’s dress, boots, stockings and underwear discovered in cabinet

A treasure trove of garments belonging to Queen Victoria has been discovered in a cabinet in England for 100 years and could sell for a pretty penny at auction later this month.

Included in the items are a pair of her underwear, boots, skirts and other clothes, British news agency South West News Service (SWNS) reports. They were given to royal photographer Alexander Lamont Henderson after she died in 1901 and eventually passed down through generations until Hendersons’ great-great-grandson, Roderick Williams, inherited the collection.

“Queen Victoria’s clothing and boots are family heirlooms which were originally given to my great-great grandfather, Alexander Lamont Henderson,” Williams, 63, said in comments obtained by SWNS. “He worked as a royal photographer for Queen Victoria up to her death in 1901 and we think the clothes were probably given to him by servants in the royal household, perhaps in return for taking photographs of them.”

Westlake Legal Group queen-victoria-bloomer-3 Queen Victoria's dress, boots, stockings and underwear discovered in cabinet fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 255c7912-2b6c-557a-a5aa-c9f80ea4de62

Queen Victoria on enamel hand-colored by AL Henderson. Jan. 16, 2020. Queen Victoria’s skirt and bodice, bloomers, stockings and leather boots – almost a complete royal outfit – have been unearthed from a wardrobe after more than 100 years. (Credit: SWNS)

Westlake Legal Group queen-victoria-bloomer-1 Queen Victoria's dress, boots, stockings and underwear discovered in cabinet fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 255c7912-2b6c-557a-a5aa-c9f80ea4de62

Emma Carberry of Hansons with the royal outfit and boots. (Credit: SWNS)

150-YEAR-OLD CHRISTMAS LETTER FROM CHARLES DICKENS DISCOVERED

“When my great-great grandfather died in 1907, the clothing was passed down through the generations,” he added. “It’s been kept in a wardrobe. I’m selling it now as I need to make some space.”

Also included in the lot are cream and red stockings, a chemise, black shirt and two pairs of handmade leather ankle boots made by J Sparks-Hall of London; the shoemaker is credited with creating the Chelsea boot.

Westlake Legal Group queen-victoria-bloomer-5 Queen Victoria's dress, boots, stockings and underwear discovered in cabinet fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 255c7912-2b6c-557a-a5aa-c9f80ea4de62

Queen Victoria clothing that is coming up for auction – ankle boots. The items include cream and red stockings, a chemise, black skirt, bodice, bloomers and two pairs of handmade leather ankle boots by J Sparks-Hall of London – a shoemaker credited with the design of the Chelsea boot. (Credit: SWNS)

“Famously, after the death of her beloved husband Prince Albert in 1861, she wore black for the rest of her life and the bodice and skirt we’re selling are black,” said Hansons Auctioneers’ auctioneer Charles Hanson, who is handling the sale. “Her leather ankle boots show how dainty and narrow her feet were.

“Though she was only 4 ft. 11 inches and petite when she became queen at 18, she liked her food and her waist expanded to 50 inches over the decades – a fact demonstrated by the ample size of the bloomers,” Hanson told SWNS.

Westlake Legal Group queen-victoria-bloomer-4 Queen Victoria's dress, boots, stockings and underwear discovered in cabinet fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 255c7912-2b6c-557a-a5aa-c9f80ea4de62

Emma Carberry of Hansons in the bloomers. (Credit: SWNS)

The lot is expected to sell for nearly $20,000 when it goes up for auction on Jan. 21.

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Westlake Legal Group queen-victoria-bloomer-3 Queen Victoria's dress, boots, stockings and underwear discovered in cabinet fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 255c7912-2b6c-557a-a5aa-c9f80ea4de62   Westlake Legal Group queen-victoria-bloomer-3 Queen Victoria's dress, boots, stockings and underwear discovered in cabinet fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 255c7912-2b6c-557a-a5aa-c9f80ea4de62

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Heart-warming pictures show lion cub nuzzling its mother

A tender moment for the king of the jungle.

A lioness at Edinburgh Zoo in Scotland was captured on film nuzzling its five-month-old cub, British news agency SWNS reports.

The lioness, known as Roberta, gave birth to five cubs in August 2019, but only three survived. They have been named Mitaali, Keshari and Kushanu.

Westlake Legal Group lion-eskimo-kiss-1 Heart-warming pictures show lion cub nuzzling its mother fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox-news/science/wild-nature/endangered fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 18f75b1f-6377-5028-8472-012dd4b860f0

This is the adorable moment an Asiatic lion cub nuzzles its mother Roberta at the Edinburgh Zoo. (Credit: SWNS)

HILARIOUS VIDEO SHOWS LION CUB SPOOKING HER MOM

Roberta, an Asiatic lion, came to the zoo in 2014 after having lived at the Magdeburg Zoo in Germany. She eventually mated with Jayendra, who came from the Bristol Zoo in 2012. Both Roberta and Jayendra are part of the European endangered species program, SWNS added, pointing out that every additional birth could aid in the possibility they are released into the wild.

Westlake Legal Group lion-eskimo-kiss-2 Heart-warming pictures show lion cub nuzzling its mother fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox-news/science/wild-nature/endangered fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 18f75b1f-6377-5028-8472-012dd4b860f0

Roberta was snapped touching noses with a five-month-old cub at Edinburgh Zoo. The mum gave birth in August 2019 to five cubs – but only three survived. The three Asiatic lion cubs were named Mitaali, Keshari and Kushanu. (Credit: SWNS)

According to the World Wildlife Fund, Asiatic lions are endangered, slightly smaller in stature than their African cousins and have an estimated population at just over 500.

INCREDIBLE PICTURE SHOWS LION CUB LETTING OUT ITS FIRST ROAR

“Asiatic lions were once distributed up to the state of West Bengal in east and Rewa in Madhya Pradesh, in central India,” the WWF wrote on its website, adding that “Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary [in western India] is the only abode of the Asiatic lion.”

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Westlake Legal Group lion-eskimo-kiss-1 Heart-warming pictures show lion cub nuzzling its mother fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox-news/science/wild-nature/endangered fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 18f75b1f-6377-5028-8472-012dd4b860f0   Westlake Legal Group lion-eskimo-kiss-1 Heart-warming pictures show lion cub nuzzling its mother fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox-news/science/wild-nature/endangered fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 18f75b1f-6377-5028-8472-012dd4b860f0

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Comets may have delivered ‘essential element’ for life on Earth, researchers say

A new study suggests that comets had a huge hand in helping life form on Earth, bringing integral elements such as phosphorus, “an essential element for life,” to the planet.

The research utilized the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescopes in Chile, as well as the European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft, to look at the AFGL 1542 star-forming region. They found molecules such as phosphorus monoxide.

“Life appeared on Earth about 4 billion years ago, but we still do not know the processes that made it possible,” says Víctor Rivilla, the lead author of the study, in a statement.

Westlake Legal Group phosphorus-comet Comets may have delivered 'essential element' for life on Earth, researchers say fox-news/science/planet-earth fox-news/science/air-and-space/asteroids fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia c0676d8d-0004-53b3-aa81-c7a6da83464f article

This infographic shows the key results from a study that has revealed the interstellar thread of phosphorus, one of life’s building blocks. Thanks to ALMA, astronomers could pinpoint where phosphorus-bearing molecules form in star-forming regions like AFGL 5142. (ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), Rivilla et al.; ESO/L. Calçada; ESA/Rosetta/NAVCAM; Mario Weigand, SkyTrip.de)

METEORITE STRIKES MADE LIFE ON EARTH POSSIBLE, STUDY SAYS

The research has been published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society and a version of it can be read here.

In AFGL 1542, stars are created from enormous clouds comprised of gas and dust, as well as the building blocks of life, notably phosphorus. Phosphorus molecules are created as these stars are born and they release radiation, with the molecules traveling through space.

After observing AFGL 1542, researchers looked at the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko using the Rosetta spacecraft in the Solar System to see if the phosphorus molecules were present — and they were.

Kathrin Altwegg, an author on the study, said she was clued into finding the phosphorus molecules after she was approached by another astronomer who looked at star-forming regions with ALMA. “She said that phosphorus monoxide would be a very likely candidate, so I went back to our data and there it was!”

“Since comets may have delivered a significant amount of prebiotic material to the early Earth, this finding suggests that [phosphorus] could contribute significantly to the phosphorus reservoir during the dawn of our planet,” the researchers wrote in the study’s abstract. “There is evidence that [phosphorus] was already in the cometary ices prior to the birth of the Sun, so the chemical budget of the comet might be inherited from the natal environment of the Solar System, which is thought to be a stellar cluster including also massive stars.”

Researchers had previously detected phosphorus in a haze around the comet but were not certain how it got there.

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As not all of the phosphorus molecules are used to make stars, the leftovers can become asteroids and comets and bring life, an idea known as panspermia.

Panspermia is the hypothesis that life on Earth originated from microorganisms in outer space that were carried here unintentionally by objects such as space dust, meteoroids and asteroids, according to an article on NASA’s website.

“Phosphorus is essential for life as we know it,” Altwegg added. “As comets most probably delivered large amounts of organic compounds to the Earth, the phosphorus monoxide found in  67P may strengthen the link between comets and life on Earth.”

A separate study published last year identified isotopes of selenium in rocks in the Earth’s mantle and found identical isotope signatures inside certain meteorites, notably those from the outer Solar System.

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Mysterious Saturn moon could be best place to look for extraterrestrial life, top physicist says

NASA has previously said Saturn’s moon Enceladus could support life, making it one of, if not the most intriguing place in the solar system. Now, the former director of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the current project scientist for the Voyager program is pleading with the space agency to head toward the icy celestial satellite in hopes of discovering life.

“We really need to get back and look at that moon,” Ed Stone told The Guardian. “We know there’s water ice evaporating – geysering – from its south pole. It’s snowing all the time. That means there’s liquid water beneath the icy crust. Here on Earth, wherever there’s water there’s microbial life.”

Stone, 83, is also a professor at California Institute of Technology and has been the project scientist for the Voyager program since 1972.

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With its global ocean, unique chemistry and internal heat, Enceladus has become a promising lead in our search for worlds where life could exist. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

SATURN’S MOON ENCELADUS COULD SUPPORT LIFE AS MORE EVIDENCE EMERGES

NASA has not yet responded to a request for comment for this story.

Prior to the flybys by Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 in the early 1980s, not much was known about the moon, known as an “ocean-world,” discovered in 1789. “When we flew by, it was this bright white,” Stone added. In 2005, the Cassini spacecraft did several flybys of the celestial satellite, discovering water plumes from its south pole.

In 2017, NASA found the presence of hydrogen in its atmosphere, something Linda Spilker, Cassini project scientist at NASA’s JPL, said at the time could be meaningful as a “potential source for energy from any microbes.”

One year later, scientists made a startling announcement when they said they had found complex organic molecules, the “building blocks” for life, on the moon. Separately that year, researchers determined Enceladus’s ocean is likely 1 billion years old, placing it in the sweet spot for supporting life.

The Cassini spacecraft intentionally plunged itself into Saturn’s atmosphere in September 2017, leaving Stone to wonder what other finds a future craft could discover. “There are people thinking how to fly through the geysers,” he said. “I think it would be best to fly through the geysers and bring back samples to Earth to see if there were microbes there.”

Westlake Legal Group saturns-moon Mysterious Saturn moon could be best place to look for extraterrestrial life, top physicist says fox-news/topic/aliens fox-news/science/saturn fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 52bb1b30-f246-5d2d-88a1-567ba132ccf6

This unprocessed view of Saturn’s moon Enceladus was acquired by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft during a close flyby of the icy moon on Oct. 28, 2015. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute)

Cassini was launched in 1997 at a total cost of $3.9 billion ($2.5 billion in pre-launch costs and $1.4 billion in post-launch) and spent 13 years circling, studying and taking data of Saturn and its moons.

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“Microbes are the most likely things for us to find,” Stone continued. “We’d want to look at that to see if microbes are related to those here on Earth or distinctly different.”

Though NASA has said previously Enceladus is a “promising ‘ocean world,'” it was not included in the itinerary for its latest mission to explore one of Saturn’s moons. As part of its New Frontiers program, NASA will send the Dragonfly spacecraft to explore Titan, which like Enceladus, is also an “ocean world” that could potentially host extraterrestrial life.

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Newly discovered asteroid inside Venus’ orbit is second closest object to the sun

Astronomers have discovered an asteroid inside Venus’ orbit that not only circles the sun, but is also the second closest object to the star in the solar system, surpassing Venus itself.

Known as 2020 AV2, this space rock has the smallest aphelion (distance from the sun) and takes just 151 days to orbit the star, according to a statement released by The Virtual Telescope Project.

“Now we know that 2020 AV2 really has its orbit entirely inside that of Venus, so being the first one of this kind to be ever discovered; also, it is the natural object with the smallest known aphelion distance in our Solar System (excluding planet Mercury),” astronomer Gianluca Masi wrote in the statement. “With asteroid 2019 AQ3, discovered by the same team, 2020 AV2 has the shortest orbital period known so far in the asteroid population.”

Westlake Legal Group Venus-asteroid Newly discovered asteroid inside Venus' orbit is second closest object to the sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space/asteroids fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc d255927a-8c46-5f26-8da6-e83b95185848 Chris Ciaccia article

(Credit: Gianluca Masi, Cessano (FR) Italy. The Virtual Telescope Project)

VENUS WAS LIKELY HABITABLE FOR 3B YEARS. THEN SOMETHING MYSTERIOUS HAPPENED.

It’s also the first “intervenusian” asteroid ever discovered, meaning the space rock never leaves Venus’ orbit.

At present, it’s unclear how small or large 2020 AV2 is, having only been discovered on Jan. 4.

Masi added that there are approximately 792,000 asteroids known to orbit the sun, citing data from the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center. However, only 21 of them orbit the sun closer than Earth, a group known as Atira asteroids.

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Americans trust Amazon and Google more than Tom Hanks or President Trump

Tom Hanks might be America’s favorite actor, but he’s not as trustworthy as Amazon or Google, according to a new report.

According to market research firm Morning Consult, the two tech titans are among the most trustworthy brands in the U.S., coming in behind only a person’s doctor and the U.S. military. Fifty percent of respondents said “your primary doctor” was the top trusted brand, while 39 percent and 38 percent of respondents said Amazon and Google were their most trusted brand.

Tom Hanks was the top brand for 34 percent of respondents and just 20 percent said President Trump topped their list.

Westlake Legal Group Morning-Consult-The-State-of-Consumer-Trust-11 Americans trust Amazon and Google more than Tom Hanks or President Trump fox-news/tech/companies/google fox-news/tech/companies/amazon fox news fnc/tech fnc Chris Ciaccia article 4131a562-64fa-5fc4-b0d6-0ca79a5537f2

(Credit: Morning Consult)

WAFFLE MAKER FROM AMAZON IS DELIVERED WITH OLD, CRUSTY WAFFLE INSIDE

“It’s no secret that trust is key to brand success,” Morning Consult CEO Michael Ramlet said in a statement. “In today’s climate, every single day presents leaders with the opportunity to cultivate reliability — a key driver of trust.”

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Tom Hanks during the 77th Annual Golden Globe Awards at The Beverly Hilton Hotel on Jan. 5, 2020 in Beverly Hills, California. (Steve Granitz/WireImage)

The data, which comes from online surveys on approximately 2,000 brands and an average of 16,700 interviews per brand, found that “despite widespread societal distrust, brands remain largely well trusted by consumers,” adding that Amazon and Google even outrank “other institutions, public figures, and ideas.”

The research firm noted that there were stark differences in the most trustworthy brands depending upon age group. Millennials and Generation Z were more likely to trust technology companies. For Gen Z, Google, Netflix, Amazon, YouTube and PlayStation were the five most trusted brands, while Millennials said Google, the U.S. Postal Service, Amazon, PayPal and Netflix were their top five most trusted brands.

Westlake Legal Group Morning-Consult-The-State-of-Consumer-Trust-15 Americans trust Amazon and Google more than Tom Hanks or President Trump fox-news/tech/companies/google fox-news/tech/companies/amazon fox news fnc/tech fnc Chris Ciaccia article 4131a562-64fa-5fc4-b0d6-0ca79a5537f2

(Credit: Morning Consult)

By comparison, Generation X listed the USPS, Google, Amazon, Hershey and PayPal, whereas Baby Boomers trusted the USPS, UPS, Hershey, The Weather Channel and Cheerios the most.

Westlake Legal Group Morning-Consult-The-State-of-Consumer-Trust-16 Americans trust Amazon and Google more than Tom Hanks or President Trump fox-news/tech/companies/google fox-news/tech/companies/amazon fox news fnc/tech fnc Chris Ciaccia article 4131a562-64fa-5fc4-b0d6-0ca79a5537f2

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Despite their levels of trust from American consumers, Amazon and Google have come under intense scrutiny in recent months for a number of different mishaps.

Amazon reportedly tracked the location of attendees at one of its recent cloud computing conferences, disturbing some of the attendees, while Google has been slammed by lawmakers such as Sen. Josh Hawley R-Mo., over the tech giant’s “interference” in its search algorithms. Google says that changes to its search engine are designed to benefit users.

Fox News has reached out to the White House, Amazon and Google with requests for comment.

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Fox News’ James Rogers contributed to this article.

Westlake Legal Group Morning-Consult-The-State-of-Consumer-Trust-11 Americans trust Amazon and Google more than Tom Hanks or President Trump fox-news/tech/companies/google fox-news/tech/companies/amazon fox news fnc/tech fnc Chris Ciaccia article 4131a562-64fa-5fc4-b0d6-0ca79a5537f2   Westlake Legal Group Morning-Consult-The-State-of-Consumer-Trust-11 Americans trust Amazon and Google more than Tom Hanks or President Trump fox-news/tech/companies/google fox-news/tech/companies/amazon fox news fnc/tech fnc Chris Ciaccia article 4131a562-64fa-5fc4-b0d6-0ca79a5537f2

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