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Westlake Legal Group > News and News Media (Page 24)

Proposed Firearms Laws (Virginia) – Illegal Firearms

Day three of looking at the bills which several members of the Virginia General Assembly have proposed become laws restricting firearm ownership and use. From the Senate there are Bills 12, 14, 16, 18, and 22 from Senator Saslaw; 13 and 15 (Senator Ebbin); 35 (Senator Surovell); 51 (Senator Spruill); 67 (Senator McClellan); 69 (Senator Locke); & 70 and 71 (Senator Lucas).  From the House there are Bills 2 (Delegate Plum) and 9 (Delegate Bourne). As stated previously, I know that’s a ton of bills; I expect many to fail, get changed, get merged, etc. Generally, I would wait until the actual laws have been passed. However, because of the great amount of interest I’m going to look at these as they are in their larval bill state.

Illegal Firearms: This comes from SB16, proposed by Senator Saslow. It’s a fairly sweeping change in the definitions of what firearms are illegal.

Assault Firearm: 18.2-308.8

This statute currently only makes the Stryker 12 “Streetsweeper” shotgun illegal. If the bill passes as written, it will create a class of firearms known as “assault firearms” and those will be illegal to possess.

Rifles and Pistols

To begin with, nothing in this statute has anything to do with revolvers. So, if you’re sporting the Dirty Harry Special (.44 Magnum) you don’t own an “assault firearm.”

For both rifles and pistols, this is about all about firearms with either detachable or fixed magazines. Detachable magazines are self explanatory, but there’s no definition in the statute for a “fixed” magazine. The common sense definition for this would be a firearm with an internal storage capacity. However, after doing some research, apparently this also means a semi-detachable magazine. As best I can tell, this would mean that the magazine cannot be ejected as normal by simply hitting a button on the side of the firearm and letting the magazine fall out. Instead, the magazine is held in place until a tool is used to remove it or the magazine is held in place until the rifle is broken open.

Under subsections (A)(1) and (3), if your “fixed” magazine is limited to ten rounds, there are no limitations as to what modifications you can do to your rifle or pistol or what cool stuff can be attached to it.

Subsections (A)(2) and (4) set out a two part test to declare a rifle or pistol an “assault firearm.”

1.  Does the firearm have the ability to accept a detachable magazine?”

and


2.  Does it have any single one of the following?


Rifle Pistol
Folding / Telescoping Stock Folding / Telescoping Stock
Thumbhole Stock Thumbhole Stock
A Handgrip for Non-Shooting Hand A Handgrip for Non-Shooting Hand
Bayonet Mount Capacity for a Non-Handgrip Magazine
Grenade Launcher A Shroud to Protect Non-Shooting Hand
Flare Launcher Weighs 50 oz. or more
Silencer Threaded Barrel which can attach
Flash Suppressor      ~ Silencer
Muzzle Brake      ~ Flash Suppressor
Muzzle Compensator      ~ Barrel Extender
Threaded Barrel which can attach
the last four items
     ~ Forward Handgrip
Anything similar to the above Anything similar to above



There’s a fair bit of the above that’s humorous. Interestingly, your pistol can have a silencer, flash suppressor, and barrel extender as long as it doesn’t screw on. Human ingenuity being what it is, I would expect clips or something similar to fill that gap. Or the pistol could simply be built with them. Are bayonets a serious issue? I don’t remember hearing bayonets were a serious issue at any of the shooting events and mainly it’s been a reason to make fun of USA Today for thinking AR-15 owners use chainsaw bayonets: “Sometimes I think the gun rights crowd is too hard on the media, and then I see stuff like this.” I did learn some new things looking through this. I didn’t know there were civilian models of M203’s and when I looked up thumbhole stocks for pistols, certain that was a ridiculous idea, I got introduced to the concept of AR-15 pistols which apparently can have such a stock; it seems like a stupid concept, but it’s a concept.



Shotguns


Under subsection (5) you cannot have a shotgun “with a revolving cylinder” which I’m pretty sure is supposed to cover the Striker 12 and its knockoffs.


Subsection (6) sets out a two part test to declare a shotgun an “assault firearm.”


1.  Is the shotgun semi-automatic?


and


2.  Does it have any single one of the following?


Shotgun
Folding / Telescoping Stock
Thumbhole Stock
Pistol Grip 
Detachable Magazine
Fixed Magazine Over 7 Rounds
Anything Similar to the Above



Parts are a Firearm  – Any parts that can be used to change a firearm into an assault firearm or which can be assembled into an assault firearm are an assault firearm.

Exclusions:



1.  Rendered permanently inoperable.

2.  Antique.

3. Curio or Relic.

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This Olympic athlete donated $150G game show reward to charity

Giving back is very important to Mike Eruzione, captain of the 1980 “Miracle On Ice” USA Olympic hockey team that famously defeated the Soviet Union to win the gold medal.

In a recent episode of Fox Nation’s “Nuff Said,” Eruzione told Tryus how he recently came into a large amount of money after winning an “Olympics edition” of “Who Wants to Be a Millionaire.”

“I was on ‘Who Wants to Be a Millionaire’ and got $150,000,” Eruzione said. “I thought, what am I going to do with this money — let me start a foundation.”

Eruzione has long been active with charitable causes, dating back to his days as an athlete, and he continues to have an impact on aspiring hockey players at his alma mater.

Westlake Legal Group Mike-Eruzione This Olympic athlete donated $150G game show reward to charity Yael Halon fox-news/topic/fox-nation-opinion fox-news/opinion fox-news/fox-nation fox news fnc/media fnc article 278e1734-2148-5ed4-bef2-a8b1675ab3fb

Mike Eruzione, captain of the 1980 gold medal-winning U.S. Olympic ice hockey team, posed next to the jersey and uniform he wore when the U.S. defeated the Soviet Union in what is known as the “Miracle on Ice” at Heritage Auctions in New York City in 2013. (REUTERS/Mike Segar)

“Years ago I sold all of my memorabilia — my jerseys, my stick — and I got around $1.2 million,” he said. “I endowed a scholarship with it at Boston University for my mother and father, so a hockey player gets that.”

“You have to always give back and help others,” Eruzione said, quoting his mother, who instilled in him the importance of humility and generosity at a young age.

Eruzione rose to fame in 1980 after he scored the game-winning goal and secured the gold medal for Team USA, when they defeated the Soviet Union in Lake Placid, N.Y.

CLICK HERE FOR MORE SPORTS COVERAGE ON FOXNEWS.COM

Forty years after the game that changed his life, Eruzione sat down with “Nuff Said” host Tyrus in his Boston home to discuss his upbringing, family and how he maintained a simple life despite his high-profile status.

“Most people, given that level of success and basically a whole nation behind you, might have an ego problem, might get caught up in the bling of it all,” Tyrus said, asking Eruzione’s secret to his unwavering humility.

“It was the town I grew up in. Winthrop has a bridge and I always felt when I crossed that bridge and the gate closes behind me, I was home. My friends that I have here I’ve had for 50 years… They keep me humble,” Eruzione said.

“I never thought an athletic adventure changed who you are. It changed the opportunities I’ve been given, but I got a beautiful home, I’ve got three great kids, five great grandkids, I’ve got a wife…and why change?”

— Mike Eruzione on Fox Nation

“And,” he continued, “I never thought an athletic adventure changed who you are. It changed the opportunities I’ve been given, but I got a beautiful home, I’ve got three great kids, five great grandkids, I’ve got a wife… and why change.”

“Just because I won a gold medal doesn’t mean I’m any better than anyone else,” he added. “I just happened to be fortunate to win. And I just felt that it shouldn’t change me as a person because I was very happy about who I was before the Olympics, and why become somebody different.”

Later in the segment, Tyrus reiterated his surprise at the Olympic star’s humility.

FORMER NHL PLAYER SEAN AVERY ACCUSES EX-KINGS COACH OF KICKING HIM ON BENCH

“I thought your greatest quality would’ve been that goal and effort, but your humility is inspirational and humble,” Tyrus said.

“I can look at it two ways,” Eruzione said. “If we lost, I’d still be living in my hometown. I’d still be married to the same girl. I might have more kids because I’d be around more… But I’d be coaching and teaching, and that’s what maybe I was meant to do.”

“So we did win, and I’m able to do something else with it — so my life’s path has taken a different route,” he added. “But again, it hasn’t changed me, who I am. I was very happy with being Mike Eruzione before the Olympics, and I’m just as happy now.”

To watch the full episode, featuring more from Eruzione on his upbringing and the setbacks that lead him to his career as a gold medalist, join Fox Nation and watch the latest “Nuff Said” today.

CELEBRATING ONE YEAR OF FOX NATION — FOR A LIMITED TIME, SIGN UP AND GET 35% OFF WITH PROMO CODE: CELEBRATE

Fox Nation programs are viewable on-demand and from your mobile device app, but only for Fox Nation subscribers. Go to Fox Nation to start a free trial and watch the extensive library from Tomi Lahren, Pete Hegseth, Abby Hornacek, Laura Ingraham, Ainsley Earhardt, Greg Gutfeld, Judge Andrew Napolitano and many more of your favorite Fox News personalities.

Westlake Legal Group Mike-Eruzione This Olympic athlete donated $150G game show reward to charity Yael Halon fox-news/topic/fox-nation-opinion fox-news/opinion fox-news/fox-nation fox news fnc/media fnc article 278e1734-2148-5ed4-bef2-a8b1675ab3fb   Westlake Legal Group Mike-Eruzione This Olympic athlete donated $150G game show reward to charity Yael Halon fox-news/topic/fox-nation-opinion fox-news/opinion fox-news/fox-nation fox news fnc/media fnc article 278e1734-2148-5ed4-bef2-a8b1675ab3fb

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Marine Corps blocks members from ‘sharing’ political social media posts under new guidelines

The Marine Corps on Monday released new guidelines on what kind of political activity on social media is acceptable for its troops ahead of the 2020 presidential election.

In a message, the corps said active-duty troops are allowed to voice their political opinions or endorse candidates on platforms such as Facebook, but the post must be accompanied with a disclaimer noting that the views expressed are that of the individual, and not the government or the Marine Corps.

Marines may not “share” political pages but they can “like,” follow or “friend” the social media page of a candidate or cause, according to the guidelines. They also can’t suggest others do the same.

“Because an active-duty member may not engage in partisan political activity, the active-duty member may not post or make direct links to a political party, partisan political candidate, campaign, group or cause,” the message said. “Such activity is akin to distributing literature on behalf of those entities, which is prohibited.”

US MARINE, WHO ENLISTED AFTER SURVIVING HATI EARTHQUAKE, CHARGED WITH SMUGGLING GUNS

Westlake Legal Group Marines-iStock Marine Corps blocks members from 'sharing' political social media posts under new guidelines Louis Casiano fox-news/tech/topics/us-marines fox-news/politics/2020-presidential-election fox news fnc/us fnc article 1b0a97b2-49f1-52ca-9f16-fc7f130295bc

Active-duty Marines have been issued a series of guidelines regulating political activity on social media.  (iStock)

Marines and sailors not on active duty have more leeway with their political opinions, as long as their posts don’t appear to tie it to the Department of Defense or Marines.

Political emails or political social media messages may not be sent or forwarded in federal buildings if the individual uses their personal electronic device and must be expressed on the service member’s own time.

“Individuals should never use government equipment when engaging in political activities,” the message read.

Reserve members can run for political office and can be in uniform in campaign materials. However, the advertisement must state that it is nor endorsed by the Defense Department or Marines.

The Marine Eagle, Globe and Anchor emblem is also off-limits from being used in campaign literature.

The advent of social media has created ambiguous boundaries as the military navigates how to ensure its members’ personal freedoms with its nonpartisan stance.

CLICK HERE TO GET THE FOX NEWS APP

In 2012, Marine Sgt. Gary Stein was given an other-than-honorable discharge after he created a Tea Party Facebook page and posted “Screw Obama” on his personal account, Military.com reported. And In 2017, a group of Navy SEALs got in trouble after flying a large pro-Trump flag from a tactical vehicle in a convoy in Kentucky.

Westlake Legal Group Marines-iStock Marine Corps blocks members from 'sharing' political social media posts under new guidelines Louis Casiano fox-news/tech/topics/us-marines fox-news/politics/2020-presidential-election fox news fnc/us fnc article 1b0a97b2-49f1-52ca-9f16-fc7f130295bc   Westlake Legal Group Marines-iStock Marine Corps blocks members from 'sharing' political social media posts under new guidelines Louis Casiano fox-news/tech/topics/us-marines fox-news/politics/2020-presidential-election fox news fnc/us fnc article 1b0a97b2-49f1-52ca-9f16-fc7f130295bc

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

DNA clears North Carolina woman in sister’s cold case murder–after she told Dr. Phil she didn’t do it

North Carolina police announced Tuesday that DNA evidence has cleared a woman of involvement in her sister’s 1984 cold case murder–a year after the woman went on “Dr. Phil” to take a polygraph and proclaim her innocence.

Reesa Trexler was 15 when she was raped and stabbed to death in her grandparents’ Salisbury, N.C., home.

Salisbury police said the killer had finally been identified through DNA and genetic genealogy. Evidence from the crime scene was uploaded to a public genealogy website, producing leads that led to the suspect.

 VIRGINIA COLD-CASE MURDER LEADS TO ARREST OF MICHIGAN MAN WHOSE ADOPTED DAUGHTER VANISHED 30 YEARS AGO: COPS

Westlake Legal Group Trexler-Murder-Suspect-Salisbury-PD DNA clears North Carolina woman in sister's cold case murder--after she told Dr. Phil she didn't do it Robert Gearty fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/north-carolina fox-news/us/crime/cold-case fox news fnc/us fnc article 59960c8e-e4ef-51dc-b52a-0102dc5c4e8a

Reesa Trexler was 15 in 1984 when she was raped and murdered in her grandparents’ home in Salisbury, N.C. (Salisbury Police Department)

The Salisbury Post and other local media identified the suspect as Curtis Blair and said he died in 2004 of heart failure. He worked at a Frito-Lay plant located near where the murder occurred. His body was exhumed in June and his DNA matched DNA found at the crime scene.

“The analysis and investigation confirmed the suspect in the case was not a family member as had been speculated,” police said in a news release.

Most of that speculation had focused on Reesa’s younger sister, who was 13 in 1984 and now goes by Jodie Laird.

“I just want to say how thrilled me and my family are,” Laird said Tuesday, according to WBTV. “It’s been a long road, something that honestly for many, many years we didn’t think would happen.”

WISCONSIN WOMAN WHO OFFERED REWARD IN HUSBAND’S MURDER CHARGED WITH KILLING HIM

Laird’s appearance on the syndicated program in April 2018 revived interest in Reesa’s murder.

She told host Dr. Phil McGraw she wanted to prove she had nothing to do with her sister’s murder and the polygraph showed she was being truthful, WSOC-TV reported.

“Thirty-five years is a long time and we’re just as happy as we could possibly be,” Laird said, according to WBTV. “I know that we’ll never get all of the answers that we want, but at least we have the answers that we need.”

Reesa’s mother Vickie Oakes was quoted as saying she was not sure she would ever see the day that the case was closed.

CLICK HERE FOR THE FOX NEWS APP

“I just lived with the fact that it was not going to be solved,” she said, according to WBTV. “So many nights laying in the bed wondering and wondering and wondering, and maybe now I can sleep.”

Westlake Legal Group Trexler-Murder-Suspect-Salisbury-PD DNA clears North Carolina woman in sister's cold case murder--after she told Dr. Phil she didn't do it Robert Gearty fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/north-carolina fox-news/us/crime/cold-case fox news fnc/us fnc article 59960c8e-e4ef-51dc-b52a-0102dc5c4e8a   Westlake Legal Group Trexler-Murder-Suspect-Salisbury-PD DNA clears North Carolina woman in sister's cold case murder--after she told Dr. Phil she didn't do it Robert Gearty fox-news/us/us-regions/southeast/north-carolina fox-news/us/crime/cold-case fox news fnc/us fnc article 59960c8e-e4ef-51dc-b52a-0102dc5c4e8a

Real Estate, and Personal Injury Lawyers. Contact us at: https://westlakelegal.com 

Kamala Harris Drops Out of 2020 Presidential Race

Senator Kamala Harris of California dropped out of the Democratic presidential race on Tuesday after months of low poll numbers and a series of missteps that crippled her campaign, a deflating comedown for a barrier-breaking candidate who was seeking to become the first black woman to win the presidency.

The decision came after weeks of upheaval among staff, including layoffs in New Hampshire and at her headquarters in Baltimore, and disarray among Ms. Harris’s own allies. She told supporters in an email on Tuesday that she lacked the money needed to fully finance a competitive campaign.

“My campaign for president simply doesn’t have the financial resources we need to continue,” Ms. Harris wrote.

The announcement is perhaps the most surprising development to date in a Democratic presidential campaign where Ms. Harris began in the top tier. Her departure removes a prominent woman of color from a field that began as the most diverse ever in a Democratic primary, and raises the prospect that this month’s debate in Los Angeles will feature no candidates who aren’t white.

Ms. Harris opened her campaign on Martin Luther King’s Birthday with a rousing speech in her hometown of Oakland, Calif, before an audience of 20,000 people, drawing comparisons to historic black politicians like Barack Obama and Shirley Chisholm.

The speech was a signal of the careful balance her campaign tried to strike throughout the year: leaning on her personal story as a daughter of Indian and Jamaican immigrants while positioning her policy preferences outside the party’s moderate and progressive ideological wings. Ms. Harris sought to focus on incremental and deliverable change rather than the type of systemic upheaval popularized by rivals like Senators Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and Bernie Sanders of Vermont.

But almost immediately after her campaign began, she faced questions about her policy core that resulted in damaging news cycles. She reversed her position on single-payer health care, removing herself from the Medicare for All bill sponsored by Mr. Sanders. She struggled with how to frame her record as a prosecutor, oscillating between defending it against progressive criticism and embracing it in a play for more moderate votes.

On a conference call with donors, Ms. Harris said she had conferred with her family over the Thanksgiving holiday and stayed up meeting with advisers until 2 a.m. Tuesday, before concluding she had “no path” forward in the race, a person on the call said. Ms. Harris said she would have needed to raise $5 million in two weeks, a goal she described as impossible. Invoking an early campaign catch phrase, Ms. Harris said she wanted to be direct with her financial backers, because their relationship was built on “speaking truth.”

In her announcement Tuesday, Ms. Harris reaffirmed her commitment to her campaign’s unifying ideals.

“Although I’m no longer running for president,” she said, “I will do everything in my power to defeat Donald Trump and fight for the future of our country and the best of who we are.”

Over the weekend, after a New York Times story detailed her campaign’s unraveling, Ms. Harris did a financial audit of her operation, according to a senior aide. One of Ms. Harris’s aides, who spoke with her about her decision to drop out, said her instinct was to keep fighting but that she was told she’d have to go into debt to sustain her campaign.

Ms. Harris’s withdrawal will set off an arms race between the presidential campaigns still in the race, as they try to lap up her top-tier roster of endorsements and political campaign staff. But it is unclear how Ms. Harris’s exit will aid any one candidate in polling, considering her standing had declined dramatically in recent months. She and Ms. Warren were competing for many of the same voters earlier in the year, but ideological moderates like former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and Mayor Pete Buttigieg of South Bend, Ind. may seek a boost from her supporters in Iowa and New Hampshire.

Throughout her candidacy, Ms. Harris faced concerns about her political strategy and her campaign’s organizational structure. She relied on a stable of California political strategists, led by the longtime political operative Averell Smith, who did not heed warnings from grass-roots organizers to invest more heavily in early voting states like Iowa and New Hampshire. Instead, the campaign focused on later primaries in states with more nonwhite voters, including South Carolina and California.

They miscalculated. Mr. Biden remained popular with black voters, preventing the campaign from making significant headway in South Carolina. In California, Ms. Harris was increasingly boxed out, as progressives like Mr. Sanders and Ms. Warren excited the state’s liberal wing and Mr. Biden persisted among moderates.

Westlake Legal Group 2020-presidential-candidates-promo-1548014688187-articleLarge-v50 Kamala Harris Drops Out of 2020 Presidential Race Presidential Election of 2020 Harris, Kamala D Democratic Party

Who’s Running for President in 2020?

Who’s in, who’s out and who’s still thinking.

Still, Ms. Harris had already qualified for the next presidential debate, scheduled for Dec. 19, the only non-white candidate to do so thus far. Without her, Democrats may have an all-white debate stage after beginning the primaries with the most racially diverse field in history, though candidates like Representative Tulsi Gabbard of Hawaii and businessman Andrew Yang may still qualify in the coming days.

“No matter your candidate, you have to recognize that going from the most diverse field ever in January to a potentially all-white debate stage in December is catastrophic,” wrote Leah Greenberg, a co-executive director of Indivisible, a national progressive group, on Twitter.

It was on an earlier debate stage when Ms. Harris generated one of the most electric moments of the race so far, when she challenged Mr. Biden over his record on race and busing in June. “I do not believe you are a racist,” she began. Mr. Biden was so taken aback he cut off his own answer short. “Anyway, my time is up. I’m sorry,” he said.

Money poured into her campaign and she spiked in the polls, rocketing to second place in several and generally peaking at 20 percent support. But her poll numbers declined steadily since then, beginning when she undercut her star turn when had difficulty articulating her own position on mandated busing.

Ms. Harris’s online fund-raising slowed in recent months and large donors increasingly turned away from her campaign. In the days leading up to her withdrawal from the race, she grew increasingly desperate in her search for campaign funds. She surprised one donor who had hosted an event for her but is not a major Democratic bundler by telephoning him to see if he could reach out to his associates who had yet to give, in hopes of finding her additional checks. Another donor recommended to her that she leave the race.

A pair of California-based Democratic strategists, Dan Newman and Brian Brokaw, had just secured the money and the implicit sign off from Ms. Harris’s campaign to begin a super PAC in support of her candidacy. The group, named People Standing Strong, was to begin a million-dollar ad buy in Iowa on Wednesday in hopes of boosting her chances. Her campaign itself had been unable to afford ads in the state since September.

Even as she struggled in recent months, Ms. Harris had assembled a coveted list of more than 130 bundlers who had raised at least $25,000 for her campaign, more than half of whom were from her home state of California, one of the deepest wells of Democratic cash.

Among those seen as likeliest to benefit financially from her withdrawal are Mr. Buttigieg and Mr. Biden, who have both extensively courted the donor class. Some of her donors had already begun to field calls from her rivals as the depth of Ms. Harris’s troubles became plain.

On Tuesday, she had a fund-raiser scheduled with some of her top bundlers in New York City that was canceled only hours before the event was set to occur. And on Wednesday, she had been scheduled to attend an event on the other side of the country, in Los Angeles, where Sean Parker, the billionaire tech entrepreneur, was set to host her at his home.

In the third quarter of the year, she spent more than $1.41 for every dollar she raised, burning through millions of her treasury. She stopped buying ads, both online and on television, slashed staff in New Hampshire and retrenched to Iowa, where she spent the Thanksgiving holiday with her family.

But it was not enough, as her campaign determined that she did not have the financial resources needed to compete, even as the new allied super PAC began reserving ads on Tuesday. The group quickly began canceling its reservations.

Supporters also worried that a poor showing, particularly in the California primary, would leave Ms. Harris vulnerable to a Senate primary challenge in 2022.

Running out of money has ended presidential campaigns for decades, including Senator Kirsten Gillibrand’s and former Representative Beto O’Rourke’s earlier this year. In 2015, Scott Walker, then the governor of Wisconsin, famously flamed out of the Republican contest months before balloting began because he was short on cash; two decades earlier, in 1995, Pete Wilson, then the governor of California, quit that race after falling into debt.

Ms. Harris’s former rivals for the Democratic nomination quickly expressed their admiration for her on Tuesday.

“Her campaign broke barriers and did it with joy,” Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey tweeted. “Love you, sister.”

Mr. Sanders thanked Ms. Harris “for running a spirited and issue-oriented campaign,” and Ms. Warren praised her “commitment to fighting for the people, for justice, and to holding Donald Trump accountable.” The former housing secretary Julián Castro called her “a lifelong fighter for opportunity and justice for all Americans.”

Mr. Biden, campaigning in Iowa, called Ms. Harris “a first-rate intellect, first-rate candidate, real competitor.” He walked away when a reporter asked whether he would consider Ms. Harris as a running mate.

Astead W. Herndon and Shane Goldmacher reported from New York, and Jonathan Martin from Mason City, Iowa. Maggie Astor and Alexander Burns contributed reporting from New York.

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How new Army-developed AI technology can save infantry in a firefight

Envision a scenario wherein dismounted infantry soldiers are taking heavy enemy fire while clearing buildings amid intense urban combat — when an overhead drone detects small groups of enemy fighters hidden nearby, between walls, preparing to ambush. As the armed soldiers clear rooms and transition from house to house in a firefight, how quickly would they need to know that groups of enemies awaited them around the next corner?

Getting this information to soldiers in seconds can not only decide victory or defeat in a given battle but save lives. What if AI-enabled computer programs were able to instantly discern specifics regarding the threat such as location, weapons and affiliation by performing real-time analytics on drone feeds and other fast-moving sources of information, instantly sending crucial data to soldiers in combat?

While current technology can today perform some of these functions, what if this data was provided to individual dismounted soldiers in a matter of seconds? And instantly networked?  Operating in a matter of milliseconds, AI-empowered computer algorithms could bounce new information off vast databases of previously compiled data to make these distinctions–instantly informing soldiers caught in crossfire.

“The use of autonomy will assist in assimilating data from these various systems and quickly provide useful options to command decision-makers including individual Soldiers. Over time, more and more new intelligent technologies will be introduced,” J. Corde Lane, Ph.D. director of the Human Research and Engineering Directorate, CCDC-Army Research Laboratory, told Warrior in a written statement.

Much of this work centered upon near and far-term applications of AI is being done by the ARL’s Cognition and Neuroergonomics Collaborative Technology Alliance. Army scientists and many of its industry partners rest the entirely of this conceptual approach upon a key premise — that AI and autonomy are intended to massively improve the soldier decision-making process and not displace the crucial and much need faculties unique to human cognition. The idea is to have AI-enabled technical systems perform instant procedural functions able to instantly inform humans operating in a role of command and control.

SOLDIERS USE AI TO FIRE PRECISION GRENADES, GUIDE DRONE ATTACKS

The Army calls this overall process “Soldier as a System” …the concept of using computer networking and the latest algorithms to seamlessly integrate otherwise disconnected nodes operated by soldiers. Specifically, this means a single electronic architecture will connect night vision goggles, individual weapon sites, wearable computers, and handheld devices showing moving digital maps and time-critical intelligence data. Information from all of these otherwise separate soldier technologies, which can also include acoustic and optical sensors or mobile power sources, such as batteries, is naturally interdependent and interwoven in crucial battlefield circumstances. Therefore, an ability to use various applications of autonomy and AI to create instant information-sharing in war changes the tactical and strategic circumstances confronted by individual soldiers, massively improving prospects for survival.

The Army is now discussing various technologies and innovations with a handful of industry partners. One such example is Booz Allen Hamilton, a vendor who has been working on a related program called “Digital Soldier.” The system, as described by Booz Allen Hamilton developers, is similarly based upon the concept of creating an overall system or technical apparatus through which to better connect soldier technologies in war.

“We have created some algorithms that can recognize a human in a video feed and recognize the action they are taking. We can see someone who has raised a weapon and immediately cue a heads-up display or drone flying in the area,” Joel Dillon, vice president of soldier solutions at Booz Allen Hamilton, told Warrior.

BAH, the Army and other industry innovators are working to “co-evolve” autonomy and human decisions, recognizing that there many fast-changing emerging problems in war which contain a mix of interwoven and complex variables less calculable by machines and computer algorithms.; the best AI systems, for instance, cannot replicate a lot of subjective phenomena such as certain kinds of “judgment” decisions, feelings or other nuances associated with human perception.

“The use of autonomy will assist in assimilating data from these various systems and quickly provide useful options to command decision makers including individual soldiers. Over time, more and more new intelligent technologies will be introduced and will continually change the nature of the battlefield and the very nature of the tasks the Soldiers perform,” Lane explained.

HOW AI CHANGES ATTACK MISSIONS FOR US FIGHTER JETS AND BOMBERS

Some future-oriented research and AI-work is now analyzing methods of successfully performing analytics on more subjective nuances associated with human perception and behavior – such as speech patterns or cataloged information regarding previous behaviors, tendencies or decisions. Nonetheless, not only is this work early on, but it does not promise to mitigate some of the known limitations of AI. This question is, interestingly, taken up in “Information,” a Switzerland-based academic journal.

The essay, called “Artificial Intelligence and the Limitations of Information,” entertains some of the challenges associated with AI to include complexities related to “meanings” and “inferences.” The journal article, written by Paul Walton, says certain nuances “we are prone to ignore, is at the heart of many fundamental questions about information. Truth, meaning, and inference are expressed using information, so it is important to understand how the limitations (of AI) apply,” the essay states. (Information is a “scientific journal” published monthly by MDPI.)

Walton also cites a difficulty for AI to fully synthesize or compare some different “ecosystems” of information. For example, certain kinds of information collection systems might be unique to individual data sets; the essay, for instance, says financial data compilation may differ from processes used by mathematicians. Therefore, resolving potential differences between what the essay calls “multiple interactions” might prove difficult.

Future AI will, the article explains, need to “analyze the integration challenges of different AI approaches—the requirements for delivering reliable outcomes from a range of disparate components reflecting the conventions of different information ecosystems.”

All this being said, the current and anticipated impact of fast-progressing AI continues to be revolutionary is many ways; it goes without saying that it is massively changing the combat landscape, bringing unprecedented and previously unknown advantages.

PENTAGON APPROACHES MASSIVE NEW AI, MACHINE LEARNING BREAKTHROUGH

For example, Dillon further elaborated that these kinds of emerging algorithms can quickly distinguish the difference between someone extending a weapon or merely digging a hole — or recognize enemy armored vehicles. The AI-empowered system could also quickly cue a combat analyst so, as he put it … ‘they don’t spend time pouring over massive amounts of data.”

The concept here is not so much the specific systems as it is a need to engineer and adaptable technical infrastructure sufficient to evolve as technology changes. Lane described this as a co-evolution between indispensable human cognition and decision-making and AI-enabled autonomy. The ARL works closely with Army Futures Command’s Soldier Lethality Cross-Functional Team which, among other things, is focused on this concept of extending Soldier as a System architecture across an Army Squad unit.

“In some cases, the better chance of victory will be due to faster adaptability. Creating intelligent systems that are able to self-adapt to Soldiers’ needs and seamlessly adjust as Soldiers adapt to the changing situation promotes rapid co-evolution between Soldiers and autonomy,” Lane added.

“We build out algorithms we could run on some kind of soldier-worn system such as a small form factor computer, thermal imaging, daytime cameras or other data coming in quickly through satellites,” Dillon said. “The more we do this, the smarter the algorithms get.”

The Army and its industry partners are now working on advancing the algorithms, writing the code, upgrading hardware and software and engineering the standards through which to create interfaces between nodes on a soldier or between groups of soldiers. For instance, Dillon explained that some of these nodes could include laser designators, input from radio waves or data coming in from satellite imagery overhead. “Computers are so much faster,” as Dillion put it, explaining that algorithms are now being advanced to “train at scale” to analyze a series of images and pinpoint vital moments of relevance.

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“When you network all of this together and bring in all the sensor data, machine learning can help give soldiers the accurate prompts,” Dillon added.

Westlake Legal Group ArmyJavelin2 How new Army-developed AI technology can save infantry in a firefight Warrior Maven Kris Osborn fox-news/tech/topics/us-army fox-news/tech/topics/innovation fox-news/tech/topics/armed-forces fnc/tech fnc article 188bf8dc-a424-5fcc-a85c-e93758a1b816   Westlake Legal Group ArmyJavelin2 How new Army-developed AI technology can save infantry in a firefight Warrior Maven Kris Osborn fox-news/tech/topics/us-army fox-news/tech/topics/innovation fox-news/tech/topics/armed-forces fnc/tech fnc article 188bf8dc-a424-5fcc-a85c-e93758a1b816

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Milan Kundera’s Czech Citizenship Is Restored After 40 Years

Westlake Legal Group gettyimages-469162725-e6a5e9accacbd70d1fb19a7f488861a83a411007-s1100-c15 Milan Kundera's Czech Citizenship Is Restored After 40 Years

Writer Milan Kundera has had Czech citizenship restored, 40 years after it was revoked and his books banned. Kundera is seen here in 2010 in Paris, where he has lived since leaving Czechoslovakia in 1975. Miguel Medina/AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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Miguel Medina/AFP via Getty Images

Westlake Legal Group  Milan Kundera's Czech Citizenship Is Restored After 40 Years

Writer Milan Kundera has had Czech citizenship restored, 40 years after it was revoked and his books banned. Kundera is seen here in 2010 in Paris, where he has lived since leaving Czechoslovakia in 1975.

Miguel Medina/AFP via Getty Images

The novelist Milan Kundera left Czechoslovakia in 1975. He and his wife had gone to France for what was supposed to be a short stint at a university, and they did not go back. The communist government revoked Kundera’s citizenship in 1979, and since then he has scarcely returned to his homeland, even after the fall of the Iron Curtain.

But after 40 years, the author is a Czech citizen once more.

Czech ambassador to France Petr Drulak went to Kundera’s Paris apartment last week and handed him a citizenship certificate. “For me it was very moving,” Drulak told Czech Radio. “For all of us actually, it was a very emotional moment because after 40 years, Milan Kundera is a Czech citizen again.”

Drulak said the move was a symbolic gesture, and that the 90-year-old Kundera has always remained connected to his home country, even in exile.

“He stayed by his convictions and identity, a profound Czech, I would say. He is really someone who is very linked to this country and he is very interested in what is going on in Czech Republic,” he said.

It’s not clear whether Kundera is as enthusiastic about the gesture as the Czech government is; he hasn’t commented on the matter, and he no longer talks to reporters.

Kundera became a French citizen in 1981, and when he does visit the Czech Republic, he reportedly goes incognito. He was awarded the Czech national literature prize in 2008, but did not attend the ceremony.

Czechoslovak authorities banned Kundera’s books and revoked his citizenship after the 1979 publishing in France of The Book of Laughter and Forgetting. In that book, Kundera calls then-Czechoslovak President Gustav Husak “the president of forgetting.”

He is best known for his novel The Unbearable Lightness of Being, which became an international bestseller when it was published in 1984. The story of a couple, Tomas and Tereza, takes place amidst the Soviet crackdown and the Prague Spring of 1968. Four years after the book’s publication, the story was adapted for an American-made film.

Kundera’s legacy has been complicated in the Czech Republic. Since 1989, he has written his novels in French, and Czech Radio reports that he has refused to allow anyone but himself to translate them into Czech — something he has not always opted to do. As a result, many of Kundera’s later novels are not available in his mother tongue.

In 2008, a Czech magazine published a report indicating that in 1950 Kundera informed the secret police about a supposed spy, who was subsequently arrested and imprisoned for 14 years. Kundera vehemently denied the claims, calling them “pure lies” and “the assassination of an author.”

Westlake Legal Group gettyimages-51533347-06a837e17d850b847a704acf52d14e134bf3d6d3-s1100-c15 Milan Kundera's Czech Citizenship Is Restored After 40 Years

Milan Kundera is seen with his wife Vera Hrabankov in Prague in 1973, two years before they emigrated. AFP via Getty Images hide caption

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Westlake Legal Group  Milan Kundera's Czech Citizenship Is Restored After 40 Years

Milan Kundera is seen with his wife Vera Hrabankov in Prague in 1973, two years before they emigrated.

AFP via Getty Images

Last year, Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babiš visited Kundera and his wife in Paris and offered to restore their citizenship. The author was reportedly non-committal, with the couple expressing hope that it would not require “too much paperwork.”

Many years ago, he indicated that he did not intend to go back to his homeland.

“There is no such dream of a return,” he told a German newspaper in 1984. “I took my Prague; the smell, the taste, the language, the landscape, the culture.”

In an interview with The New York Times that same year, Kundera described how the very meaning of “home” changes in translation.

“In French, of course, the word ‘home’ doesn’t exist,” he said. “You have to say ‘chez moi’ or ‘dans ma patrie’ – which means that ‘home’ is already politicized, that ‘home’ already includes a politics, a state, a nation. Whereas the word ‘home’ is very beautiful in its exactitude. Losing it, in French, is one of those diabolical problems of translation. You have to ask: What is home? What does it mean to be ‘at home’? It’s a complicated question. I can honestly say that I feel much better here in Paris than I did in Prague, but then can I also say that I lost my home, leaving Prague?

“All I know is that before I left I was terrified of ‘losing home’ and that after I left I realized — it was with a certain astonishment — that I did not feel loss, I did not feel deprived.”

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Actor Mark Ruffalo attacks capitalism for ‘failing us’ in tweet, but boasts 7-figure net worth

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6111963016001_6111964931001-vs Actor Mark Ruffalo attacks capitalism for 'failing us' in tweet, but boasts 7-figure net worth Melissa Roberto fox-news/topic/marvel fox-news/topic/avengers fox-news/person/mark-ruffalo fox-news/entertainment/events/scandal fox-news/entertainment/celebrity-news fox news fnc/entertainment fnc article 04598662-0d78-5fe0-a837-fff82a5cac7c

Mark Ruffalo caused an uproar on Twitter when he announced America’s need for an “economic revolution” to bring an end to capitalism. Meanwhile, the “Dark Waters” actor has amassed a multi-million dollar fortune that once landed him a spot on the country’s highest-paid actors list.

The 52-year-old star took to Twitter on Sunday to support an op-ed piece bashing capitalism.

“It’s time for an economic revolution,” he said. “Capitalism today is failing us, killing us, and robbing from our children’s future.”

MICHAEL MOORE, MARK RUFFALO CLAIM TO STRATEGIZE FOR ‘2020 BLUE DELUGE’

Ruffalo’s tweet caused a stir on social media, with author and entrepreneur Carol Roth firing back at the Marvel star on “Fox & Friends” on Tuesday.

“The fact that you have somebody who has benefited basically saying that we need to escape from economic freedom is just patently ridiculous and, unfortunately, there are too many people spreading this horrible message,” Roth said.

MARK RUFFALO RESPONDS TO CRITICISM OF FLINT STATEMENTS

Along with the tweet, Ruffalo shared a Nov. 21 op-ed from Time magazine titled “How America’s Elites Lost Their Grip,” in which writer Anand Giridharadas backed 2020 presidential hopefuls Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont and Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts.

But just a few years earlier, in 2017, Ruffalo — who has historically voiced support for Sanders — reportedly raked in an estimated $13 million, making Forbes’ highest-paid actors list that year.

This year, the Hollywood star’s net worth was estimated at $20 million. Meanwhile, his wife, Sunrise, runs a curated lifestyle website and shop named Sunny’s Pop in upstate New York. The shop features online gift guides that rival Gwyneth Paltrow’s fancy Goop site.

MARK RUFFALO ACCIDENTALLY LIVE-STREAMED PART OF THE ‘THOR: RAGNAROK’ PREMIERE

Among Sunny Pop’s antiques and trinkets, Ruffalo’s wife encourages customers to check out her “pure picks,” which include a crystal necklace with a price tag of $2,794. Sunny’s Pop also sells a $1,500 concrete side table and an “alpaca waffle-woven” blanket on sale for nearly $400, according to the shop’s website.

Shortly before Ruffalo was recognized as a top paid actor in 2017, the actor and his wife were spotted checking out a mansion in New York City with a $10 million price tag. Months later, the couple sold their Brooklyn townhouse for more than $3 million, according to property records at the time.

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Last month, the mega-rich Marvel actor admitted to the struggle of raising three teenagers and the mundane task of doing laundry in an issue of People.

“The times when my wife is gone and I’ve had to take care of everything… the laundry alone is enough to destroy you,” he had told the magazine.

Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6111963016001_6111964931001-vs Actor Mark Ruffalo attacks capitalism for 'failing us' in tweet, but boasts 7-figure net worth Melissa Roberto fox-news/topic/marvel fox-news/topic/avengers fox-news/person/mark-ruffalo fox-news/entertainment/events/scandal fox-news/entertainment/celebrity-news fox news fnc/entertainment fnc article 04598662-0d78-5fe0-a837-fff82a5cac7c   Westlake Legal Group 694940094001_6111963016001_6111964931001-vs Actor Mark Ruffalo attacks capitalism for 'failing us' in tweet, but boasts 7-figure net worth Melissa Roberto fox-news/topic/marvel fox-news/topic/avengers fox-news/person/mark-ruffalo fox-news/entertainment/events/scandal fox-news/entertainment/celebrity-news fox news fnc/entertainment fnc article 04598662-0d78-5fe0-a837-fff82a5cac7c

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Devin Nunes sues CNN for $435M over ‘false and defamatory’ Ukraine story

Rep. Devin Nunes, R-Calif., sued CNN for defamation on Tuesday, accusing the cable network of publishing a “demonstrably false hit piece” about him amid his high-profile opposition to the Trump impeachment inquiry.

The 47-page lawsuit, filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, accuses the liberal network of publishing “numerous egregiously false and defamatory” statements about Nunes on Nov. 22, 2019 when journalist Vicky Ward reported claims that Nunes met with Ukranian prosecutor, Viktor Shokin, in Vienna in 2018 to dig “up dirt” on Hunter and Joe Biden.

Nunes, who has been leading GOP opposition to the House Democratic impeachment inquiry in the House Intelligence Committee, says he “did not go to Vienna or anywhere else in Austria in 2018” and “has never met” Shokin.

“CNN is the mother of fake news. It is the least trusted name. CNN is eroding the fabric of America, proselytizing, sowing distrust and disharmony. It must be held accountable,” the lawsuit, obtained by Fox News, states.

DEVIN NUNES DOUBLES DOWN ON PROMISE TO TAKE CNN AND DAILY BEAST TO COURT: ‘IT SHOULD BE FUN’

Nunes is seeking at least $435,350,000 in compensatory and punitive damages.

CNN did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

“CNN is the mother of fake news. It is the least trusted name. CNN is eroding the fabric of America, proselytizing, sowing distrust and disharmony. It must be held accountable.”

— Rep. Devin Nunes’ lawsuit

The lawsuit mocks the “trusted” source of CNN’s story, Lev Parnas, a man recently indicted by the U.S. government and charged with multiple federal crimes. The CNN story said Parnas’ attorney told them his client was willing to tell Congress about Nunes’ travels. The suit includes a tweet sent by MSNBC justice and security analyst Matthew Miller, who publicly questioned Parnas’ credibility.

CNN’S CHRIS CUOMO MOCKED AFTER ATTEMPT TO DISPROVE TRUMP’S PHONE THEORY WITH CALL TO MOM FAIL

“It was obvious to everyone – including disgraceful CNN – that Parnas was a fraudster and a hustler,” the suit said. “It was obvious that his lies were part of a thinly-veiled attempt to obstruct justice and to trick either the United States Attorney or House Intelligence Committee Chairman, Adam Schiff into offering ‘immunity’ in return for information’ about [Nunes].”

Westlake Legal Group Devin-Nunes-cnn Devin Nunes sues CNN for $435M over ‘false and defamatory’ Ukraine story fox-news/politics/trump-impeachment-inquiry fox-news/media fox news fnc/politics fnc f6a49b88-b157-54eb-845a-2515bfa9b7e2 Brooke Singman Brian Flood article

Rep. Devin Nunes of Calif., is seeking at least $435,350,000 from CNN in compensatory and punitive damages. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

The suit also named Ward, the reporter who penned the piece in question, and “Cuomo Prime Time” namesake Chris Cuomo, who promoted the article.

THIS IS CNN? PRIMETIME SHOWS FILLED WITH LIBERAL OPINION, NOT STRAIGHT NEWS AS NETWORK CLAIMS

“The ulterior purpose of the CNN Article is to advance the impeachment inquiry, to seed doubt in the minds of Americans, and to influence the outcome of the 2020 election,” the lawsuit says.

The suit mocks Cuomo for “having recently threatened to assault a man who referred to him as ‘Fredo,’ who Nunes claims also helped “disseminate the false and defamatory statements at issue in this case as part of a scheme to boost CNN’s ratings and further the House Democrats’ impeachment ‘inquiry.’”

“CNN reviewed, approved and ratified the fake news prior to publication,” the lawsuit states. “Prior to November 22, 2019, CNN knew that Parnas and his attorneys or other political operatives were shopping a story to the press that made claims about the Plaintiff, implicating him in efforts to get ‘dirt’ on Joe Biden and his son, Hunter Biden. CNN knew that no other news outlet would touch the salacious story because none of the ‘facts’ provided could be verified.”

The lawsuit indicates that Nunes feels “CNN’s goal was to inflict maximum damage” to his reputation so that he would be removed from the impeachment inquiry against Trump. CNN Worldwide president Jeff Zucker has a longstanding feud with Trump, and the network is often criticized for focus solely on impeachment even at the expense of other important news.

‘HANNITY,’ ‘TUCKER’ HAVE BEST MONTHS EVER AS FOX NEWS TOPS MSNBC, CNN FOR 215TH STRAIGHT MONTH

Zucker, who began his career at NBC, rose from researcher all the way to president and CEO of NBC Universal. Along the way, he was responsible for increasing Trump’s fame when he greenlighted “The Apprentice.” The duo has famously feuded since Trump’s foray into politics, with the president attacking the liberal network on a regular basis and accusing CNN of unfair coverage.

“CNN harbors an institutional hatred, extreme bias, spite and ill-will towards Plaintiff, the GOP and President Trump, going back many years.”

— Rep. Devin Nunes’ lawsuit

“CNN harbors an institutional hatred, extreme bias, spite and ill-will towards Plaintiff, the GOP and President Trump, going back many years. CNN is notorious for making false claims about Republicans and publishing fake news that later has to be retracted,” the suit said.

The lawsuit references other high-profile CNN personalities who shared the damning article, including Jake Tapper and Vaughn Sterling, a senior broadcast producer for the network.

TRUMP MOCKS CNN’S CHRIS CUOMO OVER VIRAL VIDEO: ‘I THOUGHT CHRIS WAS FREDO ALSO

“The breadth of CNN’s publication is staggering,” the suit says. “CNN acted with actual malice and reckless disregard for the truth.”

The suit continues: “The CNN Article was nothing less than opposition research. CNN rushed to get the story out in order to blunt the disastrous spectacle of the House Democrats’ impeachment inquiry, and to hurt the leader of the Republican opposition. CNN misrepresented facts and oversimplified issues in promoting the fake news story.”

Nunes is seeking damages for “insult, pain, embarrassment, humiliation, mental suffering, injury to his reputation, special damages, costs, and other out-of-pocket expenses” totaling almost half a billion dollars.”

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Nunes promised to take legal action last month on “Sunday Morning Futures,” saying the only way to hold the “corrupt” media accountable is to challenge them in federal court. He told host Maria Bartiromo it was inappropriate for a news organization to take the word of someone who is attempting to smear a congressman, while still under federal indictment.

“It is not OK to work with someone who has been indicted on [a] serious federal crime, to build a media narrative and dirty up a member of Congress,” he said. “You’ve seen it, the American people have seen it over the last three years. We out them, and then they come out with a media narrative to try to dirty up the people who are doing the work on behalf of the American people.

Fox News’ Nick Givas contributed to this report.

Westlake Legal Group Devin-Nunes-cnn Devin Nunes sues CNN for $435M over ‘false and defamatory’ Ukraine story fox-news/politics/trump-impeachment-inquiry fox-news/media fox news fnc/politics fnc f6a49b88-b157-54eb-845a-2515bfa9b7e2 Brooke Singman Brian Flood article   Westlake Legal Group Devin-Nunes-cnn Devin Nunes sues CNN for $435M over ‘false and defamatory’ Ukraine story fox-news/politics/trump-impeachment-inquiry fox-news/media fox news fnc/politics fnc f6a49b88-b157-54eb-845a-2515bfa9b7e2 Brooke Singman Brian Flood article

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Impeachment Report Says Trump Solicited Foreign Election Interference

WASHINGTON — House Democrats on Tuesday released a 300-page impeachment report asserting that President Trump abused his power by trying to enlist Ukraine to help him in the 2020 presidential election. The report said that Mr. Trump “placed his own personal and political interests above the national interests of the United States,” seeking to undermine American democracy and endangering national security.

The document, drawn up by the House Intelligence Committee that has led the inquiry into Mr. Trump’s dealings with Ukraine, left it to another panel to decide whether to recommend his impeachment and removal. But it laid out in searing fashion what are all but certain to be the grounds on which the Democratic-led House moves to impeach the president.

The lengthy document outlined more than two months of public and private testimony from diplomats and other administration officials who described a campaign by the president and his allies to pressure Ukraine for investigations of former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. and other Democrats, while withholding nearly $400 million in military assistance and a White House meeting for Ukraine’s president.

“The impeachment inquiry into Donald J. Trump, the 45th President of the United States, uncovered a monthslong effort by President Trump to use the powers of his office to solicit foreign interference on his behalf in the 2020 election,” said the report, released ahead of a vote Tuesday evening by the Intelligence Committee to formally approve it. It asserts that Mr. Trump’s “scheme subverted U.S. foreign policy toward Ukraine and undermined our national security in favor of two politically motivated investigations that would help his presidential re-election campaign.”

Westlake Legal Group read-the-document-1575399772992-articleLarge Impeachment Report Says Trump Solicited Foreign Election Interference washington dc Trump, Donald J Trump-Ukraine Whistle-Blower Complaint and Impeachment Inquiry Schiff, Adam B House Committee on the Judiciary House Committee on Intelligence

Read the House Democrats’ Report on the Impeachment Inquiry

Democrats on three House committees on Tuesday released a report documenting the impeachment case against President Trump.

The report also lays out what it calls an “unprecedented campaign of obstruction of this impeachment inquiry” by Mr. Trump, in light of his move to prevent the release of documents from agencies including the State Department, the Department of Defense and the White House budget office and instructing potential witnesses not to cooperate.

“The damage to our system of checks and balances, and to the balance of power within our three branches of government, will be long-lasting and potentially irrevocable if the president’s ability to stonewall Congress goes unchecked,” the report concluded. “Any future president will feel empowered to resist an investigation into their own wrongdoing, malfeasance, or corruption, and the result will be a nation at far greater risk of all three.”

The report is a watershed moment for the months-old inquiry. Its delivery sets in motion the next phase in the impeachment of Mr. Trump, accelerating a constitutional clash that has happened only three times in the nation’s history. Both parties are poised for a fierce, partisan debate in the House Judiciary Committee over whether the president should be removed from office.

The Judiciary Committee is scheduled to begin its debate on Wednesday with a public hearing that features four constitutional scholars discussing the historical standards for impeachment and their assessment about whether Mr. Trump’s actions constitute “high crimes and misdemeanors” that warrant his removal from office.

Lawyers for the Intelligence Committee are expected to formally present the report to the Judiciary panel and answer questions from its members in the coming days, though no hearing has been scheduled. Mr. Trump’s Republican allies on Capitol Hill released their own report on Monday, condemning the Democratic impeachment effort as illegitimate, and asserting that the president was not seeking personal political advantage when he pressed Ukraine’s leaders to investigate his rivals, but was instead urging the country to address corruption.

In London for a NATO meeting, Mr. Trump accused Democrats of trying to overturn the results of the 2016 elections, saying the impeachment inquiry “turned out to be a hoax.”

“It’s done for purely political gain,” Mr. Trump continued. “They’re going to see whether or not they can do something in 2020, because otherwise they’re going to lose.”

The Intelligence Committee is also expected to vote to transmit all the raw evidence it collected to the Judiciary Committee. Though Representative Adam B. Schiff, Democrat of California and the chairman of the Intelligence panels, has indicated that investigative work could continue, the report largely brings an end his committee’s inquiry, which began after Speaker Nancy Pelosi formally opened the impeachment inquiry in late September.

The Judiciary Committee will also consider potential evidence presented by other investigative committees — and renew an earlier debate among Democrats over whether Mr. Trump should be impeached for his attempts to thwart attempts by Robert S. Mueller III, the former special counsel, to investigate Russia’s interference in the 2016 election and any connections to the Trump campaign.

If a majority of the House voted to approve articles of impeachment, which would be drafted by the Judiciary Committee, the president would be impeached. The proceedings would move to the Senate for a trial. Two-thirds of senators would have to vote to convict Mr. Trump to end his presidency.

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