web analytics
a

Facebook

Twitter

Copyright 2015 Libero Themes.
All Rights Reserved.

8:30 - 6:00

Our Office Hours Mon. - Fri.

703-406-7616

Call For Free 15/M Consultation

Facebook

Twitter

Search
Menu
Westlake Legal Group > fnc/science

Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets

Stunning artifacts have been recovered from the wreck of HMS Erebus, one of two 19th-century Royal Navy ships involved in a doomed expedition to locate the Northwest Passage.

Officials in Canada unveiled the items, which include epaulets from a lieutenant’s uniform, ceramic dishes, a hairbrush, and a pencil case, this week. Sealing wax, bearing a fingerprint, that is believed to belong to Edmund Hoar, the captain’s steward, was also found.

HMS Erebus and her sister ship HMS Terror took part in an expedition led by Sir John Franklin to find the long-sought sea route. Both ships’ crews perished in the mission and the ships’ final resting places remained a mystery for over 160 years.

INCREDIBLE IMAGES REVEAL ‘FROZEN-IN-TIME’ SHIPWRECK HMS TERROR

Parks Canada and the Inuit Heritage Trust unveiled the new artifacts on Thursday.

“The findings from HMS Erebus during the 2019 Franklin research mission will contribute to a better understanding of historical and Inuit accounts of the Franklin Expedition and help establish a clearer picture of the living quarters of the crew on the lower deck of the ship,” said Parks Canada in a statement.

Westlake Legal Group ErebusEpaulettes Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets James Rogers fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 7b871bc9-e82f-5723-af22-e17a7c7492e5

The pair of epaulets recovered from the wreck of the HMS Erebus. Experts think that the epaulets belong to James Walter Fairholme, a 3rd lieutenant on HMS Erebus. (Parks Canada)

The items were recovered from HMS Erebus during 93 dives that took place over a three-week period in fall 2019, according to Parks Canada. Divers spent approximately 110 hours underwater.

“The recovered artifacts are currently undergoing preliminary analysis – a process that includes identifying the physical characteristics of each object as well as scaled illustrations, x-rays and studio photography – at Parks Canada’s Conservation Laboratories,” explained Parks Canada in a statement.

The wreck of the Erebus was finally located in 2014, amid much fanfare, and the Terror was found two years later. The ships, which were among the most sought-after prizes in marine archaeology, are the subject of multiple songs, poems and novels. The wrecks have even sparked talk of a modern “curse.”

DOOMED 1840S ARCTIC EXPEDITION SPARKED TALK OF A MODERN ‘CURSE’

Last year Canadian officials released remarkable, never-before-seen images and video footage of the HMS Terror wreck. The images were captured during what is described as the largest and most complex underwater archaeology project in the country’s history. Using an undersea drone, researchers explored the remarkably well-preserved interior of the HMS Terror.

Westlake Legal Group ErebusHairbrush Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets James Rogers fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 7b871bc9-e82f-5723-af22-e17a7c7492e5

A hairbrush was discovered in one of the officer’s cabins on the HMS Erebus. Some human hairs were recovered from the bristles. DNA analysis may identify the brush’s owner. (Parks Canada)

What happened to most of the ships’ crew members, however, is still unknown. Franklin and 128 handpicked officers and men had set out in 1845 to find the Northwest Passage, the shortcut to Asia that supposedly ran from the Atlantic to the Pacific by way of the harsh, ice-choked Arctic.

Experts believe that the ships were lost in 1848 after they became locked in the ice near King William Island and that the crews abandoned them in a hopeless bid to reach safety. Inuit lore tells of “white men who were starving” as late as the winter of 1850 on Royal Geographical Society Island in the north Canadian territory of Nunavut.

ENTIRE ARCTIC EXPEDITION PERISHED, BUT NOT BECAUSE OF LEAD

The fate of the sailors and Royal Marines on the Franklin expedition continues to captivate historians.

Westlake Legal Group ErebusSealingWax Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets James Rogers fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 7b871bc9-e82f-5723-af22-e17a7c7492e5

Sealing wax recovered from the pantry (storage room) of the captain’s steward on HMS Erebus. The wax, which was used to seal letters and envelopes, is marked “Extra Fine London.” (Parks Canada)

The ships’ crews all perished in the icy wastes of the Canadian Arctic and the bodies of most of the expedition members have never been recovered. However, a handful of graves have been found and the remains examined.

One theory suggests that lead poisoning from shoddily canned food and the ships’ water filtration system helped doom the expedition. However, research published last year in the journal Plos One challenges this notion. After analyzing bone and dental remains of crew members and comparing them to samples from a Royal Navy cemetery in the Caribbean, the researchers concluded that many of the crew were likely victims of starvation.

SEARCHERS FIND 2ND SHIP FROM DOOMED BRITISH EXPEDITION

Westlake Legal Group ErebusPencilCase Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets James Rogers fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 7b871bc9-e82f-5723-af22-e17a7c7492e5

The pencil case was discovered in a drawer in what is believed to be the Captain’s Steward’s pantry. (Parks Canada)

The local community treats the wreck sites with great reverence.

“An Inuit Guardians program, involving Inuit from Gjoa Haven, has been in place since 2017 and leads the protection and monitoring of the Franklin wrecks during the open-water season, in addition to helping integrate Inuit knowledge into Parks Canada’s operations,” said Parks Canada in its statement released this week.

Westlake Legal Group ErebusDecanter Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets James Rogers fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 7b871bc9-e82f-5723-af22-e17a7c7492e5

A decanter, thought to have been used for brandy or port, was found in the officers’ mess on HMS Erebus. (Parks Canada)

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Westlake Legal Group ErebusTerror1845 Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets James Rogers fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 7b871bc9-e82f-5723-af22-e17a7c7492e5

1845: The ships HMS Erebus and HMS Terror used in Sir John Franklin’s ill-fated attempt to discover the Northwest Passage. Original Publication: Illustrated London News pub 24th May 1845. (Photo by Illustrated London News/Getty Images)

Both wrecks have been designated as historic sites by the Canadian government and a Parks Canada permit is required to access them.

The Associated Press contributed to this article.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group ErebusEpaulettes Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets James Rogers fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 7b871bc9-e82f-5723-af22-e17a7c7492e5   Westlake Legal Group ErebusEpaulettes Shipwreck from doomed 1840s Royal Navy Arctic expedition reveals its secrets James Rogers fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 7b871bc9-e82f-5723-af22-e17a7c7492e5

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

5 African-American groundbreakers in the US space program

“Black in Space: Breaking the Color Barrier,” scheduled to air Monday on the Smithsonian Channel, examines how black astronauts raced into the heavens while fighting for human rights on Earth.

It shows how the astronauts surmounted racist barriers and hostile commanders to get close to the stars.

“They really are the first of the first,” filmmaker Laurens Grant said. “And they are the elite of the elite.”

Not only did these aspiring space travelers have to navigate the racist politics of their time, they also had to study cutting-edge science and engineering to compete with others, Grant said.

And it didn’t always end happily.

The road to get black astronauts into space in the U.S. began under President John. F. Kennedy.

His brother Attorney General Robert Kennedy pressured an Air Force program to make sure its astronaut project had a person of color.

The life journeys of black astronauts are shared in the new documentary that looks at the final frontier of civil rights: getting black astronauts into space amid Jim Crow, danger, discrimination and the Cold War.

NASA ASTRONAUTS WILL RETURN TO SPACE FROM US SOIL ‘BEFORE SUMMER’: PENCE

Within four generations, they went from slavery to space.

The film shows how the former Soviet Union beat the U.S. and sent into space Cuban cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez.

He was the first Latin American and first person of African descent to reach space.

After his mission, he became a Cold War hero for Cuba — and his accomplishment was largely ignored.

Here is the story of five visionary Americans:

RONALD MCNAIR

Westlake Legal Group Ronald-McNair 5 African-American groundbreakers in the US space program Frank Miles fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc article 3e3fb0e9-9ff8-5545-8b65-77bd15d70222

In this Jan. 27, 1986, file photo, the crew for the Space Shuttle Challenger flight 51-L leaves their quarters for the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Mission Spl. Ronald McNair, center, was only the second African American chosen to go to space. He died in the Challenger launch. (AP Photo/Steve Helber, File)

In 1959, Ronald Erwin McNair walked into a South Carolina library.

The 9-year-old aspiring astronaut wanted to check out a calculus book, but a librarian threatened to call the police if he didn’t leave.

McNair was black.

Years later, McNair was selected to become only the second African American to travel to space, overcoming segregation, poverty and racist hidebound stereotypes in an intellectual act of resistance that inspired a generation.

Tragically, McNair died in the 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger tragedy.

ED DWIGHT

Air Force Capt. Ed Dwight was selected for a trainee program and became an overnight hero in the black press.

However, the NASA program did not select him for the astronaut program.

ROBERT LAWRENCE

Westlake Legal Group Maj-Robert-H.-Lawrence- 5 African-American groundbreakers in the US space program Frank Miles fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc article 3e3fb0e9-9ff8-5545-8b65-77bd15d70222

FILE – In this June 30, 1967, file photo, Maj. Robert H. Lawrence Jr., the first black astronaut in the U.S. space program, is introduced at a news conference in El Segundo, Calif. (AP Photo, File)

U.S. Air Force officer Robert Henry Lawrence Jr. was chosen instead.

The U.S. Air Force selected the Chicago-born Lawrence as the first African-American astronaut, and he may have made it to the moon.

Unfortunately, Lawrence died after his F-104 Starfighter crashed in 1967 at Edwards Air Force Base in California.

No African Americans would make it to the moon.

FREDERICK GREGORY

Westlake Legal Group Frederick-D-Gregory 5 African-American groundbreakers in the US space program Frank Miles fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc article 3e3fb0e9-9ff8-5545-8b65-77bd15d70222

FILE – In this June 22, 2004, file photo, Deputy Administrator of NASA Frederick D. Gregory, left, talks as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Science Lee M. E. Morin, looks on at a news conference at the India-United States Conference on Space Science, Applications and Commerce in Bangalore, India. (AP Photo/Gautam Singh, File)

During the Space Race era, Star Trek Communication Officer Lieutenant Uhura, played by Nichelle Nichols in the 1960s NBC television series, got the closest to space, even though she was a fictional character.

Nichols would later speak out in public service announcements to recruit black scientists and pilots to NASA.

 Frederick Gregory, now 79, saw some of those ads.

“She was inside my TV one morning. She pointed at me and said, ‘I want you to apply for the NASA program,’” Gregory said. “She was talking to me.”

The U.S. Air Force pilot would apply and later become the first African-American shuttle pilot.

GUION BLUFORD

Westlake Legal Group Guion-Bluford 5 African-American groundbreakers in the US space program Frank Miles fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc article 3e3fb0e9-9ff8-5545-8b65-77bd15d70222

In this Sept. 5, 1983, file photo, Guion Bluford, Jr., shuttle Challenger mission specialist, is shown in portrait on returning to the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. (AP photo, File)

Guion Bluford would become the first African-American astronaut to go to space. The aerospace engineer made it to space in 1983 as a member of the crew of the Orbiter Challenger.

His trip came nearly 20 years after Kennedy sought to get a black man in space.

PROGRESS

Gregory said he’s proud of his role in breaking barriers and contributing to space exploration.

However, he’s now concerned about what comes next.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

In an interview with The Associated Press, Gregory said he recalls looking down at Earth while floating in space and traveling at high speed.

“Your concept of neighbor changes significantly,” Gregory said. “I began saying, ‘Hey, this is a world, and we are all part of it.’ When you go to space, you don’t see boundaries on the ground. You wonder, why do these people dislike each other. Your concept of what your home is changes.”

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group Guion-Bluford 5 African-American groundbreakers in the US space program Frank Miles fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc article 3e3fb0e9-9ff8-5545-8b65-77bd15d70222   Westlake Legal Group Guion-Bluford 5 African-American groundbreakers in the US space program Frank Miles fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc article 3e3fb0e9-9ff8-5545-8b65-77bd15d70222

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Artificial intelligence spotted 11 ‘potentially hazardous’ asteroids that NASA missed

An asteroid hitting Earth is one of humanity’s greatest existential threats, making it imperative that asteroid detection is a vital task for government space agencies around the world. Using advanced artificial intelligence, researchers in the Netherlands have discovered several “potentially hazardous objects” that were not spotted by humans.

The research, published in Astronomy & Astrophysics, looked at space objects more than 100 meters in diameter that were likely to come within 4.7 million miles of Earth. The AI ran simulations 10,000 years into the future and discovered 11 asteroids that are not on NASA’s list of “potentially hazardous” near-Earth objects.

“The resulting instrument, named the Hazardous Object Identifier (HOI), was trained on the basis of an artificial set of known impactors which were generated by launching objects from Earth’s surface and integrating them backward in time,” the researchers wrote in the study’s abstract. “HOI was able to identify 95.25 [percent] of the known impactors simulated that were present in the test set as potential impactors. In addition, HOI was able to identify 90.99 [percent] of the potentially hazardous objects identified by NASA, without being trained on them directly.”

Westlake Legal Group near-earth-object-asteroids Artificial intelligence spotted 11 'potentially hazardous' asteroids that NASA missed fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/asteroids fox-news/science fox-news/person/elon-musk fox news fnc/science fnc d5a67b07-8ab5-5be1-a59d-b44e119b2936 Chris Ciaccia article

Artistic impression of two near earth objects. (Credit: ESA / P. Carril)

POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS ASTEROID THAT ZIPPED PAST EARTH HAS ITS OWN ‘MOON’

“Potentially hazardous” NEOs (Near Earth Objects) are defined as space objects that come within 0.05 astronomical units and measure more than 460 feet in diameter, according to NASA.

One of the study’s co-authors, astronomer and simulation expert Simon Portegies Zwart, said that now that the method works, further research is needed.

“We now know that our method works, but we would certainly like to delve deeper in the research with a better neural network and with more input,” Zwart said in a statement. “The tricky part is that small disruptions in the orbit calculations can lead to major changes in the conclusions.”

According to a 2018 report put together by Planetary.org, there are more than 18,000 NEOs.

NASA has been preparing for planetary defense from asteroid strikes for years. A recent survey showed that Americans prefer a space program that focuses on potential asteroid impacts over sending humans back to the moon or to Mars.

In April 2019, NASA awarded a $69 million contract to SpaceX, the space exploration company led by Elon Musk, to help it with asteroid deflection via its DART mission.

MILE-LONG ASTEROID COULD BE DANGEROUS TO LIFE ON EARTH IN MILLIONS OF YEARS IF IT BREAKS UP: SCIENTISTS

NASA has recently expanded its planetary defense protocols, including last year’s unveiling of a bold new plan to protect Earth. In June 2018, NASA unveiled a 20-page plan that details the steps the U.S. should take to be better prepared for NEOs such as asteroids and comets that come within 30 million miles of the planet.

Lindley Johnson, NASA’s planetary defense officer, said at the time that the country “already has significant scientific, technical and operational capabilities” to help with NEOs, but implementing the new plan would “greatly increase our nation’s readiness and work with international partners to effectively respond should a new potential asteroid impact be detected.”

In addition to enhancing NEO detection, tracking and characterizing capabilities and improving modeling prediction, the plan also aims to develop technologies for deflecting NEOs, increasing international cooperation and establishing new NEO impact emergency procedures and action protocols.

ANCIENT ASTEROID STRIKES ON MARS MAY HAVE ‘PRODUCED KEY INGREDIENTS FOR LIFE’

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine has warned that an asteroid strike is not something to be taken lightly and is perhaps Earth’s biggest threat.

“We have to make sure that people understand that this is not about Hollywood, it’s not about movies,” Bridenstine said at the International Academy of Astronautics’ 2019 Planetary Defense Conference in College Park, Md., according to Space.com. “This is about ultimately protecting the only planet we know right now to host life, and that is the planet Earth.”

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Westlake Legal Group near-earth-object-asteroids Artificial intelligence spotted 11 'potentially hazardous' asteroids that NASA missed fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/asteroids fox-news/science fox-news/person/elon-musk fox news fnc/science fnc d5a67b07-8ab5-5be1-a59d-b44e119b2936 Chris Ciaccia article   Westlake Legal Group near-earth-object-asteroids Artificial intelligence spotted 11 'potentially hazardous' asteroids that NASA missed fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/asteroids fox-news/science fox-news/person/elon-musk fox news fnc/science fnc d5a67b07-8ab5-5be1-a59d-b44e119b2936 Chris Ciaccia article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Molecular oxygen discovered in another galaxy for first time ever

Astronomers have announced a significant discovery: they have found molecular oxygen for the first time ever outside the Solar System.

In a research published in The Astrophysical Journal, they noted that it was discovered in the Markarian 231 galaxy, 561 million light-years from Earth. A light-year, which measures distance in space, equals about 6 trillion miles.

“This first detection of extragalactic molecular oxygen provides an ideal tool to study AGN-driven molecular outflows on dynamic timescales of tens of megayears,” the researchers wrote in the study’s abstract.

Westlake Legal Group ddf71e7b-exoplanet-oxygen-molecules Molecular oxygen discovered in another galaxy for first time ever fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia cb39bee9-3fde-529e-b04a-d1056c8b0ac4 article

Conceptual image of water-bearing (left) and dry (right) exoplanets with oxygen-rich atmospheres. (NASA/GSFC/Friedlander-Griswold)

NASA DETECTS MYSTERIOUS OXYGEN CHANGES ON MARS IT’S ‘STRUGGLING TO EXPLAIN’

The find is significant since the galaxy is powered by a quasar, a highly active supermassive black hole. Some astronomers believe there are two quasars at the center of the galaxy. though that has yet to be proven. Quasars are considered the brightest objects in the universe and the quasar at the center of Markarian 231 is the closest one to Earth.

The researchers used the IRAM 30-meter radio telescope in Spain to make their observations after looking at it for four days. It’s unclear what is causing the oxygen to appear, but it may be due to “the interaction between the active galactic nucleus-driven molecular outflow and the outer disc molecular clouds,” the researchers wrote in the study.

Oxygen is necessary for life as we know it, according to the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, but so far, molecular oxygen has been difficult to find. It has been detected in the Orion nebula, but since it experiences intense radiation from the young stars being formed, it’s possible the water ice is split into a molecular level, allowing for the discovery of oxygen.

MYSTERIOUS SIGNAL FROM DEEP SPACE IS REPEATING IN 16-DAY CYCLE

Oxigen is the third most abundant element in the universe, trailing hydrogen and helium. Some scientists believe oxygen in space is stuck with hydrogen in the form of water ice, which could be why it is hard to detect.

In November, NASA’s Curiosity rover discovered that oxygen “behaves in a way that so far scientists cannot explain” on Mars.

The Curiosity rover, which has been exploring the Gale Crater since it landed on Mars in August 2012, found that the oxygen in the atmosphere did not behave in the same way that nitrogen and argon did, following “a predictable season pattern, waxing and waning in concentration in Gale Crater throughout the year relative to how much CO2 is in the air.”

Instead, the amount of oxygen in the air throughout the spring and summer rose by as much as 30 percent, then dropped to levels that were predicted by known chemistry in the fall.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Westlake Legal Group ddf71e7b-exoplanet-oxygen-molecules Molecular oxygen discovered in another galaxy for first time ever fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia cb39bee9-3fde-529e-b04a-d1056c8b0ac4 article   Westlake Legal Group ddf71e7b-exoplanet-oxygen-molecules Molecular oxygen discovered in another galaxy for first time ever fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia cb39bee9-3fde-529e-b04a-d1056c8b0ac4 article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon

Three U.S. World War II aircraft have been discovered in a lagoon in Micronesia 76 years after they went missing. The planes, which were part of Operation Hailstone in February 1944, are associated with 7 U.S. servicemen listed as missing in action.

Project Recover, which harnesses technology in an attempt to find and repatriate Americans missing in action (MIA) during World War II, discovered the aircraft in Truk Lagoon, now known as Chuuk Lagoon, part of the Federated States of Micronesia.

The two SBD-5 Dauntless dive bombers and the TBM/F-1 Avenger torpedo bomber took part in Operation Hailstone against Japanese forces in the lagoon on Feb. 17 and Feb. 18, 1944.

SUNKEN US WWII PLANE REVEALED IN STUNNING SEABED IMAGES

While Operation Hailstone resulted in a U.S. victory, the three aircraft, which flew from aircraft carriers USS Enterprise and USS Intrepid, were among approximately 30 American planes that were lost during the operation. Of these, 12 were lost within the lagoon.

Westlake Legal Group BombersLagoon US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/world-war-two fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 873f2916-61d2-597e-9f1b-28d96992c6e5

Propeller from a TBM/F-1 Avenger torpedo bomber, photographed in Truk Lagoon, Micronesia. (Image captured from a Remotely Operated Vehicle – credit Bob Hess, Scripps)

Experts from the University of Delaware and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, which is now part of the University of California, San Diego, were involved in the effort to locate the recently discovered planes.

Four expeditions were made to the lagoon between April 2018 and December 2019. After searching nearly 70 square miles of the seabed with side-scan sonar, researchers used underwater drones to spot debris from the three planes, at depths ranging from 100 to 215 feet.

WRECK OF JAPANESE AIRCRAFT CARRIER SUNK IN BATTLE OF MIDWAY DISCOVERED 77 YEARS LATER

“After completing archeological surveys of the crash sites in December 2019, the team is now assembling reports for review by the U.S. government to potentially set into motion a process for recovering and identifying the remains of up to seven crew members associated with these aircraft,” Andrew Pietruszka, an underwater archaeologist at Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Project Recover’s lead archaeologist, said in a statement obtained by Fox News.

Westlake Legal Group BombersLagoon2 US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/world-war-two fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 873f2916-61d2-597e-9f1b-28d96992c6e5

Starboard rear viewing port and entry hatch from a U.S. TBM/F-1 Avenger torpedo bomber in Truk Lagoon. (Image captured from a Remotely Operated Vehicle – credit Bob Hess, Scripps)

Documentation of the sites will also be shared with the Federated States of Micronesia and the U.S. Department of Defense’s Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA).

“Finding these three aircraft was only possible with the dedication and tireless efforts of our team members and the support of the host country,” said Mark Moline, co-founder of Project Recover, expedition leader and director of the School of Marine Science and Policy at the University of Delaware, in the statement. “While the discovery of these sites is exhilarating and validating, these feelings are mixed with the humbling emotions of the sacrifices made by these service members and their families in protecting our freedoms.”

WRECK OF WWII AIRCRAFT CARRIER USS WASP DISCOVERED IN THE CORAL SEA

Project Recover CEO and retired U.S. Marine aviator Derek Abbey said that, including Operation Hailstone, a total of 28 U.S. aircraft from World War II, associated with 103 MIAs, are believed to be missing in Truk Lagoon. “Project Recover is honored to play our part in keeping our nation’s promise of returning our fallen service members home and we remain committed to locating more Americans missing in action in Chuuk and around the world,” he said, in a statement.

Westlake Legal Group BombersLagoon3 US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/world-war-two fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 873f2916-61d2-597e-9f1b-28d96992c6e5

Tail section from an SBD-5 Dauntless dive bomber from Operation Hailstone resting on the floor of Truk Lagoon. (Image captured from a Remotely Operated Vehicle – credit Bob Hess, Scripps)

Project Recover recently revealed the wreck of a U.S. World War II aircraft in stunning detail 77 years after it was lost off Oahu, Hawaii.

Other allied military aircraft from the war have been discovered in recent years. Last year, the wreck of a World War II U.S. B-24 bomber that plunged into the sea off Bermuda in February 1945 was discovered by a team of researchers from the University of Delaware.

WWII WRECK USS HELENA DISCOVERED BY MICROSOFT CO-FOUNDER PAUL ALLEN’S CREW

The wreckage of another U.S. Air Force B-24 bomber was found in Papua New Guinea in 2018, 74 years after it was shot down during a fierce battle with Japanese forces.

Westlake Legal Group BombersLagoon4 US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/world-war-two fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 873f2916-61d2-597e-9f1b-28d96992c6e5

The iconic punched holes of the split-panel dive brakes from an SBD-5 Dauntless dive bomber are visible resting on the floor of the lagoon near the main debris site. (University of Delaware, courtesy of Dr. Mark Moline)

In 2017, engineers working on a sub-sea power link discovered what is believed to be the wreckage of a lost World War II Royal Air Force bomber off the coast of Norway.

In 2015, the University of Hawaii and NOAA released incredible images of a U.S. Navy seaplane sunk during the opening moments of the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Westlake Legal Group LagoonBomber5 US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/world-war-two fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 873f2916-61d2-597e-9f1b-28d96992c6e5

A coral-covered propeller of a U.S. SBD-5 Dauntless dive bomber from Operation Hailstone stands above the sand in Truk Lagoon (University of Delaware, courtesy of Dr. Mark Moline)

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Westlake Legal Group TrukLagoonGetty1944 US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/world-war-two fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 873f2916-61d2-597e-9f1b-28d96992c6e5

Torpedo exploding against Japanese tanker ship in Truk Lagoon during an attack by American torpedo bombers, February, 1944. (Photo by W. Eugene Smith/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images)

In 2018, an extremely rare World War II Spitfire fighter plane flown by a Royal Air Force pilot who later took part in the “Great Escape” was recovered from a remote Norwegian mountainside.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group BombersLagoon US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/world-war-two fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 873f2916-61d2-597e-9f1b-28d96992c6e5   Westlake Legal Group BombersLagoon US WWII bombers, missing for 76 years, discovered in Pacific lagoon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/world-war-two fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc article 873f2916-61d2-597e-9f1b-28d96992c6e5

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Huge great white shark caught on camera in incredible video

Westlake Legal Group 5b4857c8-greatwhiteshark Huge great white shark caught on camera in incredible video James Rogers fox-news/science/wild-nature/sharks fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc e105e55f-f82a-5fa6-91c0-fdd6d2c7edb5 article

A scuba diver off the coast of Florida has captured stunning video footage of a huge great white shark, said to be 15 to 20 feet long.

Space Coast Daily reports that diver Jim Cocci filmed the shark near the Breakers Reef off Florida’s East Coast.

GRAPHIC IMAGES: SHARK ATTACKS SEAL, TURNS WATER RED

Cocci posted a video of the massive shark on Facebook on Feb. 11 “Only need two words to describe diving West Palm with Walker’s Dive Charters today: ‘Great White’!”

The video has racked up 55,000 views since it was posted.

MASSIVE GREAT WHITE SHARK FILMED JUST FEET AWAY FROM OBLIVIOUS PADDLE BOARDER

On Friday, Cocci provided a heartwarming update related to the imposing apex predator. “Our recently documented Great White shark has been determined by the Massachusetts Shark Research Program to be a new discovery,” he wrote on Facebook. “Our ‘new’ shark has been entered into the database and is named ‘Colleen’ after my loving wife, very best friend and greatest dive buddy – ever! Happy Valentine’s Day, Honey!!”

Great white sharks are classified as a vulnerable species by the World Wildlife Fund.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Last year, an enormous great white was caught on video biting a dive cage off the coast of Mexico. In 2018, a massive great white shark was filmed just feet away from an oblivious paddle boarder off a Cape Cod beach.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group 5b4857c8-greatwhiteshark Huge great white shark caught on camera in incredible video James Rogers fox-news/science/wild-nature/sharks fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc e105e55f-f82a-5fa6-91c0-fdd6d2c7edb5 article   Westlake Legal Group 5b4857c8-greatwhiteshark Huge great white shark caught on camera in incredible video James Rogers fox-news/science/wild-nature/sharks fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc e105e55f-f82a-5fa6-91c0-fdd6d2c7edb5 article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Antarctica temperatures reach 69 degrees for the first time ever, scientists say

Temperatures in Antarctica were hotter than 68 degrees Fahrenheit for the first time ever last Sunday.

Researchers recorded a high of 69.35 on an island off the coast of the continent, which they described as “incredible and abnormal.”

“We are seeing the warming trend in many of the sites we are monitoring, but we have never seen anything like this,” said Brazilian scientist Carlos Schaefer, according to the BBC.

ANCIENT ANTARCTIC ICE MELT MADE SEA LEVELS RISE ALMOST 10 FEET SOMME 129,000 AGO

Westlake Legal Group AP20038812357769 Antarctica temperatures reach 69 degrees for the first time ever, scientists say fox-news/world/environment/climate-change fox-news/weather fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fox news fnc/science fnc David Aaro c22fb12b-507c-56c8-b270-07908151309b article

FILE – In this undated file photo, a lonely penguin appears in Antarctica during the southern hemisphere’s summer season. The temperature in northern Antarctica hit nearly 65 degrees. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Jana, File)

It was nearly two degrees higher than the previous record of 67.64 degrees set 37 years ago.

The reading was taken at a monitoring station on Seymour Island, which is part of a chain of the islands on the Antarctica Peninsula — the northernmost part of the continent.

Schaefer said the reading was a single data point, so they’re not able to determine if it’s a trend that will continue in the future.

“We can’t use this to anticipate climatic changes in the future. It’s a data point,” Schaefer said, according to the television network. “It’s simply a signal that something different is happening in that area.”

ANTARCTICA APPEARS TO HAVE BROKEN A HEAT RECORD

Antarctica also experienced record heat last week, recording a temperature of nearly 65 degrees on the continent’s northernmost peninsula.

Scientists at Terrantar, a government project that monitors climate change on the continent, said the record temperatures are most likely attributed to changes in ocean currents.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FOX NEWS APP

“We have climatic changes in the atmosphere, which is closely related to changes in permafrost and the ocean,” they said, according to the Guardian.

Westlake Legal Group AP20038812357769 Antarctica temperatures reach 69 degrees for the first time ever, scientists say fox-news/world/environment/climate-change fox-news/weather fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fox news fnc/science fnc David Aaro c22fb12b-507c-56c8-b270-07908151309b article   Westlake Legal Group AP20038812357769 Antarctica temperatures reach 69 degrees for the first time ever, scientists say fox-news/world/environment/climate-change fox-news/weather fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fox news fnc/science fnc David Aaro c22fb12b-507c-56c8-b270-07908151309b article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

1,200-year-old ‘gumdrop’ might have belonged to elite gamer at UK monastery

What looks like a tasty, blue gumdrop decorated with white frosting is actually a 1,200-year-old glass “king” piece that may have belonged to an elite gamer, according to Durham University, England, and DigVentures, a crowdsourced archaeological outfit, also in the U.K.

The royal-blue game piece was found in September 2019 during a community-based dig at a cemetery in Lindisfarne (also called Holy Island), a tiny island off the northeast coast of England. Lindisfarne was once home to monks who ran a medieval monastery that was infamously invaded by the Vikings in A.D. 793.

“This is a truly wonderful discovery, which gives us a very special insight into life in the monastery at the time,” David Petts, a senior lecturer in the archaeology of Northern Britain at Durham University who co-directed the excavation with DigVentures, said in a statement released Thursday (Feb. 6). “It’s similar to a number of other examples found at settlements and trading sites around the edge of the North Sea, and shows us not only that there were people on Lindisfarne who had leisure time, but that they were well connected.”

Related: 16 of the most interesting ancient board and dice games

Five white bobbles decorate the newfound artifact and indicate that it was a king piece, said Maiya Pina-Dacier, the head of community at DigVentures. It’s about 0.7 inches (2 centimeters) across, or “about the size of a chocolate sweet or Ferrero Rocher,” Pina-Dacier told Live Science in an email.

The king piece would have been “a high-status object” that likely belonged to a royal who was living at or visiting the Lindisfarne monastery before the Vikings invaded, she added. “Other gaming pieces are usually made of wood or bone. We’re hoping to get further analysis done to tell us more about how it was made and maybe even where the materials came from.”

The board game itself was a strategy-laden lark with Roman roots called “ludus latrunculorum”. As the Romans invaded new lands, ludus latrunculorum spread; the game evolved differently in each location but became known by the umbrella term “tafl.” Tafl games were played in Britain, Ireland, Iceland, Denmark and Sweden before chess arrived in the 11th and 12th centuries, Pina-Dacier said.

“Although each region had their own version of the rules, the basic principles were the same: Defend a central king against attackers,” she explained. “There was usually only one decorated piece — the king; the rest would be more like counters.”

This is the second tafl game piece discovered in the British Isles. The other one was found at a Pictish hillfort in Dundurn, Scotland.

DigVentures plans to return to Lindisfarne in September 2020 to continue the dig. If you’d like to join, visit digventures.com/projects to learn more.

Originally published on Live Science.

Westlake Legal Group gumdrop 1,200-year-old 'gumdrop' might have belonged to elite gamer at UK monastery LiveScience Laura Geggel fox-news/columns/digging-history fnc/science fnc fb390935-ee12-58be-926b-26d795c3e44d article   Westlake Legal Group gumdrop 1,200-year-old 'gumdrop' might have belonged to elite gamer at UK monastery LiveScience Laura Geggel fox-news/columns/digging-history fnc/science fnc fb390935-ee12-58be-926b-26d795c3e44d article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Russian satellites tailing advanced US spy satellite, report says

A top U.S. Space Force commander said two Russian satellites are tailing an advanced U.S. spy satellite above the Earth and at times come within 100 miles of the billion-dollar spacecraft.

Gen. John “Jay Raymond told Time magazine that the Russian satellite was launched in November and called its movements “unusual and disturbing.”

“It has the potential to create a dangerous situation in space,” he said, while other experts expressed concerns about what Moscow may be able to learn from close-up photos of the spacecraft.

Westlake Legal Group Raymond-Space-Command-3000 Russian satellites tailing advanced US spy satellite, report says fox-news/us/military fox-news/tech fox-news/politics/defense fox news fnc/science fnc Edmund DeMarche article 790302f0-e16d-51ff-b3ff-963ab9b09d78

FILE: Gen. John “Jay” Raymond, the commander of Air Force Space Command and the Joint Force Space Component Command. (Clayton Wear/Air Force)

The Trump administration recently requested a defense budget that would keep non-emergency spending at $705 billion, Military.com reported. Space.com reported that SpaceForce would receive $15.4 billion from that funding and begin with 6,400 members that will be transferring from the Air Force.

The Space Force’s mandate is to improve protection of U.S. satellites and other space assets, rather than to put troops in orbit to conduct combat in outer space.

Trump originally wanted a Space Force that was “separate but equal” to the Army, Navy and Air Force, but instead, Congress made it part of the Department of the Air Force.

The Time magazine report illustrates an almost sci-fi case of alleged space espionage. Russia reportedly launched a satellite into orbit last November and– while in orbit–  it split into two separate satellites. One expert compared it to a “Russian nesting doll.”

The Kremlin has insisted that the satellites are simply conducting experiments. An amateur satellite tracker used public data to theorize that the Russian satellites are “cleverly designed” to monitor the U.S. satellite during otherwise challenging visual moments in orbit: like sunrises.

GET THE FOX NEWS APP

“It’s clear that Russia is developing on-orbit capabilities that seek to exploit our reliance on space-based systems that fuel our American way of life,” Raymond told Time.

The Associated Press contributed to this report

Westlake Legal Group Raymond-Space-Command-3000 Russian satellites tailing advanced US spy satellite, report says fox-news/us/military fox-news/tech fox-news/politics/defense fox news fnc/science fnc Edmund DeMarche article 790302f0-e16d-51ff-b3ff-963ab9b09d78   Westlake Legal Group Raymond-Space-Command-3000 Russian satellites tailing advanced US spy satellite, report says fox-news/us/military fox-news/tech fox-news/politics/defense fox news fnc/science fnc Edmund DeMarche article 790302f0-e16d-51ff-b3ff-963ab9b09d78

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Ancient Egyptian ‘board game of death’ identified by scientists

An ancient Egyptian ‘board game of death’ was used to communicate with with the dead about 3,500 years ago.

The game, called senet, was played at all levels of Egyptian society from when it first emerged 5,000 years ago until it fell out of favor about 2,500 years later. Now one expert believes he has discovered a senet board from when the game took on a more spiritual hue.

Experts who study ancient Egypt believe senet was played by two competitors, each with five pawns that were placed on a grid of 30 squares arranged in three rows of 10. Then, by roll of a dice players would move their pawns, with the goal being to have all five of your pawns reach the “finish” point at the lower right corner of the board.

CHERNOBYL SHOCKER AS FUNGI THAT EATS NUCLEAR RADIATION FOUND INSIDE REACTOR

Westlake Legal Group 70880242-egyptian-senet-the-yorck-project Ancient Egyptian ‘board game of death’ identified by scientists fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-egypt fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc fd600e0a-a056-5827-94d2-98ec171de81d Christopher Carbone article

The game, known as senet, was played by Egyptians at all levels of society. Pictured above: Queen Nefertari plays senet in a piece of art inside her tomb. (Public Domain/The Yorck Project)

However, over time Egyptian texts reportedly began to describe the game as depicting the movement of the soul through the Egyptian realm of the dead.

A senet board located in the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum could show this evolution. The board features a hieroglyphic symbol on one square for water, which is believed by archaeologists to indicate a lake or river that Egyptians felt the soul encountered on its journey through the underworld.

“It may be one of the first times that this aspect of the journey through the afterlife is visually rendered on the board,” says Walter Crist, an archaeologist at Maastricht University who writes about the board in research published in The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology.

Jelmer Eerkens, an archaeologist at the University of California, Davis, believes the Rosicrucian board is a rare find since it seems to chronicle a late-stage change in progress.

WORLD’S LARGEST ICEBERG THE SIZE OF DELAWARE IS STREAMING TOWARD OPEN WATER

Westlake Legal Group egyptian-senet-2 Ancient Egyptian ‘board game of death’ identified by scientists fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-egypt fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc fd600e0a-a056-5827-94d2-98ec171de81d Christopher Carbone article

An ancient Egyptian ‘board game of death’ was used to commune with the deceased around 3,500 years ago. Pictured: the senet board from the collections of Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum in San Jose, California.

GET THE FOX NEWS APP

“This is unlike what we expect for other kinds of technologies,” Eerkens told Science Magazine.

The new discovery could capture the senet board’s evolution into being the original game of death.

Westlake Legal Group 70880242-egyptian-senet-the-yorck-project Ancient Egyptian ‘board game of death’ identified by scientists fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-egypt fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc fd600e0a-a056-5827-94d2-98ec171de81d Christopher Carbone article   Westlake Legal Group 70880242-egyptian-senet-the-yorck-project Ancient Egyptian ‘board game of death’ identified by scientists fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-egypt fox-news/science fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc fd600e0a-a056-5827-94d2-98ec171de81d Christopher Carbone article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com