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Westlake Legal Group > fnc/science (Page 12)

India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt

India lost contact with its unmanned Vikram probe during the final moments of its audacious attempt to land on the moon on Friday.

Communication with the lander was lost when it was just 1.3 miles from the lunar surface. “Communications from lander to ground station was lost,” said K Sivan, chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization. “The data is being analyzed.”

It is not clear if the mission had failed. “We don’t have any result yet,” said an ISRO spokesman.

INDIA LAUNCHES HISTORIC MISSION TO THE MOON

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi was also at ISRO Mission Control in Bangalore. “India is proud of our scientists! They’ve given their best and have always made India proud. These are moments to be courageous, and courageous we will be!” he tweeted.

Earlier this year India’s uncrewed Beresheet spacecraft crashed during a Moon landing attempt.

Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a4adb0db-9993-5111-a7d3-686ef51ffe91

Artist’s impression of Chandrayaan-2 from ISRO video. (ISRO)

The roughly $140 million mission, known as Chandrayaan-2, is intended to study permanently shadowed moon craters that are thought to contain water deposits that were confirmed by the Chandrayaan-1 mission in 2008.

INDIA EYES MOON LANDING AS CHANDRAYAAN-2 SPACECRAFT ENTERS LUNAR ORBIT

The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft carrying the Vikram Lander launched from Sriharikota in southern India on July 22.

Only the U.S., Russia and China have successfully landed on the Moon.

Westlake Legal Group VikramGetty2019 India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a4adb0db-9993-5111-a7d3-686ef51ffe91

Members of the media at the ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) facility in Bangalore, on September 6, 2019. (MANJUNATH KIRAN/AFP/Getty Images)

Indian space hardware has reached the moon before, although the country has yet to achieve a “soft landing” on the lunar surface.

APOLLO 11’S MICHAEL COLLINS RECOUNTS THE CREW’S THREE-WEEK QUARANTINE ON THEIR RETURN FROM THE MOON

India’s first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, orbited the moon in 2008 but did not land there. It did, however, launch an impact probe that was intentionally crashed into the Moon.

Chandrayaan-1 operated for 312 days.

The moon looms large for a number of countries’ space programs. China, for example, became the first country to successfully land a probe on the far side earlier this year when the Chang’e 4 lander reached the lunar surface on Jan. 2.

APOLLO 11: FORMER OFFICER ON RECOVERY SHIP USS HORNET RECALLS WATCHING ASTRONAUTS’ ‘AMAZING’ RETURN WITH PRESIDENT NIXON

However, Israel’s unmanned Beresheet spacecraft crashed when it attempted to make a lunar landing on April 11. It was just a few hundred feet above the surface when Mission Control in Yehud, Israel, lost contact with the probe.

A preliminary investigation found that a manual command caused the crash.

The U.S. also has its sights set on the celestial satellite and plans to land American astronauts, including the first woman, there by 2024. The Artemis program will also establish a sustainable human presence.

APOLLO 11: HOW ‘DUMB LUCK’ SAVED ICONIC MOON PHOTOS FROM BEING DESTROYED

NASA recently revealed details of its vision for the Artemis Moon Lander.

Speaking at Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing on July 20, Vice President Mike Pence announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the satellite is ready.

Since Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the surface, only 10 more men, all Americans, have walked there.

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At a White House event in July Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin voiced his disappointment over America’s space progress since the days of Apollo 11.

Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia, Morgan Cheung and The Associated Press contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a4adb0db-9993-5111-a7d3-686ef51ffe91   Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a4adb0db-9993-5111-a7d3-686ef51ffe91

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Apple disputes Google’s iPhone hack claim, says report ‘creates false impression’

Apple has taken issue with a report from Google’s Project Zero security team that said hackers spent at least two years targeting iPhones “en masse,” saying the findings create a “false impression of ‘mass exploitation.'”

“First, the sophisticated attack was narrowly focused, not a broad-based exploit of iPhones ‘en masse’ as described,” Apple said in the statement. “The attack affected fewer than a dozen websites that focus on content related to the Uighur community. Regardless of the scale of the attack, we take the safety and security of all users extremely seriously.”

The Tim Cook-led company added that even though Google implied the attacks, which Fox News previously reported on, were going on for “two years,” they were, in fact, operational for “roughly two months.”

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-46183ad7299f430ab8a5949d8ae2db93 Apple disputes Google's iPhone hack claim, says report 'creates false impression' fox-news/tech/technologies/iphone fox-news/tech/companies/google fox-news/tech/companies/apple fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 57552e51-ee42-55a3-94ab-694a35d20d34

FaceApp is displayed on an iPhone Wednesday, July 17, 2019, in New York.  (AP Photo/Jenny Kane)

APPLE’S IPHONE 11 EVENT: WHAT TO EXPECT

“We fixed the vulnerabilities in question in February — working extremely quickly to resolve the issue just 10 days after we learned about it,” Apple added. “When Google approached us, we were already in the process of fixing the exploited bugs.”

Apple added that “security is a never-ending journey,” making it clear it believes “iOS security is unmatched because we take end-to-end responsibility for the security of our hardware and software.”

The tech giant is expected to launch its latest iPhones at an event at its headquarters in Cupertino, Calif. on Sept. 10. It’s expected the company will announce three new iPhones, including two new “Pro” models, according to various media reports.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Fox News’ James Rogers contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-46183ad7299f430ab8a5949d8ae2db93 Apple disputes Google's iPhone hack claim, says report 'creates false impression' fox-news/tech/technologies/iphone fox-news/tech/companies/google fox-news/tech/companies/apple fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 57552e51-ee42-55a3-94ab-694a35d20d34   Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-46183ad7299f430ab8a5949d8ae2db93 Apple disputes Google's iPhone hack claim, says report 'creates false impression' fox-news/tech/technologies/iphone fox-news/tech/companies/google fox-news/tech/companies/apple fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 57552e51-ee42-55a3-94ab-694a35d20d34

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2 giant blobs at the core of our galaxy are spewing radiation. Scientists don’t know how they got there.

In 2010, astronomers working with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope announced the discovery of two giant blobs. These blobs were centered on the core of the Milky Way galaxy, but they extended above and below the plane of our galactic home for over 25,000 light-years. Their origins are still a mystery, but however they got there, they are emitting copious amounts of high-energy radiation.

More recently, the IceCube array in Antarctica has reported 10 super-duper-high-energy neutrinos sourced from the bubbles, leading some astrophysicists to speculate that some crazy subatomic interactions are afoot. The end result: The Fermi Bubbles are even more mysterious than we thought.

Related: Huge Milky Way Gas Bubbles Clocked at 2 Million Mph

Two giant blobs of hot gas

It’s not easy to make big balls of hot gas. For starters, you need energy, and a lot of it. The kind of energy that can spread hot gas to a distance of over 25,000 light-years doesn’t come easily to a typical galaxy. However, the peculiar orientation of the Fermi Bubbles — extending evenly above and below our galactic center — is a strong clue that they might be tied our central supermassive black hole, known as Sagittarius A*.

Perhaps millions of years ago, Sag A* (the more common name for our giant black hole, because who wants to keep typing or saying “Sagittarius” all the time?) ate a giant meal and got a bad case of indigestion, with the infalling material heating up, twisting around in a complicated dance of electric and magnetic forces, and managing to escape the clutches of the event horizon before falling in. That material, energized beyond belief, raced away from the center of the galaxy, riding on jets of particles accelerated to nearly the speed of light. As they fled to safety, these particles spread and thinned out, but maintained their energetic state to the present day.

Or perhaps a star wandered too close to Sag A* and was ripped to shreds, releasing all that potent gravitational energy in a single violent episode, leading to the formation of the bubbles. Or maybe it had nothing to do with Sag A* itself, but the multitude of stars in the core — perhaps dozens or hundreds of those densely packed stars went supernova at around the same time, ejecting these plumes of gas beyond the confines of the galactic more.

Or maybe none of the above.

No matter what, the bubbles are here, they’re big, and we don’t understand them.

Related: 8 Baffling Astronomy Mysteries

Gamma and the neutrino

You can’t see the Fermi Bubbles with your naked eye. Despite their high temperatures, the gas inside them is incredibly thin, rendering them all but invisible. But something within them is capable of making the highest-energy kind of light there is: gamma rays, which is how the Fermi team spotted them.

We think that the gamma rays are produced within the bubbles by cosmic rays, which themselves are high-energy particles (do you get the overall “high energy” theme here?). Those particles, mostly electrons but probably some heavier fellas too, knock about, emitting the distinctive gamma rays.

But gamma rays aren’t the only things that high-energy particles can produce. Sometimes the cosmic rays interact with each other, perform some complicated subatomic dance of matter and energy, and release a neutrino, an almost-massless particle that only interacts with other particles via the weak nuclear force (which means it hardly ever interacts with normal matter at all).

The IceCube Observatory, situated at the geographic south pole, uses a cubic kilometer of pure Antarctic water ice as a neutrino detector: every once in a rare while, a high-energy neutrino passing through the ice interacts with a water molecule, setting up a domino-like chain reaction that leads to a shower of more familiar particles and a telltale flash of light.

Due to the nature of its detectors, IceCube isn’t the greatest when it comes to pinpointing the exact origin location for a neutrino. But to date, it has found 10 of these little ghosts coming from roughly the direction of the two Fermi Bubbles.

Is this coincidence, or conspiracy?

A subatomic puzzle

So something could be producing these extremely exotic neutrinos inside the Fermi Bubbles. Or not — it could just be a coincidence, and the neutrinos are really coming from some distant part of the universe behind the Bubbles.

What’s more, somehow the cosmic rays are producing all the gamma rays, though we’re not exactly sure how. Perhaps we might get lucky: maybe there’s a single set of interactions inside the Bubbles that produces both gamma rays and the right kind of neutrinos that can be detected by IceCube. That would be a big step up in explaining the physics of the Bubbles themselves, and give us a huge clue as to their origins.

Recently, a team of researchers pored through the available data, even adding results from the newly operational High Altitude Water Cherenkov detector (a super-awesome ground-based gamma ray telescope), and combined that information with various theoretical models for the Bubbles, searching for just the right combo.

In one possible scenario, protons inside the Bubbles occasionally slam into each other and produce pions, which are exotic particles that quickly decay into gamma rays. In another one, the flood of high-energy electrons in the Bubbles interacts with the ever-present radiation of the cosmic microwave background, boosting some lucky photons into the gamma regime. In a third, shock waves at the outer edges of the Bubbles use magnetic fields to drive local but lethargic particles to high velocities, which then begin emitting cosmic rays.

But try as they might, the authors of this study couldn’t find any of the scenarios (or any combination of these scenarios) to fit all the data. In short, we still don’t know what drives the gamma ray emission from the Bubbles, whether the Bubbles also produce neutrinos, or what made the Bubbles in the first place. But this is exactly how science is done: collecting data, ruling out hypotheses, and forging onward.

Read more: “Correlation of high energy neutrinos and gamma rays on the direction of Fermi Bubbles

Paul M. Sutter is an astrophysicist at The Ohio State University, host of Ask a Spaceman and Space Radio, and author of “Your Place in the Universe.” Sutter contributed this article to Space.com’s Expert Voices: Op-Ed & Insights

Westlake Legal Group giant-blobs-of-gas 2 giant blobs at the core of our galaxy are spewing radiation. Scientists don't know how they got there. Paul M. Sutter  LiveScience fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fnc/science fnc article 765ad8b2-4aba-5216-bff7-1aec35834cca   Westlake Legal Group giant-blobs-of-gas 2 giant blobs at the core of our galaxy are spewing radiation. Scientists don't know how they got there. Paul M. Sutter  LiveScience fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fnc/science fnc article 765ad8b2-4aba-5216-bff7-1aec35834cca

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Hurricane Dorian: NASA’s launch hardware survived storm, Kennedy Space Center confirms

Westlake Legal Group NASAThunderstorms Hurricane Dorian: NASA’s launch hardware survived storm, Kennedy Space Center confirms James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters/hurricane-dorian fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox news fnc/science fnc article 58409721-2d15-542b-8c04-a163759d2313

Launch infrastructure at Kennedy Space Center survived Hurricane Dorian, NASA has confirmed.

“We’re happy to report no flight hardware was damaged during this storm,” Kennedy Space Center tweeted late Thursday.

The Space Center reopened for normal operations earlier this morning.

HURRICANE DORIAN: NASA VIDEO SHOWS 62 MPH WIND AND RAIN WHIPPING THROUGH KENNEDY SPACE CENTER

Aerial footage showed the gigantic Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at Kennedy Space Center unscathed in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian.

Earlier this week, NASA posted a video on social media that showed 62 mph wind and rain from Hurricane Dorian whipping through the Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Control Center parking lot at 3.a.m. EDT Wednesday.

At its closest point, the eye of the hurricane came within 70 nautical miles of Cape Canaveral, according to NASA. “Data from our 250 foot tower clocked the top windspeed at 90 mph,” Kennedy Space Center tweeted.

A 120-strong team of NASA personnel rode out the storm at Kennedy Space Center, carefully monitoring key launch infrastructure.

NASA CHIEF: FUTURE ARTEMIS MOON MISSIONS WILL BUILD ON APOLLO 11’S INCREDIBLE LEGACY

On Aug. 30, NASA confirmed that its Mobile Launcher had been moved to the Vehicle Assembly Building to protect it from Dorian.

The Mobile Launcher is key to America’s space future. It’ll be used to launch NASA’s Space Launch System rocket and Orion spacecraft from Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Pad 39B for future Artemis missions to the Moon.

Kennedy Space Center’s Visitor Complex also reopened Friday.

NASA REVEALS ITS VISION FOR THE ARTEMIS MOON LANDER THAT WILL RETURN US ASTRONAUTS TO THE LUNAR SURFACE

In 2017, NASA said that Kennedy Space Center had sustained “a variety of damage” as a result of Hurricane Irma. A year earlier, NASA reported limited damage to Kennedy Space Center from Hurricane Matthew.

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Hurricane Dorian howled over North Carolina’s Outer Banks on Friday. Its winds down to 90 mph, the Category 1 hurricane lashed communities with wind, rain and floodwaters as it hugged the islands. Around midmorning, it blew ashore at Cape Hatteras, making its first landfall on the U.S. mainland.

The Associated Press contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group NASAThunderstorms Hurricane Dorian: NASA’s launch hardware survived storm, Kennedy Space Center confirms James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters/hurricane-dorian fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox news fnc/science fnc article 58409721-2d15-542b-8c04-a163759d2313   Westlake Legal Group NASAThunderstorms Hurricane Dorian: NASA’s launch hardware survived storm, Kennedy Space Center confirms James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters/hurricane-dorian fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox news fnc/science fnc article 58409721-2d15-542b-8c04-a163759d2313

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Scientists monitoring marine heat wave off West Coast which could disrupt ecosystem

Westlake Legal Group salmon-ocean- Scientists monitoring marine heat wave off West Coast which could disrupt ecosystem Morgan Phillips fox-news/world/world-regions/pacific fox-news/us/environment/water fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science/planet-earth/water fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fox news fnc/science fnc article 54204d59-0316-5f7c-b5b0-3072996d5316

Government scientists said Thursday they are monitoring a new ocean heat wave off the West Coast which could badly disrupt marine life.

Five years ago, an expansion of warm ocean water nicknamed “the Blob” by scientists disrupted the marine ecosystem off the West Coast. Now, a similar expanse of abnormally warm water positioned in the same area has threatened to do the same.

The 2014 heat wave saw temperatures spike seven degrees Fahrenheit above average. It led to poor returns on young salmon, more humpback whales becoming entangled in fishing gear as they swam closer to shore, the stranding of young sea lions on the California coast, and an algal bloom that shut down crabbing and clamming in the Pacific Ocean.

RARE, TWO-HEADED RATTLESNAKE FOUND IN NEW JERSEY ‘PROBABLY WOULDN’T SURVIVE IN THE WILD’

This 2019 heat wave has already seen temperatures rise five degrees above normal.

“It’s on a trajectory to be as strong as the prior event,” said National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) research scientist Andrew Leising, who has developed a system for tracking and measuring heat waves.

FARMERS CONCERNED OVER HOW MANDATORY WATER CUTS FROM COLORADO RIVER WILL IMPACT AGRICULTURE

The warm expanse stretching from Alaska to California is the second most expansive marine heat wave in the last 40 years. Cold water welling up from the depths of the ocean has helped to hold off the warm expanse. But, due to forecasted coastal winds, the upwelling is likely to subdue in the autumn, allowing the heat wave to settle in. It could even move onshore and affect coastal areas, which appears to have already happened along the coast of Washington, according to NOAA.

NOAA fisheries are monitoring on the heat wave, named the “Northeast Pacific Marine Heat wave of 2019,” with the goal of informing managers how the unusually warm conditions could affect their stocks.

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A marine heat wave is not necessarily a direct result of climate change. The causes could include a persistent low-pressure weather pattern that weakens the winds that otherwise mix and cool surface waters, according to NOAA research scientist Nathan Mantua. It’s unclear what’s causing the low-pressure pattern; it could be the earth’s disorderly motion or it could be related to ocean warming or other effects of human-made climate change, Mantua said.

It’s unclear whether this new heat wave will stick around long enough to cause major damage.

The Associated Press contributed to this report. 

Westlake Legal Group salmon-ocean- Scientists monitoring marine heat wave off West Coast which could disrupt ecosystem Morgan Phillips fox-news/world/world-regions/pacific fox-news/us/environment/water fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science/planet-earth/water fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fox news fnc/science fnc article 54204d59-0316-5f7c-b5b0-3072996d5316   Westlake Legal Group salmon-ocean- Scientists monitoring marine heat wave off West Coast which could disrupt ecosystem Morgan Phillips fox-news/world/world-regions/pacific fox-news/us/environment/water fox-news/science/wild-nature/fish fox-news/science/planet-earth/water fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fox news fnc/science fnc article 54204d59-0316-5f7c-b5b0-3072996d5316

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New duck-billed dinosaur, Kamuysaurus japonicus, discovered by scientists

A dinosaur that was unearthed from 72-million-year-old marine deposits in northern Japan belongs to a new genus and species, researchers announced.

A partial tail was first found in 2013 in Mukawa Town, Hokkaido, in Japan. Later excavations discovered a nearly complete skeleton that is the largest ever found in Japan.

Researchers named the dinosaur Kamuysaurus japonicus.

In the current study, a group of researchers led by professor Yoshitsugu Kobayashi of the Hokkaido University Museum conducted comparative and phylogenetic analyses on 350 bones and 70 taxa of hadrosaurids, which allowed them to figure out that the dinosaur belongs to the Edmontosaurini clade.

The research team also found that the dinosaur has three characteristics e not shared by other dinosaurs in its clade (a clade is a group of organisms believed to have evolved from a common ancestor): the low position of the cranial bone notch, the short ascending process of the jaw bone, and the anterior inclination of the neural spines of the sixth to 12th dorsal vertebrae.

STEAMBOAT GEYSER AT YELLOWSTONE BREAKS YEARLY ERUPTION RECORD

Westlake Legal Group new-duck-billed-dino-scientific-reports New duck-billed dinosaur, Kamuysaurus japonicus, discovered by scientists fox-news/science/archaeology/dinosaurs fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 88f07028-e11d-5da5-b5b7-e5f7ae439592

This is a reconstruction of Kauysaurus japonicus. (Kobayashi Y., et al, Scientific Reports, September 5, 2019) (Kobayashi Y., et al, Scientific Reports, September 5, 2019)

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The dinosaur was reportedly an adult age 9 or older, measured eight meters long, and weighed four tons (5.3 tons when it was alive).

The study, which was published in Scientific Reports, also shed light on how the clade evolved and may have migrated, with its ancestors eventually spreading across Asia and North America.

Westlake Legal Group new-duck-billed-dino-scientific-reports New duck-billed dinosaur, Kamuysaurus japonicus, discovered by scientists fox-news/science/archaeology/dinosaurs fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 88f07028-e11d-5da5-b5b7-e5f7ae439592   Westlake Legal Group new-duck-billed-dino-scientific-reports New duck-billed dinosaur, Kamuysaurus japonicus, discovered by scientists fox-news/science/archaeology/dinosaurs fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 88f07028-e11d-5da5-b5b7-e5f7ae439592

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Worm’s 550M year-old ‘death march’ might be earliest known animal trail, study finds

The fossil of a worm that lived 550 million-years-ago may be the earliest known evidence of an animal walking on the Earth’s surface, according to a new study.

The research, which has been published in Nature, looks at the “death march” of Yilingia spiciformis, which means “spiky Yiling bug” in Chinese. Researchers suggest that animals have walked since the Ediacaran period, which started 635 million years ago, earlier than previously thought.

“This discovery shows that segmented and mobile animals evolved by 550 million years ago,” one of the study’s co-authors, Shuhai Xiao, a professor of geosciences at Virginia Tech, said in a statement obtained by Fox News. “Mobility made it possible for animals to make an unmistakable footprint on Earth, both literally and metaphorically.”

Westlake Legal Group 500-million-year-old-worm Worm's 550M year-old 'death march' might be earliest known animal trail, study finds fox-news/science/archaeology/fossils fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 3d805bd7-4545-565a-8ce8-7e59d69d1953

A fossilized trail of the animal Yilingia spiciformis, dating back 550 million years. (Credit: Virginia Tech College of Science)

MASS EXTINCTION EVENT 2 BILLION YEARS AGO KILLED 99 PERCENT OF LIFE ON EARTH, STUDY SAYS

Xiao continued: “Those are the kind of features you find in a group of animals called bilaterans. This group includes us humans and most animals. Animals and particularly humans are movers and shakers on Earth. Their ability to shape the face of the planet is ultimately tied to the origin of animal motility.”

Y. spiciformis had a thin body, up to 4 inches in length, 1 inch wide and was comprised of 50 symmetrical segments. Found in China’s Yangtze Gorge, along with 34 other fossils of the same species, researchers believe Y. spiciformis is related to a group of anthropods that includes crustaceans and millipedes or annelids.

By contrast, modern-day earthworms are typically a few inches long, but in some cases, have been known to grow up to 14 inches, according to National Geographic.

Rachel Wood, a professor in the School of GeoSciences at the University of Edinburgh, who was not involved with the study, said, “This is a remarkable finding of highly significant fossils. We now have evidence that segmented animals were present and had gained an ability to move across the sea floor before the Cambrian, and more notably we can tie the actual trace-maker to the trace. Such preservation is unusual and provides considerable insight into a major step in the evolution of animals.”

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Westlake Legal Group 500-million-year-old-worm Worm's 550M year-old 'death march' might be earliest known animal trail, study finds fox-news/science/archaeology/fossils fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 3d805bd7-4545-565a-8ce8-7e59d69d1953   Westlake Legal Group 500-million-year-old-worm Worm's 550M year-old 'death march' might be earliest known animal trail, study finds fox-news/science/archaeology/fossils fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 3d805bd7-4545-565a-8ce8-7e59d69d1953

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Loch Ness monster could be a giant eel, researcher reveals

After months of speculation surrounding a study into whether the Loch Ness monster was real, the researcher behind it has revealed it could be a giant eel and not a giant plesiosaur from a long-lost era.

Speaking at a press conference early Thursday morning, New Zealand researcher Neil Gemmell gave his “plausible” explanation for what people may have seen in the past, but added that it is most certainly not a dinosaur.

“We can’t find any evidence of a creature that’s remotely related to that in our environmental-DNA sequence data,” Gemmell said, according to the BBC. “So, sorry, I don’t think the plesiosaur idea holds up based on the data that we have obtained.”

Westlake Legal Group sci-loch-ness-monster Loch Ness monster could be a giant eel, researcher reveals fox-news/tech/topics/viral fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 675de284-8915-529e-8b3f-fdf935c4cee4

This is an undated file photo of a shadowy shape that some people say is a photo of the Loch Ness monster in Scotland.  (AP Photo, File)

LOCH NESS MONSTER THEORY ‘PLAUSIBLE,’ SCIENTIST CLAIMS

“There is a very significant amount of eel DNA,” Gemmell, a geneticist from New Zealand’s University of Otago, added. “Eels are very plentiful in Loch Ness, with eel DNA found at pretty much every location sampled – there are a lot of them. So, are they giant eels? Well, our data doesn’t reveal their size, but the sheer quantity of the material says that we can’t discount the possibility that there may be giant eels in Loch Ness.”

He continued: “Therefore we can’t discount the possibility that what people see and believe is the Loch Ness monster might be a giant eel.”

European eels can grow up to 5 feet, according to the USGS. They have a diet that consists of insect larvae, mollusks, worms and crustaceans. They’re also able to “survive near freezing temperatures” and are seen as “remarkably mobile,” capable of moving over dams, weirs and even land, adding credence to Gemmell’s findings.

Westlake Legal Group european-eel Loch Ness monster could be a giant eel, researcher reveals fox-news/tech/topics/viral fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 675de284-8915-529e-8b3f-fdf935c4cee4

European eel. (Credit: Steffen Zienert, USGS)

Gemmell, who first announced the study in May 2018, said last month that one theory was “plausible” in attempting to explain the fabled Nessie.

In addition, the ideas that sturgeon or Greenland sharks lived in the loch were also put to rest after Gemmell said no DNA of either creature had been found among the 250 water samples taken from various depths.

LOCH NESS MONSTER: THIS IS SCOTLAND’S PLAN IF THE FABLED BEAST IS CAUGHT

Gemmell’s research was established to find what types of plants and animals live in the loch and not specifically to find the mythical creature, but Gemmell conceded that his work did add to the legend.

“People love a mystery, we’ve used science to add another chapter to Loch Ness’ mystique,” he said, according to the BBC.

One of Scotland’s oldest myths, the story that a creature was living in Loch Ness, dates back to the sixth century. The 19th and 20th centuries, in particular, saw an increase in interest, especially after the infamous “surgeon’s photograph” in 1934.

A study published in April suggested that the legend of the Loch Ness monster and other long-necked “sea monsters” may have been influenced by something very real and even more terrifying — dinosaurs.

The legend of the Loch Ness monster has commonly been attributed to a plesiosaur that somehow managed to survive the mass extinction event that killed off the dinosaurs.

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Westlake Legal Group sci-loch-ness-monster Loch Ness monster could be a giant eel, researcher reveals fox-news/tech/topics/viral fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 675de284-8915-529e-8b3f-fdf935c4cee4   Westlake Legal Group sci-loch-ness-monster Loch Ness monster could be a giant eel, researcher reveals fox-news/tech/topics/viral fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 675de284-8915-529e-8b3f-fdf935c4cee4

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Meet the ‘giant elephant trunks,’ mysterious cosmic structures 10 times bigger than the ‘pillars of creation’

Ursa Major, the Tadpole Galaxy, the Crab Nebula — when it comes to naming objects in space, it sometimes seems like astronomers wish they’d gone into zoology. Continuing in this long tradition, a researcher has recently identified mammoth column-shaped structures carved from gas and dust that he has called Giant Elephant’s Trunks.

Regular-size astronomical Elephant’s Trunks are well-studied entities. When newborn stars are young, they emit colossal amounts of radiation, which can erode nearby interstellar gas and dust. Dense pockets of material are more resistant to this erosion, protecting downstream gas and dust from the radiation pressure and creating long filaments that resemble pachyderm proboscises, according to NASA.

Related: 10 Interesting Places in the Solar System We’d Like to Visit

Famous examples of such structures include the Horsehead Nebula and the Elephant’s Trunk Nebula, as well as the highly photogenic Pillars of Creation found in the Eagle Nebula. Researchers often investigate Elephant’s Trunks because they are the sites of star birth and early evolution.

Using the Nobeyama 45-meter Radio Telescope in Japan, astronomer Yoshiaki Sofue of the University of Tokyo recently conducted a survey of the plane of our Milky Way galaxy. In two minor spiral arms 15,000 to 22,000 light-years away, known as the Scutum and Norma arms, he spotted three Elephant’s Trunks, except that they were at least an order of magnitude greater in size and mass than previously seen entities.

Ordinary Elephant’s Trunks are generally a few light-years across and perhaps 10 times the mass of our sun. Sofue observed three objects between 65 and 160 light-years long, each weighing around 1,000 to 10,000 times the mass of the sun. A paper describing the discoveries is set to appear in the Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan.

Because the smaller column-shaped structures are cradles for newborn stars, Sofue told Live Science that the Giant Elephant’s Trunks could be created by large-scale star formation activity in the galaxy. Perhaps they are regions from which low-mass globular clusters — spherical collections of small stars — arise, he suggested.

Now that he has trumpeted these findings, Sofue said he would like to conduct a systematic inspection of his data in the hopes of uncovering more Giant Elephant’s Trunks and listing them in an astronomical atlas for other researchers to study.

Originally published on Live Science.

Westlake Legal Group pillars-of-creation Meet the 'giant elephant trunks,' mysterious cosmic structures 10 times bigger than the 'pillars of creation' LiveScience fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fnc/science fnc article Adam Mann, Live Science Contributor aa9321f2-7ef4-5d89-9827-8fd37a8853cd   Westlake Legal Group pillars-of-creation Meet the 'giant elephant trunks,' mysterious cosmic structures 10 times bigger than the 'pillars of creation' LiveScience fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fnc/science fnc article Adam Mann, Live Science Contributor aa9321f2-7ef4-5d89-9827-8fd37a8853cd

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Artifacts believed to be from final battle of English Civil War discovered

Archaeologists have unearthed artifacts believed to be from the final battle of the English Civil War, including musket balls, horse harness fittings and sword hilts.

The objects were uncovered in Powick, Worcestershire, which was the setting for the bloody Battle of Worcester. Historians had known that Powick was the setting of the battle, but until now, no objects had been recovered.

“Finding these fascinating artifacts allows us to connect with a significant moment in Worcestershire’s history,” Councillor Lucy Hodgson, Cabinet Member with Responsibility for Communities, said in a statement. “I am also delighted to see the great team work and co-operation between the construction teams and the archaeologists, who have seamlessly incorporated the dig into this large scheme of construction work. Preserving our history is vitally important to our county and this latest dig is a shining example of how archaeology can bring our past to life.”

Westlake Legal Group artifacts-1-Worcestershire-County-Council Artifacts believed to be from final battle of English Civil War discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 6da485df-7a18-52e7-a41e-77fc12212b36

(Credit: Worcestershire County Council)

METAL DETECTOR ENTHUSIAST UNCOVERS AMAZING TROVE OF COINS ON ANCIENT, BLOODY BATTLESITE

The archaeologists explored an area of land near Powick Church, part of a “huge infrastructure project being delivered by Worcestershire County Council.” The church has shot damage on it, making archaeologists hopeful that artifacts might be discovered.

In total, 98 objects were found at the bottom of the river valley, including a powder container cap and a lead shot. The artifacts will be further analyzed, researchers said.

The discoveries have provided proof that the site of the battle was further south than experts had previously thought.

“It is fantastic to be able to finally locate and map physical remains of the battle and to relate this to the historical record,” said Richard Bradley, the on-site lead archaeologist. “We are just outside the registered battlefield area but this is still a nationally significant site.”

The BBC reports that coins from the 16th and 17 centuries were also recovered at the site, but none from the 1642-1651 time period.

MYSTERIOUS ONE-LEGGED SKELETON DISCOVERED IN RUSSIA MAY BE NAPOLEON’S FAVORITE GENERAL

Westlake Legal Group artifacts-3-Worcestershire-County-Council Artifacts believed to be from final battle of English Civil War discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 6da485df-7a18-52e7-a41e-77fc12212b36

(Credit: Worcestershire County Council)

“How exciting that 368 years after the Battle of Worcester these artifacts should be discovered,” Richard Shaw, Chairman of the Battle of Worcester Society, added in the statement.

“We are sure that there was fighting at this location on 3rd September 1651. Parliamentary forces had crossed the river at Upton-upon-Severn and were driving the Royalists back towards Worcester,” Shaw continued. “The discoveries really bring the events of that day to life.”

Nearly 4,000 soldiers were killed during the fight, which took place on September 3, 1651, as the Parliamentarian New Model Army defeated King Charles II’s Royalists.

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Westlake Legal Group artifacts-1-Worcestershire-County-Council Artifacts believed to be from final battle of English Civil War discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 6da485df-7a18-52e7-a41e-77fc12212b36   Westlake Legal Group artifacts-1-Worcestershire-County-Council Artifacts believed to be from final battle of English Civil War discovered fox-news/science/archaeology/history fox-news/science/archaeology/culture fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 6da485df-7a18-52e7-a41e-77fc12212b36

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