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Westlake Legal Group > fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon

To prepare astronauts for the Moon, NASA is using a giant water tank

Now that’s an Aquaman.

As NASA prepares for a return to the Moon in 2024, it’s using a massive water tank to help prepare potential astronauts for the challenges that come with going into space.

The government agency noted that one of the tools it is using in prep for an eventual return is the Neutral Buoyancy Lab located at the Johnson Space Center in Houston. NASA said it is in the “early stages” of evaluating how the astronauts would live and work on the Moon. The water environment allows them to move around, set up habitats, collect samples and deploy experiments, just as they would on the Moon.

“NASA astronauts wear weighted vests and backpacks to simulate walking on the Moon, which has one-sixth the gravity of Earth,” NASA said in a blog post.

Westlake Legal Group nasa-moon-water To prepare astronauts for the Moon, NASA is using a giant water tank fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 71c0cbcc-5914-59ca-b67b-c349b0d08252

NBL Artemis Lunar Surface Simulation Development on Sept. 5, 2019. The pool is also used to train astronauts for spacewalks aboard the International Space Station.  (NASA/Bill Brassard)

NASA DISCOVERS MYSTERIOUS GREEN LIGHT THAT QUICKLY DISAPPEARED

The space agency added that astronauts Drew Feustel and Don Pettit are among those currently training in the pool, which is “used primarily to train astronauts for spacewalks aboard the International Space Station.”

NASA’s Artemis program, which is intended to land American astronauts on the Moon by 2024, also aims to establish a sustainable human presence on Earth’s natural satellite. The successor to the Apollo program, Artemis will also make history by landing the first woman on the Moon.

Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin – the second man to walk on the Moon – predicted the “Artemis” program would bring decades of progress, similar to what the U.S. saw with the Apollo program that launched him into space.

“The five decades of Apollo[‘s legacy] goes all the way from Apollo 1 through the successful landing, on up through Apollo 17 … and now we’re going to begin the decades of Artemis,” he recently told Fox News as part of the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

Fox News’ James Rogers and Sam Dorman contributed to this story.

Westlake Legal Group nasa-moon-water To prepare astronauts for the Moon, NASA is using a giant water tank fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 71c0cbcc-5914-59ca-b67b-c349b0d08252   Westlake Legal Group nasa-moon-water To prepare astronauts for the Moon, NASA is using a giant water tank fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 71c0cbcc-5914-59ca-b67b-c349b0d08252

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India finds missing Vikram probe on the surface of the moon

India has located its missing Vikram Lander on the lunar surface after losing contact with the probe when it was in the final stage of an audacious moon landing attempt Friday.

Communication with the unmanned lander was lost when it was just 1.3 miles from the lunar surface.

K Sivan, chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization, confirmed Sunday that the lander had been spotted. He told the Times of India that the space agency’s Chandrayaan-2 orbiter has spotted Vikram on the lunar service. ISRO is analyzing the data, he said.

INDIA LAUNCHES HISTORIC MISSION TO THE MOON

The roughly $140 million Chandrayaan-2 mission is intended to study permanently shadowed moon craters that are thought to contain water deposits that were confirmed by the Chandrayaan-1 mission in 2008.

Westlake Legal Group India-Moon-AP2 India finds missing Vikram probe on the surface of the moon James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9d3b3ea3-42dc-541d-a8d0-1f7dbd31dbd3

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) employees react as they listen to an announcement by organizations’s chief Kailasavadivoo Sivan at its Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network facility in Bangalore, India, Saturday, Sept. 7, 2019. India’s space agency said it lost touch Saturday with its Vikram lunar lander as it aimed to land on the south pole of the moon and deploy a rover to search for signs of water. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)

It is not yet clear what damage the lander suffered during its descent. The U.S., Russia and China are the only other countries to have successfully landed on the moon.

Earlier this year, Israel’s uncrewed Beresheet spacecraft crashed during a moon landing attempt.

The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft carrying the Vikram Lander launched from Sriharikota in southern India on July 22.

India’s first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, orbited the moon in 2008 but did not land there. It did, however, launch an impact probe that was intentionally crashed into the Moon.

Chandrayaan-1 operated for 312 days.

Westlake Legal Group VikramGetty2019 India finds missing Vikram probe on the surface of the moon James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9d3b3ea3-42dc-541d-a8d0-1f7dbd31dbd3

Members of the media at the ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) facility in Bangalore, on September 6, 2019. (MANJUNATH KIRAN/AFP/Getty Images)

The moon looms large for a number of countries’ space programs. China, for example, became the first country to successfully land a probe on the far side earlier this year when the Chang’e 4 lander reached the lunar surface on Jan. 2.

The U.S. also has its sights set on the celestial satellite and plans to land American astronauts, including the first woman, by 2024. The Artemis program will also establish a sustainable human presence.

APOLLO 11: HOW ‘DUMB LUCK’ SAVED ICONIC MOON PHOTOS FROM BEING DESTROYED

NASA recently revealed details of its vision for the Artemis Moon Lander.

Speaking at Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing on July 20, Vice President Pence announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the satellite is ready.

Since Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the surface, only 10 more men, all Americans, have walked there.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

At a White House event in July, Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin voiced his disappointment over America’s space progress since the days of Apollo 11.

Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia, Morgan Cheung and The Associated Press contributed to this article. 

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group VikramGetty2019 India finds missing Vikram probe on the surface of the moon James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9d3b3ea3-42dc-541d-a8d0-1f7dbd31dbd3   Westlake Legal Group VikramGetty2019 India finds missing Vikram probe on the surface of the moon James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article 9d3b3ea3-42dc-541d-a8d0-1f7dbd31dbd3

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India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt

India lost contact with its unmanned Vikram probe during the final moments of its audacious attempt to land on the moon on Friday.

Communication with the lander was lost when it was just 1.3 miles from the lunar surface. “Communications from lander to ground station was lost,” said K Sivan, chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization. “The data is being analyzed.”

It is not clear if the mission had failed. “We don’t have any result yet,” said an ISRO spokesman.

INDIA LAUNCHES HISTORIC MISSION TO THE MOON

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi was also at ISRO Mission Control in Bangalore. “India is proud of our scientists! They’ve given their best and have always made India proud. These are moments to be courageous, and courageous we will be!” he tweeted.

Earlier this year India’s uncrewed Beresheet spacecraft crashed during a Moon landing attempt.

Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a4adb0db-9993-5111-a7d3-686ef51ffe91

Artist’s impression of Chandrayaan-2 from ISRO video. (ISRO)

The roughly $140 million mission, known as Chandrayaan-2, is intended to study permanently shadowed moon craters that are thought to contain water deposits that were confirmed by the Chandrayaan-1 mission in 2008.

INDIA EYES MOON LANDING AS CHANDRAYAAN-2 SPACECRAFT ENTERS LUNAR ORBIT

The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft carrying the Vikram Lander launched from Sriharikota in southern India on July 22.

Only the U.S., Russia and China have successfully landed on the Moon.

Westlake Legal Group VikramGetty2019 India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a4adb0db-9993-5111-a7d3-686ef51ffe91

Members of the media at the ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) facility in Bangalore, on September 6, 2019. (MANJUNATH KIRAN/AFP/Getty Images)

Indian space hardware has reached the moon before, although the country has yet to achieve a “soft landing” on the lunar surface.

APOLLO 11’S MICHAEL COLLINS RECOUNTS THE CREW’S THREE-WEEK QUARANTINE ON THEIR RETURN FROM THE MOON

India’s first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, orbited the moon in 2008 but did not land there. It did, however, launch an impact probe that was intentionally crashed into the Moon.

Chandrayaan-1 operated for 312 days.

The moon looms large for a number of countries’ space programs. China, for example, became the first country to successfully land a probe on the far side earlier this year when the Chang’e 4 lander reached the lunar surface on Jan. 2.

APOLLO 11: FORMER OFFICER ON RECOVERY SHIP USS HORNET RECALLS WATCHING ASTRONAUTS’ ‘AMAZING’ RETURN WITH PRESIDENT NIXON

However, Israel’s unmanned Beresheet spacecraft crashed when it attempted to make a lunar landing on April 11. It was just a few hundred feet above the surface when Mission Control in Yehud, Israel, lost contact with the probe.

A preliminary investigation found that a manual command caused the crash.

The U.S. also has its sights set on the celestial satellite and plans to land American astronauts, including the first woman, there by 2024. The Artemis program will also establish a sustainable human presence.

APOLLO 11: HOW ‘DUMB LUCK’ SAVED ICONIC MOON PHOTOS FROM BEING DESTROYED

NASA recently revealed details of its vision for the Artemis Moon Lander.

Speaking at Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing on July 20, Vice President Mike Pence announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the satellite is ready.

Since Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the surface, only 10 more men, all Americans, have walked there.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

At a White House event in July Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin voiced his disappointment over America’s space progress since the days of Apollo 11.

Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia, Morgan Cheung and The Associated Press contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a4adb0db-9993-5111-a7d3-686ef51ffe91   Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India loses contact with Vikram probe in moon landing attempt James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a4adb0db-9993-5111-a7d3-686ef51ffe91

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India eyes Moon landing as Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft enters lunar orbit

India’s Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft has entered the Moon’s orbit, the country’s space agency announced Tuesday.

The unmanned spacecraft’s Vikram lander is expected to reach the lunar surface next month, taking India into an exclusive group of countries that have successfully landed on the Moon.

Chandrayaan will continue circling the moon in a tighter orbit until reaching a distance of about 62 miles from the moon’s surface.

INDIA SETS SIGHTS ON MOON, UNVEILS SPACECRAFT FOR HISTORIC MISSION

The lander will then separate from the orbiter and use rocket fuel to brake as it attempts India’s first moon landing on a relatively flat surface between two craters in the south polar region on Sept. 7 — an area where no moon landing has been attempted before.

“Today (August 20, 2019) after the Lunar Orbit Insertion (LOI), #Chandrayaan2 is now in Lunar orbit. Lander Vikram will soft land on Moon on September 7, 2019,” tweeted the Indian Space Research Organisation.

“Congratulations to Team @isro on #Chandrayaan2 entering the Moon’s orbit. This is an important step in the landmark journey to the Moon,” tweeted Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday

The Chandrayaan-2 mission launched from Sriharikota in southern India on July 22. The mission is on track even though a technical glitch delayed the launch for a week.

INDIA LAUNCHES HISTORIC MISSION TO THE MOON

So far, only the U.S., Russia and China have successfully landed on the Moon.

Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India eyes Moon landing as Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft enters lunar orbit James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a7ae4b6d-460b-52fd-b120-7a659a101a38

Artist’s impression of Chandrayaan-2 from an Indian Space Research Organisation video. (Indian Space Research Organisation)

Indian space hardware has reached the Moon before, although the country has yet to achieve a “soft landing” on the lunar surface.

India’s first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, orbited the Moon in 2008 but did not land there. It did, however, launch an impact probe that was intentionally crashed into the Moon.

NASA CHIEF: FUTURE ARTEMIS MOON MISSIONS WILL BUILD ON APOLLO 11’S INCREDIBLE LEGACY

Chandrayaan-1 operated for 312 days.

Westlake Legal Group 13_AP19206121382795 India eyes Moon landing as Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft enters lunar orbit James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a7ae4b6d-460b-52fd-b120-7a659a101a38

This July 22, 2019, photo released by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) shows its Geosynchronous Satellite launch Vehicle (GSLV) MkIII carrying Chandrayaan-2 lift off from Satish Dhawan Space center in Sriharikota, India. (Indian Space Research Organisation via AP)

The Moon looms large for a number of countries’ space programs. China, for example, became the first country to successfully land a probe on the far side of the Moon earlier this year when the Chang’e 4 lander reached the lunar surface on Jan. 2.

However, Israel’s unmanned Beresheet spacecraft crashed when it attempted to make a Moon landing on April 11. It was just a few hundred feet above the lunar surface when Mission Control in Yehud, Israel, lost contact with the probe.

NASA REVEALS ITS VISION FOR THE ARTEMIS MOON LANDER THAT WILL RETURN US ASTRONAUTS TO THE LUNAR SURFACE

A preliminary investigation found that a manual command caused the crash.

The U.S. also has its sights set on the celestial satellite and plans to land American astronauts, including the first woman, on the Moon by 2024. The Artemis program will also establish a sustainable human presence on the Moon.

NASA recently revealed details of its vision for the Artemis Moon Lander.

APOLLO 11’S MICHAEL COLLINS RECOUNTS THE CREW’S THREE-WEEK QUARANTINE ON THEIR RETURN FROM THE MOON

Speaking at Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing on July 20, Vice President Mike Pence announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the Moon is ready.

After Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin set foot on the Moon only 10 more men, all Americans, walked on the lunar surface. The last NASA astronaut to set foot on the Moon was Apollo 17 Mission Commander Gene Cernan on Dec. 14, 1972.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

At a White House event last month Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin voiced his disappointment over America’s space progress since the days of Apollo 11.

Fox News’ Chris Ciaccia, Morgan Cheung and the Associated Press contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India eyes Moon landing as Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft enters lunar orbit James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a7ae4b6d-460b-52fd-b120-7a659a101a38   Westlake Legal Group Chandrayaan2ScreenshotMoon India eyes Moon landing as Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft enters lunar orbit James Rogers fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc article a7ae4b6d-460b-52fd-b120-7a659a101a38

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Elon Musk lauds Newt Gingrich’s $2B moon competition prize

Westlake Legal Group elon-musk-Reuters Elon Musk lauds Newt Gingrich's $2B moon competition prize fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/person/jeff-bezos fox-news/person/elon-musk fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 2b13f70f-c0b9-5c3b-846a-4e1024004c05

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk gave his approval for a plan put forth by former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich to give a $2 billion prize to the first private company to establish and run the first base on the moon.

“This is a great idea,” Musk tweeted in response to a story written up about the plan, which was first reported by Politico.

The plan, which was hatched by Gingrich, Air Force Lt. Gen. Steven Kwast, Howard Bloom (the former music publicist to icons such as Michael Jackson, Prince and Billy Joel) and others, would be awarded in an effort to help cut down public spending on space exploration, primarily the domain of NASA.

ELON MUSK STILL WANTS TO ‘NUKE MARS’

“In the past, putting permanent housing on the moon has been estimated to cost between $50 billion and $500 billion,” the proposal reads, according to Politico. “But several private companies have developed moon programs on their own dime. So we are now in a position to buy transportation and housing from private American companies. At an unbelievable drop in cost.”

Gingrich, who is a Fox News contributor, told Politico that people would be “shocked” at how fast private space companies such as SpaceX and the Jeff Bezos-led Blue Origin can move.

According to the plan’s summary, the plan would split the $2 billion into two installments. The first tranche would go to the “first company or organization that can land a roomy, comfortable human base on the moon” and the second installment would go to the company “that can set up and run that base.”

Fox News has reached out to NASA and Gingrich for additional comment for this story.

In May, Bezos unveiled an ambitious plan to send a spaceship to the moon, the Blue Moon lunar lander. The robotic ship is the size of a small house and is capable of carrying four rovers, using a newly designed rocket engine and souped-up rockets. It would be followed by a version that could bring people to the moon along the same timeframe as NASA’s proposed 2024 return.

The Amazon chief, who was dwarfed by his mock-up of the Blue Moon vehicle at his presentation in Washington, D.C., earlier this year, said, “It’s time to go back to the moon. This time to stay.”

It’s unclear whether President Trump has been made aware of the plan. However, the Trump administration and the president himself have expressed some dissatisfaction with the pace NASA is on to return astronauts to the moon and ultimately, to Mars.

In March, Vice President Mike Pence called on NASA to step up the pace and land astronauts on the moon within five years, “by any means necessary.”

Pence warned that if NASA can’t put astronauts on the moon by 2024, “we need to change the organization, not the mission.”

“It’s time to redouble our effort,” Pence said during a meeting of the National Space Council in Huntsville, Ala. “It can happen, but it will not happen unless we increase the pace.”

“We’re not committed to one contractor. If our current contractors can’t meet this objective, then we’ll find ones that will,” Pence added. “If American industry can provide critical commercial services without government development, then we’ll buy them. And if commercial rockets are the only way to get American astronauts to the moon in the next five years, then commercial rockets it will be.”

ELON MUSK CONCERNED WE HAVE ‘NO DEFENSE’ AGAINST POTENTIAL KILLER ASTEROID

In June, Trump sent a surprising tweet that caught many in the space community off-guard, lambasting NASA for talking about going to the moon.

“For all of the money we are spending, NASA should NOT be talking about going to the Moon — We did that 50 years ago,” Trump wrote in a tweet aboard Air Force One. “They should be focused on the much bigger things we are doing, including Mars (of which the Moon is a part), Defense and Science!”

It’s not known what prompted Trump’s tweet and exactly what he meant when he said the moon is a part of Mars. In May, Trump tweeted that under his administration, NASA would return to the moon and ultimately, Mars, in an effort to “return to space in a big way!”

Others in the space community, including Apollo 11 astronauts Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins, have also expressed dissatisfaction with NASA’s pace.

Speaking at a White House event honoring the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11, Aldrin, the second man to walk on the Moon, said he was “disappointed” with the progress America’s space program has made since he and Neil Armstrong became the first men to walk on another celestial body.

“[I’m] disappointed in the progress in the past 50 years,” Aldrin said at the event held in the Oval Office. “We had a rocket, the Saturn 5. We have the [No. 1] rocket and spacecraft and they can’t get into lunar orbit. That’s a great disappointment to me.”

Collins, who recently recounted what the Apollo 11 mission was like, believes NASA should skip a return trip to the moon and head straight for Mars.

NASA’s Administrator Jim Bridenstine, who also attended the event, said the space agency is “working on it.”

In June, Bridenstine said Project Artemis, the successor to the Apollo program, would cost between $20 billion and $30 billion.

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Fox News’ James Rogers and Bradford Betz contributed to this story.

Westlake Legal Group elon-musk-Reuters Elon Musk lauds Newt Gingrich's $2B moon competition prize fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/person/jeff-bezos fox-news/person/elon-musk fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 2b13f70f-c0b9-5c3b-846a-4e1024004c05   Westlake Legal Group elon-musk-Reuters Elon Musk lauds Newt Gingrich's $2B moon competition prize fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/person/jeff-bezos fox-news/person/elon-musk fox news fnc/science fnc Chris Ciaccia article 2b13f70f-c0b9-5c3b-846a-4e1024004c05

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Newt Gingrich: We’re in a space race with China – We must win to protect our economic and national security

Westlake Legal Group full-moon-shooting-stars-OLDMOON0719 Newt Gingrich: We’re in a space race with China – We must win to protect our economic and national security Newt Gingrich fox-news/world/world-regions/china fox-news/world fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/science/air-and-space/mars fox-news/opinion fox news fnc/opinion fnc c0e29c30-8765-519e-ac04-e571958e71f3 article

As the 2020 election campaign heats up, our trade conflict with China evolves, and we all become absorbed in other world events, it’s important that we do not lose track of a critical opportunity America has now to continue to lead the future of space travel.

Frankly, we are potentially at a turning point that could determine the future of our country – and all humankind. This is the topic of this weeks’ episode of my “Newt’s World” podcast.

As our legacy space companies and NASA continue to fumble around and protect their prized projects, China is aggressively seeking to overcome the United States as the dominant space- faring nation.

MOON AND MERCURY MAY HAVE THICK DEPOSITS OF ICE, STUDY SUGGESTS

China has put a rover (and a satellite relay) on the far side of the moon. It is investing heavily in its launch capabilities (while trying to kill international competition with exorbitant subsidies and noncompetitive financing plans), and it is presently working on a space-based solar power system which could revolutionize life on Earth.

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It’s true, America is home to a host of enterprising entrepreneurs who are seeking to lead in space. Blue Origin, SpaceX and others are making rapid advancements that are lowering the cost of launch.

We also have companies like Solaren working on space-based solar power and other important breakthroughs. But I’m concerned about whether these companies will be able to compete against a slew of state-sponsored Chinese businesses that aren’t concerned with making a profit.

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I’m not saying China is on the cusp of leading in space soon – we still have a significant advantage in terms of capabilities and current assets in space. But the Chinese Communist Party is working at a much faster clip than we are currently.

This is why President Trump’s effort to develop the moon and Mars is so important. The president – as well as Vice President Mike Pence – knows that leadership in space is a vital American effort. Notice: I didn’t say Republican or Democratic effort – I said American.

The United States has largely mastered low-earth orbit (LEO) that is where most of our satellites and the International Space Station reside. But the country that masters cislunar orbit (the area of space between Earth and the moon) will have the new high ground – in both a security and economic sense.

Economically, that country will be able to set the rules for future space commerce. Militarily, that country could have direct ability to target, cripple, or destroy important space-based in LEO assets (such as GPS, communications, and missile detection systems).

From cislunar space, that country could potentially do the same to terrestrial targets on Earth – without any meaningful resistance.

This is why it’s so important that America leads in the future of space.

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I hope you will listen to this week’s episode and understand how critical this moment in history could be.

Space travel, exploration, and utilization will fundamentally change our lives and the future of all mankind. That future can be extraordinarily positive – or it could potentially be very dangerous.

CLICK HERE TO READ MORE BY NEWT GINGRICH

Westlake Legal Group full-moon-shooting-stars-OLDMOON0719 Newt Gingrich: We’re in a space race with China – We must win to protect our economic and national security Newt Gingrich fox-news/world/world-regions/china fox-news/world fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/science/air-and-space/mars fox-news/opinion fox news fnc/opinion fnc c0e29c30-8765-519e-ac04-e571958e71f3 article   Westlake Legal Group full-moon-shooting-stars-OLDMOON0719 Newt Gingrich: We’re in a space race with China – We must win to protect our economic and national security Newt Gingrich fox-news/world/world-regions/china fox-news/world fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/science/air-and-space/mars fox-news/opinion fox news fnc/opinion fnc c0e29c30-8765-519e-ac04-e571958e71f3 article

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Apollo 11: How ‘dumb luck’ saved iconic Moon photos from being destroyed

The Apollo 11 Moon landing produced some of the most iconic photographs ever taken. However, a processing glitch in Houston when the films were returned to Earth nearly caused a “photographic catastrophe” of truly epic proportions.

“One of the 20th century’s defining moments was almost lost to posterity,” explains Zeiss, the company that provided camera lenses for Apollo 11, on its website. The Apollo 11 images, it adds, arrived in Houston shortly after the crew’s return from the Moon.

“However, before the moon photos were developed, the processing equipment was checked one more time with a test film,” Zeiss said. During this inspection the film processor suddenly started leaking ethylene oxide, destroying the test film.

APOLLO 11’S MICHAEL COLLINS RECOUNTS THE CREW’S THREE-WEEK QUARANTINE ON THEIR RETURN FROM THE MOON

“This turned out to be a blessing: thanks to this final test, the development team quickly fixed the defect and could successfully develop the images of the first Moon landing,” the lens maker explained. “The photographs taken during the moon missions were published around the world and made history.”

Westlake Legal Group ContentBroker_contentid-3f4b692333824a04bc621cc319728faa Apollo 11: How 'dumb luck' saved iconic Moon photos from being destroyed James Rogers fox-news/us/personal-freedoms/proud-american fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox news fnc/science fnc b4bc9afd-58cd-5842-88cf-31fbc9c1069a article

In this July 20, 1969 photo made available by NASA, astronaut Buzz Aldrin, lunar module pilot, walks on the surface of the moon during the Apollo 11 extravehicular activity. (Neil Armstrong/NASA via AP)

It is not clear how many Apollo 11 photos would have been impacted if the ethylene oxide had leaked onto actual film from the mission. A vast array of photographs was captured during the historic mission. These include Neil Armstrong’s iconic shot of Buzz Aldrin on the lunar surface, with the Apollo 11 mission commander reflected in Aldrin’s visor, and also the famous image of Aldrin’s boot print.

“The orbital and surface lunar photographs obtained during Apollo 11 the Apollo 11 mission were of good quality, resolution, and contrast,” explained NASA, in a report released in 1970. This included 1,359 frames of 70-mm photography and 17 pairs of lunar surface stereoscopic photographs.

APOLLO ASTRONAUT RECOUNTS MISSION CONTROL DURING MOON LANDING: ‘IT WAS TENSE, BECAUSE THIS WAS THE REAL THING NOW’

Neither NASA nor Kodak, which provided film for Apollo 11, was able to shed any light on the incident when contacted by Fox News.

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Buzz Aldrin’s footprint on the lunar surface. (NASA)

However, in Billy Watkins’ book “Apollo Moon Missions: The Unsung Heroes,” Richard Underwood, NASA’s chief of photography during the Apollo 11 mission, described how the ethylene oxide had leaked onto the test film and melted it.

“The spacecraft was about to splashdown, and we were running through one final test on the film processor, which had been checked hundreds of times before,” he said.

50 YEARS AFTER APOLLO 11, NEIL ARMSTRONG’S SONS DESCRIBE THE DAY THEIR DAD WALKED ON THE MOON

“It was just pure dumb luck that we decided to do one more test on that processor. Had Armstrong’s film been put in there without that last test, it would’ve eaten it up,” Underwood added. “It would’ve been the greatest photographic catastrophe in the history of the planet.”

A stainless steel cover, he explained, was built to prevent any future leaks on the precious film.

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July 20, 2019 marked the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

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Apollo 11 splashdown heroes remember recovery efforts: ‘Proud to have been part of it’

Out in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, descending from the sky, were three orange parachutes carrying a burned-up space capsule, three Americans and the bookend to the most momentous event in human history.

Minutes later, Apollo 11 splashed down in the water, fulfilling the goal of a nation: perform a manned lunar landing and return.

The day was July 24, 1969, 50 years ago today. Inside the Apollo 11 capsule were the first two men to ever set foot on the moon, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. Also with them was Michael Collins, the astronaut who piloted the command module and orbited the moon for two hours and 36 minutes while Armstrong and Aldrin were leaving lunar footprints. All three were alive and healthy, returning to Earth after being off in space for nine days.

But the story wasn’t over yet. The astronauts had to be rescued from the ocean.

That’s where the USS Hornet comes in.  The aircraft carrier had left California on a mission they just learned about: recover Apollo 11.

REMEMBERING AMERICA’S HISTORIC MISSION TO THE MOON

That meant removing the men from the capsule, getting them in a small boat, hoisting them up to a helicopter and bringing them aboard the Hornet, where President Nixon and numerous other dignitaries were proudly waiting.

“We were just very, very focused,” said Rolf Sabye, who served on the Hornet in the navigation department as a quartermaster second class petty officer.

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Rolf Sabye served on the Hornet in the navigation department as a quartermaster second class petty officer. (Courtesy of Rolf Sabye)

“Well, we had worked hard for several weeks after leaving Hawaii. We had 16 training exercises where our main job on the ship was to pull up next to the capsule and recover the capsule after the astronauts had been recovered by the helicopter,” he recalled.

“It was a pretty important event. But then, we realized that people around the world were watching it,” Saybe said. “I always felt being on the bridge was really close to the heartbeat of the ship. It was pretty special. I’m pretty proud of having been part of it.”

Tim Wilson said he felt the same.

APOLLO 11: FORMER OFFICER ON RECOVERY SHIP USS HORNET RECALLS WATCHING ASTRONAUTS’ ‘AMAZING’ RETURN WITH PRESIDENT NIXON

He, too, was on board the USS Hornet as a lieutenant and public affairs officer.

“This was a really big deal and, after coming back from Vietnam, it was almost like getting an extra-rich dessert or something like that,” Wilson remembered. “We were getting to do something really, really neat.”

Being that it was 1969 and the sailors had been living on their ship, in the middle of a war, Wilson recalled the ship’s crew kind of being in the dark about the whole thing.

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Tim Wilson was on board the USS Hornet as a lieutenant and public affairs officer. “This was a really big deal and, after coming back from Vietnam, it was almost like getting an extra-rich dessert or something like that,” Wilson said. (Courtesy of Tim Wilson )

“We didn’t really know what was going on,” he said. “We didn’t have a sense of what sort of emotions were going on at the mainland or with our families or things like that because we did not have access to any television feeds or anything in terms of the launch of Apollo 11 or the trip to the moon or the walking on the moon.”

And 50 years later, Wilson still feels just as proud as he did back then.

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“I think everybody just feels very, very attached to what we did here and our place in history,” he said. “[We’re] very lucky to have been a part of it.”

Saybe said the Hornet’s crew all performed professionally and patriotically.

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Flight controllers at Mission Control applaud the splashdown and success of the Apollo 11 lunar mission on July 24, 1969. (NASA)

“It was only on the day of splashdown, really, when all these dignitaries appeared on board, President Nixon, and everybody else that we knew,” he said, remembering feeling a little awestruck.

“Wow. This is the real thing here, today’s the day and this is really cool. I did not sense any anxiety whatsoever from the people that I was involved in here.  I’d say (there is) a tremendous amount of pride in that. In terms of the United States and in terms of our role in this thing.”

The three astronauts they rescued from the Pacific went on to become world famous and instant national heroes – all with a little help from the crew of the USS Hornet.

Westlake Legal Group Apollo11RecoveryGetty1969 Apollo 11 splashdown heroes remember recovery efforts: ‘Proud to have been part of it’ Phil Keating fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc c937bbad-c0d7-52f4-bae1-b95f27dbc870 article   Westlake Legal Group Apollo11RecoveryGetty1969 Apollo 11 splashdown heroes remember recovery efforts: ‘Proud to have been part of it’ Phil Keating fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/science/air-and-space fox news fnc/science fnc c937bbad-c0d7-52f4-bae1-b95f27dbc870 article

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On Apollo 11 anniversary, Pence announces that Orion capsule for manned Moon missions is ready for debut flight

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Speaking at Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing, Vice President Mike Pence announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the Moon is ready.

“The Orion crew capsule for the Artemis mission is complete and ready to begin preparations for its historic first mission,” he said.

The Artemis program will land American astronauts on the Moon by 2024 and establish a sustainable human presence on Earth’s natural satellite. Artemis will also make history by landing the first woman on the Moon.

FOR MORE APOLLO 11 5OTH ANNIVERSARY COVERAGE CLICK HERE

“America will return to the Moon within the next five years and the next man and the first woman on the Moon will be American astronauts,” he said: “We’re going back.”

“We’re investing in new rockets, new spaceships,” Pence added. “We’re unleashing the burgeoning private space industry.”

Since the retirement of the space shuttle in 2011, the U.S. has been relying on Russian Soyuz rockets, launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, to get astronauts to the Space Station.

APOLLO 11: 50 YEARS ON, THE WORLD CELEBRATES THE MOON LANDING

“Within the next year we will send American astronauts into space on American rockets from American soil,” said Pence, who was flanked by Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin during his speech.

Pence, who is chairman of the National Space Council, cited President Kennedy’s famous vow in 1961 to land an American on the Moon by the end of that decade. “Make no mistake, the Moon was a choice, an American choice,” he said. “The achievement was inevitable.”

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“They brought together our nation,” Pence said, adding that, for a brief moment, Apollo 11 also united all the people of the world.

Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6062061033001_6062093574001-vs On Apollo 11 anniversary, Pence announces that Orion capsule for manned Moon missions is ready for debut flight James Rogers fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/media/fox-news-flash fox news fnc/science fnc article 7f1c0ac4-a6e9-58a8-a648-06d1f328e2c3   Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6062061033001_6062093574001-vs On Apollo 11 anniversary, Pence announces that Orion capsule for manned Moon missions is ready for debut flight James Rogers fox-news/topic/apollo-11 fox-news/science/air-and-space/spaceflight fox-news/science/air-and-space/nasa fox-news/science/air-and-space/moon fox-news/media/fox-news-flash fox news fnc/science fnc article 7f1c0ac4-a6e9-58a8-a648-06d1f328e2c3

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Mike Pence: We’re heading back to the moon and then on to Mars

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Saturday marks the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, when “one small step for man” became “one giant leap for mankind.”

In that moment, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins helped our nation win the “space race,” answering the call made by President John F. Kennedy just eight years before to “put a man on the moon” before the decade was out.

But when President Kennedy issued that challenge, our nation was not yet prepared to meet it. We didn’t have the rockets, launch pads, spacesuits, or so many other vital technologies to get there safely – or, just as importantly, to return home.

APOLLO 11 ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS: THESE ARE SOME OF THE TOP EVENTS

In fact, history records that President Richard Nixon prepared a speech in the event of a tragedy, explaining to the nation that the mission had failed.

But thanks to the courage, grit and determination of the three space pioneers of Apollo 11 – and the hard work of the men and women behind their mission at NASA – that speech was never delivered.

Instead, the United States did the impossible by placing the first man on the surface of the moon. The snowy images of Armstrong and Aldrin walking across the lunar surface left an indelible mark on the imaginations of the 600 million people across the Earth who waited with fear and wonder.

The crew of Apollo 11 did more than plant a flag and leave a footprint – they brought our world together.

Unity is the true legacy of Apollo 11 – and we must capture that same unity in our own day by renewing our commitment to American leadership in space.

The United States will lead the creation of a base at the moon’s South Pole where astronauts could reside for weeks and months. And from what we learn there, we will become the first nation in the history of mankind to set foot on the red planet of Mars.

Under President Trump, we are doing just that.

In our first year in office, after it had laid dormant for nearly a quarter-century, President Trump revived the National Space Council to coordinate our nation’s space activities and bring the full force of our national interest to bear on decisions driving our space enterprise.

President Trump also recognizes that in this new era of opportunity, we will not fully unlock the mysteries of space unless we look beyond the halls of government for input, guidance and innovation.

That’s why we’ve unleashed American companies that are on the cutting edge of the space industry – developing the rockets, spaceships, and technologies that will take us further into space, faster than ever before.

And thanks to our administration’s decisive actions, America’s pioneering space companies are creating the American jobs of the future and blazing new trails into the skies above.

From the cargo ships that are resupplying the International Space Station, to the reusable lunar landers that will help put Americans back on the moon and the Space Launch System that will carry us deeper into space than ever before, America’s space industry is helping forge our future in the heavens above.

We know what the men and women of Apollo knew: The rules and values of space are written by those who have the courage to get there first and the commitment to stay.

So to continue the proud tradition established in the Apollo program, and to ensure that our most cherished values prevail in the skies above, President Trump has made it our national policy to return to the moon in the next five years – and this time, we will stay.

The first woman and the next man on the moon will both be American astronauts, launched by American rockets, from American soil. The United States will lead the creation of a base at the moon’s South Pole where astronauts could reside for weeks and months. And from what we learn there, we will become the first nation in the history of mankind to set foot on the red planet of Mars.

Under President Trump’s strong leadership, we’ve already signed into law one of the largest NASA budgets since the days of the Apollo program. And I am proud to announce that the crew vehicle for the Artemis I mission – our first step back to the moon – is officially “capsule complete.”

The tasks before us will involve hardship and hazard, sacrifice and determination. But we shall go forth – not in spite of the difficulties, but because of them.

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Just as Apollo 11 united the world 50 years ago, so too will the United States astonish the world with the heights we reach and the wonders we achieve in our own age.

And under President Trump, we will lead the world into space once again.

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