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NASA chief says returning astronauts to the Moon could cost $30 billion

It was always going to be expensive, but NASA’s first cost estimate for the agency’s push to land humans on the moon by 2024 is finally here — and it’s surprisingly cheap.

During an interview with CNN that aired June 14, NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine offered his first concrete budget estimate for the agency’s current lunar aspirations, a plan that has been dubbed the Artemis program. That plan includes recruiting commercial companies and international partners, building a lunar space station, landing humans at the moon’s south pole by 2024 and framing the whole project as practicing for Mars.

“For the whole program, to get a sustainable presence on the moon, we’re looking at between $20 and $30 billion,” Bridenstine told CNN. He specified that the estimate represented additional money, beyond what the agency has already spent on the SLS rocket and Orion capsule it intends to use for the program.

Related: Can NASA Really Put Astronauts on the Moon in 2024?

Bridenstine also specified that the estimate represented money on top of the agency’s current budget. Throughout his attempts to sell his agency, Congress and the public on the Artemis plan, he has repeatedly promised that the moon landing push will be separately funded and won’t pull money from the agency’s other activities.

Last month, President Donald Trump asked Congress to allot an extra $1.6 billion to NASA to fund the Artemis program in fiscal year 2020, which begins Oct. 1. But that request, which Congress has not yet evaluated, always included a caveat from Bridenstine specifying that it would be only the beginning of dramatic budget increases required for the program.

Until today, Bridenstine had demurred on providing a total budget estimate for the Artemis program, although he had publicly denied rumors that NASA would request $8 billion per year for five years to fund the moon push. (If the program total does indeed run to $30 billion and NASA gets its $1.6 billion for 2020, that would leave $7 billion per year for each of the four remaining years of the program.)

For comparison, NASA’s last moonshot, the Constellation program that never came to fruition, was announced with an estimated cost of $104 billion in 2005. The Apollo program cost $25 billion — but that was in 1960s dollars.

More recently, the International Space Station has been estimated to have cost about $100 billion. Even the Hubble Space Telescope, between its construction, launch and in-orbit servicing, is estimated to have cost more than $10 billionover its life to date.

But returning humans to the moon in a more permanent way than Apollo is worth it, Bridenstine said.

“Think of it as a short-term investment to have a sustainable program at the moon where we’re ultimately keeping our eyes on Mars,” Bridenstine told CNN. “How do we learn to live and work on another world, namely the moon, and then go on to Mars and do it in a way [so that], when this is complete, the American people have a program they can be very proud of for the long term?”

Original article on Space.com.

Westlake Legal Group MOON-TELESCOPE NASA chief says returning astronauts to the Moon could cost $30 billion Space.com Meghan Bartels fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fnc/science fnc article 9232e138-8ea6-5295-a2d9-8af93a5d09d2   Westlake Legal Group MOON-TELESCOPE NASA chief says returning astronauts to the Moon could cost $30 billion Space.com Meghan Bartels fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fnc/science fnc article 9232e138-8ea6-5295-a2d9-8af93a5d09d2

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Fish and chips could be off the menu by 2050 due to global warming, study warns

Fish and chips could be off the menu due to global warming, a study warns.

Scientists say larger marine species including cod and haddock face being wiped out as rising temperatures reduce oxygen levels in the oceans.

Analysis of crustaceans found in Antarctic waters found that they got smaller in size when levels of the gas were lower — showing that bigger creatures are more vulnerable to climate change.

Previous studies have suggested that haddock and cod will shrink in size by up to a quarter by 2050.

SEARCH FOR HABITABLE ALIEN WORLDS IN EARTH’S BACKYARD HEATS UP

Westlake Legal Group fish-and-chips-getty-images Fish and chips could be off the menu by 2050 due to global warming, study warns The Sun fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fnc/science fnc Chloe Kerr cb133258-7568-5d41-967b-db89d96cec6c article

(Getty Images)

The new study suggests a failure to control greenhouse gas emissions will trigger an even worse impact. The larger animals of polar seas exist because more oxygen dissolves in cold water than in temperate and tropical regions.

Co-author Dr. Simon Morley, of the British Antarctic Survey, said: “Many Antarctic marine invertebrates and fish are vulnerable to climate change.”

Co-author Prof John Spicer, of Plymouth University, added: “Over the last 50 years, oxygen in oceans has decreased by two to five percent. Unless they adapt, many larger marine invertebrates will shrink or face extinction.”

This story was originally published in The Sun. Click here for more from The Sun. 

Westlake Legal Group fish-and-chips-getty-images Fish and chips could be off the menu by 2050 due to global warming, study warns The Sun fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fnc/science fnc Chloe Kerr cb133258-7568-5d41-967b-db89d96cec6c article   Westlake Legal Group fish-and-chips-getty-images Fish and chips could be off the menu by 2050 due to global warming, study warns The Sun fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fnc/science fnc Chloe Kerr cb133258-7568-5d41-967b-db89d96cec6c article

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Astronomers spot moon ‘flashing at us’ and no one can explain why

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6039858069001_6039861971001-vs Astronomers spot moon ‘flashing at us’ and no one can explain why The Sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fnc/science fnc article 84de87ea-603a-537f-9e07-e5e997f409ec

Humans have been noticing flashes of light coming from the Moon for thousands of years but we still don’t understand why this happens or what causes it.

The strange occurrence is known as a transient lunar phenomenon (TLP) and an astronomer from Germany thinks he’s on the cusp of solving this moon mystery.

Hakan Kayal from the University of Würzburg in Bavaria is working on a project that might reveal what causes the quick shifts of light and darkness on the Moon.

MYSTERIOUS ‘STAR TREK’ LOGO FOUND ON MARS

He is using a brand new type of telescope system that is based in Spain and it’s already making progress, despite only being used since April.

Kayal describes the TLP flashes as bursts of light that last for seconds but Popular Science notes that some ‘flashes’ have been observed lighting up the Moon surface for hours at a time.

LARGE MASS FOUND ON MOON

Some other experts describe the light spikes as sparkly and red or pink.

TLP is often observed a few times a week and can sometimes leave dark spots on the Moon.

Popular explanations for them include meteorite impacts and gas released from moonquakes reflecting light abnormally.

The first confirmed sighting of TLP was made by a Russian astronomer in 1958 and the European Space Agency has since made a special telescope, called NELIOTA, which discovered that the flashes happen far more often that people first thought.

This is why explaining the flashing Moon is so hard because it happens so often and there could be multiple reasons for it.

Kayal’s new telescope system, which is still being developed, is fairly low budget and involves two telescopes that constantly observe the Moon with cameras and relay what they see to computers powered by artificially intelligent software.

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This AI software is tasked with distinguishing lunar flashes from other bright phenomenon, like meteorites, so the possible causes of TLP can be whittled down.

Astronomers think it is important to understand what causes the phenomenon before humans reach the Moon again as some of the explanations for TLP could be dangerous.

Click for more from The Sun

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6039858069001_6039861971001-vs Astronomers spot moon ‘flashing at us’ and no one can explain why The Sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fnc/science fnc article 84de87ea-603a-537f-9e07-e5e997f409ec   Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6039858069001_6039861971001-vs Astronomers spot moon ‘flashing at us’ and no one can explain why The Sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fnc/science fnc article 84de87ea-603a-537f-9e07-e5e997f409ec

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Hundreds of dolphins stranded, wash up dead along US Gulf Coast, officials say

Hundreds of dolphins have washed up dead along the U.S. Gulf Coast in recent months — an event so strange it’s been deemed an “unusual mortality event” by the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration.

More than 261 bottlenose dolphins have been stranded in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and the Florida Panhandle, officials said on Friday. The number is approximately three times higher than average.

AT LEAST 60 ICE SEALS REPORTED DEAD IN ALASKA, OFFICIALS SAY

The collective deaths have been determined to be an “unusual mortality event” by NOAA, defined as “a stranding that is unexpected; involves a significant die-off of any marine mammal population; and demands immediate response.”

Westlake Legal Group AP19165661711998 Hundreds of dolphins stranded, wash up dead along US Gulf Coast, officials say Nicole Darrah fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/mississippi fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/louisiana fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/florida fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/alabama fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc article 3fd6b978-ce42-54fb-a982-4c49952d21fd

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said Friday that more than 261 dolphins have stranded in the U.S. Golf Coast since Feb. 1. (Moby Solangi/Institute for Marine Mammal Studies via AP)

Many of the dolphin carcasses recovered “are very decomposed,” according to officials. This limits “the ability to collect samples to determine cause of illness or death.”

RARE FOOTAGE OF RIVER DOLPHINS HELPS SCIENTISTS CRACK MYSTERY OF MARINE MAMMAL COMMUNICATION

NOAA says “stranding” is when a marine mammal or sea turtle is found dead on the beach or floating near the shore, or if the creatures are alive near the shore but can’t return back to sea on their own, whether due to sickness or because they need help.

Scientists are investigating whether lingering effects from the 2010 BP oil spill are to blame for the unusually high death toll for the dolphins. Problems with lungs and adrenal glands, which produce stress-related hormones; blood abnormalities; and general poor condition, were considered effects of the oil spill.

Earlier reports said the spill contributed to the Gulf of Mexico’s largest and longest dolphin die-off.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

“We do know some of the health conditions … are improving, but some have been slow to improve,” Teri Rowles, coordinator for NOAA Fisheries’ Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program, told The Associated Press. “Reproduction in the heaviest-oiled areas continues below normal.”

Rowles said that scientists will also investigate whether more immediate effects from low salinity because of freshwater flowing from high rivers and a Louisiana spillway contributed to the deaths.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group AP19165661711998 Hundreds of dolphins stranded, wash up dead along US Gulf Coast, officials say Nicole Darrah fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/mississippi fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/louisiana fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/florida fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/alabama fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc article 3fd6b978-ce42-54fb-a982-4c49952d21fd   Westlake Legal Group AP19165661711998 Hundreds of dolphins stranded, wash up dead along US Gulf Coast, officials say Nicole Darrah fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/mississippi fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/louisiana fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/florida fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/alabama fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc article 3fd6b978-ce42-54fb-a982-4c49952d21fd

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Alligator with a knife stuck in its skull sparks concern in Texas community

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6048427299001_6048434203001-vs Alligator with a knife stuck in its skull sparks concern in Texas community James Rogers fox-news/science/wild-nature/reptiles fox news fnc/science fnc article 771d495f-3c7d-56bd-b1a5-3497e2c8dfbe

An alligator with a knife stuck in its skull was recently spotted in Fort Bend County, Texas, shocking local residents.

ABC13 reports that the unfortunate gator was spotted swimming in a lake at the Orchard Lakes Estate. Erin Weaver photographed the alligator and the images sparked concern for the animal when they were circulated on social media, according to ABC13.

ALLIGATOR BITES BIGGER, BELLOWING GATOR IN FLORIDA, VIDEO SHOWS: ‘IT WAS EXCITING TO SEE’

“I saw him swimming and then I saw him turn, like swimming towards me, and I saw something sticking out of his head,” Weaver told ABC13. “It looked like a steak knife that was sticking out of his head, I don’t know if it was in his eye, but it looked, if it wasn’t in his eye it was very close to his eye.”

Local wildlife officials have been notified about the alligator. Brazos Bend State Park Superintendent Chris Bishop told ABC13 that the gator could live with the knife in its head for some time.

‘FRIENDLY’ ALLIGATOR WANDERS ONTO FLORIDA AIR FORCE BASE, LOUNGES ON RUNWAY

In a Facebook post, Erin Weaver said that experts from Gator Country, a wildlife rescue service in Beaumont, Texas, are awaiting official permission to help with the alligator.

“We have gotten 100’s of messages and text on this poor baby! We have to get the approval from Texas Parks & Wildlife to go on this call,” wrote Sharon Saurage of Gator Country, in a Facebook post.

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The American Alligator is found in the eastern third of Texas, according to Texas Parks and Wildlife. “While typically found in fresh-water, they can tolerate brackish water as well,” it explains, on its website. “Formerly an endangered species, the alligator is now a protected game animal in Texas.”

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6048427299001_6048434203001-vs Alligator with a knife stuck in its skull sparks concern in Texas community James Rogers fox-news/science/wild-nature/reptiles fox news fnc/science fnc article 771d495f-3c7d-56bd-b1a5-3497e2c8dfbe   Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6048427299001_6048434203001-vs Alligator with a knife stuck in its skull sparks concern in Texas community James Rogers fox-news/science/wild-nature/reptiles fox news fnc/science fnc article 771d495f-3c7d-56bd-b1a5-3497e2c8dfbe

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Apollo 11: Smithsonian showcases stunning Moon landing artifacts

On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped from the Eagle Lunar Module and made his “giant leap for mankind.” To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing, the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum is showcasing a host of stunning artifacts from the epic mission.

“Starting on July 16th, we’re going to put Neil Armstrong’s spacesuit back on display, and we have lots of events scheduled on the National Mall and inside the museum throughout that week,” Dr. Teasel Muir-Harmony, curator of the Smithsonian’s space history department, told Fox News.

A lunar module used for testing in the Apollo 11 program is among a host of artifacts from the mission at the Smithsonian in Washington D.C. “Seeing the artifact really wows people and gives them a sense of some of the ground-breaking technological development that was necessary to go to the Moon,” said Muir-Harmony. “The one in our collection was Lunar Module-2. It was the second Lunar Module, it was supposed to do Earth orbital tests, but Lunar Module-1 did a good job, so they repurposed it for drop tests on Earth.”

50 YEARS AFTER APOLLO 11, NEIL ARMSTRONG’S SONS DESCRIBE THE DAY THEIR DAD WALKED ON THE MOON

After Apollo 11, the module was donated to the Smithsonian, which has modified the vehicle to closely resemble the Eagle lunar module that transported Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to and from the surface of the Moon.

Westlake Legal Group SmithsonianArmstrongSpacesuit Apollo 11: Smithsonian showcases stunning Moon landing artifacts James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 60b6566b-c810-5f53-bff7-8788baca8bde

Neil Armstrong’s Apollo 11 spacesuit. (Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum)

The descent stage of the Eagle Lunar Module remains on the Moon while the Module’s ascent stage carried Armstrong and Aldrin back to Apollo’s Columbia Command Module. After the astronauts safely docked with the Command Module, the ascent stage was jettisoned and programmed to crash into the Moon, according to the Smithsonian.

Muir-Harmony was speaking at a Smithsonian Channel event in New York City celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing.

THERE WAS A BIT OF TENSION’: ASTRONAUT DESCRIBES WATCHING MOON LANDING WITH BUZZ ALDRIN’S FAMILY

The Smithsonian also has the Columbia Command Module in its collection. “The command module was the astronauts’ home,” Muir-Harmony explained. “The mission itself was a little over 8 days – when you see the command module in person you get a sense of what it was like to live and work in space and a sense for the technology at the time and how complex it was as well.”

Westlake Legal Group SmithsonianLunarModule Apollo 11: Smithsonian showcases stunning Moon landing artifacts James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 60b6566b-c810-5f53-bff7-8788baca8bde

The Lunar Module LM-2 at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. (Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum)

“I think you get a good sense of why the astronauts had to train as much as they did and go through so many simulations,” she added. “It’s a quite special piece in the collection.”

The Columbia Command Module is part of “Destination Moon: The Apollo 11 Mission,” a traveling Smithsonian exhibit that is at the Museum of Flight in Seattle until Sept. 2, 2019.  Seattle is the fourth stop on a nationwide tour for the exhibit. The Command Module will go back on display at the Smithsonian in 2022 when the museum’s new Destination Moon exhibit opens.

‘IT WAS VERY CLOSE TO AN ABORT’: HOW THE NERVE-WRACKING FINAL SECONDS OF THE APOLLO 11 MOON LANDING UNFOLDED

Muir-Harmony told Fox News that the impact of Apollo 11 remains a powerful one. “I am moved by some of the reflections that the astronauts had about their experience in outer space,” she said. “They said ‘you know, we went to the Moon and what we discovered was Earth and an appreciation for Earth’.”

Westlake Legal Group SmithsonianColumbiaCommandModule Apollo 11: Smithsonian showcases stunning Moon landing artifacts James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 60b6566b-c810-5f53-bff7-8788baca8bde

The Columbia Command Module (Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum)

“To see Earth from space and see that there are no political boundaries, and then you also see a beautiful planet that’s vulnerable,” she added. “Many of the astronauts came to appreciate their home planet even more.”

Smithsonian Channel’s six-part series “Apollo’s Moon Shot” premieres on Sunday, June 16 and a documentary special “The Day we Walked on the Moon,” premieres Sunday, July 7.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group SmithsonianLunarModule Apollo 11: Smithsonian showcases stunning Moon landing artifacts James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 60b6566b-c810-5f53-bff7-8788baca8bde   Westlake Legal Group SmithsonianLunarModule Apollo 11: Smithsonian showcases stunning Moon landing artifacts James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 60b6566b-c810-5f53-bff7-8788baca8bde

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50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong’s sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon

On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong’s sons Mark and Rick were at the family home in Houston watching on TV as their father stepped off the Eagle lunar module and into the pages of history.

Mark, who was six at the time, said their home was a hive of activity on the day of the Apollo 11 Moon landing.

“We had two televisions in the house, so folks were huddled around both of them, some in the living room and some in one of the bedrooms, I think,” he told Fox News. “Friends, family, neighbors, they were all coming in and out. And, of course, we had the squawk box, as well, which I believe was set up in the bedroom at the time, so we could hear what was happening, more so than most.”

THERE WAS A BIT OF TENSION’: ASTRONAUT DESCRIBES WATCHING MOON LANDING WITH BUZZ ALDRIN’S FAMILY

It wasn’t just the Armstrongs and their friends who watched with rapt attention. An estimated 650 million people around the world watched the Moon landing on TV, according to NASA.

Westlake Legal Group GettyArmstrongFamily1969 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article

File photo – Janet Armstrong, wife of Neil Armstrong, sitting on floor with her 2 sons, attentively watching T.V. at home as the lunar module lands on the moon. (Photo by Vernon Merritt III/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images)

Mark, who was speaking at a Smithsonian Channel event in New York City celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing, explained that while it was an exciting day, he didn’t understand its importance until much later. “When you’re that age, you don’t really understand the historical context of things,” the now 56-year-old said. “You can see it and feel it, you can feel the energy in the room and you can feel the amazement in the people around you, but you don’t really understand why they are so amazed until you grow up a little bit and you learn those things later in life.”

Rick was 12 years old when his father stepped out of the Eagle lunar module and famously proclaimed “one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”

‘IT WAS VERY CLOSE TO AN ABORT’: HOW THE NERVE-WRACKING FINAL SECONDS OF THE APOLLO 11 MOON LANDING UNFOLDED

“When he stepped off, nobody in the room heard what the words were because they were all ‘what did he say?’,” Rick told Fox News. “I heard it, and I said ‘something about a small step,’ but at the time, it wasn’t at all clear what was going on, I always remember that.”

Westlake Legal Group NeilArmstrongMoon 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article

File photo – U.S. Astronaut Neil Armstrong turns towards the lunar module on the moon in this handout photo from NASA. (REUTERS/NASA/Handout)

The brothers recounted that in the weeks leading up to the Moon landing, their mother Janet was careful to insulate them from the tension surrounding the epic mission. “Our mother was obviously worried, but we did not see that, as her children. It just seemed like normal days for us in the weeks before,” Mark said.

His brother notes that their mother’s strength and stoicism was typical of an astronaut’s wife.

“The risk, that part, I think was always downplayed to the kids, not just [by] her, but I think that all the wives did that, try to keep life as normal as possible for the kids so that they didn’t worry,” added Rick.

Westlake Legal Group GettyArmstrongFamily31969 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article

File photo – Neil Armstrong watches as his wife Janet (nee Shearon) plays with the couple’s 6-year old son Mark in the living room of their home, Houston, Texas, March 1969. (Photo by Ralph Morse/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)

Their father also instilled confidence in them in the weeks leading up to launch. “What was discussed was that Dad said he’s going on a flight, they have a lot of confidence in the mission, they have confidence in the spacecraft and they feel like they’re ready to go,” said Mark. “For us, that just seemed like ‘ok dad seems very confident, so we’re not going to worry’.”

Both boys and their mother were at Cape Canaveral, which was then known as Cape Kennedy, on July 16, 1969, to watch their father, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins launch into space atop a huge Saturn V rocket. More than 1 million people are estimated to have watched the launch in the immediate area around Kennedy Space Center.

ASTRONAUT TERRY VIRTS: HOW APOLLO 11 INSPIRED MY SPACE JOURNEY

“We didn’t really see all the people,” said Rick, who had to miss an all-star game for his Houston Little League to attend the launch. “I can’t remember exactly where we were staying, but we watched it off of a boat.  So we weren’t around all the people and didn’t see the masses that were there, as I recall.”

Westlake Legal Group GettyArmstrongFamily21969 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article

File photo – From the deck of a boat, Janet Armstrong and her sons Mark and Rick, watch the launch of NASA’s Apollo 11 mission to the moon, commanded by her husband, astronaut Neal Armstrong, Cape Canaveral (then known as Cape Kennedy), Florida, July 16, 1969. (Photo by Vernon Merritt III/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)

“A Saturn 5 launch is an amazing thing, that was really what the focus was, what I remember from it, was just seeing that in person,” he added.

“When you see the film of the launch, you see it from the front, we were on the side,” said Mark. “Because we were on the side, there was this huge billow of smoke that came out to the sides of the launchpad. And we were over there, all we saw was smoke for what seemed like an eternity. And eventually, you know, way up, this spacecraft just went right above the smoke and up into the sky, it was an amazing thing.”

Some 50 years after their father, Aldrin and Collins made history, the brothers are keenly aware of the impact of Apollo 11.

Westlake Legal Group GettyArmstrongFlag1969 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article

File photo – Neil Armstrong is shown beside the Lunar Module. Also visible are the US flag and the solar wind experiment which was flown on all the Apollo missions. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)

“The inspiration that people from all over the world got from that program to me, that is the legacy of Apollo,” Rick told Fox News.

“I think it’s more than the Apollo 11 astronauts. There’s some 400,000 people that worked on that program and every one of them wanted to do the best job that they could,” said Mark. “They didn’t want to be the weak link in the chain, so every one of them did their part and that’s why the project was successful, and I think well ahead of its time, certainly from a technology standpoint.”

APOLLO 8 ASTRONAUTS RECOUNT NASA’S EPIC FIRST MISSION TO THE MOON

“It was an amazing achievement and a great thing that we did in this country,” he added.

Westlake Legal Group GettyArmstrongOneSmallStep1969 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article

File photo – Commander Neil Armstrong climbs down the ladder of the Lunar Module (LM) the ‘Eagle’ to become the first man to set foot on the Moon, during NASA’s Apollo 11 lunar landing mission, July 1969. Video footage taken during the mission. (Photo by Space Frontiers/Getty Images)

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Westlake Legal Group GettyArmstrongFootprint1969 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article

File photo – a footprint from the Apollo 11 mission on the lunar surface. (Photo by NASA/Newsmakers/Getty)

Smithsonian Channel’s six-part series “Apollo’s Moon Shot” premieres on Sunday, June 16 and a documentary special “The Day we Walked on the Moon,” premieres Sunday, July 7.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group NeilArmstrongMoon 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article   Westlake Legal Group NeilArmstrongMoon 50 years after Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong's sons describe the day their dad walked on the Moon James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc d5fe367b-ab2a-5adc-b5ad-6f331039b62c article

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Great white shark off California coast delays sheriff’s office’s water training

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6024837003001_6024837275001-vs Great white shark off California coast delays sheriff’s office's water training Madeline Farber fox-news/science/wild-nature/sharks fox news fnc/science fnc b4ab0ffa-c6e3-5388-8d0c-72ec0f9d798f article

Officials with the Sonoma County Sheriff’s Office in Santa Rosa, Calif., were forced to delay a water training in Bodega Bay due to the presence of a massive, toothy creature: a great white shark.

Officials said on Facebook Tuesday that crew members with the sheriff’s office’s helicopter, called Henry-1, were patrolling the coast before potentially doing some open-water training in the bay.

“The crew [then] looked down and saw this beauty at the mouth of the Estero Americano in shallow water,” the sheriff’s office said in the post.

GIRL LOSES ‘ONE LEG ABOVE THE KNEE’ IN NORTH CAROLINA SHARK ATTACK, FATHER PUNCHED FISH 5 TIMES: GRANDMOTHER

“The crew was quiet knowing they had been in that same water yesterday,” the officials continued. Officials estimated the shark to be between 13 and 15 feet in length.

The post, which had nearly 3,000 reactions on Facebook by Wednesday afternoon, was quick to garner comments.

“So happy you all had a safe day yesterday! And that ‘Jaws’ was spotted before you entered the water,” one person commented, in part.

WOMAN SWIMS ‘DIRECTLY OVER’ SHARK IN FLORIDA, FRIGHTENING VIDEO SHOWS

“Great shot, thanks for sharing,” another said.

“Nice picture of the shark but would not go in the water if you paid me too!” wrote a third.

The news comes after a teenage girl who had her leg amputated following a shark attack in North Carolina said she still has respect for marine life — even sharks.

Fox News’ Travis Fedschun contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6024837003001_6024837275001-vs Great white shark off California coast delays sheriff’s office's water training Madeline Farber fox-news/science/wild-nature/sharks fox news fnc/science fnc b4ab0ffa-c6e3-5388-8d0c-72ec0f9d798f article   Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6024837003001_6024837275001-vs Great white shark off California coast delays sheriff’s office's water training Madeline Farber fox-news/science/wild-nature/sharks fox news fnc/science fnc b4ab0ffa-c6e3-5388-8d0c-72ec0f9d798f article

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‘Haunted’ medieval prison that held accused witches up for sale

A small building in England that was once a medieval prison for people accused of witchcraft is now a cozy home in need of an owner.

But prospective buyers should be forewarned: The sordid history of the former jail, known as “The Cage,” has led many to claim that the house is haunted, with some calling it the most haunted house in England, British real estate agency Home Domus 360 wrote in a listing on Facebook.

“With a reputation attracting TV crews from around the world, this unique 2 bedroom cottage comes available with many resident ghosts,” Home Domus 360 representatives said on Facebook. [Black Magic: 6 Infamous Witch Trials in History]

Located in St. Osyth in Essex, U.K., the building was recently placed on the market by owner Vanessa Mitchell; this is the third time that Mitchell has tried to sell The Cage since moving out in 2008, according to local news outlet The Clacton and Frinton Gazette. Mitchell reportedly fled the house in 2004 and moved elsewhere after seeing “mysterious blood spatters” and being “physically attacked” by malevolent ghosts — one of which was “a satanic-looking goat,” Mitchell told The Gazette.

During the St. Osyth witch trials in 1582, 14 women were accused of witchcraft-related crimes, for which three were executed, the East Anglian Times reported. During the trials, the women were housed in The Cage. One of the accused, Ursula Kemp, was a local healer who was sentenced to death by hanging; she is commemorated in a plaque that hangs on one of the former prison’s walls.

Kemp was accused of casting spells that led to the death of a neighbor’s newborn. She then accused others of practicing witchcraft, and they, in turn, accused even more unfortunate individuals, according to the Times. Essex was a hotbed of witchcraft trials during the 16th and 17th centuries — of the 112 witches who were executed in England in the 1640s alone, 82 were put to death in Essex, the Times reported.

In 1921, two female skeletons that were thought to be the remains of executed witches — one of them reportedly Kemp — were unearthed in a St. Osyth garden during a construction project. Some of the bones appeared to have been pierced with nails, a common practice for dead witches to keep their spirits from haunting the living, according to the Times.

The asking price for the allegedly haunted former prison is 240,000 pounds ($305,478), according to Wales Online.

Originally published on Live Science.

Westlake Legal Group witches 'Haunted' medieval prison that held accused witches up for sale Senior Writer Mindy Weisberger LiveScience fox-news/columns/digging-history fnc/science fnc e914b2d9-5e5f-5871-adc1-146c64c7c4de article   Westlake Legal Group witches 'Haunted' medieval prison that held accused witches up for sale Senior Writer Mindy Weisberger LiveScience fox-news/columns/digging-history fnc/science fnc e914b2d9-5e5f-5871-adc1-146c64c7c4de article

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Salamander-eating plant first known in North America

Scientists have discovered a rare vertebrate-eating plant in Ontario, Canada, that feeds on salamanders, according to reports.

While some carnivorous plants are known to eat insects, the bell-shaped purple pitcher plant or Sarracenia purpurea is the first known in North America to consume amphibians, Newsweek reported. Scientists previously thought only tropical pitcher plants ate vertebrates.

SEVERED HEAD OF 30,000-YEAR-OLD WOLF FOUND INTACT IN SIBERIA

The plant slowing digests its prey by drowning it in acidic fluid, Vice reported about the study published in the journal Ecology last week.

A biologist from the University of Guelph first discovered the meat-eating plant last year in the Algonquin Provincial Park. “There is a conspicuous absence of vertebrate prey” in scientific records about the plant’s diet, a biologist wrote in the study. “More work needed to be done.”

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Biologists have dubbed the wetland area “the little bog of horrors,” according to Newsweek.

Westlake Legal Group salamander-eatign-plant Salamander-eating plant first known in North America fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Brie Stimson article 38061557-1988-585f-9e68-de804ab86568   Westlake Legal Group salamander-eatign-plant Salamander-eating plant first known in North America fox-news/science fox news fnc/science fnc Brie Stimson article 38061557-1988-585f-9e68-de804ab86568

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