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Westlake Legal Group > fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy

Rocky ‘Star Wars’ exoplanet with three suns discovered

A distant rocky exoplanet has gone one better than Tatooine, Luke Skywalker’s home planet on “Star Wars,” which is famously depicted as having two suns in its sky.

Scientists from the Harvard Center for Astrophysics used NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Satellite Survey (TESS) telescope to spot planet LTT 1445 A b and its three stars.

“While the planet itself remains in what is probably a stable orbit around its star, that star also orbits, at greater distance, two sibling stars that are locked in close orbit around each other,” explained NASA, in a statement.

SCIENTISTS FIND RARE ‘TATOOINE’ DOUBLE-STAR PLANET

LTT 1445 A b is about 22 light-years from Earth. A light-year measures distance in space and equals 6 trillion miles.

Westlake Legal Group ProximaBrendering Rocky 'Star Wars' exoplanet with three suns discovered James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc ee9e0799-3613-5880-8165-d1ac4582190b article

Artist’s impression of Proxima b, which, like newly discovered exoplanet LTT 1445 A b, also has three stars in its sky. (ESO/M. Kornmesser)

The planet is described as “overheated” by NASA, which notes that LTT 1445 A b is about 1.4 times the size of Earth. LTT 1445 A b’s parent star is LTT 1445 A.

“LTT 1445 A b takes only five days to go once around its star – a ‘year’ on this world,” said NASA. “Its scorchingly close orbit helps explain why its surface basks in temperatures on the order of 320 degrees Fahrenheit (160 Celsius) – comparable to a preheated oven.”

NASA GLIMPSES SURFACE OF DISTANT ROCKY EXOPLANET

This is not the first time that a planet with more than one star has been discovered. NASA notes that our nearest exoplanet neighbor, Proxima b, also has three stars in its sky. Proxima b orbits Proxima Centauri located 4.25 light-years from Earth, which in turn orbits Alpha Centauri A and B.

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In 2016, experts from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and San Diego University used the Kepler Space Telescope to spot Kepler-1647 b, a planet with two suns in the Cygnus Constellation.

Fox News’ Grace Williams contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

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Black hole at Milky Way’s center seen behaving strangely

Westlake Legal Group black-hole-milky-way-NASA Black hole at Milky Way's center seen behaving strangely fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article a6905718-a962-5bba-afea-76ca37eb25a9

The black hole at the center of our Milky Way galaxy is behaving strangely, according to astronomers.

In May, scientists observing Sagittarius A, as the black hole is known, saw something unique taking place in the matter around it.

“The black hole is always variable, but this was the brightest we’ve seen in the infrared so far,” Tuan Do, an astronomer at the University of California, Los Angeles, and lead author of the new study, said in a statement on Twitter. “It was probably even brighter before we started observing that night!”

According to Space.com, his hypothesis is based on the fact that, when the astronomers focused on the area on May 13, they saw relatively high brightness decreasing, suggesting that the black hole had passed an unknown peak that was even brighter.

UBIQUITOUS MICROPLASTICS ARE AIRBORNE, REACHING REMOTE ARCTIC ICE

BRITISH EXPLORER’S HISTORIC YANGTZE RIVER TREK INCLUDED BLIZZARDS AND WOLVES

The researchers’ paper states that the recent flare brought Sagittarius A to twice the brightness of the highest previous measurement up to that point.

Do and his colleagues used the Keck telescopes on the top of Hawaii’s Mauna Kea, which have the power to see the world in near infrared light.

Their theory is reportedly that the black hole flare could have been triggered by the close passage of either a star called S0-2 or a dusty object called G2.

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Westlake Legal Group black-hole-milky-way-NASA Black hole at Milky Way's center seen behaving strangely fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article a6905718-a962-5bba-afea-76ca37eb25a9   Westlake Legal Group black-hole-milky-way-NASA Black hole at Milky Way's center seen behaving strangely fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article a6905718-a962-5bba-afea-76ca37eb25a9

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NASA finds evidence of ‘interplanetary shock’ for first time

NASA has captured a phenomenon in space that has eluded humanity for centuries — an “interplanetary shock.”

Four spacecraft from the space agency, which are part of the Magnetospheric Multiscale mission (MMS) that launched in 2015, managed to get a view of the event in January 2018. The craft were just 12 miles away from one another, which made seeing the spectacle possible.

“MMS was able to measure the shock thanks to its unprecedentedly fast and high-resolution instruments. One of the instruments aboard MMS is the Fast Plasma Investigation,” the space agency said in a statement on its website. “This suite of instruments can measure ions and electrons around the spacecraft at up to 6 times per second. Since the speeding shock waves can pass the spacecraft in just half a second, this high-speed sampling is essential to catching the shock.”

Westlake Legal Group interplanetary-shock NASA finds evidence of 'interplanetary shock' for first time fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 8fbcf894-b20a-5283-894b-d73e5b9cc4fa

Data from the Fast Plasma Investigation aboard MMS shows the shock and reflected ions as they washed over MMS. The colors represent the amount of ions seen with warmer colors indicating higher numbers of ions. The reflected ions (yellow band that appears just above the middle of the figure) show up midway through the animation, and can be seen increasing in intensity (warmer colors) as they pass MMS, shown as a white dot. (Credit: Ian Cohen)

CAUSE OF MYSTERIOUS METHANE SPIKES ON MARS STILL UNKNOWN

NASA continued: “Looking at the data from Jan. 8, the scientists noticed a clump of ions from the solar wind. Shortly after, they saw a second clump of ions, created by ions already in the area that had bounced off the shock as it passed by. Analyzing this second population, the scientists found evidence to support a theory of energy transfer first posed in the 1980s.”

An interplanetary shock, which emanates from the Sun, is a type of “collisionless shock,” where particles transfer energy through electromagnetic fields as opposed to bouncing into one another, NASA added.

“These collisionless shocks are a phenomenon found throughout the universe, including in supernovae, black holes and distant stars. MMS studies collisionless shocks around Earth to gain a greater understanding of shocks across the universe,” the space agency continued.

The researchers behind the observation hope that additional instances are spotted by the MMS that will give them more detailed looks at these interplanetary shocks.

NASA has released a video describing the charged particles, also known as the solar wind, in greater detail.

The research describing the find was published in the journal JGR Space Physics.

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Hawaii telescope operators abandoned millions of dollars worth of instrumentation, evacuated employees amid Mauna Kea protests

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The directors of an existing telescope on Hawaii’s Mauna Kea evacuated employees Tuesday amid growing protests that have blocked an access road to the construction site of a second $1.4 billion “Thirty Meter Telescope” (TMT) to be built on the mountain, reports said.

Directors closed the East Asian Observatory located on Mauna Kea on Tuesday as a safety precaution for employees, effectively abandoning millions of dollars worth of instrumentation on telescopes at the facility that require constant maintenance, Hawaii News Now reported.

POLICE IN HAWAII REPORTEDLY ARRESTING PROTESTERS IN STANDOFF OVER CONSTRUCTION OF MAUNA KEA TELESCOPE

“This is a risk for us to have to step away at this point,” Jessica Dempsey, deputy director for the East Asian Observatory, told Hawaii News Now. “This is not a decision we came to lightly, but want to emphasize the importance of safety for our staffs and the facilities.”

Police, the Hawaiian National Guard and self-described native “protectors” had been engaged in a tense standoff there since Monday’s scheduled start of construction. Some native Hawaiians consider Mauna Kea a sacred place. On Wednesday, 33 people were arrested during a sit-in on the Mauna Kea Access Road, a state spokesperson told the Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Those arrested were booked on misdemeanor charges and immediately released.

Demonstrators reportedly abandoned vehicles in the middle of the Daniel K. Inouye Highway leading up to the Thirty Meter Telescope construction site. Police eventually drew back from the protest after a deal was reached that demonstrators would clear their cars from the road to allow construction equipment to be transported up the mountain, the newspaper reported.

Mauna Kea, the highest peak in Hawaii at nearly 14,000 feet, was chosen as the site for the telescope in 2009 because of its elevation and lack of light pollution. The TMT’s size will allow it to see into deep space and produce images 12 times sharper than the Hubbell Space Telescope, its website adds.

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The telescope, when completed, will have a 30-meter prime mirror diameter that is “three times as wide, with nine times more area, than the largest currently existing visible-light telescope in the world,” its website says. The TMT International Observatory LLC, which describes itself as a “non-profit international partnership” between educational and scientific institutions around the world, is the designer of the project.

Fox News’ Tyler Olson contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group hawaii-telescope Hawaii telescope operators abandoned millions of dollars worth of instrumentation, evacuated employees amid Mauna Kea protests fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Danielle Wallace article 633c1a03-06da-5da2-9ec3-594b77480028   Westlake Legal Group hawaii-telescope Hawaii telescope operators abandoned millions of dollars worth of instrumentation, evacuated employees amid Mauna Kea protests fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Danielle Wallace article 633c1a03-06da-5da2-9ec3-594b77480028

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Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope

Police in Hawaii reportedly have started arresting protesters Wednesday who have been attempting to halt the construction of a mountaintop telescope on The Big Island.

The arrests, which so far have been made without incident, according to Hawaii Public Radio, come on the third day of demonstrations in which crowds have blocked an access road to the construction site of the $1.4 billion ‘Thirty Meter Telescope’ (TMT) on Mauna Kea.

Police, the Hawaiian National Guard and self-described native “protectors” have been engaged in a tense standoff there since Monday’s scheduled start of construction. Some native Hawaiians consider Mauna Kea a sacred place.

“We are not against the science. We are not against the telescope. We are against the desecration of our mauna,” Kaho’okahi Kanuha, one of the demonstrators, said Tuesday in a press conference.

Westlake Legal Group hawaii-telescope Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc e5ab3ec2-1f32-5c9c-8307-4d0794e68112 article

A police officer gestures at demonstrators blocking a road at the base of Hawaii’s tallest mountain, on Monday, in Mauna Kea, Hawaii, who are protesting the construction of a giant telescope on land that some Native Hawaiians consider sacred. (AP)

The telescope, when completed, will have a 30-meter prime mirror diameter that is “three times as wide, with nine times more area, than the largest currently existing visible-light telescope in the world,” its website says. The TMT International Observatory LLC, which describes itself as a “non-profit international partnership” between educational and scientific institutions around the world, is the designer of the project.

OPRAH WINFREY RECEIVES ‘BIG MAHALO’ FROM HAWAII’S GOVERNOR FOR AIDING FIRE EVACUATIONS

Mauna Kea, the highest peak in Hawaii at nearly 14,000 feet, was chosen as the site for the telescope in 2009 because of its elevation and lack of light pollution. The TMT’s size will allow it to see into deep space and produce images 12 times sharper than the Hubbell Space Telescope, its website adds.

Westlake Legal Group TMT-Observatory Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc e5ab3ec2-1f32-5c9c-8307-4d0794e68112 article

An artists’ rendering of the Thirty Meter Telescope atop Mauna Kea on The Big Island in Hawaii. (TMT)

The ongoing protests began Monday and have been marked with some demonstrators chaining themselves to a cattle guard in the middle of the road, KHON2 reported. Communication between the crowds that have gathered and the police have kept the demonstrations peaceful, but protesters say they are dug in on their stance against the TMT.

“I do know that every single one of these individuals are prepared to be arrested,” Kaho’okahi Kanuha told KHON2.

Some Hawaiians though are in favor of the telescope.

HAWAII MAN WEARS BLACKFACE, GOES ON STRANGE RANT BEFORE SENTENCED TO LIFE IN PRISON FOR ROAD RAGE ATTACK

“I believe science is an option our kupuna would have embraced,” Jacqui Hoover, the president of the Hawaii Leeward Planning Conference — a local organization that works with the government on planning decisions — told KHON2, while using the Hawaiian word for elder.

Westlake Legal Group hawaii-telescope-2 Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc e5ab3ec2-1f32-5c9c-8307-4d0794e68112 article

Demonstrators gather to block a road at the base of Hawaii’s tallest mountain, on Monday. (AP)

“I’m very concerned that we’re losing opportunities to help our children transition into the world we live in today,” she added. “We need jobs, we need education, we need our community to have options other than those that we currently have.

TMT officials say the project will create 300 jobs, according to KHON2.

Fox News’ Tyler Olson contributed to this report. 

Westlake Legal Group TMT-Observatory Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc e5ab3ec2-1f32-5c9c-8307-4d0794e68112 article   Westlake Legal Group TMT-Observatory Police in Hawaii reportedly arresting protesters in standoff over construction of Mauna Kea telescope fox-news/us/us-regions/west/hawaii fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc e5ab3ec2-1f32-5c9c-8307-4d0794e68112 article

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NASA’s Hubble telescope detects supermassive black hole that defies theoretical models

NASA’s Hubble telescope has recently discovered a supermassive black hole that defies existing theories about the universe, a report said.

The black hole, which is about 250 million times heavier than the sun, lies at the heart of the spiral galaxy NGC 3147 and is 140 million light-years from Earth.

Westlake Legal Group 080ee8ad-Capture NASA’s Hubble telescope detects supermassive black hole that defies theoretical models fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Bradford Betz article 3200f311-02f9-5bcd-9917-952f27c0e7f2

The Hubble telescope has detected a supermassive black hole that technically shouldn’t exist, according to new findings.  (nasa.gov)

Spotted around the black hole was a thin “accretion disk” containing debris and gas rapidly pacing around the edge, according to findings published Thursday in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

The black hole was unusual in that its gravitational pull was not capturing the disk of material, which was moving at 10% the speed of light, according to the journal.

3RD MYSTERIOUS DEEP-SPACE FLASH TRACED TO HOST GALAXY

Lead author Stefano Bianchi said it’s “the same type of disk we see in objects that are 1,000 or even 100,000 times more luminous.”

“The predictions of current models for gas dynamics in very faint active galaxies clearly failed,” Bianchi added.

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By observing the disk through blocking out starlight, researchers were able to better study processes happening close to the black hole’s edge. The team said they plan to study more galaxies with the Hubble Space Telescope in the future to find similar disks of material.

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NASA Hubble Space Telescope takes stunning image of galactic ‘firework show’

Ahead of the Fourth of July, NASA is showing off an impressive fireworks display that really is out of this world.

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope managed to take sublime images of a star known as Eta Carinae exploding 7,500-light-years from Earth, expanding with hot gases that are red, white and blue.

“We’ve discovered a large amount of warm gas that was ejected in the Great Eruption but hasn’t yet collided with the other material surrounding Eta Carinae,” explained lead investigator of the Hubble program, Nathan Smith, in a statement. “Most of the emission is located where we expected to find an empty cavity. This extra material is fast, and it ‘ups the ante’ in terms of the total energy for an already powerful stellar blast.”

Westlake Legal Group nasa-fourth-of-july NASA Hubble Space Telescope takes stunning image of galactic 'firework show' fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 976a80a1-ded1-5718-acc5-a2bf7692f311

This Hubble Space Telescope image of the giant, petulant star Eta Carinae is yielding new surprises. Telescopes such as Hubble have monitored the super-massive star for more than two decades. The star, the largest member of a double-star system, has been prone to violent outbursts, including an episode in the 1840s during which ejected material formed the bipolar bubbles seen here. Now, using Hubble’s Wide Field Camera 3 to probe the nebula in ultraviolet light, astronomers have uncovered the glow of magnesium embedded in warm gas (shown in blue) in places they had not seen it before. (Credit: NASA, ESA, N. Smith (University of Arizona) and J. Morse (BoldlyGo Institute))

APOLLO 11’S MICHAEL COLLINS REFLECTS ON HISTORIC MOON LANDING: ‘WE WERE JUST REGULAR ASTRONAUTS’

Eta Carinae has put on the celestial show before, with NASA noting the spectacular event started in the 1840s when the star went through what’s known as a “titanic outburst, called the Great Eruption,” which made it the second-brightest star visible in the sky for over a decade.

“Eta Carinae, in fact, was so bright that for a time it became an important navigational star for mariners in the southern seas,” NASA added.

Since then, it’s faded and is now barely visible to the naked eye. Over the past 25 years, it’s been studied by every instrument on the Hubble and astronomers believe it may have weighed more than 150 Suns and it may be on the brink of total destruction.

Smith added that they had used Hubble “for decades” to study the star in visible and infrared light, but the new ultraviolet lights give it a very different look.

“We’re excited by the prospect that this type of ultraviolet magnesium emission may also expose previously hidden gas in other types of objects that eject material, such as protostars or other dying stars,” Smith added. Only Hubble can take these kinds of pictures.”

50 YEARS AFTER APOLLO 11, NEIL ARMSTRONG’S SONS DESCRIBE THE DAY THEIR DAD WALKED ON THE MOON

The newly discovered gas may be crucial to understanding how the star erupted and what might happen as it becomes a supernova and explodes. The researchers added that this event may have already happened, but the light has not yet reached Earth.

So it looks like we’ll have at least one more incredible fireworks display, courtesy of the galaxy.

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Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness

A swath of South America is set to enjoy a total solar eclipse.

The July 2 solar eclipse will plunge part of the continent into darkness, with the line of totality stretching across areas of Chile and Argentina. Weather permitting, a partial eclipse will also be visible in some places in Ecuador, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, according to timeanddate.com.

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun and scores a bull’s-eye by completely blotting out the sunlight.

SOLAR ECLIPSE 2017 IN PICTURES

Tourists from around the world are expected to flock to the line of totality to witness the unusual event.

The line of totality also passes within a mile of the site for the planned Giant Magellan Telescope at La Serena, on the edge of the Atacama Desert in Chile.

“We are very much looking forward to seeing the total solar eclipse in July,” said Patrick McCarthy, astronomer and vice president of the Giant Magellan Telescope, in a statement emailed to Fox News. “We will also enjoy the spectacular Chilean night sky and get a first-hand look at the progress of construction at the GMT site. It promises to be a great week.”

SOLAR ECLIPSE: THE BIG EVENT IS FINALLY HERE

The powerful 1,500-ton Giant Magellan Telescope, which is expected to be operational in 2025, aims to expand our understanding of the universe.

Westlake Legal Group NASATotalSolarEclipse2017 Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

A photo taken during the total solar eclipse on Aug. 2017. (NASA/Gopalswamy)

The full eclipse in South America begins at 2:01:08 p.m. EDT and ends at 4:44:46 p.m. EDT on July 2, according to timeanddate.com.

Many Americans, of course, will fondly remember the solar eclipse of 2017, which captivated millions of people across the country.

WHAT CAUSES A TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE?

The coast-to-coast eclipse on Aug. 21 of that year carved a 70-mile wide path of totality from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic, with hordes of people donning solar eclipse glasses to experience the unusual event. The eclipse, which began in Oregon and ended in South Carolina, was the first to cross the continental U.S. since 1918.

Westlake Legal Group 04_rtr4u5bj Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

File photo – People look at a total solar eclipse on Svalbard March 20, 2015. (REUTERS/Haakon Mosvold Larsen/NTB scanpix)

Families from all over the country flocked to cities in the line of totality, such as Charleston and Nashville, which hosted over 1 million visitors.

The Giant Magellan Telescope’s McCarthy told Fox News that he was in Oregon for the 2017 eclipse. “Words cannot describe the unique sensation of totality,” he explained, via email.

WHAT CAUSES A TOTAL SOLAR ECLIPSE?

The next total solar eclipse in the U.S. will be in 2024 and the next coast-to-coast one won’t be until 2045.

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File photo – Enthusiasts Tanner Person (R) and Josh Blink, both from Vacaville, California, watch a total solar eclipse while standing atop Carroll Rim Trail at Painted Hills, a unit of the John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, near Mitchell, Oregon, U.S. August 21, 2017. (REUTERS/Adrees Latif)

NASA will be closely monitoring the July 2 total eclipse in South America. “Studying the Sun during total solar eclipses helps scientists understand the source and behavior of solar radiation that drives space weather near Earth, which can affect the health of astronauts in space and the durability of materials used to build spacecraft,” it explains NASA, on its website. “Similar data will be important in planning NASA’s return of astronauts to the Moon in 2024 and eventual crewed missions to Mars.”

The space agency will be live-streaming the total solar eclipse with the Exploratorium in San Francisco. NASA will also be providing updates from its Parker Solar Probe.

NASA’S PARKER SOLAR PROBE BLASTS OFF ON EPIC JOURNEY TO ‘TOUCH THE SUN’

The Probe blasted off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station atop a United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket on Aug. 12, 2018. The $1.5 billion mission is taking humanity closer to the Sun than ever before.

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File photo – In this multiple exposure photograph, the phases of a partial solar eclipse are seen over the Gateway Arch on Monday, Aug. 21, 2017, in St. Louis. The Gateway Arch was just a few miles outside of the path of totality. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson)

In October 2018, the Probe clinched the record for closest approach to the Sun by a man-made object. In April 2019, Parker completed its second close approach, coming within 15 million miles of the star.

On its closest approach in 2024, the probe will come within 3.8 million miles of the Sun’s surface. It will also be traveling at approximately 430,000 mph, setting a new speed record for a manmade object.

NASA’S PARKER SOLAR PROBE BREAKS RECORD, BECOMES CLOSEST SPACECRAFT TO THE SUN

Westlake Legal Group proba-2-satellite-partial-eclipse Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

ESA’s Proba-2 satellite experienced 3 partial solar eclipses during the total solar eclipse of Nov. 13, 2012 (EST). This image is taken from a video made by the spacecraft. (ESA)

Other spacecraft will also be monitoring the July 2 eclipse in South America. In addition to the Parker Solar Probe, NASA will be providing updates from its Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission, which uses four spacecraft in near-Earth orbit to study the area of space dominated by our planet’s magnetic field.

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Another total solar eclipse will be visible in South America on Dec. 14, 2020.

The Associated Press and Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group NASATotalSolarEclipse2017 Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59   Westlake Legal Group NASATotalSolarEclipse2017 Total solar eclipse will plunge parts of South America into darkness James Rogers fox-news/science/planet-earth/solar-eclipse fox-news/science/air-and-space/sun fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc article 2f21716f-c707-5c1e-adb1-4e609574ee59

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Scientists spot merging galaxies from 13 billion years ago

Scientists have located one of the most distant examples of merging galaxies in results that were published this week.

Researchers in Japan observed a distant source of light known as B14-65666, located in the constellation known as Sextans, using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array of telescopes in Chile.

Their data suggested that the object could be a single galaxy forming new stars as the result of a collision in space.

Prior observations with the Hubble Space Telescope had revealed two star clusters in B14-65666.

NASA RAMPS UP SEARCH FOR ALIEN PLANETS

Westlake Legal Group galaxies-collide Scientists spot merging galaxies from 13 billion years ago fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 45eafbc4-d91d-5218-9825-c2be3e0687b8

An artist’s impression of merging galaxies known as B14-65666 some 13 billion light-years away.  (National Astronomical Observatory of Japan)

EMACIATED POLAR BEAR SPOTTED IN RUSSIAN CITY, FAR FROM HOME

Takuya Hashimoto, a postdoctoral researcher at the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and Waseda University, Japan, explained that the signals received from the constellation had to travel 13 billion light-years to reach them.

That means researchers can examine what the galaxy looked like 13 billion years ago, or less 1 billion years after the Big Bang.

“Detection of radio waves from three components in such a distant object clearly demonstrates ALMA’s high capability to investigate the distant universe,” Hashimoto said in a press release.

Scientists will continue to use this type of research to explore the origins of our universe.

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“The very early universe seems like a very exciting time to be a galaxy, with lots of violent collision and nothing that looks like the ordered structures we’re used to at later times,” Dan Marrone, associate professor at the University of Arizona, told Gizmodo.

Westlake Legal Group galaxies-collide Scientists spot merging galaxies from 13 billion years ago fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 45eafbc4-d91d-5218-9825-c2be3e0687b8   Westlake Legal Group galaxies-collide Scientists spot merging galaxies from 13 billion years ago fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc Christopher Carbone article 45eafbc4-d91d-5218-9825-c2be3e0687b8

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Growing alien worlds spotted in ‘planet nursery’ around young star

Astronomers have captured a remarkable image of two growing exoplanets circling a young star.

The newborn planets are gravitationally carving out a wide gap within “a planet-forming disk” surrounding the 6-million-year-old star, according to a statement released by the researchers. Space.com reports that the two growing worlds are caving the gap in the “disk” of gas and dust around the star, which is slightly smaller than our Sun.

The host star, PDS 70, is about 370 light years from Earth.  A light-year, which measures distance in space, equals 6 trillion miles. The innermost newly-discovered planet, PDS 70 b, is located within “the disk gap” at about 2 billion miles from its star. PDS 70 c, the other newly-discovered planet, is about 3.3 billion miles from the star, similar to Neptune’s distance from the Sun.

The study is published in the journal Nature Astronomy. “The discovery of these two worlds is significant because it provides direct evidence that forming planets can sweep enough material out of a protoplanetary disk to create an observable gap,” scientists explain, in the statement.

Westlake Legal Group STSCI-H Growing alien worlds spotted in 'planet nursery' around young star James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/planets fox-news/science/air-and-space/astronomy fox news fnc/science fnc c69313af-6dc9-5c98-aec2-7fb8f03f06a9 article

Exoplanets PDS 70 b and c (ESO and S. Haffert ([Leiden Observatory])

While over a dozen exoplanets have been directly imaged, this is only the second time that a multi-planet system has been photographed, researchers say.

“This is the first unambiguous detection of a two-planet system carving a disk gap,” added Julien Girard of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland, one of the co-authors of the study. With facilities like ALMA [the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array in northern Chile], Hubble, or large ground-based optical telescopes with adaptive optics we see disks with rings and gaps all over. The open question has been, are there planets there? In this case, the answer is yes.”

NASA MISSION FINDS ITS FIRST EARTH-SIZED ALIEN PLANET

PDS 70 c was spotted from the ground using the MUSE spectrograph on European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile. Astronomers used a new observing mode on the telescope that allowed it to “lock onto” light emitted by hydrogen. “This new observing mode was developed to study galaxies and star clusters at higher spatial resolution. But this new mode also makes it suitable for exoplanet imaging, which was not the original science driver for the MUSE instrument,” said Sebastiaan Haffert of Leiden Observatory, the paper’s lead author. “We were very surprised when we found the second planet,”

<img src="https://a57.foxnews.com/static.foxnews.com/foxnews.com/content/uploads/2019/06/640/320/STScI-H-2.jpg?ve=1&tl=1" alt="Artist's illustration of exoplanets PDS 70 b and c (J. Olmsted [STScI])”>

Artist’s illustration of exoplanets PDS 70 b and c (J. Olmsted [<a data-cke-saved-href=”http://www.stsci.edu/” href=”http://www.stsci.edu/”>STScI</a>])

Experts are hopeful that NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, which is scheduled for launch in 2021, will provide more detail of the system and other “planet nurseries.”

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In a separate project earlier this year, scientists released the first-ever image of a black hole, revealing the distant object in stunning detail.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

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