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Westlake Legal Group > fnc/science (Page 25)

Arctic fox goes on epic 2,000-mile journey from Norway to Canada, leaving scientists stunned

A 1-year-old arctic fox trekked more than 2,000 miles – forging across vast expanses of sea ice – from Norway to Canada in just 76 days, setting a new record and stunning scientists.

The young female left the Svalbard Archipelago of Norway on March 26, 2018, and reached Canada’s remote Ellesmere Island on July 1 of that year, the Norwegian Polar Institute said in new research published last week.

MYSTERIOUS ‘CAT-FOX’ DISCOVERED, MAY BE NEW SPECIES

Researchers recorded the transcontinental movements of the young arctic fox with a satellite tracking device on its collar. The fox covered the 1,000-mile first leg of the journey in 21 days. It traveled from the archipelago, which sits between mainland Norway and the North Pole, to Greenland.

It moved at an average rate of 28.7 miles per day. The animal crossed Greenland’s ice sheet in a single day – traveling about 96 miles.

Westlake Legal Group arctic-fox-iStock Arctic fox goes on epic 2,000-mile journey from Norway to Canada, leaving scientists stunned Stephen Sorace fox-news/world/world-regions/europe fox-news/world/world-regions/canada fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc article 8a98e7c4-2be8-5fe1-91a5-edaba15d3db1

An Arctic Fox, like the one pictured, forged across about 96 miles of sea ice over the course of a single day, according to scientists with the Norwegian Polar Institute.

“This is, to our knowledge, the fastest movement rate ever recorded for this species,” Eva Fuglei said in the report, co-written with Arnaud Tarroux. They noted that the limited food supply out on the ice sheet may have resulted in the increased speed.

The fox continued through harsh conditions for another 1,000 miles, where it settled on Ellesmere Island. The journey is among the longest recorded for an arctic fox, scientists said.

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The study concluded that sea ice is vital to the species’ ability to migrate to new areas, meet other populations and find food sources. It noted that climate change may melt the sea ice and isolate the arctic fox population on Svalbard.

The tracking device stopped transmitting in February 2019, scientists said, leaving the fox’s ultimate fate unclear.

Westlake Legal Group arctic-fox-iStock Arctic fox goes on epic 2,000-mile journey from Norway to Canada, leaving scientists stunned Stephen Sorace fox-news/world/world-regions/europe fox-news/world/world-regions/canada fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc article 8a98e7c4-2be8-5fe1-91a5-edaba15d3db1   Westlake Legal Group arctic-fox-iStock Arctic fox goes on epic 2,000-mile journey from Norway to Canada, leaving scientists stunned Stephen Sorace fox-news/world/world-regions/europe fox-news/world/world-regions/canada fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc article 8a98e7c4-2be8-5fe1-91a5-edaba15d3db1

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NASA Hubble Space Telescope takes stunning image of galactic ‘firework show’

Ahead of the Fourth of July, NASA is showing off an impressive fireworks display that really is out of this world.

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope managed to take sublime images of a star known as Eta Carinae exploding 7,500-light-years from Earth, expanding with hot gases that are red, white and blue.

“We’ve discovered a large amount of warm gas that was ejected in the Great Eruption but hasn’t yet collided with the other material surrounding Eta Carinae,” explained lead investigator of the Hubble program, Nathan Smith, in a statement. “Most of the emission is located where we expected to find an empty cavity. This extra material is fast, and it ‘ups the ante’ in terms of the total energy for an already powerful stellar blast.”

Westlake Legal Group nasa-fourth-of-july NASA Hubble Space Telescope takes stunning image of galactic 'firework show' fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 976a80a1-ded1-5718-acc5-a2bf7692f311

This Hubble Space Telescope image of the giant, petulant star Eta Carinae is yielding new surprises. Telescopes such as Hubble have monitored the super-massive star for more than two decades. The star, the largest member of a double-star system, has been prone to violent outbursts, including an episode in the 1840s during which ejected material formed the bipolar bubbles seen here. Now, using Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3 to probe the nebula in ultraviolet light, astronomers have uncovered the glow of magnesium embedded in warm gas (shown in blue) in places they had not seen it before. (Credit: NASA, ESA, N. Smith (University of Arizona) and J. Morse (BoldlyGo Institute))

APOLLO 11’S MICHAEL COLLINS REFLECTS ON HISTORIC MOON LANDING: ‘WE WERE JUST REGULAR ASTRONAUTS’

Eta Carinae has put on the celestial show before, with NASA noting the spectacular event started in the 1840s when the star went through what’s known as a “titanic outburst, called the Great Eruption,” which made it the second-brightest star visible in the sky for over a decade.

“Eta Carinae, in fact, was so bright that for a time it became an important navigational star for mariners in the southern seas,” NASA added.

Since then, it’s faded and is now barely visible to the naked eye. Over the past 25 years, it’s been studied by every instrument on the Hubble and astronomers believe it may have weighed more than 150 Suns and it may be on the brink of total destruction.

Smith added that they had used Hubble “for decades” to study the star in visible and infrared light, but the new ultraviolet lights give it a very different look.

“We’re excited by the prospect that this type of ultraviolet magnesium emission may also expose previously hidden gas in other types of objects that eject material, such as protostars or other dying stars,” Smith added. Only Hubble can take these kinds of pictures.”

50 YEARS AFTER APOLLO 11, NEIL ARMSTRONG’S SONS DESCRIBE THE DAY THEIR DAD WALKED ON THE MOON

The newly discovered gas may be crucial to understanding how the star erupted and what might happen as it becomes a supernova and explodes. The researchers added that this event may have already happened, but the light has not yet reached Earth.

So it looks like we’ll have at least one more incredible fireworks display, courtesy of the galaxy.

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Westlake Legal Group nasa-fourth-of-july NASA Hubble Space Telescope takes stunning image of galactic 'firework show' fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 976a80a1-ded1-5718-acc5-a2bf7692f311   Westlake Legal Group nasa-fourth-of-july NASA Hubble Space Telescope takes stunning image of galactic 'firework show' fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 976a80a1-ded1-5718-acc5-a2bf7692f311

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Apollo 11’s Michael Collins reflects on historic Moon landing: ‘We were just regular astronauts’

For someone who has been nearly 240,000 miles above our planet, Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins is extraordinarily down-to-Earth.

Along with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, Collins was part of the most famous space exploration mission in history, but the now-88-year-old simply sees it as doing the job asked of them.

“You have to come to NASA with certain qualifications,” Collins said in an interview with Fox News. “I was an accredited pilot, which helped reduce the size of the available population. There were 18,000 applicants, and there was no way in hell I could have worked for NASA facing that kind of math,” Collins added jokingly.

Westlake Legal Group MichaelCollinsSimulatorGetty1969 Apollo 11's Michael Collins reflects on historic Moon landing: 'We were just regular astronauts' fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia c4039af9-0cd6-557f-b207-470b3e935b89 article

File photo – Photograph of the pilot Michael Collins at Apollo 11 Command Module, practicing docking hatch removal from CM simulator at NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas, June 28, 1969. Image courtesy National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). (Photo by Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images)

APOLLO 11 ASTRONAUT MICHAEL COLLINS REVEALS UNSEEN PHOTO OF MOON LANDING CREW HE ‘FOUND AT THE BOTTOM OF A BOX’

Born in Rome, Italy, on Halloween in 1930 to James and Virginia Collins, Michael had an unusual upbringing. As the son of a career-long Army officer, his family would move around often, stopping in places like Oklahoma, Governors Island, NY, San Antonio, Texas, and several other areas. When the U.S. entered World War II, the Collins family made their way to Washington D.C., and Michael ultimately followed in his family’s footsteps, joining his father, brother and several other family members in the armed services.

Collins graduated from West Point in 1952 with a Bachelor of Science in military science. He joined the U.S. Air Force, where he spent the better part of a decade going on various missions, before joining NASA in 1963, two years after President Kennedy gave his famous “Moon speech” at Rice University.

Despite his impressive background, Collins said being a part of the Apollo program left him feeling behind.

“We would go around to different parts of the country to where the different parts of the Apollo craft [were] being made, especially Southern California and Long Island,” Collins said, adding the astronauts did what they could to help with the machines building the craft. “It was a lot of traveling, and we were stationed in Houston, so we were always busy. I always felt a little behind and slower than we needed to be with the information we were presented with.”

“We’re just regular astronauts.”

— Michael Collins, Apollo 11 astronaut

As any history book will tell you, NASA was successful in its mission testing. On that fateful day, July 16, 1969, Collins, along with Armstrong and Aldrin, was rocketed into space as America and the world looked on. When the Eagle module landed on the Moon on July 20, 1969, and Armstrong and Aldrin became the first two men to walk on the lunar surface, the nation let out a collective cheer for the three astronauts.

“Being close to the Moon was wonderful, but looking at Earth, it was this tiny little thing, blue and white and very shiny,” Collins, who was the Command Module pilot on the flight, said. “It projected an aura of great fragility and the more you dig into it, the more you realize how fragile it really is.”

Westlake Legal Group FOX_lunar5 Apollo 11's Michael Collins reflects on historic Moon landing: 'We were just regular astronauts' fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia c4039af9-0cd6-557f-b207-470b3e935b89 article

They would later become national heroes — a description that made them uneasy, especially Collins.

“We knew that we had the best test flights, and we performed them well, but heroes? No,” Collins said when asked when it finally hit them they were an inspiration to a country rocked by political and social upheaval.

50 YEARS AFTER APOLLO 11, NEIL ARMSTRONG’S SONS DESCRIBE THE DAY THEIR DAD WALKED ON THE MOON

“We didn’t do anything above and beyond the call of duty. We did what we had been hired to do,” he added. “It may have been tremendous and unusual, but I think it’s a disservice to people who are hard-working people, like nurses and doctors and the like, who deserve to be heroes. We’re just regular astronauts.”

Though he is reluctant to be called a hero, Collins does admit the three men did alter the country’s mood at a time when upheaval and unrest were as American as apple pie.

“In general, I think we brought the goodwill of Americans with us, and they flew off to the Moon with us,” Collins said. “It was something the country wanted to feel proud of, and we had a good relationship with the citizens of America.”

Westlake Legal Group fs-astronauts Apollo 11's Michael Collins reflects on historic Moon landing: 'We were just regular astronauts' fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia c4039af9-0cd6-557f-b207-470b3e935b89 article

**ADVANCE FOR THURSDAY, JULY 16** FILE – In this 1969 file photo, Apollo 11 astronauts stand next to their spacecraft in 1969, from left to right: Col. Edwin E. Aldrin, lunar module pilot; Neil Armstrong, flight commander; and Lt. Michael Collins, command module pilot. (AP Photo, file)

“Being close to the Moon was wonderful, but looking at Earth, it was this tiny little thing, blue and white and very shiny. It projected an aura of great fragility, and the more you dig into it, the more you realize how fragile it really is.”

— Michael Collins, Apollo 11 astronaut

His modesty notwithstanding, Collins, along with the rest of the Apollo 11 crew, was a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction from President Nixon in 1969 at the state dinner in their honor.

In 1970, upon being presented with the Hubbard Medal from the National Geographic Society, Vice President Spiro Agnew told the trio they had “won a place alongside Christopher Columbus in American history.”

Westlake Legal Group MichaelCollinsGetty1969 Apollo 11's Michael Collins reflects on historic Moon landing: 'We were just regular astronauts' fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia c4039af9-0cd6-557f-b207-470b3e935b89 article

File photo – astronaut Michael Collins in Apollo spacesuit. (Photo by Time Life Pictures/NASA/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images/Getty Images)

Throughout his career, Collins received several other awards and honors for his military and space career and is a member of four halls of fame, including the International Air & Space Hall of Fame (1971), the International Space Hall of Fame (1977), the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame (1993) and the National Aviation Hall of Fame (1985).

Befittingly, Collins has a lunar crater named after him (as do Armstrong and Aldrin) and even has his own asteroid: 6471 Collins.

For all of his accomplishments, Collins does have regrets about his career, notably the fact he never walked on the Moon.

“I’d be a liar or a fool if I said I had the best seat. I did not,” Collins told Fox News. “But I was happy with the seat I did have. It was the culmination of what JFK told us to do, and by golly, we were going to do it. If I was trailing behind on a rope, sure. I wish I walked on the Moon, but, in general, I was delighted with the seat that I did have.”

‘THERE WAS A BIT OF TENSION’ ASTRONAUT DESCRIBES WATCHING MOON LANDING WITH BUZZ ALDRIN’S FAMILY

Collins is hopeful the renewed interest in space is not like previous efforts, citing involvement from two of Silicon Valley’s biggest chieftains–Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos and Tesla CEO Elon Musk–who are also at the helm of space exploration companies, Blue Origin and SpaceX, respectively.

Joking about how he would like a “big chunk of Musk and Bezos money,” Collins said he has been “impressed” by Bezos, having met the Amazon leader several times. While Collins has yet to meet Musk, he did note both are “a positive force on the national scene” and believes the two of them, along with the federal government, are a force for good for space exploration.

“I say to those two billionaires: Jump in and the three of you [including the American taxpayer] can do great things together,” Collins said. “I think that’s wonderful.”

Westlake Legal Group 2-Buzz-Aldrin-Collins-Armstrong-b Apollo 11's Michael Collins reflects on historic Moon landing: 'We were just regular astronauts' fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia c4039af9-0cd6-557f-b207-470b3e935b89 article

In this July 20, 2009, photo, Buzz Aldrin, left, Michael Collins, center, and Neil Armstrong stand in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, on the 40th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

When asked whether the Trump administration’s decree to return astronauts to the Moon by 2024 was feasible, Collins said no.

“I doubt the Trump statement is possible,” Collins noted. “I’m not sure he’s considered going to the Moon or Mars in any great detail.”

Collins, 88, now spends most of his time in the southwestern part of Florida. His two daughters, Kate, an actress best known for her role on “All My Children”, and Ann take care of him. He tries to keep in touch with Armstrong’s family and Aldrin but confesses he isn’t the best at it. When reflecting, Collins said he could not think of a better choice among the potential 30 candidates who were being considered for the first lunar landing crew.

ASTRONAUT DESCRIBES WATCHING THE MOON LANDING WITH PRESIDENT NIXON IN THE WHITE HOUSE

“Neil was a test pilot, flying the X-15 rocket,” Collins said. “He was close to heads and shoulders above the rest, and Buzz, in [a] similar fashion, was as well. He was a good student and a Ph.D. from MIT who did his doctoral dissertation in rendezvous and docking, so he fit right into the things that NASA was looking for.”

“If I were picking two out of that 30, I couldn’t think of anyone who could quite equal them. It was a wonderful selection,” Collins added.

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Westlake Legal Group MichaelCollinsSimulatorGetty1969 Apollo 11's Michael Collins reflects on historic Moon landing: 'We were just regular astronauts' fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia c4039af9-0cd6-557f-b207-470b3e935b89 article   Westlake Legal Group MichaelCollinsSimulatorGetty1969 Apollo 11's Michael Collins reflects on historic Moon landing: 'We were just regular astronauts' fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia c4039af9-0cd6-557f-b207-470b3e935b89 article

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Rare 19th century poster depicting real-life ‘Dumbo’ could be worth big bucks

A super-rare poster depicting the legendary elephant that inspired Disney’s 1941 classic “Dumbo” is set to be sold at auction – for up to $6,300.

The cloth canvas banner shows real-life elephant Jumbo standing on a podium, waving a flag from his trunk that reads ‘London Zoo Circus’ – where the animal resided from 1865-1882.

It is believed that, after almost 20 years at the famous London Zoo, the majestic Jumbo was sold for £2,000 to American entertainer P.T Barnum, who inspired the 2017 film The Greatest Showman.

Jumbo was then transported to the USA, despite much public outcry in the UK, and became the main attraction of Barnum and Bailey’s Circus’ ‘Greatest Show on Earth’.

In 1882, 100,000 schoolchildren wrote to Queen Victoria, begging her to halt the sale of the elephant.

Leading English art critic John Ruskin, a fellow of the Zoological Society, branded the sale of the elephant to Barnum and Bailey’s Circus as “dishonorable to common humanity”.

In February 1882, Ruskin wrote: “I, for one of the said fellows, am not in the habit of selling my old pets or parting with my old servants because I find them subject occasionally, perhaps even periodically, to fits of ill temper.

Westlake Legal Group dumbo-elephant Rare 19th century poster depicting real-life 'Dumbo' could be worth big bucks SWNS fox-news/columns/digging-history fnc/science fnc article a922fd2f-30d0-5cf8-a0f6-3209f973339b

The cloth canvas banner shows real-life elephant Jumbo standing on a podium, waving from his trunk a flag that reads ‘London Zoo Circus’ – where the animal resided from 1865-1882. (Credit: SWNS)

“I not only regret the proceedings of the council, but disclaim them utterly, as disgraceful to the city of London and dishonorable to common humanity.”

Jumbo became the star attraction of Barnum & Bailey’s ‘Greatest Show on Earth’ and the circus earned $1.75M in their 31-week season.

On 30 May 1884, Jumbo was one of Barnum’s 21 elephants to cross the Brooklyn Bridge to prove that it was safe, after 12 people died during a stampede caused by mass panic over collapse fears a year earlier.

Jumbo died after he was hit by a train in Ontario, Canada, as he was led back to his boxcar after a performance in 1885.

The banner, being sold by Chorley’s Auctioneers in Cheltenham, Glos., is oil on thick cloth canvas.

It is mounted floating in a contemporary frame with museum grade glass to preserve and enable viewing of the rear of the banner.

The two-dimensional pose and bold silhouette make this a wonderful piece of British Folk Art.

It is expected to fetch between $3,800 and $6,300 at auction on Tuesday, July 23 and Wednesday, July 24.

Westlake Legal Group dumbo-elephant Rare 19th century poster depicting real-life 'Dumbo' could be worth big bucks SWNS fox-news/columns/digging-history fnc/science fnc article a922fd2f-30d0-5cf8-a0f6-3209f973339b   Westlake Legal Group dumbo-elephant Rare 19th century poster depicting real-life 'Dumbo' could be worth big bucks SWNS fox-news/columns/digging-history fnc/science fnc article a922fd2f-30d0-5cf8-a0f6-3209f973339b

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UFOs remain elusive despite decades of study

In July, the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) celebrates 50 years of investigating and promoting research on the unidentified flying object phenomenon. The all-volunteer, nonprofit, science-based organization has endeavored since 1969 to hunt down answers about baffling vehicles of unknown origin.

Based in Irvine, California, MUFON makes its credo clear-cut on its website: “Our goal is to be the inquisitive minds’ refuge seeking answers to that most ancient question, ‘Are we alone in the universe?’ The answer, very simply, is no. Whether you have UFO reports to share, armchair UFO investigator aspirations, or want to train and join our investigation team, MUFON is here for you. Won’t you please join us in our quest to discover the truth?”

Related: 7 Things Most Often Mistaken for UFOs

After five decades, has there been any scientific pay dirt in studying UFOs? Are we inching closer to the truth that is perhaps out there?

More From Space.com

Share the data

Jan Harzan is MUFON’s executive director, manning that post since August 2013.

“I’ve seen these craft. I know they are real,” he told Space.com. “I can’t tell you where they’re from. I don’t know if they are ours or belong to somebody else or whatever. But they are advanced technology.”

The world needs to understand UFOs, Harzan said. “This is real. We’ve got to put the data out there and share it. We have over 100,000 UFO cases in our files … and it’s growing. We currently have worldwide over 500 certified MUFON field investigators that go out and look at each one of these cases,” he said.

A MUFON Science Review Board (SRB) consists of scientists with degrees in physics, chemistry, geology and electrical engineering. Their work experience includes NASA, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and France’s national space program, CNES. The SRB reviews the best cases from the year to identify the strongest cases that cannot be identified as any known object.

Big leap

Assuming that weirdness in the sky represents an alien visitation is a big leap. But who knows?

Nearly 34% of reports coming into MUFON can be identified, be they aircraft, rocket launches, satellites, astronomical happenings — even Chinese lanterns (small hot air balloons made of paper) or the proliferating number of military, police and citizen-run drones of all shapes and sizes. For example, Google’s Project Loon, which uses high-flying balloons to bring Wi-Fi internet to rural areas, has repeatedly stirred up UFO reports.

It is becoming harder to weed out and identify “real” UFOs, Harzan admitted.

“But on the other hand, when you read some of the reports — we call it the 5%, one out of 20 — that are incredible observations by very articulate and credible people,” he said, “you get about 5% of cases that are so rock solid.”

Related: UFO Watch: 8 Times the Government Looked for Flying Saucers

Old beliefs

Harzan said that the No. 1 stumbling block to advancement as a civilization is holding on to old beliefs. Is our science even capable of understanding what UFOs truly represent?

“We have to be able to let go of some old beliefs, because maybe the way we think the universe works isn’t how it really works,” Harzan said. “I personally believe that these are extraterrestrial beings that have advanced physics that we don’t yet understand. And once we do, we’ll be out there doing the same thing that they are doing. We’re probably 20 to 30 years away from being the aliens.”

Valuable service

“I think the best way to characterize MUFON is to say that it’s a broad church,” said Nick Pope, a former investigator of UFOs for the U.K.’s Ministry of Defence.

“As is the case in the UFO community as a whole, MUFON members have a range of different views on the mystery, and, while bound together by a common interest, are a diverse group,” he told Space.com.

Pope noted that, as one finds in other UFO groups and in the wider UFO community, MUFON has had its disputes and feuds. “None of this detracts from the fact that they provide a valuable service to UFO witnesses, with field investigators looking into the sightings, sometimes turning up a conventional explanation and other times simply giving perplexed witnesses someone with whom to engage,” he said.

Day-to-day business

As for undertaking truly scientific research on UFOs, “MUFON is clearly at a disadvantage,” Pope said, “given that most of their members are nonscientists.”

But he doesn’t think this is necessarily a problem.

“While the research side of MUFON’s work needs to be scientific if it’s to have credibility, I don’t think this applies so much to the day-to-day business of investigating UFO sightings,” Pope said. The investigative methodology might be likened to the model used in criminal investigations, with interviews being done, evidence being gathered and leads and findings double-checked, he said.

“Scientific advice should be sought when necessary — for instance, if a soil sample needs to be checked for radioactivity,” Pope said.

“But one doesn’t need to be a scientist, or even adopt a scientific methodology, to interview a witness, cross-check with information about flight paths and find out, say, that at the time and location of a particular UFO sighting, the Goodyear blimp was in the area,” he added. “The bottom line here is that I don’t think we should get too hung up on whether or not MUFON as a whole is sufficiently scientific.”

Taking a look ahead, Pope said MUFON is only going to be as good as the people in it. “Thus, it needs to ensure it can attract hardworking and able people, retain them, and identify and promote the best of its people into leadership positions. And all of this has to be done without the organization becoming overly bureaucratic. It’s quite a challenge, and I wish them well,” he said.

Related: 5 Bold Claims of Alien Life

Skeptical investigator

“MUFON proclaims its dedication to the scientific method in UFO investigations, but it seldom lives up to that ideal,” said Robert Sheaffer, a leading skeptical investigator of UFOs.

In 1987, MUFON strongly embraced dubious UFO photos and contact claims in Gulf Breeze, Florida, even though two of MUFON’s top investigators regarded the photos as bogus and sniffed out a hoax. Subsequently, the MUFON director at the time booted the duo out of the organization and disavowed their report.

“The publicity from the Gulf Breeze photos was very good for MUFON, bringing in many new members. But this scandal prompted many experienced investigators to quit MUFON,” Sheaffer said.

The 2017 MUFON Symposium in Las Vegas seems to have been something of a turning point in triggering another round of resignations of serious UFO researchers, Sheaffer said. “Panels at the MUFON gathering were widely perceived as ‘crackpot,’ especially with the crazy theme of a giant ‘secret space program’ encountering aliens,” he said.

Lastly, Sheaffer pointed to MUFON working with the producers of the TV series “Hangar 1,” which premiered in 2014 on The History Channel, providing cases from the organization’s archives.

“The series has been almost universally panned by serious UFO investigators for its sensationalist approach,” Sheaffer said. “However, it too has been extremely successful in bringing people into MUFON.”

Making sense of UFOs

James Oberg, a leading popularizer and interpreter of space exploration events, also keeps a skeptical eye on UFO accounts and sighting claims.

“In my research on various space/missile events which have given rise to spectacular UFO stories, I have relied on and trusted the diligent work of past chroniclers and try to express gratitude to them,” Oberg said. “These research results are dedicated to the legions of unsung and often anonymous worldwide chroniclers of ‘UFO reports’ and other anomalous observations which so often fall through the cracks of scientific attention.”

Oberg said that these people, numbering in the thousands, have labored tirelessly for decades to capture information they want not to be lost forever, in the hopes that someday it could be important in making sense of UFOs.

“Without them, most of it would have vanished from human consciousness,” Oberg emphasized. Perhaps the explanations offered are not precisely in line with their own expectations, he said, “but they are sincerely offered in fulfillment of their higher hopes that someday, somebody would take real lessons from their efforts, and in keeping faith with them, would show their labors were not in vain.”

You can find more information on MUFON at the organization’s website.

Original article on Space.com

Westlake Legal Group 656961ac-DZKRG3pfckUg2MmWnUJueU UFOs remain elusive despite decades of study Space.com Leonard David fox-news/science/air-and-space/ufos fnc/science fnc article 15311e90-ec30-5423-a179-52f2c6aaade9   Westlake Legal Group 656961ac-DZKRG3pfckUg2MmWnUJueU UFOs remain elusive despite decades of study Space.com Leonard David fox-news/science/air-and-space/ufos fnc/science fnc article 15311e90-ec30-5423-a179-52f2c6aaade9

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North Carolina wildlife rescue seeking bra clasps to fix broken turtle shells

Westlake Legal Group 65608952_10161793909775063_302194624796033024_n North Carolina wildlife rescue seeking bra clasps to fix broken turtle shells Nicole Darrah fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/north-carolina fox-news/style-and-beauty fox-news/science/wild-nature/reptiles fox-news/science/wild-nature fox-news/odd-news fox news fnc/science fnc article 7a5b1ba5-4074-59f7-94d8-a03119bb7fc1

Think twice before throwing out that old bra.

A wildlife rescue in North Carolina is urging women to send their bra clasps to them to help turtles with broken shells. Carolina Waterfowl Rescue, based in Indian Trail, put out their plea on Facebook Saturday.

WOMAN CLAIMS TIGHT-FITTING UNDERWIRE BRAS CAUSED GIANT CYST, GAPING ‘HOLE’ IN CHEST 

Whether worn or not, the agency is asking women to remove the eye closures from the fasteners and mail them in. The eye closures, according to rescue group worker Keenan Freitas, essentially help wire the turtle shell back together.

Carolina Waterfowl Rescue says they’ve been seeing as many as 40 turtles per week during the past month. The nonprofit organization says many of them have been run over by cars, lawnmowers and boats.

An animal rehabilitation group in Iowa originally had the idea, saying it uses the fasteners along with small zip ties to help the turtles heal their broken shells.

The North Carolina-based group urges people to send in their old bras, or purchase the clasps on their Amazon wishlist if anyone is willing to buy them.

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“If we get bras that are in good shape we will donate them to the local shelter. The ones that are no longer usable we will recycle the clasps. So please don’t make negative comments about how we are taking things away from needy women. We can do both!!” the group said.

More information about Carolina Waterfowl can be found on the group’s Facebook page.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group 65608952_10161793909775063_302194624796033024_n North Carolina wildlife rescue seeking bra clasps to fix broken turtle shells Nicole Darrah fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/north-carolina fox-news/style-and-beauty fox-news/science/wild-nature/reptiles fox-news/science/wild-nature fox-news/odd-news fox news fnc/science fnc article 7a5b1ba5-4074-59f7-94d8-a03119bb7fc1   Westlake Legal Group 65608952_10161793909775063_302194624796033024_n North Carolina wildlife rescue seeking bra clasps to fix broken turtle shells Nicole Darrah fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/north-carolina fox-news/style-and-beauty fox-news/science/wild-nature/reptiles fox-news/science/wild-nature fox-news/odd-news fox news fnc/science fnc article 7a5b1ba5-4074-59f7-94d8-a03119bb7fc1

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Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness

A swath of South America is set to enjoy a total solar eclipse.

The July 2 solar eclipse will plunge part of the continent into darkness, with the line of totality stretching across areas of Chile and Argentina. Weather permitting, a partial eclipse will also be visible in some places in Ecuador, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, according to timeanddate.com.

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun and scores a bull’s-eye by completely blotting out the sunlight.

SOLAR ECLIPSE 2017 IN PICTURES

Tourists from around the world are expected to flock to the line of totality to witness the unusual event.

The line of totality also passes within a mile of the site for the planned Giant Magellan Telescope at La Serena, on the edge of the Atacama Desert in Chile.

“We are very much looking forward to seeing the total solar eclipse in July,” said Patrick McCarthy, astronomer and vice president of the Giant Magellan Telescope, in a statement emailed to Fox News. “We will also enjoy the spectacular Chilean night sky and get a first-hand look at the progress of construction at the GMT site. It promises to be a great week.”

SOLAR ECLIPSE: THE BIG EVENT IS FINALLY HERE

The powerful 1,500-ton Giant Magellan Telescope, which is expected to be operational in 2025, aims to expand our understanding of the universe.

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A photo taken during the total solar eclipse on Aug. 2017. (NASA/Gopalswamy)

The full eclipse in South America begins at 2:01:08 p.m. EDT and ends at 4:44:46 p.m. EDT on July 2, according to timeanddate.com.

Many Americans, of course, will fondly remember the solar eclipse of 2017, which captivated millions of people across the country.

WHAT CAUSES A TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE?

The coast-to-coast eclipse on Aug. 21 of that year carved a 70-mile wide path of totality from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic, with hordes of people donning solar eclipse glasses to experience the unusual event. The eclipse, which began in Oregon and ended in South Carolina, was the first to cross the continental U.S. since 1918.

Westlake Legal Group 04_rtr4u5bj Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

File photo – People look at a total solar eclipse on Svalbard March 20, 2015. (REUTERS/Haakon Mosvold Larsen/NTB scanpix)

Families from all over the country flocked to cities in the line of totality, such as Charleston and Nashville, which hosted over 1 million visitors.

The Giant Magellan Telescope’s McCarthy told Fox News that he was in Oregon for the 2017 eclipse. “Words cannot describe the unique sensation of totality,” he explained, via email.

WHAT CAUSES A TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE?

The next total solar eclipse in the U.S. will be in 2024 and the next coast-to-coast one won’t be until 2045.

Westlake Legal Group 05_rts1cpf8 Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

File photo – Enthusiasts Tanner Person (R) and Josh Blink, both from Vacaville, California, watch a total solar eclipse while standing atop Carroll Rim Trail at Painted Hills, a unit of the John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, near Mitchell, Oregon, U.S. August 21, 2017. (REUTERS/Adrees Latif)

NASA will be closely monitoring the July 2 total eclipse in South America. “Studying the Sun during total solar eclipses helps scientists understand the source and behavior of solar radiation that drives space weather near Earth, which can affect the health of astronauts in space and the durability of materials used to build spacecraft,” it explains NASA, on its website. “Similar data will be important in planning NASA’s return of astronauts to the Moon in 2024 and eventual crewed missions to Mars.”

The space agency will be live-streaming the total solar eclipse with the Exploratorium in San Francisco. NASA will also be providing updates from its Parker Solar Probe.

NASA’S PARKER SOLAR PROBE BLASTS OFF ON EPIC JOURNEY TO ‘TOUCH THE SUN’

The Probe blasted off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station atop a United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket on Aug. 12, 2018. The $1.5 billion mission is taking humanity closer to the Sun than ever before.

Westlake Legal Group 09_ap17233677630370 Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

File photo – In this multiple exposure photograph, the phases of a partial solar eclipse are seen over the Gateway Arch on Monday, Aug. 21, 2017, in St. Louis. The Gateway Arch was just a few miles outside of the path of totality. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson)

In October 2018, the Probe clinched the record for closest approach to the Sun by a man-made object. In April 2019, Parker completed its second close approach, coming within 15 million miles of the star.

On its closest approach in 2024, the probe will come within 3.8 million miles of the Sun’s surface. It will also be traveling at approximately 430,000 mph, setting a new speed record for a manmade object.

NASA’S PARKER SOLAR PROBE BREAKS RECORD, BECOMES CLOSEST SPACECRAFT TO THE SUN

Westlake Legal Group proba-2-satellite-partial-eclipse Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

ESA’s Proba-2 satellite experienced 3 partial solar eclipses during the total solar eclipse of Nov. 13, 2012 (EST). This image is taken from a video made by the spacecraft. (ESA)

Other spacecraft will also be monitoring the July 2 eclipse in South America. In addition to the Parker Solar Probe, NASA will be providing updates from its Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission, which uses four spacecraft in near-Earth orbit to study the area of space dominated by our planet’s magnetic field.

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Another total solar eclipse will be visible in South America on Dec. 14, 2020.

The Associated Press and Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group NASATotalSolarEclipse2017 Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59   Westlake Legal Group NASATotalSolarEclipse2017 Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

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NASA headed towards giant golden asteroid that could make everyone on Earth a billionaire

NASA is eyeing up a nearby asteroid that contains enough gold to make everyone on Earth a billionaire.

Psyche 16 is nestled between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter and is made of solid metal.

As well as gold, the mysterious object is loaded with heaps of platinum, iron and nickel.

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In total, it’s estimated that Psyche’s various metals are worth a gargantuan $10,000 quadrillion.

That means if we carried it back to Earth, it would destroy commodity prices and cause the world’s economy – worth $75.5 trillion – to collapse.

We’ve known about Psyche 16 for a while, but its potential to cause havoc on Earth was recently touched upon by a veteran miner.

Scott Moore, who heads up EuroSun Mining, said the sheer amount of gold in the asteroid threatens to throw the gold industry into chaos.

“The ‘Titans of Gold’ now control hundreds of the best-producing properties around the world,” he told Oil Price.

“But the 4-5 million ounces of gold they bring to the market every year pales in comparison to the conquests available in space.”

Nasa is launching a mission to probe the asteroid in summer 2022. Dubbed the Discovery Mission, it will arrive at Psyche 16 around 2026.

But bringing back an asteroid of this value could completely wipe out our global economy.

Fortunately, the space agency is taking the trip for scientific purposes and isn’t planning on conducting any mining.

It reckons 16 Psyche is a survivor of violent hit-and-run collisions between planets which were common when the solar system was forming.

That means it could tell us how Earth’s core and the cores of the other terrestrial planets were formed.

Two space mining companies – backed by big name celebs – are gearing up for a gold rush after asteroid ownership was made legal in 2015.

Deep Space Industries and Planetary Resources each have their eyes on the 2011 UW158 asteroid which is twice the size of the Tower of London and worth up to $5.7 trillion.

This story originally appeared in The Sun.

Westlake Legal Group pysche-16-nasa NASA headed towards giant golden asteroid that could make everyone on Earth a billionaire The Sun Senior Digital Technology and Science Reporter Harry Pettit fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/asteroids fnc/science fnc article 04fdd24f-812d-5844-aea6-b7adb03beee0   Westlake Legal Group pysche-16-nasa NASA headed towards giant golden asteroid that could make everyone on Earth a billionaire The Sun Senior Digital Technology and Science Reporter Harry Pettit fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/asteroids fnc/science fnc article 04fdd24f-812d-5844-aea6-b7adb03beee0

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Ancient crocodiles had vegetarian cousins that roamed the planet 200 million years ago, research shows

Modern crocodiles had ancient vegetarian cousins that roamed the planet 200 million years ago, research shows.

Tooth fossils revealed between three and six members of the crocodile and alligator family had specialized teeth for chewing on plants.

Researchers reconstructed their vegetarian diets by analyzing the fossils of 146 teeth from 16 crocodyliforms.

Many of their “complex” sets of teeth were shaped unlike any modern day herbivore until the plant-eaters were wiped out along with the dinosaurs 66 million years ago.

Study author Keegan Melstrom, a doctoral student at the University of Utah, US, said: “The most interesting thing we discovered was how frequently it seems extinct crocodyliforms ate plants.

“Carnivores possess simple teeth whereas herbivores have much more complex teeth.

“Omnivores, organisms that eat both plant and animal material, fall somewhere in between.

Westlake Legal Group crocodile-swns-2 Ancient crocodiles had vegetarian cousins that roamed the planet 200 million years ago, research shows SWNS fox-news/science/wild-nature/reptiles fox-news/science/archaeology/fossils fnc/science fnc article 72c65bdc-7567-5f2f-b220-c2ec7eb3e5fc

Tooth fossils revealed between three and six members of the crocodile and alligator family had specialized teeth for chewing on plants. Researchers reconstructed their vegetarian diets by analyzing the fossils of 146 teeth from 16 crocodyliforms. Many of their “complex” sets of teeth were shaped unlike any modern day herbivore until the plant-eaters were wiped out along with the dinosaurs 66 million years ago. (Credit: SWNS)

“Our study indicates that complexly-shaped teeth, which we infer to indicate herbivory, appear in the extinct relatives of crocodiles at least three times and maybe as many as six.

“Part of my earlier research showed that this pattern holds in living reptiles that have teeth, such as crocodylians and lizards.

“So these results told us that the basic pattern between diet and teeth is found in both mammals and reptiles, despite very different tooth shapes, and is applicable to extinct reptiles.”

All crocodylians alive today have a similar body shape with relatively simple, conical teeth ideal for their semi-aquatic generalist carnivore lifestyles.

But the tooth fossils in the study were clearly non-carnivorous and appeared to have specialized forms not seen in modern day animals.

Mr. Melstrom and Dr. Randall Irmis, chief curator of paleontology at the Natural History Museum of Utah, US, compared the tooth complexity of extinct crocodyliforms to those of living animals to work out what they ate.

They used a method that was originally developed for use in living mammals – measuring the teeth’s dimensions and morphological features at a resolution of 25 data rows per tooth.

Mr. Melstrom said the unexpected variety in crocodyliforms’ teeth showed they were able to thrive in a greater range of ecological environments than previously thought.

He also found the plant-eaters appeared early in the evolutionary history of the family, shortly after the end-Triassic mass extinction some 200 million years ago.

They existed until the end-Cretaceous mass extinction that killed off all dinosaurs except birds.

Westlake Legal Group 3dddc4db-crocodile-swns-3 Ancient crocodiles had vegetarian cousins that roamed the planet 200 million years ago, research shows SWNS fox-news/science/wild-nature/reptiles fox-news/science/archaeology/fossils fnc/science fnc article 72c65bdc-7567-5f2f-b220-c2ec7eb3e5fc

Many of their “complex” sets of teeth were shaped unlike any modern day herbivore until the plant-eaters were wiped out along with the dinosaurs 66 million years ago. (Credit: SWNS)

The fossil analysis suggested that between three and six species evolved herbivore diets during in Mesozoic era.

Mr. Melstrom said: “Our work demonstrates that extinct crocodyliforms had an incredibly varied diet.

“Some were similar to living crocodylians and were primarily carnivorous, others were omnivores and still others likely specialized in plants.

“The herbivores lived on different continents at different times, some alongside mammals and mammal relatives, and others did not.

“This suggests that an herbivorous crocodyliform was successful in a variety of environments.”

He planned to continue to reconstruct the diets of extinct crocodyliforms, including in fossilized species that are missing teeth.

The researcher also wanted to understand why the extinct relatives of crocodiles diversified so radically after one mass extinction but not the one that killed the dinosaurs – and whether dietary ecology could have played a role.

The study by the University of Utah and the National History Museum of Utah in the US was published in the journal Current Biology.

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Mars may have hosted life earlier than Earth did, study says

A new study suggests that life may have existed on Mars hundreds of millions of years prior to its emergence on Earth.

The Red Planet may have been ripe for life as early as 4.48 billion years ago, after “life-inhibiting meteorites stopped striking the planet,” according to the study. And it’s possible that life could’ve thrived between 4.2 billion and 3.5 billion years ago, according to comments made by the study’s lead author, Desmond Moser.

“Giant meteorite impacts on Mars between 4.2 and 3.5 billion years ago may have actually accelerated the release of early waters from the interior of the planet setting the stage for life-forming reactions,” Moser said in a statement. “This work may point out good places to get samples returned from Mars.”

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Tiny igneous zircon grains within this rock fragment were fractured by the launch from Mars but otherwise unaltered for more than 4.4 billion years. The images was taken with an optical polarizing compound microscope Western’s Zircon & Accessory Phase Laboratory. (Credit: Desmond Moser, Western University)

MYSTERIOUS WHITE LIGHT ON MARS SEEN IN NASA PHOTO

The study analyzed some of the oldest known Martian minerals, looking at zircon and baddeleyite grains seen in Martian meteorites, utilizing electron microscopy and atom probe tomography.

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The planet Mars showing Terra Meridiani is seen in an undated NASA image. REUTERS/NASA/Greg Shirah

“[Ninety-seven percent] of the grains exhibit weak-to-no shock metamorphic features and no thermal overprints from shock-induced melting,” the study’s abstract reads. “By contrast, about 80 [percent] of the studied grains from bombarded crust on Earth and the Moon show such features. The giant impact proposed to have created Mars’ hemispheric dichotomy must, therefore, have taken place more than 4.48 Gyr ago, with no later cataclysmic bombardments.”

NASA PICKS LANDING SPOT FOR MARS 2020 ROVER IN HUNT FOR ALIEN LIFE

Mars is generally assumed to have formed approximately 4.6 billion years ago and Earth soon followed, approximately 60 million years later. Life is generally assumed to have first appeared on Earth approximately 3.5 billion years ago.

The research was published earlier this week in the scientific journal, Nature Geoscience.

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