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Westlake Legal Group > fnc/science (Page 8)

Amazing ‘shapeshifter’ robots could explore Saturn’s moon Titan

New shapeshifting robots from NASA could give us new access to far-flung parts of the galaxy — including Saturn’s moon Titan.

The Shapeshifter concept is being developed at the space agency’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and NASA describes it as a “contraption that looks like a drone encased in an elongated hamster wheel rolls across the yard, then splits in half.”

The Shapeshifter concept is something that will eventually allow for exploration of Saturn’s moon Titan, which is the only other world in the solar system known to have liquid in the form of methane lakes, rivers and seas on its surface, according to JPL Principal Investigator Ali Agha.

3 MONSTER BLACK HOLES ARE GOING TO COLLIDE

Westlake Legal Group nasa-jpl-shapeshifter-robots Amazing 'shapeshifter' robots could explore Saturn's moon Titan fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 19609bee-3d25-5885-a04d-e77356937626

An artist’s depiction of a fleet of Shapeshifter robots exploring Saturn’s moon Titan. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Marilynn Flynn)

“We have very limited information about the composition of the surface. Rocky terrain, methane lakes, cryovolcanoes – we potentially have all of these, but we don’t know for certain,” Agha said in a statement. “So we thought about how to create a system that is versatile and capable of traversing different types of terrain but also compact enough to launch on a rocket.”

NASA sees Shapeshifter as comprising several autonomous robots, known as “cobots,” that would be able to self-assemble into larger contraptions. They would then be able to move together or separate depending on the needs of the mission.

Agha sees a “mothercraft” type of lander that would touch down on Titan and serve as an energy source for the cobots while also carrying scientific instruments. Flight is easier on Titan, which has a dense atmosphere and low gravity.

SLEEPING OCTOPUS’ AMAZING COLOR SHIFTS REVEALED IN NEW FILM

Westlake Legal Group prototype-nasa-jpl Amazing 'shapeshifter' robots could explore Saturn's moon Titan fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 19609bee-3d25-5885-a04d-e77356937626

A prototype of the transforming robot Shapeshifter is tested in the robotics yard at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

“It is often the case that some of the hardest places to get to are the most scientifically interesting because maybe they’re the youngest, or they’re in an area that was not well characterized from orbit,” Jason Hofgartner, JPL’s lead scientist for Shapeshifter, said in the same statement. “Shapeshifter’s remarkable versatility enables access to all of these scientifically compelling places.”

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Westlake Legal Group nasa-jpl-shapeshifter-robots Amazing 'shapeshifter' robots could explore Saturn's moon Titan fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 19609bee-3d25-5885-a04d-e77356937626   Westlake Legal Group nasa-jpl-shapeshifter-robots Amazing 'shapeshifter' robots could explore Saturn's moon Titan fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 19609bee-3d25-5885-a04d-e77356937626

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Huge cosmic structures already existed when the universe was a baby

Astronomers have discovered the oldest cluster of galaxies ever seen, which dates to the early universe.

The discovery, which could help explain the shape of the modern cosmos, reveals 12 galaxies that existed in a clump 13 billion years ago — just about 700 million years after the Big Bang. We can see them now because they’re so far away in the expanding universe (13 billion light-years) that their starlight is only now reaching Earth. One of the galaxies, a mammoth named Himiko after a mythological Japanese queen, was discovered a decade ago by the same team.

Surprisingly, the other 11 galaxies aren’t clustered around the giant Himiko, the researchers wrote in a paper that will be published on Sept. 30 in The Astrophysical Journal and is available as a draft on the website arXiv. Instead, Himiko sits at the edge of the system, which the researchers call a “protocluster” because it’s so small and ancient compared to most of the clusters we can see in the universe.

Related: 11 Fascinating Facts About Our Milky Way Galaxy

“It is reasonable to find a protocluster near a massive object, such as Himiko. However, we’re surprised to see that Himiko was located not in the center of the protocluster but on the edge, 500 million light-years away from the center,” Masami Ouchi, a co-author of the paper and an astronomer at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and the University of Tokyo, said in a statement.

Understanding how galaxy clusters came to turns out to be important for understanding the galaxies they contain. Most galaxies, including the Milky Way, show up in clumps with other galaxies, so the galaxies aren’t evenly distributed throughout the universe. And that clumping seems to affect their behavior, astronomers have said. Galaxies in high-density, clumped environments full of galaxies form stars in different ways than do galaxies in low-density environments empty of galaxies. And the impact of clumping seems to have changed over time, the researchers said.

In more recent times, the researchers wrote in the paper, “there is a clear trend that the star-formation activity of galaxies tends to be lower in high-density environment than low-density environment.”

So, clumped-up galaxies these days form stars less often than their more independent cousins do. It’s as if they’re aging faster in their clusters, the researchers wrote, becoming geriatric and giving up on making new stars.

But in the ancient universe, the trend seems to have been reversed. Galaxies in highly packed clusters formed stars faster, not slower, remaining young and spry compared with their cousins not in dense clusters.

Still, “protoclusters” like this one from the early eons of the universe are rarely found and are poorly understood, the researchers wrote. These clumps tend to be much smaller than modern examples, which can contain hundreds of galaxies.

The further back telescopes peer into time, the fewer protoclusters turn up. It’s possible many of them are simply obscured by intergalactic dust. The astronomers hope, they wrote, that the new discovery will help flesh out the picture and explain how the state of things 13 billion years ago changed over time to produce that clustered universe we see today.

Originally published on Live Science.

Westlake Legal Group huge-cosmic-structures Huge cosmic structures already existed when the universe was a baby Rafi Letzter LiveScience fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fnc/science fnc ccdbdcfc-f186-5bb0-a801-e043bf7c0743 article   Westlake Legal Group huge-cosmic-structures Huge cosmic structures already existed when the universe was a baby Rafi Letzter LiveScience fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fnc/science fnc ccdbdcfc-f186-5bb0-a801-e043bf7c0743 article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

More than 130 dolphins die on island beach off West Africa in mysterious mass stranding

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6090414416001_6090422130001-vs More than 130 dolphins die on island beach off West Africa in mysterious mass stranding Stephen Sorace fox-news/world/world-regions/africa fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc bb1f2307-649b-5f29-a4a7-e15b63dee449 article

More than 130 dolphins died on an island beach off West Africa last week in a mysterious mass stranding event that has left experts puzzled as they investigate the cause.

Locals and tourists found around 163 melon-headed dolphins stranding themselves on a beach on the island of Boa Vista, BIOS Cape Verde, a volunteer environmental association, wrote on Facebook Wednesday.

GEORGIA BEACHGOERS RESCUE WHALES MASS STRANDED ON SHORE, WILDLIFE OFFICIALS SAY

Hundreds of volunteers tried dragging the mammals out to sea. Despite their best efforts, many returned to the shore where they died.

Bulldozers buried 136 dead dolphins on the beach.

Scientists from BIOS took samples from 50 dolphins and froze four carcasses for a necropsy, the group wrote Friday.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

An official with the organization told local news outlet OPAIS on Saturday that there was still no “right explanation” for the deaths.

Spanish veterinarians from the University of Las Palmas in Spain’s Canary Islands are due in the coming days to perform tests on the carcasses.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6090414416001_6090422130001-vs More than 130 dolphins die on island beach off West Africa in mysterious mass stranding Stephen Sorace fox-news/world/world-regions/africa fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc bb1f2307-649b-5f29-a4a7-e15b63dee449 article   Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6090414416001_6090422130001-vs More than 130 dolphins die on island beach off West Africa in mysterious mass stranding Stephen Sorace fox-news/world/world-regions/africa fox-news/science/wild-nature/mammals fox news fnc/science fnc bb1f2307-649b-5f29-a4a7-e15b63dee449 article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Wild elk attacks woman at Colorado park, 2 people injured: ‘never ever get that close’

Westlake Legal Group elk Wild elk attacks woman at Colorado park, 2 people injured: 'never ever get that close' Paulina Dedaj fox-news/us/us-regions/west/colorado fox-news/science/wild-nature fox news fnc/science fnc article 14111421-f2fc-5d45-9288-5f40eebafd8d

Two people were injured Thursday after an elk violently charged at a woman in Estes Park, Colorado, officials said.

In a video recorded by a witness, a woman can be seen on the ground using her feet to fend off a bull elk that had charged at her with its antlers.

COLORADO WOMAN PLACES WILD BOBCAT IN BACKSEAT ‘JUST FEET AWAY’ FROM SON, 3: ‘THIS COULD HAVE BEEN TRAGIC’

The adult male, which can weigh up to 1,100 pounds and can stand at 5-feet tall, backs off before charging at the woman after she begins to move.

In a second video, Estes Park public works employee Brian Berg is seen driving his Ford Ranger pickup truck between the woman and the bull elk. At that point, the animal charges at the car and strikes it head-on.

“I’ve never had to do that before, but I saw people in trouble and I figured I could get there quick,” Berg told FOX31. “I knew the best thing for me to do at that point in time was to get the truck in between them.”

A second man was injured during the incident after he jumped out of the way of the animal, slipped and hit his head on a rock, NBC News reported. He can be seen in the video on the ground not far from the woman.

JOGGER RESCUES DEER FROM FENCE TWICE: ‘YOUR A– BETTER NOT GET STUCK AGAIN!’

The woman was not seriously injured and did not seek medical attention but the man was taken to the hospital in unknown condition, officials said.

Colorado Parks and Wildlife officials are warning visitors to avoid the large animals as they are in the midst of mating season

CPW spokesman Jason Clay told FOX31 that the people in the videos were too close to the elk.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

“We are in the rut (breeding season) and bull elk will very aggressively defend their harems. Bull elk will fight over breeding rights,” he said. “Let the elk move away on their own, never ever get that close because something like this could happen.”

Officials said they had an issue with the same elk the day prior.

Westlake Legal Group elk Wild elk attacks woman at Colorado park, 2 people injured: 'never ever get that close' Paulina Dedaj fox-news/us/us-regions/west/colorado fox-news/science/wild-nature fox news fnc/science fnc article 14111421-f2fc-5d45-9288-5f40eebafd8d   Westlake Legal Group elk Wild elk attacks woman at Colorado park, 2 people injured: 'never ever get that close' Paulina Dedaj fox-news/us/us-regions/west/colorado fox-news/science/wild-nature fox news fnc/science fnc article 14111421-f2fc-5d45-9288-5f40eebafd8d

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice

From mining clean energy to harnessing polar ice for rocket fuel propellant, America’s return to the moon could unlock a vast trove of space resources, according to NASA astronaut Drew Feustel.

NASA’s Artemis program aims to land American astronauts on the moon by 2024 and establish a sustainable human presence on Earth’s natural satellite.

“I think it’s going to be to build efficiencies in our space economy – there are mining resources, rocket fuel potential, there is solar energy that’s not impeded by the atmosphere,” Feustel told Fox News. “We don’t know what resources are there because we haven’t explored it yet.”

NASA REVEALS ITS VISION FOR THE ARTEMIS MOON LANDER THAT WILL RETURN US ASTRONAUTS TO THE LUNAR SURFACE

Feustel highlighted, in particular, the moon’s polar ice caps, which have been garnering a great deal of attention in the build-up to the Artemis missions. “We do believe that there’s massive amounts of frozen water up there,” he said, adding that this could be used in the production of rocket fuel. “It’s a pretty efficient place to have a water storage solution to make propellants for rocket fuel.”

Westlake Legal Group DrewFeustelGetty2018 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

NASA astronaut Andrew Feustel rests in a chair shortly after landing in a remote area outside the town of Dzhezkazgan (Zhezkazgan), Kazakhstan, on Oct. 4, 2018. (MAXIM SHIPENKOV/AFP/Getty Images)

Other possibilities include mining the lunar surface for Helium-3, according to Feustel. Helium-3 is a non-radioactive isotope that could be used for power.

The Artemis program will also make history by landing the first woman on the moon. “At this point, any of the 45 active astronauts are fair game for missions to the moon,” Feustel said. “We’re all interested in this mission.”

NASA CHIEF: FUTURE ARTEMIS MOON MISSIONS WILL BUILD ON APOLLO 11’S INCREDIBLE LEGACY

Feustel, who has a Ph.D. in geological sciences, told Fox News that he would love to see the lunar surface up close.

Westlake Legal Group 5a0c125e-03_rts1ooe2 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

The Soyuz MS-08 spacecraft carrying the crew of astronauts Drew Feustel and Ricky Arnold of the U.S and crewmate Oleg Artemyev of Russia blasts off to the International Space Station (ISS) from the launchpad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, March 21, 2018. (REUTERS/Shamil Zhumatov)

A veteran of three spaceflights, he also acknowledges that the 2024 deadline is looming. “It is close and it’s a formidable challenge for us,” he said. “The key is going to be the allocation of funds – I think we can do it with the right funding in place.”

“Nothing will happen if we can’t get the federal government to provide the allocation and for everyone to get on board — that’s what we’re working on,” he added.

BUZZ ALDRIN PREDICTS ARTEMIS PROGRAM WILL LEAVE DECADES-LONG LEGACY LIKE APOLLO

Feustel recently announced the winners of Emmy’s in science and technology programming at Lincoln Center in New York. The nominations were announced by astronauts on the International Space Station.  “It brought some visibility to the work that NASA is doing,” Feustel told Fox News.

Westlake Legal Group NASAArtemisLander2 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

Artist’s rendering of an ascent vehicle separating from a descent vehicle and departing the lunar surface. (NASA)

NASA recently revealed details of its vision for the Artemis Moon Lander that will return U.S. astronauts to the lunar surface.

In a notice posted to the Federal Business Opportunities website, NASA seeks “proposals from industry for the development of integrated human lunar landers and execution of crewed flight demonstrations to the lunar surface by 2024.”

ON APOLLO 11 ANNIVERSARY, PENCE ANNOUNCES THAT ORION CAPSULE FOR MANNED MOON MISSIONS IS READY FOR DEBUT FLIGHT

Speaking at Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing on July 20, Vice President Mike Pence also announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the moon is ready.

Westlake Legal Group NASAArtemisLander3 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

Artist’s impression of the Artemis Lander on the lunar surface. (NASA)

In documents posted on the FBO website, NASA explains that astronauts will be flown in an Orion spacecraft to the ‘Gateway,’ a space station orbiting the moon. The Gateway vessel will be used to support the transfer of crew and supplies into the Moon Lander.

Initial mission capability for 2024 involves landing two astronauts on the moon’s South Pole. Astronauts will live and work out of the lander for 6.5 days, according to NASA.

TO PREPARE ASTRONAUTS FOR THE MOON, NASA IS USING A GIANT WATER TANK

Longer term, the lander will need to transport four people to the lunar South Pole.

Westlake Legal Group NASANickHagueArtemis NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

NASA astronaut Nick Hague sporting the Artemis logo during a spacewalk on Aug. 22. (NASA)

NASA anticipates that a three-stage landing system will be used to take astronauts to and from the lunar surface. “The three-stage concept includes a transfer element for the journey from the lunar Gateway to low-lunar orbit, a descent element to carry the crew to the surface, and an ascent element to return them to the Gateway,” it explained, in a statement. “From there, they would board Orion for the 250,000-mile trip back to Earth.”

The space agency, however, says that it is also interested in alternative approaches “that can accomplish the same long-term goals of global lunar access and a reusable landing system.”

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

After Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the moon on July 20, 1969, only 10 more men, all Americans, walked on the lunar surface. The last NASA astronaut to set foot on the moon was Apollo 17 Mission Cmdr. Gene Cernan on Dec. 14, 1972.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group DrewFeustelGetty2018 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412   Westlake Legal Group DrewFeustelGetty2018 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice

From mining clean energy to harnessing polar ice for rocket fuel propellant, America’s return to the moon could unlock a vast trove of space resources, according to NASA astronaut Drew Feustel.

NASA’s Artemis program aims to land American astronauts on the moon by 2024 and establish a sustainable human presence on Earth’s natural satellite.

“I think it’s going to be to build efficiencies in our space economy – there are mining resources, rocket fuel potential, there is solar energy that’s not impeded by the atmosphere,” Feustel told Fox News. “We don’t know what resources are there because we haven’t explored it yet.”

NASA REVEALS ITS VISION FOR THE ARTEMIS MOON LANDER THAT WILL RETURN US ASTRONAUTS TO THE LUNAR SURFACE

Feustel highlighted, in particular, the moon’s polar ice caps, which have been garnering a great deal of attention in the build-up to the Artemis missions. “We do believe that there’s massive amounts of frozen water up there,” he said, adding that this could be used in the production of rocket fuel. “It’s a pretty efficient place to have a water storage solution to make propellants for rocket fuel.”

Westlake Legal Group DrewFeustelGetty2018 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

NASA astronaut Andrew Feustel rests in a chair shortly after landing in a remote area outside the town of Dzhezkazgan (Zhezkazgan), Kazakhstan, on Oct. 4, 2018. (MAXIM SHIPENKOV/AFP/Getty Images)

Other possibilities include mining the lunar surface for Helium-3, according to Feustel. Helium-3 is a non-radioactive isotope that could be used for power.

The Artemis program will also make history by landing the first woman on the moon. “At this point, any of the 45 active astronauts are fair game for missions to the moon,” Feustel said. “We’re all interested in this mission.”

NASA CHIEF: FUTURE ARTEMIS MOON MISSIONS WILL BUILD ON APOLLO 11’S INCREDIBLE LEGACY

Feustel, who has a Ph.D. in geological sciences, told Fox News that he would love to see the lunar surface up close.

Westlake Legal Group 5a0c125e-03_rts1ooe2 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

The Soyuz MS-08 spacecraft carrying the crew of astronauts Drew Feustel and Ricky Arnold of the U.S and crewmate Oleg Artemyev of Russia blasts off to the International Space Station (ISS) from the launchpad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, March 21, 2018. (REUTERS/Shamil Zhumatov)

A veteran of three spaceflights, he also acknowledges that the 2024 deadline is looming. “It is close and it’s a formidable challenge for us,” he said. “The key is going to be the allocation of funds – I think we can do it with the right funding in place.”

“Nothing will happen if we can’t get the federal government to provide the allocation and for everyone to get on board — that’s what we’re working on,” he added.

BUZZ ALDRIN PREDICTS ARTEMIS PROGRAM WILL LEAVE DECADES-LONG LEGACY LIKE APOLLO

Feustel recently announced the winners of Emmy’s in science and technology programming at Lincoln Center in New York. The nominations were announced by astronauts on the International Space Station.  “It brought some visibility to the work that NASA is doing,” Feustel told Fox News.

Westlake Legal Group NASAArtemisLander2 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

Artist’s rendering of an ascent vehicle separating from a descent vehicle and departing the lunar surface. (NASA)

NASA recently revealed details of its vision for the Artemis Moon Lander that will return U.S. astronauts to the lunar surface.

In a notice posted to the Federal Business Opportunities website, NASA seeks “proposals from industry for the development of integrated human lunar landers and execution of crewed flight demonstrations to the lunar surface by 2024.”

ON APOLLO 11 ANNIVERSARY, PENCE ANNOUNCES THAT ORION CAPSULE FOR MANNED MOON MISSIONS IS READY FOR DEBUT FLIGHT

Speaking at Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing on July 20, Vice President Mike Pence also announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the moon is ready.

Westlake Legal Group NASAArtemisLander3 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

Artist’s impression of the Artemis Lander on the lunar surface. (NASA)

In documents posted on the FBO website, NASA explains that astronauts will be flown in an Orion spacecraft to the ‘Gateway,’ a space station orbiting the moon. The Gateway vessel will be used to support the transfer of crew and supplies into the Moon Lander.

Initial mission capability for 2024 involves landing two astronauts on the moon’s South Pole. Astronauts will live and work out of the lander for 6.5 days, according to NASA.

TO PREPARE ASTRONAUTS FOR THE MOON, NASA IS USING A GIANT WATER TANK

Longer term, the lander will need to transport four people to the lunar South Pole.

Westlake Legal Group NASANickHagueArtemis NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

NASA astronaut Nick Hague sporting the Artemis logo during a spacewalk on Aug. 22. (NASA)

NASA anticipates that a three-stage landing system will be used to take astronauts to and from the lunar surface. “The three-stage concept includes a transfer element for the journey from the lunar Gateway to low-lunar orbit, a descent element to carry the crew to the surface, and an ascent element to return them to the Gateway,” it explained, in a statement. “From there, they would board Orion for the 250,000-mile trip back to Earth.”

The space agency, however, says that it is also interested in alternative approaches “that can accomplish the same long-term goals of global lunar access and a reusable landing system.”

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

After Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the moon on July 20, 1969, only 10 more men, all Americans, walked on the lunar surface. The last NASA astronaut to set foot on the moon was Apollo 17 Mission Cmdr. Gene Cernan on Dec. 14, 1972.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group DrewFeustelGetty2018 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412   Westlake Legal Group DrewFeustelGetty2018 NASA astronaut eyes moon jackpot, ranging from space mining to polar ice James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 19f7902a-242f-58be-bcce-5e73fb889412

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

3 monster black holes are going to collide

Three supermassive black holes are poised to collide.

These three monsters stand near one another in a system of merging galaxies that’s about a billion light-years from Earth, according to a new study published in The Astrophysical Journal.

“We were only looking for pairs of black holes at the time, and yet, through our selection technique, we stumbled upon this amazing system,” said Ryan Pfeifle of George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, the first author of the new study, in a statement. “This is the strongest evidence yet found for such a triple system of actively feeding supermassive black holes.”

Researchers had to combine data from telescopes on the ground and in space in order to pinpoint this rare black hole trifecta, according to NASA.

SLEEPING OCTOPUS’ AMAZING COLOR SHIFTS REVEALED IN NEW FILM

Westlake Legal Group two-supermassive-black-holes-getty-images 3 monster black holes are going to collide fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone bc6bb1a5-edab-5fa9-a8a0-54f309490b2d article

This artistic interpretation shows two black holes on a collision course. In the newfound system, three supermassive black holes are going to merge. (MARK GARLICK/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images)

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One challenge in finding the three supermassive black holes, according to scientists, is that they are likely to be covered in gas and dust, which would block much of their light.

“Through the use of these major observatories, we have identified a new way of identifying triple supermassive black holes. Each telescope gives us a different clue about what’s going on in these systems,” said Pfeifle. “We hope to extend our work to find more triples using the same technique.”

If you’re keeping track: The system where the black holes are located is known as SDSS J084905.51+111447.2.

Westlake Legal Group two-supermassive-black-holes-getty-images 3 monster black holes are going to collide fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone bc6bb1a5-edab-5fa9-a8a0-54f309490b2d article   Westlake Legal Group two-supermassive-black-holes-getty-images 3 monster black holes are going to collide fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone bc6bb1a5-edab-5fa9-a8a0-54f309490b2d article

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Ancient Roman fort found in England: ‘Very important and completely unexpected’

The remains of an ancient Roman fort dating back nearly 2,000 years have been unearthed underneath a bus station in southern England.

The fort, located in Exeter, is a “very important and completely unexpected” find, according to city officials, who are working on redeveloping the area.

“This is a very important, and completely unexpected, discovery, in an area that has been heavily changed by previous post war redevelopment,” Exeter City Council member Andrew Pye said in a statement. “Along with other recent work in Exeter, it demonstrates just how much of the city’s history can still survive in unlikely places, despite damage caused by bombing and modern concrete foundations.”

Westlake Legal Group Archaeology-Dig-1-Exeter-City-Council Ancient Roman fort found in England: 'Very important and completely unexpected' fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc fa477bac-d57e-5743-a2ff-90658d2fd2a4 Chris Ciaccia article

(Credit: Exeter City Council)

ANCIENT ROMAN MINE WITH ‘SOME OF THE WORLD’S RICHEST MINERAL DEPOSITS IN THE WORLD’ DISCOVERED IN ENGLAND

Pye added: “This discovery of yet another new Roman ‘fort’ within the city does demonstrate, along with that of the fortress and baths back in the 1970s and of several other new major military sites in the last decade, just how pivotal a role the Exeter area played in the first decades of the Roman conquest and subjugation of Britain, and how crucial development led archaeology has been in revealing this.”

In addition to the fort, which was built in the cathedral city in 55 A.D., coins and pottery made for the military and “fine red Samian tableware imported from France” were discovered.

The ancient fort was discovered by the Exeter Office of Cotswold Archaeology, working in conjunction with Kier Construction to keep track of the city’s Roman history prior to the construction of the new bus station and a forthcoming leisure complex.

Westlake Legal Group Archaeology-Dig-2-Exeter-City-Council Ancient Roman fort found in England: 'Very important and completely unexpected' fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc fa477bac-d57e-5743-a2ff-90658d2fd2a4 Chris Ciaccia article

(Credit: Exeter City Council)

MOSAIC DISCOVERED IN ISRAELI ‘BURNT CHURCH’ MAY DEPICT JESUS’ MIRACLE OF THE LOAVES AND FISHES

Derek Evans, of Cotswold Archaeology’s Exeter Office, said they were pleased to work with Kier and the city council on the project, as the bus station, originally built in the 1960s, is replaced.

“The unexpected nature of this discovery and the significance of uncovering previously undocumented Roman military features in this area of the city, have made this a challenging and interesting project,” Evans said in the statement. “We look forward to undertaking further analysis of the finds and other material recovered during our works and refining the story of the site’s history.”

Earlier this year, a mysterious Ancient Roman road and mine were discovered by archaeologists in the English town of Cornwall.

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Westlake Legal Group Archaeology-Dig-1-Exeter-City-Council Ancient Roman fort found in England: 'Very important and completely unexpected' fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc fa477bac-d57e-5743-a2ff-90658d2fd2a4 Chris Ciaccia article   Westlake Legal Group Archaeology-Dig-1-Exeter-City-Council Ancient Roman fort found in England: 'Very important and completely unexpected' fox-news/world/world-regions/united-kingdom fox-news/science/archaeology/ancient-rome fox-news/columns/digging-history fox news fnc/science fnc fa477bac-d57e-5743-a2ff-90658d2fd2a4 Chris Ciaccia article

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‘Crypt-keeper’ wasp able to control the minds of its victims

A recently discovered wasp can apparently control the minds of its victims.

Euderus set, otherwise known as the crypt-keeper wasp, has the uncanny ability to control the actions of multiple species of gall wasps, enabling them to be parasitized and die in a horrific fashion.

Galls are abnormal, tumor-like growths on oak trees created by gall wasps as a shelter for their larvae. Once the gall wasp larvae become adults, they eat their way out of the gall and fly away. The crypt-keeper wasp (named after the Egyptian god Set who trapped his brother in a crypt before killing him) also deposits its eggs in the gall. Crypt-keeper larvae then burrow into the gall wasp hatchlings.

Westlake Legal Group crypt-keeper-wasp-1 'Crypt-keeper' wasp able to control the minds of its victims Walt Bonner fox-news/science/wild-nature/insects fox news fnc/science fnc c4f5f073-6c83-5368-8fb8-2077b9f0f32f article

(Credit: University of Iowa)

WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHER CAPTURES IMAGES OF DRAGONFLIES COVERED IN DEW: IT ‘CLUNG TO THEIR BODIES LIKE JEWELS’ 

A host gall wasp matures and begins to chew its way out of the gall as it normally would, but then, as observed by researchers from University of Iowa and Rice University, something strange happens: the host gall wasp quits eating its way out, making a hole only large enough for its head to squeeze through.

“When the gall wasp is attacked by Euderus set (the crypt keeper), the gall wasp still starts to chew an exit hole but fails to emerge and results in what we referred to as a ‘head plug’,” the study’s lead author, Anna Ward of the University of Iowa, told Fox News. “We identified head plugs by observed wasps that had stopped chewing their exit holes and were unresponsive – and visually looks like a wasp head blocking a hole in the gall.”

After feeding on the gall wasp’s body from the inside, the crypt-keeper wasp burrows out of the hosts’ head. Alien, eat your heart out.

What’s baffling researchers is how the crypt-keeper larva, once inside the gall wasp, is somehow manipulating its host to eat such a small hole, leaving only the host’s head exposed.

“Currently, we are not certain of the mechanism in which E. set is manipulating its host,” Ward explained. “Though we predict that this is a simple mechanism that involves stopping or paralyzing the host at the right moment where it has chewed part of the exit hole but before it emerges.”

Westlake Legal Group crypt-keeper-wasp-2 'Crypt-keeper' wasp able to control the minds of its victims Walt Bonner fox-news/science/wild-nature/insects fox news fnc/science fnc c4f5f073-6c83-5368-8fb8-2077b9f0f32f article

(Credit: University of Iowa)

SPIDERS ARE GETTING ANGRIER BECAUSE OF EVOLUTIONARY TRICK TO SURVIVE ‘CLIMATE CHAOS’

To study this phenomenon, the researchers had the odious task of collecting galls in the wild, eventually gathering over 23,000 of the wasp-made shelters with over 100 species of gall wasps, along with some Crypt-keepers, inside. According to Ward, collecting the galls themselves wasn’t all that difficult.

“Oak galls are fairly common throughout North America and are found on all species of oak trees,” she said. “In order to collect the wasps, we simply collect the galls that the wasp is developing inside of.”

The team then brought those galls back to their lab and waited for the wasps to emerge, where they could observe the occasional crypt-keeper wasp in action. They eventually observed the crypt-keepers bursting out of the heads of 305 wasps from seven different gall wasp species.

The crypt-keepers were choosy about their victims as well, preferring gall wasps without spikes or fur on their bodies.

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Westlake Legal Group crypt-keeper-wasp-1 'Crypt-keeper' wasp able to control the minds of its victims Walt Bonner fox-news/science/wild-nature/insects fox news fnc/science fnc c4f5f073-6c83-5368-8fb8-2077b9f0f32f article   Westlake Legal Group crypt-keeper-wasp-1 'Crypt-keeper' wasp able to control the minds of its victims Walt Bonner fox-news/science/wild-nature/insects fox news fnc/science fnc c4f5f073-6c83-5368-8fb8-2077b9f0f32f article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

‘Crypt-keeper’ wasp able to control the minds of its victims

A recently discovered wasp can apparently control the minds of its victims.

Euderus set, otherwise known as the crypt-keeper wasp, has the uncanny ability to control the actions of multiple species of gall wasps, enabling them to be parasitized and die in a horrific fashion.

Galls are abnormal, tumor-like growths on oak trees created by gall wasps as a shelter for their larvae. Once the gall wasp larvae become adults, they eat their way out of the gall and fly away. The crypt-keeper wasp (named after the Egyptian god Set who trapped his brother in a crypt before killing him) also deposits its eggs in the gall. Crypt-keeper larvae then burrow into the gall wasp hatchlings.

Westlake Legal Group crypt-keeper-wasp-1 'Crypt-keeper' wasp able to control the minds of its victims Walt Bonner fox-news/science/wild-nature/insects fox news fnc/science fnc c4f5f073-6c83-5368-8fb8-2077b9f0f32f article

(Credit: University of Iowa)

WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHER CAPTURES IMAGES OF DRAGONFLIES COVERED IN DEW: IT ‘CLUNG TO THEIR BODIES LIKE JEWELS’ 

A host gall wasp matures and begins to chew its way out of the gall as it normally would, but then, as observed by researchers from University of Iowa and Rice University, something strange happens: the host gall wasp quits eating its way out, making a hole only large enough for its head to squeeze through.

“When the gall wasp is attacked by Euderus set (the crypt keeper), the gall wasp still starts to chew an exit hole but fails to emerge and results in what we referred to as a ‘head plug’,” the study’s lead author, Anna Ward of the University of Iowa, told Fox News. “We identified head plugs by observed wasps that had stopped chewing their exit holes and were unresponsive – and visually looks like a wasp head blocking a hole in the gall.”

After feeding on the gall wasp’s body from the inside, the crypt-keeper wasp burrows out of the hosts’ head. Alien, eat your heart out.

What’s baffling researchers is how the crypt-keeper larva, once inside the gall wasp, is somehow manipulating its host to eat such a small hole, leaving only the host’s head exposed.

“Currently, we are not certain of the mechanism in which E. set is manipulating its host,” Ward explained. “Though we predict that this is a simple mechanism that involves stopping or paralyzing the host at the right moment where it has chewed part of the exit hole but before it emerges.”

Westlake Legal Group crypt-keeper-wasp-2 'Crypt-keeper' wasp able to control the minds of its victims Walt Bonner fox-news/science/wild-nature/insects fox news fnc/science fnc c4f5f073-6c83-5368-8fb8-2077b9f0f32f article

(Credit: University of Iowa)

SPIDERS ARE GETTING ANGRIER BECAUSE OF EVOLUTIONARY TRICK TO SURVIVE ‘CLIMATE CHAOS’

To study this phenomenon, the researchers had the odious task of collecting galls in the wild, eventually gathering over 23,000 of the wasp-made shelters with over 100 species of gall wasps, along with some Crypt-keepers, inside. According to Ward, collecting the galls themselves wasn’t all that difficult.

“Oak galls are fairly common throughout North America and are found on all species of oak trees,” she said. “In order to collect the wasps, we simply collect the galls that the wasp is developing inside of.”

The team then brought those galls back to their lab and waited for the wasps to emerge, where they could observe the occasional crypt-keeper wasp in action. They eventually observed the crypt-keepers bursting out of the heads of 305 wasps from seven different gall wasp species.

The crypt-keepers were choosy about their victims as well, preferring gall wasps without spikes or fur on their bodies.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Westlake Legal Group crypt-keeper-wasp-1 'Crypt-keeper' wasp able to control the minds of its victims Walt Bonner fox-news/science/wild-nature/insects fox news fnc/science fnc c4f5f073-6c83-5368-8fb8-2077b9f0f32f article   Westlake Legal Group crypt-keeper-wasp-1 'Crypt-keeper' wasp able to control the minds of its victims Walt Bonner fox-news/science/wild-nature/insects fox news fnc/science fnc c4f5f073-6c83-5368-8fb8-2077b9f0f32f article

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com