A federal judge on Tuesday ruled in favor of T-Mobile’s takeover of Sprint in a deal that would further concentrate corporate ownership of technology, combining the nation’s third- and fourth-largest wireless carriers and creating a new telecommunications giant to take on AT&T and Verizon.
Judge Victor Marrero of the United States District Court in Manhattan rejected an unusual challenge led by attorneys general from 13 states and the District of Columbia. The suit was brought in June after regulators at the Department of Justice and Federal Communications Commission approved the deal.
The states argued that the combination of T-Mobile and Sprint would reduce competition in the telecommunications industry, lead to higher cellphone bills and place a financial burden on lower-income customers. Once the merger is complete, the great majority of the nation’s wireless users would become customers of three major providers. T-Mobile and Sprint have said they do not plan to raise prices.
In his ruling, Judge Marrero praised T-Mobile, calling it “a maverick that has spurred the two largest players in its industry to make numerous pro-consumer changes.” He added: “The Proposed Merger would allow the merged companies to continue T-Mobile’s undeniably successful business strategy for the foreseeable future.”
The deal will create a new carrier with more than 100 million users. After the merger is final, the majority of Sprint customers will eventually end up having T-Mobile plans. Customers of Sprint’s prepaid brands, including Boost Mobile, Virgin Mobile and Sprint prepaid, will become Dish Network customers.
The original merger terms called for T-Mobile, the larger of the two companies, to effectively buy Sprint in an all-stock transaction that was earlier valued at $26.5 billion. Because of the lawsuit, the original deadline to complete the deal has passed, and T-Mobile has pushed to renegotiate the terms. The companies expect to close the transaction by April 1.
The combined company, to be called T-Mobile, would be a formidable rival to AT&T, the largest wireless carrier in the country, and Verizon, the second-largest. Shares in Sprint jumped more than 70 percent in early trading on Tuesday, while T-Mobile shares rose 10 percent.
“Today was a huge victory for this merger,” John Legere, the chief executive of T-Mobile, said in a statement. “We are FINALLY able to focus on the last steps to get this merger done!”
Known for his exuberant and often pugnacious leadership style, Mr. Legere made use of the court decision to call out his rivals, AT&T and Verizon, using special sobriquets for each: “Look out Dumb and Dumber and Big Cable — we are coming for you … and you haven’t seen anything yet!”
Marcelo Claure, the executive chairman of Sprint, said the judge’s decision “validates our view that this merger is in the best interests of the U.S. economy and American consumers.”
Letitia James, the New York attorney general who was a key plaintiff in the case, warned on Tuesday that the deal would not be good for consumers.
Ms. James, who has argued that a merger would cost subscribers at least $4.5 billion annually, called the ruling “a loss for every American who relies on their cellphone for work, to care for a family member, and to communicate with friends.” She added that the deal was always about “massive corporate profits over all else.”
Ms. James left open the possibility of an appeal, adding that her office “will continue to fight the kind of consumer-harming megamergers.”
T-Mobile and Sprint have long said the merger was crucial to their futures in an industry challenged by pricing wars that have undercut profits and stalled growth. By combining with Sprint, T-Mobile has said it would be able to accelerate its development of 5G, the next generation of cellular networks.
The deal is also important to Sprint, which has bled cash and subscribers in recent years. SoftBank, the Japanese conglomerate that controls the company, has been looking to raise cash for its newest tech investing fund.
The new company will be led by Mike Sievert, a T-Mobile executive who will take over from Mr. Legere, the face of the company since 2012 who will leave when his contract is up in April.
“Now we’re laser-focused on finishing the few open items that remain but our eye is on the prize: finally bringing this long-awaited merger and all the goodness it will deliver,” Mr. Sievert said in the statement.
Mr. Legere and Mr. Claure were once rivals whose companies needled each other in advertising campaigns and social-media posts. All was forgotten by April 2018, when the two companies announced their intention to join forces.
The two corporate leaders made personal appeals to officials in Washington as they worked to secure approval for the merger, which was granted by the Justice Department and the Federal Communications Commission last year. To get the nod from the government, T-Mobile and Sprint agreed to sell off significant portions of their businesses to the pay-television operator Dish Network as part of the plan to create a supersize wireless company.
Mr. Legere made numerous visits to the F.C.C. and the Justice Department, and Mr. Claure was a host of a fund-raiser for Representative Marsha Blackburn, a Tennessee Republican. Several lawmakers expressed misgivings over Mr. Legere’s Washington visits, noting the dozens of times that he and other T-Mobile executives stayed at the Trump International Hotel when in town. The companies have denied doing anything inappropriate.
Another key figure who would benefit from the deal is Masayoshi Son, the outspoken chairman of SoftBank, the investment group that controls Sprint. Mr. Son has been trying to offload Sprint, a debt-laden business, for years.
In December 2016, Mr. Son met with Donald J. Trump, who was then the president-elect, at Trump Tower and pledged to invest some $50 billion in the United States in an initiative that would create 50,000 jobs. In February 2017, SoftBank executives held discussions in Washington with members of the president’s economics team.
Recently, Mr. Son has come under pressure from the activist investor Elliott Management. SoftBank’s outsize investments in tech start-ups, including WeWork, have failed to deliver for investors, and Mr. Son has struggled to raise more cash for a new investment fund.
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