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Westlake Legal Group > integration

Ryan Shorthouse: How to boost integration

Ryan Shorthouse is the Founder and Director of Bright Blue, and co-author of Distant neighbours? Understanding and measuring social integration in England

Concern about a lack of social integration in the UK has been high for some time. In 2015, David Cameron even ordered a review into the state of social integration in the country. Published a year later, Dame Louise Casey’s Review into opportunity and integration concluded that successive governments have failed to ensure that social integration in the UK has kept up with the “unprecedented pace and scale of immigration”.

But what is social integration, and how can we strengthen it? That is the focus of Bright Blue’s latest report, published today.

We propose that neighbourhood trust should be at the heart of our understanding and measurement of social integration, since it is indicative of positive, meaningful and sustained interactions in a local area. Admittedly, neighbourhood trust is only capturing that between members of a community, not necessarily between people from different ethnic groups. In truth, then, neighbourhood trust would only be a good measure of social integration if that trust is high in an ethnically heterogeneous community.

Furthermore, since it is possible for people to trust their neighbours on the basis of them being in the same ethnic group, high levels of neighbourhood trust in ethnically diverse communities only indicate high levels of social integration when the local area is not residentially segregated. This is an important qualification that needs to be included when measuring levels of social integration.

We recommend that the Government, as well as local and combined authorities and public bodies, utilise this new measure of social integration. Specifically, the Government should produce a ten-yearly Social Integration Index, measuring levels of social integration across all different local authorities in the country. This Social Integration Index could consider incorporating other measures, such as levels of deprivation.

Bright Blue has had an initial attempt at this new Social Integration index, through independent statistical analysis the 2009-10 and 2010-11 Citizenship Survey, the 2011 Census and the 2015 Indices of Deprivation, as well as further analysis of the Index of Dissimilarity and the Index of Ethnic Diversity. Based on our proposed measure of social integration, we identified the four most socially integrated local authorities in England as those with relatively high levels of neighbourhood trust, relatively high levels of ethnic diversity and relatively low levels of residential segregation. These are the City of London; Cambridge; Richmond upon Thames, and Milton Keynes.

Our report proposes original policies to boost social integration in England. These are targeted at individuals, to better equip them to socially integrate, and institutions, to increase the opportunities for social integration. In particular, we focus on improving English language competence across all social groups, and reforming schools so they can support greater social mixing between young people.

First, on English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) course. Overall funding for them has fallen by 56 per cent from 2009-10 to 2016-17, which has been accompanied by a decline in participation from 179,000 to 114,000 people in the same time period.

The Controlling Migration Fund is a £100 million bidding fund launched in 2016 by the government to assist local authorities which are impacted the most by recent immigration to ease pressures on their services. Plans for the Controlling Migration Fund beyond 2020 are supposed to be considered during the next Spending Review.

Considering the importance of English language skills for social integration in this country, we recommend in our report that the Government continues the Controlling Migration Fund beyond 2020 and dedicates a minimum and significant proportion of it for funding ESOL projects. This will give local authorities who are under the most pressure a guaranteed resource with which they could provide ESOL courses to meet higher levels of demand.

Second, on National Citizen Service, which is a government-sponsored voluntary initiative for 15-17 year olds where they engage with a range of extracurricular activities that include outdoor team-building exercises, independent living and social action projects. The scheme currently operates both a four-week and a one-week version during school holidays.

National Citizen Service appears to improve some indicators of social integration in its participants, including increasing levels of trust in others and making it more likely to describe their local area as a place where people from different backgrounds get on well together.

We recommend that the UK Government trials delivering at least one week of NCS to all Year 9 or Year 10 students in all state secondary schools in England during term time. If the trial is successful, the Government should introduce a legal duty for all state secondary schools in England to provide at least one week of NCS to either all Year 9 or Year 10 pupils, depending on which cohort is found to be responding best to the scheme. The optimal length of time of the NCS during term time, ranging from one week to one month, should also be discovered through the trial and introduced during national rollout.

Finally, on school linking programmes. This involves bringing together classrooms of children from demographically diverse schools with the aim of increasing social contact between groups who would otherwise not meet. This can involve a range of collaborative activities, including exchanging work, joint drama, arts and sports sessions, and even community projects for older pupils. School linking can have a positive impact on many aspects of pupils’ skills, attitudes, perceptions and behaviours, including broadening the social groups with whom pupils interact.

The Pupil Premium is additional funding for state-funded primary and secondary schools designed to help disadvantaged pupils, such as those receiving free school meals and looked-after children, perform better. It is awarded for every eligible pupil in school and schools have significant freedom in how to spend it. Making part of this funding conditional on participating in a school linking scheme could incentivise participation in such programmes. As independent schools are not eligible to receive Pupil Premium payments, their participation in school linking programme must be incentivised through a separate mechanism. We recommend making the charitable status of such schools contingent on participation in a school linking programme.

There is no simple, straightforward solution to strengthen social integration. The limitations of public policy have to be recognised and respected, especially in regards to people being free to develop the relationships they want. And, crucially, social integration is a two-way street. It is not enough to say migrants and their children must do more to integrate; native Brits must also make an effort to welcome and involve newcomers.

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Kamala Harris Doesn’t Even Support the Policy She Savaged Biden for Not Supporting

Westlake Legal Group 12c563de-9be4-4eea-a878-89cdc373b2a6-620x317 Kamala Harris Doesn’t Even Support the Policy She Savaged Biden for Not Supporting segregation Politics Old Issue kamala harris Joe Biden integration Front Page Stories Front Page Featured Story democrats Democrat primary debates busing Bad Policy African-Americans 2020 election

So what exactly was all that at the debate about?

Kamala Harris is now changing her story. Instead of being in favor of mandatory busing (see my article here for what that is) as she signaled earlier, she’s now saying it should be available only as an “option.” That means leaving it up to local communities instead of forcing it at a federal level, which is exactly what Biden was arguing.

Compare her comments from a week ago to the latest ones.

And her comments yesterday.

Putting the clear flip-flop shown above aside, which is a big deal in its own right, some might say her newest position is still consistent overall because she would have supported the policy back when Biden opposed it in the 70s and 80s. That doesn’t hold water though because Harris says in the first statement that our schools are just as, if not more segregated today. If that’s true (it’s not), how could she possibly oppose busing for today’s students when she insisted it was tantamount to racism to oppose it decades back, a time when she asserts the problem was less serious? None of this makes any actual sense.

What it shows is just how politically brutal Harris is going to try to be. With her seeing a spike in the polls after the debates, she’ll only be emboldened now. While the first debates were heated, she’ll no doubt go even harder at Biden the next go around.

I just don’t think the former vice president is up for it.

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Enjoying the read? Please visit my archive and check out some of my latest articles.

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The post Kamala Harris Doesn’t Even Support the Policy She Savaged Biden for Not Supporting appeared first on RedState.

Westlake Legal Group kamala-harris-300x153 Kamala Harris Doesn’t Even Support the Policy She Savaged Biden for Not Supporting segregation Politics Old Issue kamala harris Joe Biden integration Front Page Stories Front Page Featured Story democrats Democrat primary debates busing Bad Policy African-Americans 2020 election   Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

In Unbelievable Comments, Kamala Harris Endorses Forced Busing For Today’s Students

Westlake Legal Group kamala-harris-donkeyhotey-620x443 In Unbelievable Comments, Kamala Harris Endorses Forced Busing For Today’s Students ridiculous Politics Nonsensical media bias kamala harris Joe Biden Inter-sectionalism integration Front Page Stories Front Page Forced Busing Featured Story democrats Democratic debates Crazy

Kamala Harris – Caricature by DonkeyHotey, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0/Original

If you’ve been following politics the past week, you’ve no doubt heard about the flare up between Joe Biden and Kamala Harris. The happened at the first Democrat primary debate last Thursday night and it revolves around Biden’s opposition to a policy in the 1970s and 1980s called forced busing. Harris hit him hard, essentially insinuating racism on the part of Biden for being against the practice. This led to days of fawning media coverage.

The cliff notes version is that the federal government decided it was a good idea to force students to ride school buses for unreasonable amounts of time (sometimes an hour or more) under the guise of forced integration. A child living in a rural area, going to a rural school might end up riding into the inner city, only to end up back at his rural school by the end of the route. It was a nonsensical, widely opposed plan (by both white and black families at a majority rate) that punished students and only exacerbated the issues at play.

That means we need to re litigate it in 2019 because of course we do.

But because the Democratic party never stops becoming more radical, we can’t stop at revising history with unfair attacks on the matter. No, Kamala Harris is now coming out in favor of forced busing, not in the 1970s, but for today’s students.

This is absolute insanity.

Our schools are not segregated today, at least not in any way that the federal government has a role to play. Yes, suburban schools are more likely to be dominated by white students, but it’s not because of racism. It’s because of the freedom of choice to move to those areas away from the cities due to crime, cost, and hassle.

What’s even dumber here is that Harris is opposed to school choice. So she wants to force students to ride buses for hours on end in the name of forced integration, but she won’t just let a black student choose to go to the better school out in the suburbs. If Harris were really concerned about the racial makeup of schools, school choice is the surest way to rectify that and it would actually help students, not just see them riding around on buses for long periods of time.

Like most ridiculous liberal policies, this one is also rife with unintended consequences. What happens when students start doing worse in school from being exhausted after riding the bus for hours? What about the lack of sleep because the bus now comes earlier to make the timing work? What happens when a kid from one area is assaulted in another area they would have never been in except for forced busing? How do school districts that are already cash strapped pay for 2-3x the fuel costs since they’d no longer be able to plan routes based on efficiency?

This is the modern Democratic party. They’ve completely lost their minds. Any idea, no matter how stupid and unworkable, is on the table if it panders to the right group. Now, if it were another candidate, perhaps they’d get push back in the media. Harris checks most of the inter-sectional boxes though, so she’s being treated with kid gloves.

This woman can not be allowed anywhere near the White House. Everything she’s espousing would set the country back decades, from race to economics.

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Enjoying the read? Please visit my archive and check out some of my latest articles.

I’ve got a new twitter! Please help by following @bonchieredstate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The post In Unbelievable Comments, Kamala Harris Endorses Forced Busing For Today’s Students appeared first on RedState.

Westlake Legal Group Kamala-Harris-TH-300x153 In Unbelievable Comments, Kamala Harris Endorses Forced Busing For Today’s Students ridiculous Politics Nonsensical media bias kamala harris Joe Biden Inter-sectionalism integration Front Page Stories Front Page Forced Busing Featured Story democrats Democratic debates Crazy   Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com