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Westlake Legal Group > Posts tagged "Frey, Jacob (1981- )"

A Timeline of the George Floyd Protests

After the death of George Floyd on Monday, protests and unrest have rocked Minneapolis. Demonstrators vandalized property and targeted police cars. The police have used tear gas and fired rubber bullets into crowds.

Elsewhere in the United States, demonstrators have also come out in force. In Detroit, the police said a man had been killed after someone opened fire into a crowd. In New York, demonstrations left people injured, and in Atlanta, protesters vandalized a CNN sign.

Here’s a timeline of the protests across the nation so far.

May 25

George Floyd, a 46-year-old African-American man in Minneapolis, died on Monday after being handcuffed and pinned to the ground by Derek Chauvin, a white police officer. Bystanders captured video of the officer behind a police car using his knee to pin down Mr. Floyd between his neck and head. Mr. Floyd repeatedly said, “I can’t breathe.”

Credit…Darnella Frazier from Facebook, via Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

The next day, the video was widely shared on social media and ultimately became a driving force for protests in Minneapolis.

May 26

ImageWestlake Legal Group merlin_172866624_ef998609-a6a4-4aa9-9733-089cc3e17ffc-articleLarge A Timeline of the George Floyd Protests vandalism Trump, Donald J Police Brutality, Misconduct and Shootings Minneapolis (Minn) Looting (Crime) Frey, Jacob (1981- ) Floyd, George (d 2020) Demonstrations, Protests and Riots Chauvin, Derek (1976- ) Black People
Credit…Kerem Yucel/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

That night, hundreds of protesters flooded into the Minneapolis streets. Some demonstrators vandalized police vehicles with graffiti and targeted the precinct house where the four officers had been assigned, John Elder, a police spokesman, said.

Protests also occurred in the city in the subsequent days. Officers used tear gas and fired rubber bullets into crowds. Some businesses, including restaurants and an auto-parts store, were set on fire. Videos shared on social media captured people taking items out of stores that had been damaged.

May 27

Credit…Ringo H.W. Chiu/Associated Press

Demonstrators in other cities began organizing. In Memphis, a protest over the deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor in Louisville, Ky., and Ahmaud Arbery in Brunswick, Ga., led the police to temporarily shut down a portion of a street.

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Updated 12m ago

In Los Angeles, hundreds of protesters converged in the city’s downtown area to march around the Civic Center. A group of demonstrators broke off from the march and blocked the Route 101 freeway.

May 28

Credit…Renee Jones Schneider/Star Tribune, via Associated Press

Gov. Tim Walz of Minnesota activated the National Guard on Thursday. The order came as the city asked for help after vandalism and fires broke out during demonstrations and as the Justice Department said a federal investigation into Mr. Floyd’s death was a top priority.

Mr. Walz later said that he had activated thousands of additional National Guard troops to send to Minneapolis but had declined the Army’s offer to deploy military police units.

“Let’s be very clear,” Mr. Walz said. “The situation in Minneapolis, is no longer, in any way, about the murder of George Floyd. It is about attacking civil society, instilling fear and disrupting our great cities.”

May 28

Credit…Elizabeth Flores/Star Tribune, via Associated Press

After two days of protests in Minneapolis, Mayor Jacob Frey on Twitter called for order and said there would be “an all-out effort to restore peace and security” in the city.

He pleaded with protesters to return to their homes. “We need to offer the radical love and compassion we all have in us,” he said. “We must restore peace so we can do this hard work together.”

May 29

Credit…Erin Schaff/The New York Times

President Trump delivered an ultimatum to Minneapolis protesters on Friday and suggested that the military could use armed force to suppress riots. On Twitter, Mr. Trump called the protesters “thugs” and said, “When the looting starts, the shooting starts.”

He also criticized the city’s Democratic mayor.

“I can’t stand back & watch this happen to a great American City,” Mr. Trump said. “A total lack of leadership. Either the very weak Radical Left Mayor, Jacob Frey, get his act together and bring the City under control, or I will send in the National Guard & get the job done right.”

May 29

Credit…Dustin Chambers/Reuters

In the nights that followed, more protests erupted across the country.

On Friday, hundreds of demonstrators poured into the streets near Atlanta’s Centennial Olympic Park, leaving behind smashed windows. Some climbed atop a large red CNN sign outside the media company’s headquarters and spray-painted messages on it.

That night, protesters also clashed with the police across Brooklyn and Lower Manhattan, leaving officers and demonstrators injured. Thousands marched in the demonstrations before splitting into smaller violent protests. Some people threw bottles and debris at officers, who responded with pepper spray and arrests.

In Washington, a crowd gathered outside the White House, prompting the Secret Service to temporarily lock down the building. In Detroit, a 19-year-old man was killed when someone opened fire into a crowd of demonstrators, the police said.

In Dallas, protesters and the police clashed during a demonstration blocks from City Hall. Officers responded with tear gas after protesters blocked the path of a police vehicle and banged on its hood.

And in Denver, according to a news broadcast, hundreds of protesters converged on Civic Center Park, waving signs and chanting as Sam Cooke’s “A Change Is Gonna Come” played.

May 30

Credit…Victor J. Blue for The New York Times

After four nights of chaos in Minneapolis, Mr. Frey called on people to stay home. “What started as largely peaceful protests for George Floyd have turned to outright looting and domestic terrorism in our region,” he said on Twitter.

He said people who broke the 8 p.m. curfew would be helping those who use crowds to prey on Minneapolis.

“We are now confronting white supremacists, members of organized crime, out-of-state instigators, and possibly even foreign actors to destroy and destabilize our city and our region,” he said.

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National Guard Called as Minneapolis Erupts in Solidarity for George Floyd

Westlake Legal Group national-guard-called-as-minneapolis-erupts-in-solidarity-for-george-floyd National Guard Called as Minneapolis Erupts in Solidarity for George Floyd Walz, Tim Race and Ethnicity Police Department (Minneapolis, Minn) Police Brutality, Misconduct and Shootings national guard Minneapolis (Minn) Frey, Jacob (1981- ) Floyd, George (d 2020) Demonstrations, Protests and Riots

MINNEAPOLIS — Minnesota’s governor activated the National Guard on Thursday as angry demonstrators took to the streets for a third straight night to protest the death of George Floyd, a black man who was pleading that he could not breathe as a white police officer pressed his knee into Mr. Floyd’s neck.

The order by Gov. Tim Walz came as the city asked for help after vandalism and fires erupted during demonstrations and as the Justice Department announced that a federal investigation into Mr. Floyd’s death was a top priority.

At a news conference on Thursday evening, U.S. Attorney Erica MacDonald pledged a “robust and meticulous investigation” into the death but stopped short of announcing criminal charges against the four officers who were at the scene, all of whom were fired after Mr. Floyd’s death was captured in a haunting videotape.

“My heart goes out to George Floyd,” said Ms. MacDonald, a former judge. “My heart goes out to his family. My heart goes out to his friends. My heart goes out to the community.”

South Minneapolis continued to seethe at the treatment of Mr. Floyd — and demonstrators railed against what they described as a city in which black lives are valued less than those of white residents.

“I want justice. I hope the continued pressure will get us charges, but we have to have some patience,” said Jamar Nelson, a community activist who works with families of crime victims. “The worst outcome is if we rush and the charges don’t stick.”

In one section of Minneapolis on Thursday night, hundreds of people held a vigil near where Mr. Floyd died, leaving new flowers and balloons not far from a mural of him, newly painted along a building’s wall. In other parts of the city and in St. Paul, police in riot gear clashed with protesters amid reports of vandalized buildings and fires in businesses and in a car. In Minneapolis, at least one person was injured in a stabbing during the chaos, the police said, though details were sparse.

Minneapolis’s deep racial divide is as much a feature of the city for its black residents as its picturesque parks, robust employment and thriving businesses.

African-Americans earn one-third as much as white residents. They graduate from high school at much lower rates, are much likelier to be unemployed and tend to live in households with significantly less wealth than their white counterparts.

One university professor calls it the “Minnesota paradox” — a pleasant place belied by gaping racial inequalities.

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Those disparities, the result of generations of discriminatory government policies, are now helping to fuel an uprising in the wake of Mr. Floyd’s death.

ImageWestlake Legal Group 28minneapolis-divide02-articleLarge National Guard Called as Minneapolis Erupts in Solidarity for George Floyd Walz, Tim Race and Ethnicity Police Department (Minneapolis, Minn) Police Brutality, Misconduct and Shootings national guard Minneapolis (Minn) Frey, Jacob (1981- ) Floyd, George (d 2020) Demonstrations, Protests and Riots
Credit…Tim Gruber for The New York Times
Credit…Jenn Ackerman for The New York Times

Mr. Floyd, 46, died on Monday after being handcuffed and pinned to the ground by a white police officer who pressed his knee on Mr. Floyd’s neck for about eight minutes. A video of the arrest, in which he is heard pleading “I can’t breathe,” spread widely online. A shopkeeper had called the police after he said someone had tried to use a fake $20 bill.

Outrage over the death prompted small protests on Tuesday and then a wave of larger protests on Wednesday night, with hundreds of residents spilling onto the streets, demanding police accountability and better living conditions for African-Americans. That night, some people clashed with the authorities; others broke into businesses and set them ablaze.

The demonstrations, which continued on Thursday, spread to other parts of the metropolitan area, and the State Capitol was evacuated as a precaution.

The case stirred protests in other parts of the country. Demonstrators turned out in Los Angeles on Wednesday night and in New York’s Union Square on Thursday. The protests in New York later moved to City Hall, where some demonstrators skirmished with the police. More than 30 people were arrested in those protests.

“George Floyd’s death represents every fight, every battle for black progress in this city,” said Mike Griffin, a longtime community organizer in Minneapolis.

“We want justice for George Floyd,” he continued, “but this is also about black dignity. We have had to fight tooth and nail for even the most basic standards of living. If you are white, this is a great city. If you are black, it is a struggle every day.”

Even as public officials urged calm on Thursday after a chaotic evening in which someone was fatally shot near the protests in Minneapolis, police officials from around the country condemned the police actions that led to Mr. Floyd’s death. It was a rare and remarkable public denunciation by law enforcement of their own.

Credit…Tim Gruber for The New York Times

Although Minneapolis is politically progressive and many white residents speak of racial justice, black residents say it has not been enough to solve the inequities. In fact, there is often resistance.

For several years, advocates for workers pushed the city to adopt a $15 minimum wage, which the City Council did in 2017, but only after overcoming vigorous opposition from local businesses.

“A lot of white people say they are not racist because they have black friends,” Cynthia Montana said, “but they go back to their white neighborhoods with their white friends. That’s why they don’t understand and they’re surprised when this happens.”

Ms. Montana, 57, rode her bicycle on Thursday near a Target store that had been vandalized and looted during the previous night’s unrest and reflected on the challenges of growing up as a black person in Minneapolis. It begins in school, she said, where white children who get in trouble are excused as having a bad day, while black students are deemed to have disorders that need correcting.

“It’s like layer and layer and layer of gunpowder building over a long time,” she said. “And when you become an adult, it’s this stick of dynamite.”

The encounter between Mr. Floyd and Derek Chauvin, the white former officer who pinned Mr. Floyd down with his knee, in some ways represented the intersection of the different realities of black and white people in the region.

Credit…Jenn Ackerman for The New York Times
Credit…Tim Gruber for The New York Times

Mr. Floyd grew up in a segregated part of Houston and moved to Minneapolis several years ago. Mr. Chauvin owns two houses in predominantly white communities, one in suburban Minneapolis and another in Windemere, Fla.

“It is a metaphor for a deeply segregated and unequal city,” Myron Orfield, a civil rights professor at the University of Minnesota, wrote in an email.

Racial segregation in schools is growing faster in Minneapolis than in most places in the country, Mr. Orfield said. In 2000, there were 11 schools in the Twin Cities considered deeply segregated, with a student body that was more than 90 percent nonwhite. By 2019, that number of deeply segregated schools had increased to 170, he said.

And the intersection where Mr. Floyd died — East 38th Street and Chicago Avenue South — had an invisible barrier designed to keep out African-Americans.

Dozens of homes built as long as a century ago near that corner included deed covenants that prohibited black people from living in or purchasing those houses. Those restrictions, enshrined in housing deeds scattered across the city, deprived black residents from building wealth through homeownership. It took decades for courts to strike down those deeds, but by then, the chasm between black and white residents was deep.

Credit…Tim Gruber for The New York Times

Many of the neighborhoods that had covenants remain among the whitest in the city. The few enclaves where African-Americans could settle, including the area just west of where Mr. Floyd died, are fighting the forces of gentrification.

“We had this invisible system of American apartheid with these covenants,” said Kirsten Delegard, a director of Mapping Prejudice, a project to identify all the homes in the Minneapolis region with covenants. “It’s a segregation of opportunity.”On Thursday, Mayor Jacob Frey sought to put in context the destruction that had taken place in his city, saying that it was a reflection of the black community’s anger over 400 years of inequality.

“What we’ve seen over the last two days and the emotion-ridden conflict over the last night is the result of so much built-up anger and sadness,” he said.

Matt Furber reported from Minneapolis, John Eligon from Kansas City, Mo., and Audra D. S. Burch from Hollywood, Fla. Neil MacFarquhar, Edgar Sandoval and Neil Vigdor contributed reporting from New York.

[Race affects our lives in countless ways. To read more provocative stories on race from The New York Times, sign up here for our weekly Race/Related newsletter.]

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