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Westlake Legal Group > fnc/science (Page 15)

Trump establishes Space Command, defends US interest in space

Westlake Legal Group AP19241739602547 Trump establishes Space Command, defends US interest in space Louis Casiano fox-news/us/military/air-force fox-news/tech/topics/us-air-force fox-news/science/air-and-space fox-news/politics/defense/pentagon fox-news/person/donald-trump fox news fnc/science fnc f8e20755-9161-5e88-8fc7-303fe0f2a011 article

President Trump formally announced the re-establishment of the U.S. Space Command on Thursday after a 17-year absence as his administration focuses on concerns about the vulnerability of U.S. satellites.

“Just as we have recognized land, air, sea and cyber as vital warfighting domains, we will now treat space an independent region overseen by a new unified geographic combatant command,” Trump said during a ceremony at the White House Rose Garden.

The Senate confirmed Air Force Gen. John Raymond to lead U.S. Space Command this past June. The command is expected to draw on other parts of the armed forces.

Space Command existed from 1985 to 2002 when it was dissolved as part of the government’s post-9/11 reorganization.

The renewed focus on space reflects concerns about the disruption of American satellites from Chinese or Russian weapons.

This is a developing story; check back for updates.

Westlake Legal Group AP19241739602547 Trump establishes Space Command, defends US interest in space Louis Casiano fox-news/us/military/air-force fox-news/tech/topics/us-air-force fox-news/science/air-and-space fox-news/politics/defense/pentagon fox-news/person/donald-trump fox news fnc/science fnc f8e20755-9161-5e88-8fc7-303fe0f2a011 article   Westlake Legal Group AP19241739602547 Trump establishes Space Command, defends US interest in space Louis Casiano fox-news/us/military/air-force fox-news/tech/topics/us-air-force fox-news/science/air-and-space fox-news/politics/defense/pentagon fox-news/person/donald-trump fox news fnc/science fnc f8e20755-9161-5e88-8fc7-303fe0f2a011 article

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‘Storm Area 51’ causes second Nevada county to sign emergency declaration

A second county in rural Nevada voted Wednesday to pre-sign an emergency declaration out of fears the “Storm Area 51” event next month may bring alien-obsessed crowds that could overwhelm the area.

In a five-minute hearing, the Nye County Commissioners voted 4-0 voted in favor of the preemptive state of emergency based on information they received from the Nye County Sheriff’s Department and Nye County Fire Department regarding the uncertainties surrounding the three-day event in late September.

Area 51 is popularly known as the site of rumored government studies of outer space aliens. The “Storm Area 51” Facebook event went viral last month as people pledged to crash the secret military base in an attempt to “see them aliens” and has grown in scale in recent weeks. More than 2 million Facebook users have now said they are going, with over 1.4 million replying they were interested.

The event, which is scheduled to take place Friday, Sept. 20 between 3 a.m. and 6 a.m. PDT, has garnered significant media attention, enough for the Air Force to issue a statement saying that it “would discourage anyone from trying to come into the area where we train American armed forces.” It added that it [the U.S. Air Force] “always stands ready to protect America and its assets.”

WHAT’S AREA 51, AND WHY IS IT SO POPULAR RIGHT NOW? 4 THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT THE TOP-SECRET SITE

Nye County Director of Emergency Services Scott Lewis said Wednesday he is preparing for several scenarios with various severity levels.

Westlake Legal Group Area51_1 'Storm Area 51' causes second Nevada county to sign emergency declaration Travis Fedschun fox-news/us/us-regions/west/nevada fox-news/topic/aliens fox-news/science/area-51 fox news fnc/science fnc ea7e3ce9-c0ce-5563-98ba-9a4dc21401e4 article

The Area 51 Alien Center in Amargosa Valley, Nevada, about 90 miles north of Las Vegas. (Richard Brian/Las Vegas Review-Journal via AP)

“A mass casualty incident, serious traffic accident, large fire, anything along those lines. Even the potential for something similar to October 1,” he told FOX5. “Anything along those lines we want to be prepared for to the best of our ability.”

October 1 refers to the Las Vegas Massacre, the deadliest shooting in modern U.S. history.

On Wednesday, county officials said they believe 1,000 to 3,000 people could potentially show up in the town of Amargosa, which has a population of nearly 1,000 people. County Commission Chairman John Koenig laid out what could happen if a crowd that large ends up appearing in Amargosa.

“Be prepared not to have cell service, not to have Internet. There will probably be no water available, there will probably be no ice available because everything is going to sell out. There will probably be no gas left in the gas station, no food, nowhere to go potty,” Koenig said Wednesday. “If you’re coming, be prepared because it’s probably not going to be nice.

‘STORM AREA 51’ CRAZE CONTINUES AS 2M PEOPLE PLEDGE TO RAID SECRET GOV’T MILITARY BASE

He advised anyone planning to visit the area during the events should be prepared with food, water, and other essential items since those supplies will probably sell out very quickly.

Authorities are also concerned about a massive influx of traffic that could lead to gridlock, stymying first responders and law enforcement if they are needed.

County officials stressed they are worried that sources could get tied up with masses of people arriving on the lone highway in the area. Nye County commissioner Leo Blundo urged residents they should prepare by stocking up on food, water, gasoline, and prescription medication ahead of the weekend.

Westlake Legal Group Area52_2 'Storm Area 51' causes second Nevada county to sign emergency declaration Travis Fedschun fox-news/us/us-regions/west/nevada fox-news/topic/aliens fox-news/science/area-51 fox news fnc/science fnc ea7e3ce9-c0ce-5563-98ba-9a4dc21401e4 article

Signs warn about trespassing at an entrance to the Nevada Test and Training Range near Area 51 outside of Rachel, Nev. (AP Photo/John Locher, File)

Cell phone service may also be impacted if thousands show up. Amargosa Town Board member Trevor Dolby told commissioners that cell phone towers in Amargosa were not designed to support the thousands of people, according to FOX5.

“What’s scary is our 9-1-1 paging service goes through cell phones,” Dolby said.

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Earlier this month, neighboring Lincoln County drafted an emergency declaration but gave conditional approval for events in tiny towns near the once top-secret U.S. Air Force test area. that has long been a focus of UFO conspiracy theories.

Westlake Legal Group Area51_3 'Storm Area 51' causes second Nevada county to sign emergency declaration Travis Fedschun fox-news/us/us-regions/west/nevada fox-news/topic/aliens fox-news/science/area-51 fox news fnc/science fnc ea7e3ce9-c0ce-5563-98ba-9a4dc21401e4 article

Alien-themed graffiti adorns a rock along the Extraterrestrial Highway, near Rachel, Nev. (AP Photo/John Locher)

The Little A’Le’Inn in Rachel is scheduling an event called Alienstock on Sept. 20-22, while The Alien Research Center souvenir shop in Hiko has planned a Sept. 20-21 expo. Those events in Hiko and Rachel would be about 100 miles from Amargosa Valley.

Rachel’s website says the nearest gas stations are located 50 miles south in Ash Springs and 110 miles north in Tonopah.

“Other than the Little A’Le’Inn, a small bar/restaurant/motel, there are no services in Rachel. There is no gas and no store,” a post from the town reads. “The Inn is booked for that weekend. If you plan on attending the event you must be experienced in camping, hiking and surviving in a harsh desert environment and have a vehicle in good shape.”

Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia and The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6079203244001_6079197398001-vs 'Storm Area 51' causes second Nevada county to sign emergency declaration Travis Fedschun fox-news/us/us-regions/west/nevada fox-news/topic/aliens fox-news/science/area-51 fox news fnc/science fnc ea7e3ce9-c0ce-5563-98ba-9a4dc21401e4 article   Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6079203244001_6079197398001-vs 'Storm Area 51' causes second Nevada county to sign emergency declaration Travis Fedschun fox-news/us/us-regions/west/nevada fox-news/topic/aliens fox-news/science/area-51 fox news fnc/science fnc ea7e3ce9-c0ce-5563-98ba-9a4dc21401e4 article

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NASA’s long-delayed James Webb telescope is finally assembled for the first time

Nearly a year after it was supposed to launch, NASA has finally assembled the James Webb Space Telescope, the long-awaited successor to the Hubble Space Telescope.

The government agency said the two halves of the telescope were joined earlier this week in Redondo Beach, Calif., where engineers used a crane to put the telescope together. The next step is to electrically connect the telescope and test it out.

“The assembly of the telescope and its scientific instruments, sunshield and the spacecraft into one observatory represents an incredible achievement by the entire Webb team,” said Bill Ochs, Webb project manager in a statement.  “This milestone symbolizes the efforts of thousands of dedicated individuals for over more than 20 years across NASA, the European Space Agency, the Canadian Space Agency, Northrop Grumman, and the rest of our industrial and academic partners.”

Westlake Legal Group james-webb-telescope NASA's long-delayed James Webb telescope is finally assembled for the first time fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 54baa526-0846-5fb7-a33d-77a1e6dec39a

The fully assembled James Webb Space Telescope, with its sunshield and unitized pallet structures that fold up around the telescope for launch, partially deployed to an open configuration to enable telescope installation. (Credit: NASA/Chris Gunn)

NASA TO HOLD EXPLORE JUPITER’S MOON EUROPA, WHICH MAY HOLD LIFE

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine tweeted about the accomplishment, calling it a “major milestone.”

The next steps for the telescope include engineers deploying the five-layer sunshield, which NASA said is “designed to keep Webb’s mirrors and scientific instruments cold by blocking infrared light from the Earth, Moon and Sun.” The space agency added that the deployment of the sunshield “is critical to mission success.”

Following final testing, including environmental and deployment testing, the James Webb telescope will launch into space in 2021. The Hubble continues to allow incredible discoveries since its launch into space in April 1990.

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Westlake Legal Group james-webb-telescope NASA's long-delayed James Webb telescope is finally assembled for the first time fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 54baa526-0846-5fb7-a33d-77a1e6dec39a   Westlake Legal Group james-webb-telescope NASA's long-delayed James Webb telescope is finally assembled for the first time fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 54baa526-0846-5fb7-a33d-77a1e6dec39a

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New gene-editing technology could help treat Huntington’s disease, premature aging, study says

A new genetic editing tool could give hope to people who suffer from Huntington’s disease and progeria, which causes premature aging, a study says.

Published in Cell Research, the study says researchers at Salk Institute have created a new tool, known as SATI, that enables them to edit the mouse genome and target a large swath of genetic mutations and cell types.

“This study has shown that SATI is a powerful tool for genome editing,” said Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, a professor in Salk’s Gene Expression Laboratory and the study’s lead author, in a statement. “It could prove instrumental in developing effective strategies for target-gene replacement of many different types of mutations, and opens the door for using genome-editing tools to possibly cure a broad range of genetic diseases.”

Westlake Legal Group gene-editing-mice New gene-editing technology could help treat Huntington's disease, premature aging, study says fox-news/science/natural-science/genetics fox news fnc/science fnc e16a6e3e-fbe6-51b4-88aa-c1f5fd86bc06 Chris Ciaccia article

Neuron targeted using the SATI technology. Credit: Salk Institute

WORLD’S FIRST GENETICALLY EDITED BABIES? INTERNATIONAL OUTRAGE ENSUES AS CHINESE SCIENTIST MAKES BOLD CLAIM

Instead of replacing the trouble genes entirely, the researchers used SATI to put a good copy of one of the genes into a certain part of the mouse’s DNA. The gene is later inserted into the genome and essentially corrects the mutation without replacing the entire gene.

In the testing, scientists used SATI to correct the gene that is responsible for progeria in mice. Researchers said that they observed diminished aging in several organs, including the skin and spleen, as well as a 45 percent increase in the lifespan of the mice with the disease.

“We sought to create a versatile tool to target these non-coding regions of the DNA, which would not affect the function of the gene, and enable the targeting of a broad range of mutations and cell types,” Mako Yamamoto, one of the study’s co-authors, added. “As a proof-of-concept, we focused on a mouse model of premature aging caused by a mutation that is difficult to repair using existing genome-editing tools.”

Like progeria, Huntington’s disease is considered fatal, according to the Huntington Disease Society of America. The genetic disorder “causes the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain” and deteriorates a person’s physical and mental abilities during their prime working years. Currently, there is no known cure.

A Salk Institute spokesperson told Fox News: “Huntington’s is mentioned as an example of the type of mutation this approach could potentially be applied to, but mice with Huntington’s were not involved and further study would be needed for the application of the SATI technology to that specific disease.”

FUTURISTIC GENE EDITING TECHNOLOGY MAY CAUSE CANCER

SATI is based off the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technique and works with a wide range of gene-editing tools. George Church, professor of genetics at Harvard Medical School, is one of the inventors of CRISPR-Cas9.

“A similar extension of life span, when translated to humans, would be more than a decade,” the statement reads. “Thus, the SATI system represents the first in vivo gene correction technology that can target non-coding regions of DNA in multiple tissue types.”

Further down the line, the team wants to make SATI more efficient by increasing the number of cells that are incorporated into the DNA, thereby “boosting gains from the gene-editing procedure and potentially showing even more dramatic results.”

“Specifically, we will investigate the details of the cellular systems involved in DNA repair to refine the SATI technology even further for better DNA correction,” said one of the study’s co-authors, Reyna Hernandez-Benitez.

Westlake Legal Group mouse2istock New gene-editing technology could help treat Huntington's disease, premature aging, study says fox-news/science/natural-science/genetics fox news fnc/science fnc e16a6e3e-fbe6-51b4-88aa-c1f5fd86bc06 Chris Ciaccia article

((Credit: iStock))

While somewhat controversial in that it’s capable of causing genetic damage according to one study, CRISPR has been credited with several biological and scientific achievements. These include eliminating viruses in pigs that could be harmful to people, which could lay the foundations for pig-to-human organ transplants.

The gene-editing tool has also been used to correct a disease-causing gene mutation in human embryos, preventing the mutation from passing to future generations.

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Westlake Legal Group mouse2istock New gene-editing technology could help treat Huntington's disease, premature aging, study says fox-news/science/natural-science/genetics fox news fnc/science fnc e16a6e3e-fbe6-51b4-88aa-c1f5fd86bc06 Chris Ciaccia article   Westlake Legal Group mouse2istock New gene-editing technology could help treat Huntington's disease, premature aging, study says fox-news/science/natural-science/genetics fox news fnc/science fnc e16a6e3e-fbe6-51b4-88aa-c1f5fd86bc06 Chris Ciaccia article

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Amazon fires: By the numbers

The raging fires in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest have captured the public’s imagination worldwide for the last few weeks and recently prompted the country to declare a state of emergency in the region.

The blazes, which are actually visible from space, are generally thought to be the result of land being cleared for farming and ranching, though Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, has claimed without evidence that the fires were started by nongovernmental organizations.

Bolsonaro has also been criticized for relaxing the enforcement of laws meant to prevent deforestation, while simultaneously encouraging mining and farming across a wide swath of the region since he was inaugurated.

“It’s a catastrophe of huge proportions,” Dr. Deby Cassill, an associate professor in USF’s Department of Biological Sciences, told Fox 13.

These are some key numbers to help you make sense of the situation.

AMAZON FIRES: WHY IS THE RAINFOREST BURNING?

6.7 million

According to the World Wildlife Fund, the Amazon covers 6.7 million square kilometers (2.5 million square miles) and is one of the world’s most biodiverse areas. This all means the Amazon rainforest is twice as large as the country of India.

$20 million

That’s how much the Group of Seven nations pledged to help Brazil fight the wildfires. However, Bolsonaro rejected the donation, reportedly because he wants French President Emmanuel Macron to apologize to him first amid their ongoing feud. Later, the Brazilian right-wing leader apparently reversed himself and left open the possibility of accepting the funds.

Westlake Legal Group AP19236088573015 Amazon fires: By the numbers fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone ba8096a5-8325-5abc-90c2-fc881eaedebb article

A fire burns a field on a farm in the Nova Santa Helena municipality, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, on Friday. (AP Photo/Leo Correa)

2.5 million

That’s the number of acres of burned forest seen by an ABC News reporter during a flyover this week. To put this acreage figure into some perspective, it’s just a bit smaller than the state of Connecticut.

SATELLITE IMAGERY OF AMAZON RAINFOREST FIRES SHOWS MASSIVE POLLUTION PLUME

100

This is the percentage of donations to the Earth Alliance’s Amazon Forest Fund that go to protecting the rainforest. The nonprofit has an initial commitment of $5 million to focus on critical resources to protect the region — and it lists the local, indigenous organizations benefiting from its work on its website.

10

The Amazon is home to at least 10 percent of Earth’s known biodiversity. Its rivers and tributaries contain the largest number of freshwater fish species in the world.

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Westlake Legal Group AP19236088573015 Amazon fires: By the numbers fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone ba8096a5-8325-5abc-90c2-fc881eaedebb article   Westlake Legal Group AP19236088573015 Amazon fires: By the numbers fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone ba8096a5-8325-5abc-90c2-fc881eaedebb article

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Strange giant planet ‘unlike any other’ discovered

Astronomers have spotted a giant exoplanet that they say is unlike any other.

Planet HR 5183 b has three times the mass of Jupiter and travels on an incredibly long, egg-shaped path around its star, according to Caltech, which led the research. The planet takes 45 to 100 years to complete its orbit, Caltech noted in a statement.

“If this planet were somehow placed into our own solar system, it would swing from within our asteroid belt to out beyond Neptune,” it added.

Scientists’ study of the newly discovered planet will be published in The Astronomical Journal.

ROCKY ‘STAR WARS’ EXOPLANET WITH THREE SUNS DISCOVERED

“This planet is unlike the planets in our solar system, but more than that, it is unlike any other exoplanets we have discovered so far,” said Sarah Blunt, a Caltech graduate student and first author on the study, in the statement. “Other planets detected far away from their stars tend to have very low eccentricities, meaning that their orbits are more circular. The fact that this planet has such a high eccentricity speaks to some difference in the way that it either formed or evolved relative to the other planets.”

Westlake Legal Group HR1583b Strange giant planet 'unlike any other' discovered James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/planets fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 244db611-1eec-50a0-b882-8a7d586ed6f3

An illustration comparing the “eccentric” orbit of HR 5183 b to the more circular orbits of the planets in our own solar system. (Credit: W. M. Keck Observatory/Adam Makarenko)

The Lick Observatory in Northern California, the W. M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii and the McDonald Observatory in Texas all provided data for the study.

While the planet’s star, HR 5183, had been studied since the ’90s, HR 5183 b’s epic journey meant that experts lacked full orbit information.

NASA GLIMPSES SURFACE OF DISTANT ROCKY EXOPLANET

“This planet spends most of its time loitering in the outer part of its star’s planetary system in this highly eccentric orbit, then it starts to accelerate in and does a slingshot around its star,”  said Caltech Professor of Astronomy Andrew Howard, who leads the California Planet Search, in the statement. “We detected this slingshot motion. We saw the planet come in and now it’s on its way out. That creates such a distinctive signature that we can be sure that this is a real planet, even though we haven’t seen a complete orbit.”

Experts believe that the planet’s strange orbit is likely because it nudged another similar-size planet out of the solar system.

“This newfound planet basically would have come in like a wrecking ball,” said Howard, in the statement. “Knocking anything in its way out of the system.”
ALIEN LIFE LOOMS? NEWLY DISCOVERED EXOPLANET MAY BE BEST CANDIDATE, EXPERTS SAY

In a separate project, astronomers recently spotted a rocky “Star Wars” exoplanet with three suns.

Experts from the Harvard Center for Astrophysics used NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Satellite Survey (TESS) telescope to spot planet LTT 1445 A b and its three stars.

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In another project, data from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has given scientists a first glimpse into conditions on the surface of a rocky exoplanet beyond the solar system.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group HR1583b Strange giant planet 'unlike any other' discovered James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/planets fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 244db611-1eec-50a0-b882-8a7d586ed6f3   Westlake Legal Group HR1583b Strange giant planet 'unlike any other' discovered James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/planets fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 244db611-1eec-50a0-b882-8a7d586ed6f3

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Andrew Yang proposes ‘giant space mirrors’ to tackle climate change

Presidential candidate Andrew Yang’s climate plan aims to get the U.S. to net-zero carbon emissions with a range of new initiatives — including investing in major geoengineering projects like giant mirrors in space.

Like many of his fellow Democratic presidential candidates, Yang has proposed using a wide range of tools to ramp up renewable energy, reduce reliance on fossil fuels, establish new standards on emissions for buildings, cars and the entire electric grid, and boost nuclear energy capacity.

However, his 20-year, $4.87 trillion climate plan differs in one way, and that’s in terms of geoengineering — the notion that humans should take deliberate and large-scale action concerning climate in order to stop or slow down the planet’s warming. Yang’s plan would provide $800 million to NASA, the Department of Defense and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to research geoengineering, which includes investigating “giant foldable space mirrors” as an emergency measure of last resort.

AMAZON FIRES: WHY IS THE RAINFOREST BURNING?

Westlake Legal Group AP19173684995969 Andrew Yang proposes 'giant space mirrors' to tackle climate change fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 0e9f74c7-b65f-5907-8b50-17fd67a34097

Businessman Andrew Yang addresses the South Carolina Democratic Party convention, Saturday, June 22, in Columbia, S.C.. (AP Photo/Meg Kinnard)

“Space mirrors would involve launching giant foldable mirrors into space that would deploy and reflect much of the sun’s light [away from the planet]. This method would be extremely expensive, which is why it should be investigated as a last resort. However, since we would be able to “undo” the mirror after deployment if needed, it’s less permanent,” Yang has written.

The entrepreneur proposed that America become a global leader in green technology.

“We’re the most entrepreneurial country in the history of the world. It’s time to activate the American imagination and work ethic to provide the innovation and technology that will power the rest of the world,” Yang wrote.

BREATHING POLLUTED AIR IS DEADLIER THAN PREVIOUSLY BELIEVED, NEW STUDY CLAIMS

Westlake Legal Group yang-geoengineering Andrew Yang proposes 'giant space mirrors' to tackle climate change fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 0e9f74c7-b65f-5907-8b50-17fd67a34097

Presidential candidate Andrew Yang has proposed a wide-ranging plan to tackle climate change. (Yang2020.com)

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Although most mainstream climate plans proposed by Democratic presidential candidates have a technology investment component, one expert urged a bit of caution.

“I think that he’s essentially on the right track to focus on science and technology, but I think that his faith in technology may be a little bit misplaced,” Steven Cohen, director of the research program on sustainability policy and management at Columbia University’s Earth Institute, told The Verge.

“It’s one thing to do the research … but another thing to count on it to save the world.”

Westlake Legal Group AP19173684995969 Andrew Yang proposes 'giant space mirrors' to tackle climate change fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 0e9f74c7-b65f-5907-8b50-17fd67a34097   Westlake Legal Group AP19173684995969 Andrew Yang proposes 'giant space mirrors' to tackle climate change fox-news/science/planet-earth/climate fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 0e9f74c7-b65f-5907-8b50-17fd67a34097

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Satellite imagery of Amazon rainforest fire shows massive carbon monoxide pollution plume

As the Amazon rainforest burns at an unprecedented pace, new satellite imagery from NASA shows an enormous cloud of poisonous carbon monoxide rising from the devastation.

Taken from NASA’s Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument, aboard the Aqua satellite, the images show the cloud evolving between Aug. 8 and Aug. 22. It starts first over Brazil, where the majority of the rainforest is located, and ultimately spreads to most of the northern part of South America.

“A pollutant that can travel large distances, carbon monoxide can persist in the atmosphere for about a month,” NASA wrote on its website. “At the high altitude mapped in these images, the gas has little effect on the air we breathe; however, strong winds can carry it downward to where it can significantly impact air quality. Carbon monoxide plays a role in both air pollution and climate change.”

Westlake Legal Group nasa-carbon-monoxide-amazon-rainforest Satellite imagery of Amazon rainforest fire shows massive carbon monoxide pollution plume fox-news/science/planet-earth/pollution fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc e158924f-6a53-5c44-8620-b91e80d0e907 Chris Ciaccia article

This time series shows carbon monoxide associated with fires from the Amazon region in Brazil from Aug. 8-22, 2019. Made with data collected from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite, the images map carbon monoxide at approximately 18,000 feet (5,500 meters) altitude. Each “day” in the series is made by averaging three day’s-worth of measurements. (Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

AMAZON WILDFIRES CAN BE SEEN FROM SPACE, NASA IMAGES SHOW

The vast specter changes colors, going from green to yellow to red, which represents a rather large increase in carbon monoxide in the atmosphere. NASA said that green indicates concentrations of approximately 100 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), while yellow is indicative of 120 ppbv.

Dark red is representative of 160 ppbv, but “[]local values can be significantly higher,” NASA added.

100 ppbv is considered normal for the atmosphere according to the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.

Carbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless gas that is extremely harmful to humans and can often result in death. According to the Center for Disease Control, the most common symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are “headache, dizziness, weakness, upset stomach, vomiting, chest pain, and confusion.”

Westlake Legal Group amazon-rainforest-fire Satellite imagery of Amazon rainforest fire shows massive carbon monoxide pollution plume fox-news/science/planet-earth/pollution fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc e158924f-6a53-5c44-8620-b91e80d0e907 Chris Ciaccia article

A tree stump glows with fire amid smoke along the road to Jacunda National Forest, near the city of Porto Velho in the Vila Nova Samuel region which is part of Brazil’s Amazon, Monday, Aug. 26, 2019. The Group of Seven nations on Monday pledged tens of millions of dollars to help Amazon countries fight raging wildfires, even as Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro accused rich countries of treating the region like a “colony.” (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)

The CDC adds that these symptoms “are often described as ‘flu-like’ and if a person breathes a lot of the poisonous gas, it can cause them to pass out or even die.

Last week, NASA satellites were able to capture the smoke from the rampant wildfires in space. Amazonas, the largest state in Brazil, recently declared a state of emergency over the forest fires, according to Euro News.

AMAZON FIRES: WHY IS THE RAINFOREST BURNING?

The country’s National Space Research Institute, which monitors deforestation, has recorded that the number of fires has risen by 85 percent to more than 77,000 in the last year, a record since the institute began keeping track in 2013. About half of the fires have been in the Amazon region, with many in just the past month.

At a summit in France, the Group of Seven nations pledged $20 million on Monday to help fight the flames in the Amazon and protect the rainforest, in addition to a separate $12 million from Britain and $11 million from Canada.

The international pledges came despite tensions between European countries and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who has accused rich countries of treating the region like a “colony” and suggested the West is angling to exploit Brazil’s natural resources.

But the funds, which are widely seen as critical support, are still a relatively meager amount for dealing with an environmental crisis that threatens what French President Emmanuel Macron has called “the lungs of the planet.”

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The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group nasa-carbon-monoxide-amazon-rainforest Satellite imagery of Amazon rainforest fire shows massive carbon monoxide pollution plume fox-news/science/planet-earth/pollution fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc e158924f-6a53-5c44-8620-b91e80d0e907 Chris Ciaccia article   Westlake Legal Group nasa-carbon-monoxide-amazon-rainforest Satellite imagery of Amazon rainforest fire shows massive carbon monoxide pollution plume fox-news/science/planet-earth/pollution fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc e158924f-6a53-5c44-8620-b91e80d0e907 Chris Ciaccia article

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Amazon fires: Why is the rainforest burning?

The Amazon has been on fire for the last three weeks. And those blazes — they’re actually visible from space — have resulted in widespread outrage and alarm among lawmakers, environmental activists and celebrities.

This year, the number of fires in Brazil is the highest on record since 2013 and is up by 85 percent from last year, according to several reports. The country’s space research center has already detected more than 80,000 fires this year.

As for what caused the fires, which have led to any number of shocking images, that’s been a subject of intense debate.

BREATHING POLLUTED AIR IS DEADLIER THAN PREVIOUSLY BELIEVED, STUDY CLAIMS

Westlake Legal Group AP19236088573015 Amazon fires: Why is the rainforest burning? fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 8026acbd-e164-5939-aef4-41808c4e4e02

A fire burns a field on a farm in the Nova Santa Helena municipality, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, on Friday. (AP Photo/Leo Correa)

Although the uniquely biodiverse rainforest is usually wet and humid, the area’s dry season typically kicks off in July and August before tapering off by November. There are annual burns, with the land often cleared for farming or ranching.

Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro, has claimed without evidence that the fires have been started by nongovernmental organizations in retaliation for his administration’s funding cuts.

However, many scientists and critics of Bolsonaro have said that his government’s policy of encouraging deforestation has boosted the land clearance that helps fires rage, and has given people a license to burn the land.

On Friday, Bolsonaro said he would send 43,000 Brazilian troops to battle the blazes.

ENVIRONMENTAL GROUPS SUE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION FOR WEAKENING ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT

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Although the blazes may not be the explicit result of climate change, environmental activists have said there is still a connection between a warming planet and more frequent extreme-weather events.

“In addition to increasing emissions, deforestation contributes directly to a change in rainfall patterns in the affected region, extending the length of the dry season, further affecting forests, biodiversity, agriculture and human health,” Greenpeace said in a release.

Smoke from the blazes was covering half of Brazil last week, according to a climate scientist.

Westlake Legal Group AP19236088573015 Amazon fires: Why is the rainforest burning? fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 8026acbd-e164-5939-aef4-41808c4e4e02   Westlake Legal Group AP19236088573015 Amazon fires: Why is the rainforest burning? fox-news/science/planet-earth/natural-disasters fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 8026acbd-e164-5939-aef4-41808c4e4e02

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Breathing polluted air is deadlier than previously believed, new study claims

Rising levels of pollution worldwide are increasing the likelihood that people will die early, according to a sweeping new study.

The New England Journal of Medicine examined levels of particulate matter and daily death rates in 652 cities in 24 countries over the course of three decades. It is believed to be the biggest international study on the short-term impacts of air pollution on mortality.

ENVIRONMENTAL GROUPS SUE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION FOR WEAKENING ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT

Although scientists already knew that breathing in polluted air is bad for your health — it can damage a person’s lungs and heart and increase the risk of certain diseases — the NEJM study is focused on how even small amounts of particulate matter can have a negative impact.

According to the study, the two countries that saw the largest increase in mortality rates as air pollution levels went up are Australia and Brazil. The latter country has recently seen its Amazon rainforest burn at a much faster rate than normal.

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-f439dd9b87c540e3b76ae68667a6e00c Breathing polluted air is deadlier than previously believed, new study claims fox-news/science/planet-earth/pollution fox news fnc/science fnc e35c1633-02af-52c1-9826-eef3aedfa306 Christopher Carbone article

Pollution from coal-fired power stations contributes to a range of health issues. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic, File)

Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro wants to open up the Amazon to mining and other industries, which would make it vulnerable to farmers and developers who want to “slash and burn” the forest to clear the land.

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Mortality rates increased by .68 percent for fine particulate matter in the study, and researchers said that even that increase is significant when examining large cities.

“If we’re looking at a population of one million people in a city, well, 1 percent is significant and it can affect a lot of people,” Eric Lavigne, a co-author of the study, told The Verge. Lavigne is a professor at the University of Ottawa and a senior epidemiologist for Canada’s Public Health Agency.

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-f439dd9b87c540e3b76ae68667a6e00c Breathing polluted air is deadlier than previously believed, new study claims fox-news/science/planet-earth/pollution fox news fnc/science fnc e35c1633-02af-52c1-9826-eef3aedfa306 Christopher Carbone article   Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-f439dd9b87c540e3b76ae68667a6e00c Breathing polluted air is deadlier than previously believed, new study claims fox-news/science/planet-earth/pollution fox news fnc/science fnc e35c1633-02af-52c1-9826-eef3aedfa306 Christopher Carbone article

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