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Westlake Legal Group > fnc/science (Page 22)

Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins disagrees with NASA’s planned Moon return: ‘We should shoot directly for Mars’

Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins wants NASA to aim its sights squarely on Mars for future space exploration.

The Columbia Command Module pilot discussed the space agency’s plans to return to the Moon with Fox News’ Neil Cavuto during an interview Thursday on “Your World.”

APOLLO 11 ASTRONAUT MICHAEL COLLINS RECALLS DRINKING COFFEE DURING ‘LONELY’ MOON LANDING ORBIT

The U.S. has aimed to land the next man and the first woman on the Moon by 2024, with an eye toward sending a manned mission to Mars in the 2030s. The astronauts also would be the first humans to set foot on the Moon’s South Pole.

Westlake Legal Group MichaelCollinsGetty1969 Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins disagrees with NASA's planned Moon return: 'We should shoot directly for Mars' James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/fox-news-flash fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/science/air-and-space/mars fox news fnc/science fnc article 37673465-0056-5607-938f-3ffaaedaf690

File photo – astronaut Michael Collins in his Apollo spacesuit. (Photo by Time Life Pictures/NASA/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images/Getty Images)

Collins, however, said he thought NASA should be focusing its efforts on the Red Planet. “The current plan has been well thought out, but I disagree with it, we should shoot directly for Mars,” he said. “Twenty-some years ago, I even wrote a book, a whole boring book, on a mission to Mars and I have always been a believer in Mars.”

APOLLO 11: WHAT NEIL ARMSTRONG AND BUZZ ALDRIN SAW DURING DRAMATIC MOON LANDING

He also advocated naming a future Mars mission after President John F. Kennedy, who famously vowed in 1961 that America would land a man on the Moon before the end of that decade.

“He was such a wonderful guide for us in the Apollo venture,” Collins said. “400,000 Americans, would you believe, at the time, working on that program – Kennedy’s voice expedited that whole thing.”

APOLLO ASTRONAUT REVEALS WHAT IT’S LIKE TO WALK ON THE MOON: ‘MOST BEAUTIFUL TERRAIN I’D EVER SEEN’

July 20 marks the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing.

Only 12 men, all Americans, have walked on the Moon.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Be sure to catch the “America’s News HQ” Apollo 11 50th anniversary special on Fox News on Saturday, July 20, at 12 p.m. EDT.

The Associated Press contributed to this article.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group MichaelCollinsGetty1969 Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins disagrees with NASA's planned Moon return: 'We should shoot directly for Mars' James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/fox-news-flash fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/science/air-and-space/mars fox news fnc/science fnc article 37673465-0056-5607-938f-3ffaaedaf690   Westlake Legal Group MichaelCollinsGetty1969 Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins disagrees with NASA's planned Moon return: 'We should shoot directly for Mars' James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/fox-news-flash fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/science/air-and-space/mars fox news fnc/science fnc article 37673465-0056-5607-938f-3ffaaedaf690

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Apollo 11: What Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin saw during dramatic Moon landing

The iconic images of the Eagle Lunar Module’s descent to the Moon rank among the most incredible footage ever recorded.

The black-and-white film was shot from a 16-mm time-lapse camera mounted in Buzz Aldrin’s window on the right side of the Eagle Lunar Module.  However, there is no record of what Apollo 11 Mission Commander Neil Armstrong saw from his window. “Due to the small size of the LM windows and the angle at which the movie camera was mounted, what mission commander Neil Armstrong saw as he flew and landed the LM was not recorded,” explains NASA in a statement on its website.

In an attempt to provide insight into the final moments of the incredible mission, NASA has used imagery captured by its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter to create a simulation of what Armstrong saw. Orbiter images have also been used to recreate Aldrin’s view from the other side of the Lunar Module.

APOLLO 11: PLAYTEX’S FEMININE TOUCH HELPED NASA LAND ON THE MOON

Scientists harnessed the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) to reconstruct the last three minutes of the Eagle’s landing trajectory using landmark navigation, as well as altitude callouts from the mission’s voice recording. To do this, experts crunched data on Eagle’s latitude, longitude, orientation, velocity and altitude.

Westlake Legal Group NASApolloOrbiter Apollo 11: What Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin saw during dramatic Moon landing James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9abc5b0c-df68-5606-8465-c269d007543b

This image shows the Lunar Module descent stage and astronaut tracks. (NASA/Goddard/Arizona State University)

“From this trajectory information, and high resolution LROC Narrow Angle Camera (LROC NAC) images and topography, we simulated what Armstrong saw in those final minutes as he guided the LM down to the surface of the Moon,” explains NASA. “As the video begins, Armstrong could see the aim point was on the rocky northeastern flank of West crater (190 meters [623 feet] diameter), causing him to take manual control and fly horizontally, searching for a safe landing spot. At the time, only Armstrong saw the hazard; he was too busy flying the LM to discuss the situation with mission control.”

After navigating Eagle over the “bouldery” West crater, Armstrong found a safe spot to land the Module about 1,640 feet from the crater, and carefully descended the craft to the lunar surface.

APOLLO 11: 50 YEARS ON, THE EAGLE LUNAR MODULE SERVES AS A REMINDER OF MANKIND’S ABILITY TO INNOVATE

Just prior to the historic landing, Armstrong flew the lander over a 131-foot diameter crater that became known as Little West crater. He later photographed the crater during his famous moonwalk.

Westlake Legal Group NASAApolloLittleWestCrater Apollo 11: What Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin saw during dramatic Moon landing James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9abc5b0c-df68-5606-8465-c269d007543b

A view of Little West Crater. This photograph was taken by Neil Armstrong. (NASA)

Approximately 234,000 miles away, Neil Armstrong’s sons Mark and Rick were at home in Houston, watching on TV, as their father stepped off the Eagle lunar module and into the pages of history.

Rick was 12 years old when his father stepped out of the Eagle lunar module and famously proclaimed “One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”

50 YEARS AFTER APOLLO 11, NEIL ARMSTRONG’S SONS DESCRIBE THE DAY THEIR DAD WALKED ON THE MOON

“When he stepped off, nobody in the room heard what the words were because they were all ‘what did he say?’” Rick told Fox News, in a recent interview. “I heard it, and I said ‘something about a small step,’ but at the time, it wasn’t at all clear what was going on, I always remember that.”

An estimated 650 million people around the world watched the Moon landing on TV, according to NASA.

July 20 marks the 50th anniversary of the Moon Landing.

APOLLO 11: NEVER-BEFORE-SEEN VIDEO REVEALS LUNAR SAMPLES WERE SEARCHED FOR SIGNS OF LIFE

NASA used a time-synchronized version of the original 16 mm film from the Apollo 11 landing to reconstruct Armstrong and Aldrin’s views from the Eagle lander. The First Men on the Moon website helped with the simulations by synchronizing the air-to-ground voice transmission with the film.

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-65aa94f02b894e08bf00264fb326a126 Apollo 11: What Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin saw during dramatic Moon landing James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9abc5b0c-df68-5606-8465-c269d007543b

In this July 20, 1969 image made from television, Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong steps onto the surface of the moon. Millions on Earth who gathered around the TV and radio heard Armstrong say this: “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” But after returning from space, he immediately insisted that he had been misquoted. He said there was a lost word in his famous one-liner from the moon: “That’s one small step for ‘a’ man.” It’s just that people just didn’t hear it.”  (NASA via AP)

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Westlake Legal Group NeilArmstrongTechnicianGetty1969 Apollo 11: What Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin saw during dramatic Moon landing James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9abc5b0c-df68-5606-8465-c269d007543b

File photo – Neil Armstrong, Commander of Apollo 11, speaking to a technician during a suiting at the Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida, shortly before he set off for the Moon with fellow astronauts Michael Collins and Edwin ‘Buzz’ Aldrin. (Photo by Central Press/Getty Images)

Be sure to catch the America’s News HQ Apollo 11 50th anniversary special on Fox News on Saturday, July 20 at 12 PM EDT.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group NeilArmstrongTechnicianGetty1969 Apollo 11: What Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin saw during dramatic Moon landing James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9abc5b0c-df68-5606-8465-c269d007543b   Westlake Legal Group NeilArmstrongTechnicianGetty1969 Apollo 11: What Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin saw during dramatic Moon landing James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9abc5b0c-df68-5606-8465-c269d007543b

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Second human-sized jellyfish spotted off English coast sparks invasion fears: Haven’t ‘seen the biggest yet’

It sounds like something out of a 1950s B-movie, but Brits are worried about an invasion of gigantic jellyfish after a second one was spotted this week.

Estimated to be 8 feet long, the second giant barrel jellyfish was spotted by a member of the Fowey Shellfish Company while checking equipment on Tuesday, SWNS reports. The owner of Fowey Shellfish, Will Hancock, was surprised by what he saw.

“I get in the water sometimes to look at our site and out the corner of my eye I saw something that was bigger than me,” the 35-year-old Hancock said in comments obtained by SWNS. “It was at least 8 feet long and probably 4 feet wide. It was the biggest one I’ve ever seen.”

Westlake Legal Group monster-jellyfish-1 Second human-sized jellyfish spotted off English coast sparks invasion fears: Haven't 'seen the biggest yet' fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 505e7906-2e96-5789-ac01-ccdf7efbccdf

Fears of a monster jellyfish invasion have been sparked after the second mammoth creature from the deep was spotted in British waters in as many days. (Credit: SWNS)

HUMAN-SIZED JELLYFISH LURKING OFF ENGLISH COAST STUNS DIVERS: ‘IT’S AN EXPERIENCE WE’LL NEVER FORGET’

The first jellyfish was spotted on Monday in Falmouth, Cornwall, by a pair of divers that were swimming next to it.

It’s unclear exactly why the jellyfish are swimming so close to shore, but experts believe the warmer weather may be a factor, causing their prey to move their locations. There’s also concern that there may be more of them, particularly at a time when tourists and vacationers are spending more time near the coast during the summer months.

Dr. Victoria Hobson, a marine ecologist who specializes in barrel jellyfish, said that we’re seeing more of them now because the waters off the British coast are “clear and flat.”

“There are lots of sunfish around at the minute and they eat them, the sunfish like the warmer weather,” Dr. Hobson noted.

The large jellyfish, which can sometimes wash up on shore in the “hundreds,” according to Wildlife Trusts, are attracted by plankton blooms. They do have natural predators however, as they are considered “the favorite food of leatherback turtles, the world’s largest sea turtle.”

“It’s probably because of what they feed on, that’s why they’re getting so big,” Hancock added. “They’ve got so much to feed on that [they are] growing quite large. They’re becoming more abundant, people are catching them in their trawlers. We’ll see a lot more of them, absolutely. I wouldn’t even say we’ve seen the biggest yet, they’ll keep coming in August and September because they like the warmer weather.”

Westlake Legal Group monster-jellyfish-2 Second human-sized jellyfish spotted off English coast sparks invasion fears: Haven't 'seen the biggest yet' fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 505e7906-2e96-5789-ac01-ccdf7efbccdf

(L-R) Dave Swiggs, 33, and Will Hancock, 35, of Fowey Shellfish Company. (Credit: SWNS)

Dave Swiggs, a director of Fowey Shellfish, said that the jellyfish was “probably six or seven feet,” adding that Hancock told him he was careful not to get too close to it.

“It was massive, he was careful about getting too close to it – he’s not a fan of jellyfish at the best of times,” Swiggs added.

Though they are not deadly or poisonous, Hancock and others have a right to be fearful of the barrel jellyfish, as they can still sting even after they’ve died, Wildlife Trusts noted on its website.

“They do have a sting but it’s quite mild, it’s like a nettle sting,” Hobson continued. “I would highly recommend you don’t go hugging them though.”

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Fox News’ Madeline Farber contributed to this story.

Westlake Legal Group monster-jellyfish-1 Second human-sized jellyfish spotted off English coast sparks invasion fears: Haven't 'seen the biggest yet' fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 505e7906-2e96-5789-ac01-ccdf7efbccdf   Westlake Legal Group monster-jellyfish-1 Second human-sized jellyfish spotted off English coast sparks invasion fears: Haven't 'seen the biggest yet' fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 505e7906-2e96-5789-ac01-ccdf7efbccdf

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Apollo 11: Playtex’s feminine touch helped NASA land on the Moon

It took a feminine touch to make sure Neil Armstrong and his moonwalking cohorts could make their giant leap for mankind and get to the Moon.

Specifically, it took the touch of a few seamstresses from Playtex who honed their detailed set of skills by manufacturing girdles for the women of America. The suits had to be flexible, resilient and able to withstand temperatures as high as 240 degrees Fahrenheit and as low as minus 280 degrees in shadow and at night.

NASA decided in a competition of manufacturers that the suit designed and sewn by the Playtex team provided the astronauts with the flexibility and strength necessary to explore the moon’s new frontier.

APOLLO 11 ASTRONAUT MICHAEL COLLINS RECALLS DRINKING COFFEE DURING ‘LONELY’ MOON LANDING ORBIT

And the expert craftswomen who helped manufacture the state of the art suit? Just weeks before they were sewing baby pants and girdles.

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-3f4b692333824a04bc621cc319728faa Apollo 11: Playtex's feminine touch helped NASA land on the Moon fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article Andrew Keiper 3bd851bb-ff96-5c7a-9402-e542962899f5

In this July 20, 1969 photo made available by NASA, astronaut Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot, walks on the surface of the moon during the Apollo 11 extravehicular activity. (Neil Armstrong/NASA via AP)

“They didn’t tell me a thing, they just brought me up here,” said Anna Lee Minner in an interview with CBS News. “… I went home on many a night and cried because I knew I couldn’t do it. I was scared. This was a person’s life this depended on.”

Minner was one of four who helped put together the suits. The others were Joanne Thompson, Lillie Elliott and Ruth Anna Ratledge.

APOLLO 11’S EPIC MISSION TO THE MOON IN PICTURES

The 21-layer suit had to be completely constructed by hand. Each seam and stitch was carefully measured to ensure the utmost accuracy in the hopes that their detailed efforts would help NASA avoid another disaster like the Apollo 1 capsule inferno that killed three astronauts.

“Oh my, I wonder if this is gonna be alright. I hope that stitch didn’t pop.”

— Lillie Elliott

Despite the immense pressure and mountainous stakes, the women were lifted up by the frequent presence of the astronauts themselves.

“We would have astronauts come in and thank us, and that was a real boost,” Thompson told CBS News. “It made a connection there that you didn’t forget.”

APOLLO 11 INSIDERS REMEMBER HISTORY’S MOST FAMOUS SPACE MISSION: ‘WE HAD A JOB TO DO AND WE DID IT’

Finally, on July 20, 1969, the efforts of the women would be tested in the low-gravity environment of the moon.

“Once they started down the ladder, and he put his foot on the moon, that was a pinnacle of watching something that you’ve helped to do,” Elliott told CBS.

As exhilarating as it was seeing their products touch down on a new frontier, the anxiety didn’t abate immediately for the women.

APOLLO 11’S MICHAEL COLLINS REFLECTS ON HISTORIC MOON LANDING: ‘WE WERE JUST REGULAR ASTRONAUTS’

“Oh my, ‘I wonder if that’s gonna hold? Oh my, I wonder if this is gonna be alright. I hope that stitch didn’t pop,’” Elliot said of her worries when watching the lunar landing.

The partnership between NASA and the former undergarment maker remains intact. The same division in Playtex that made the original suits has been spun off into an independent company, ILC Dover, that still manufactures NASA spacesuits to this day.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Be sure to catch the America’s News HQ Apollo 11 50th anniversary special on Fox News on Saturday, July 20 at 12 PM EDT.

Westlake Legal Group 90b6c9b8-BYEe3dYMa8xSkPzZoufaxK Apollo 11: Playtex's feminine touch helped NASA land on the Moon fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article Andrew Keiper 3bd851bb-ff96-5c7a-9402-e542962899f5   Westlake Legal Group 90b6c9b8-BYEe3dYMa8xSkPzZoufaxK Apollo 11: Playtex's feminine touch helped NASA land on the Moon fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article Andrew Keiper 3bd851bb-ff96-5c7a-9402-e542962899f5

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Hawaii telescope operators abandoned millions of dollars worth of instrumentation, evacuated employees amid Mauna Kea protests

Westlake Legal Group hawaii-telescope Hawaii telescope operators abandoned millions of dollars worth of instrumentation, evacuated employees amid Mauna Kea protests fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Danielle Wallace article 633c1a03-06da-5da2-9ec3-594b77480028

The directors of an existing telescope on Hawaii’s Mauna Kea evacuated employees Tuesday amid growing protests that have blocked an access road to the construction site of a second $1.4 billion “Thirty Meter Telescope” (TMT) to be built on the mountain, reports said.

Directors closed the East Asian Observatory located on Mauna Kea on Tuesday as a safety precaution for employees, effectively abandoning millions of dollars worth of instrumentation on telescopes at the facility that require constant maintenance, Hawaii News Now reported.

POLICE IN HAWAII REPORTEDLY ARRESTING PROTESTERS IN STANDOFF OVER CONSTRUCTION OF MAUNA KEA TELESCOPE

“This is a risk for us to have to step away at this point,” Jessica Dempsey, deputy director for the East Asian Observatory, told Hawaii News Now. “This is not a decision we came to lightly, but want to emphasize the importance of safety for our staffs and the facilities.”

Police, the Hawaiian National Guard and self-described native “protectors” had been engaged in a tense standoff there since Monday’s scheduled start of construction. Some native Hawaiians consider Mauna Kea a sacred place. On Wednesday, 33 people were arrested during a sit-in on the Mauna Kea Access Road, a state spokesperson told the Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Those arrested were booked on misdemeanor charges and immediately released.

Demonstrators reportedly abandoned vehicles in the middle of the Daniel K. Inouye Highway leading up to the Thirty Meter Telescope construction site. Police eventually drew back from the protest after a deal was reached that demonstrators would clear their cars from the road to allow construction equipment to be transported up the mountain, the newspaper reported.

Mauna Kea, the highest peak in Hawaii at nearly 14,000 feet, was chosen as the site for the telescope in 2009 because of its elevation and lack of light pollution. The TMT’s size will allow it to see into deep space and produce images 12 times sharper than the Hubbell Space Telescope, its website adds.

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The telescope, when completed, will have a 30-meter prime mirror diameter that is “three times as wide, with nine times more area, than the largest currently existing visible-light telescope in the world,” its website says. The TMT International Observatory LLC, which describes itself as a “non-profit international partnership” between educational and scientific institutions around the world, is the designer of the project.

Fox News’ Tyler Olson contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group hawaii-telescope Hawaii telescope operators abandoned millions of dollars worth of instrumentation, evacuated employees amid Mauna Kea protests fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Danielle Wallace article 633c1a03-06da-5da2-9ec3-594b77480028   Westlake Legal Group hawaii-telescope Hawaii telescope operators abandoned millions of dollars worth of instrumentation, evacuated employees amid Mauna Kea protests fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Danielle Wallace article 633c1a03-06da-5da2-9ec3-594b77480028

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Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope

Police in Hawaii reportedly have started arresting protesters Wednesday who have been attempting to halt the construction of a mountaintop telescope on The Big Island.

The arrests, which so far have been made without incident, according to Hawaii Public Radio, come on the third day of demonstrations in which crowds have blocked an access road to the construction site of the $1.4 billion ‘Thirty Meter Telescope’ (TMT) on Mauna Kea.

Police, the Hawaiian National Guard and self-described native “protectors” have been engaged in a tense standoff there since Monday’s scheduled start of construction. Some native Hawaiians consider Mauna Kea a sacred place.

“We are not against the science. We are not against the telescope. We are against the desecration of our mauna,” Kaho’okahi Kanuha, one of the demonstrators, said Tuesday in a press conference.

Westlake Legal Group hawaii-telescope Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc e5ab3ec2-1f32-5c9c-8307-4d0794e68112 article

A police officer gestures at demonstrators blocking a road at the base of Hawaii’s tallest mountain, on Monday, in Mauna Kea, Hawaii, who are protesting the construction of a giant telescope on land that some Native Hawaiians consider sacred. (AP)

The telescope, when completed, will have a 30-meter prime mirror diameter that is “three times as wide, with nine times more area, than the largest currently existing visible-light telescope in the world,” its website says. The TMT International Observatory LLC, which describes itself as a “non-profit international partnership” between educational and scientific institutions around the world, is the designer of the project.

OPRAH WINFREY RECEIVES ‘BIG MAHALO’ FROM HAWAII’S GOVERNOR FOR AIDING FIRE EVACUATIONS

Mauna Kea, the highest peak in Hawaii at nearly 14,000 feet, was chosen as the site for the telescope in 2009 because of its elevation and lack of light pollution. The TMT’s size will allow it to see into deep space and produce images 12 times sharper than the Hubbell Space Telescope, its website adds.

Westlake Legal Group TMT-Observatory Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc e5ab3ec2-1f32-5c9c-8307-4d0794e68112 article

An artists’ rendering of the Thirty Meter Telescope atop Mauna Kea on The Big Island in Hawaii. (TMT)

The ongoing protests began Monday and have been marked with some demonstrators chaining themselves to a cattle guard in the middle of the road, KHON2 reported. Communication between the crowds that have gathered and the police have kept the demonstrations peaceful, but protesters say they are dug in on their stance against the TMT.

“I do know that every single one of these individuals are prepared to be arrested,” Kaho’okahi Kanuha told KHON2.

Some Hawaiians though are in favor of the telescope.

HAWAII MAN WEARS BLACKFACE, GOES ON STRANGE RANT BEFORE SENTENCED TO LIFE IN PRISON FOR ROAD RAGE ATTACK

“I believe science is an option our kupuna would have embraced,” Jacqui Hoover, the president of the Hawaii Leeward Planning Conference — a local organization that works with the government on planning decisions — told KHON2, while using the Hawaiian word for elder.

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Demonstrators gather to block a road at the base of Hawaii’s tallest mountain, on Monday. (AP)

“I’m very concerned that we’re losing opportunities to help our children transition into the world we live in today,” she added. “We need jobs, we need education, we need our community to have options other than those that we currently have.

TMT officials say the project will create 300 jobs, according to KHON2.

Fox News’ Tyler Olson contributed to this report. 

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Tiny fighting worms make one of the loudest sounds in the ocean

Tiny, feisty worms that live off the coast of Japan fight by headbutting each other — and they aren’t quiet about it. During these feuds, the worms emit one of the loudest sounds in the ocean, according to a new study.

The source of the underwater hullabaloo is a nearly transparent segmented worm called the Leocratides kimuraorum, which lives inside sponges 279 to 554 feet (85 to 169 meters) deep off the coast of Japan. [The 12 Weirdest Animal Discoveries]

These wigglies are just a tad more than an inch (29 millimeters) long and have lengthy tentacles and a big mouth (literally). These seemingly quiet creatures revealed their true nature under the spotlight in the lab. A group of researchers used an instrument called a hydrophone to record 15 pops that were emitted from three kimuraorums as they were fighting.

In a marine feud researchers dub “mouth-fighting,” the worms approached each other headfirst with their mouths open. During such encounters, the worms’ pharynx muscles expand rapidly, creating a cavitation bubble that collapses and produces a loud “pop” while the worms launch into each other.

The researchers found that these pops can reach 157 decibels in the water (which is a different measurement than decibels in the air). From right next to the water tank, the pops sounded like humans snapping their fingers, lead author Goto Ryutaro, an assitant professor at Kyoto University told Live Science. “Though they probably sound louder if you hear them in the water.”

The worms are as loud as snapping shrimps, which are one of the biggest noisemakers in the ocean, the authors wrote. What’s more, they found that these worms did not make any noise when simply disturbed, they only did so when they were fighting.

They “may use mouth-fighting to defend territory or living chambers from other worms,” the authors wrote July 8 in the journal Current Biology. “A loud pop may be a byproduct of the rapid mouth attack, but it may also aid intraspecific communication.” A loud noise could somehow determine the victor of the fight or even reveal the whereabouts of nearby worms, they wrote.

Originally published on Live Science.

Westlake Legal Group neolithic-worm Tiny fighting worms make one of the loudest sounds in the ocean Yasemin Saplakoglu Staff Writer LiveScience fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fnc/science fnc article 47eb9d04-aba2-51b2-92f5-3f89c818b661   Westlake Legal Group neolithic-worm Tiny fighting worms make one of the loudest sounds in the ocean Yasemin Saplakoglu Staff Writer LiveScience fox-news/science/planet-earth/oceans fnc/science fnc article 47eb9d04-aba2-51b2-92f5-3f89c818b661

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Mysterious alternating currents found on Jupiter

Researchers have found mysterious, unexpected alternating currents going through Jupiter’s atmosphere, very similar to what is seen on Earth.

Published in Nature Astronomy, researchers used data from NASA’s Juno probe, which has been orbiting the celestial giant since 2016, and found the electric currents that go through Jupiter’s magnetosphere don’t act as they should.

The currents, which produce auroras on Jupiter just as they do on Earth, have less direct current than would be expected.

Westlake Legal Group NASAJupiterMar19 Mysterious alternating currents found on Jupiter fox-news/science/jupiter fox news fnc/science fnc ff99f3bb-15bd-5e62-af86-75fd527b0725 Chris Ciaccia article

The image shows Jupiter’s Great Red Spot and storms in the gas giant’s southern hemisphere. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Kevin M. Gill)

OCEAN ON JUPITER’S MOON EUROPA HAS TABLE SALT, JUST LIKE EARTH’S SEAS

“These observations, combined with other Juno spacecraft measurements, show that alternating currents play a much greater role in generating Jupiter’s aurora than the direct current system,” one of the study’s co-authors, Joachim Saur, said in a statement.

Like Earth, the auroras on Jupiter are oval rings near their poles and are driven by “a gigantic system of electrical currents that connects the polar light region with Jupiter’s magnetosphere,” the statement added. However, Earth’s currents are driven by direct currents, whereas Jupiter’s are not.

“Jupiter’s electric current systems are driven by the enormous centrifugal forces in Jupiter’s rapidly rotating magnetosphere,” Saur added. “Because of Jupiter’s fast rotation — a day on Jupiter lasts only ten hours — the centrifugal forces move the ionized gas in Jupiter’s magnetic field, which generate the electric currents.”

Juno has passed over both of Jupiter’s polar regions every 53 days, according to the study’s abstract, and found that direct current was approximately 50 million amps, not as high as theoretical models would suggest, according to Live Science.

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Westlake Legal Group NASAJupiterMar19 Mysterious alternating currents found on Jupiter fox-news/science/jupiter fox news fnc/science fnc ff99f3bb-15bd-5e62-af86-75fd527b0725 Chris Ciaccia article   Westlake Legal Group NASAJupiterMar19 Mysterious alternating currents found on Jupiter fox-news/science/jupiter fox news fnc/science fnc ff99f3bb-15bd-5e62-af86-75fd527b0725 Chris Ciaccia article

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Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins recalls drinking coffee during ‘lonely’ Moon landing orbit

Michael Collins may not be a household name like his fellow Apollo 11 crewmembers Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, but he played a pivotal role in the success of the epic mission.

When Armstrong and Aldrin were taking their famous first steps on the Moon on July 20, 1969, Collins was orbiting 60 miles above them in the mission’s command module.

Each time the Columbia Command Module orbited the Moon, he would lose contact with Mission Control in Houston for more than 40 minutes at a time. As a result, he has often been described as “the loneliest person in the universe.”

APOLLO 11 ASTRONAUT MICHAEL COLLINS RECALLS EPIC LAUNCH: ‘WE FELT THE WEIGHT OF THE WORLD ON OUR SHOULDERS’

This, however, could not be further from the truth, he explained during an interview with Bob Cabana, the director of NASA’s Kennedy Space Center on Tuesday. “I was always asked ‘wasn’t I the loneliest person?’” he said. “The answer was ‘no, I felt fine’.”

Westlake Legal Group 1-Neil-Armstrong-a Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins recalls drinking coffee during 'lonely' Moon landing orbit James Rogers fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 36af7154-a12e-5745-810a-bcdce94f2e46

1. Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11, 1969: The crew of the Apollo 11 mission — from left Neil Armstrong, Mission Commander, Michael Collins, Lt. Col. USAF, and Edwin Eugene Aldrin, also known as Buzz Aldrin, USAF Lunar Module pilot. In all, 12 Americans walked on the moon from 1969 to 1972. (NASA)

Collins, a former U.S. Air Force fighter pilot and experimental test pilot had spent a lot of time flying airplanes by himself. Additionally, the extensive training undertaken by the Apollo 11 astronauts meant that he was extremely familiar with the Command Module. “I trusted my surroundings,” he said.

“It was perfectly enjoyable, I had hot coffee, I had music if I wanted it,” Collins added. “I was not one iota lonely … it was 40-something minutes of peace and quiet.”

APOLLO 11’S MICHAEL COLLINS REFLECTS ON HISTORIC MOON LANDING: ‘WE WERE JUST REGULAR ASTRONAUTS’

After spending a total of 21 hours and 36 minutes on the Moon, Armstrong and Aldrin’s lunar module lifted off and docked with Collins’ Command Module almost four hours later.

Westlake Legal Group MichaelCollinsSimulatorGetty1969 Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins recalls drinking coffee during 'lonely' Moon landing orbit James Rogers fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 36af7154-a12e-5745-810a-bcdce94f2e46

File photo – Photograph of the pilot Michael Collins at Apollo 11 Command Module, practicing docking hatch removal from CM simulator at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas, June 28, 1969. Image courtesy National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). (Photo by Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images)

Fifty years after the incredible events of Apollo 11, Collins paid tribute to Armstrong, who died in 2012. “The Neil that I usually think about is not Neil flying to the Moon and back, although he did a superb job as the mission commander.”

Rather, Collins recalls Armstrong’s incredible ability to share the experiences of Apollo 11 following the crew’s return to Earth. Although something of an introvert, Armstrong wowed audiences during the “Giant Leap” global goodwill tour undertaken by the Apollo 11 astronauts and their wives from Sept. 29 to Nov. 5, 1969.

APOLLO 11 FLIGHT DIRECTOR REMEMBERS HISTORIC MISSION TO THE MOON

“He was a masterful speaker,” he said. “He would have the audience feeling they had almost climbed aboard Columbia with us by the time he had finished his speech.”

Collins, who had been the pilot of the Gemini 10 mission in 1966, explained that he turned down an opportunity to be the commander of Apollo 17.

“That would be another three years of living in dingy hotels,” he said, noting that he did not want to be separated from his “wonderful” wife and young children.

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The interview at Kennedy Space Center’s launch pad 39A commemorated the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 launch on July 16, 1969.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6055905219001_6055912240001-vs Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins recalls drinking coffee during 'lonely' Moon landing orbit James Rogers fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 36af7154-a12e-5745-810a-bcdce94f2e46   Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6055905219001_6055912240001-vs Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins recalls drinking coffee during 'lonely' Moon landing orbit James Rogers fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 36af7154-a12e-5745-810a-bcdce94f2e46

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Apollo 11: Buzz Aldrin recalls the Moon’s ‘magnificent desolation’

During a 2012 interview with Fox News Channel’s Neil Cavuto, astronaut Buzz Aldrin recalled the “magnificent desolation” he and Apollo 11 Commander Neil Armstrong witnessed when they landed on the Moon 50 years ago.

“You can see the horizon curving away.  Because of the sun– you can’t see the stars. It– closes up– the iris,” Aldrin recalled during the interview for a documentary entitled, “Fly Me to the Moon.”

“And you think, ‘This place, what I’m looking at, hasn’t changed in hundreds of thousands of years,’” he said. “And now, Neil [Armstrong] and I are looking at this magnificent desolation.”

APOLLO 11 ASTRONAUT MICHAEL COLLINS RECALLS EPIC LAUNCH: ‘WE FELT THE WEIGHT OF THE WORLD ON OUR SHOULDERS’

He also spoke about the awesome responsibility bestowed upon him and his crewmates.

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This July 20, 1969 photo made available by NASA shows pilot Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin in the Apollo 11 Lunar Module. For the 50th anniversary of the landing, Omega issued a limited edition Speedmaster watch, a tribute to the one that Aldrin wore to the moon. (Neil Armstrong/NASA via AP)

“I prefaced desolate with magnificent, because of humanity’s reaching outward and accomplishing something that people thought was impossible,” Aldrin said. “They dreamed of somehow reaching the moon.  And to demonstrate, to be a part of demonstrating this miracle was magnificent.”

On July 16, 1969, Aldrin, along with mission commander Neil Armstrong and command module pilot Michael Collins, launched from Kennedy Space Center atop a Saturn V rocket. Four days later, Armstrong made history when he became the first person to walk on the Moon. Aldrin exited the lunar module 19 minutes after Armstrong. The famed astronaut joked about being second during his interview.

APOLLO 11 INSIDERS REMEMBER HISTORY’S MOST FAMOUS SPACE MISSION: ‘WE HAD A JOB TO DO AND WE DID IT’

“I will forever, no matter what I do, be known as the second man on the moon,” he quipped.

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-3f4b692333824a04bc621cc319728faa Apollo 11: Buzz Aldrin recalls the Moon's 'magnificent desolation' Perry Chiaramonte fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 1d21b1a5-3abf-59bf-a773-95fdc3c3c9e2

In this July 20, 1969 photo made available by NASA, astronaut Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot, walks on the surface of the moon during the Apollo 11 extravehicular activity. (Neil Armstrong/NASA via AP)

“Why does it bother you to be a second man to walk on the moon?  You’re one of a dozen men who had that incredible role,” Cavuto asked in a follow-up question.

“I prefaced desolate with magnificent, because of humanity’s reaching outward and accomplishing something that people thought was impossible.”

— Buzz Aldrin

“Well, people love being vice president, don’t they? No,” Aldrin responded with a chuckle. 

APOLLO 11’S EPIC MISSION TO THE MOON IN PICTURES

“Does it bother me?  Yeah, it does a little bit,” Aldrin continued. “Why?  Because that isn’t the way I would have described what this country did with two human beings landing on the moon and then deciding who was going to go out. We did things together as a team.” 

The famous astronaut also recalls his famous steps across the surface of the moon and how he was well aware that the world was watching.

“Right near the end of our period out there … Neil was doing something with the rock boxes– I knew where the TV camera was, and I jumped up and down and pranced around to demonstrate the mobility that a person has,” he said. “So I was demonstrating for the people watching on TV…intentionally showing them the varieties of kangaroo hop … of turning.”

APOLLO 11 INSIDERS REMEMBER HISTORY’S MOST FAMOUS SPACE MISSION: ‘WE HAD A JOB TO DO AND WE DID IT’

During his sit-down with Cavuto, Aldrin also recollected the experience of looking back at Earth while on the surface of the Moon.

“[You] look up there, there’s the earth.  It looks small when it’s up there.  If you look close, you may be able to see the ice over a pole,” he said.  “If you look at your Omega watch, you may be able to tell what time it is in Houston.”

Aldrin also talked about the political significance of their mission to the moon, coming as it did during the space race with Russia at the height of the Cold War.

APOLLO 11: ‘THE BOOK THAT LANDED MAN ON THE MOON’ COULD SELL FOR $9 MILLION

“I do a lot of thinking today– about somebody who had– the guts to see that we were being outshone– outshined in the Cold War by the Soviet Union, and to say, ‘What can we do’?” Aldrin said of President John F. Kennedy and his resolve to make the U.S. the first nation to reach the surface of the Moon.

The interview took place after NASA had shut down their Space Shuttle program in 2011 and Aldrin emphasized the need for the U.S. to get back into space and chart new territory.

Westlake Legal Group buzz-aldrin-neil-armstrong-apollo-11 Apollo 11: Buzz Aldrin recalls the Moon's 'magnificent desolation' Perry Chiaramonte fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 1d21b1a5-3abf-59bf-a773-95fdc3c3c9e2

Buzz Aldrin, on the left, practices scooping up a sample while Neil Armstrong, on the right, photographs the collection, during a practice session held before the Apollo 11 mission. (NASA Johnson)

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“I believe that this nation should commit itself within two decades to landing an American permanently on another planet in the solar system,” he said.

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-3f4b692333824a04bc621cc319728faa Apollo 11: Buzz Aldrin recalls the Moon's 'magnificent desolation' Perry Chiaramonte fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 1d21b1a5-3abf-59bf-a773-95fdc3c3c9e2   Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-3f4b692333824a04bc621cc319728faa Apollo 11: Buzz Aldrin recalls the Moon's 'magnificent desolation' Perry Chiaramonte fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 1d21b1a5-3abf-59bf-a773-95fdc3c3c9e2

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